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2022 ◽  
Vol 4 (1) ◽  
pp. 001-012
Carlos Henrique Marchiori

Simuliidae belong to the order Diptera, suborder Nematocera, Infraorder Culicomorpha, Superfamily Chironomoidea, and Family Simuliidae. They are known as “borrachudo” or “pium” in Brazil and as “black flies” in English-speaking countries. This study objective to report the characteristics of the Family Simuliidae. The research was carried out in studies related to quantitative aspects of the Family, Subfamily and Species (taxonomic groups) and conceptual aspects such as: biology, geographical distribution, species, life cycle, damage, economic importance, medicinal importance, biological aspects, and reproduction. A literature search was carried out containing articles published from 1950 to 2021. The mini-review was prepared in Goiânia, Goiás, from September to October 2021, through the Portal of Scientific Journals in Health Sciences, Pubmed, Online Scientific Library (Scielo), internet, ResearchGate,, Frontiers, Biological Abstract, Publons, Qeios, Dialnet, World, Wide Science, Springer, RefSeek, Microsoft Academic, Science, ERIC, Science, SEEK education, Periodicals CAPES, Google Academic, Bioline International and VADLO.

2022 ◽  
Vol 4 (3) ◽  
pp. 853-866
Panji Sudono Bekti ◽  
Amin Wahyudi

The main motive of a consumption is to obtain a utility/satisfaction. However, in Islam there are many rules of consumption that can be restrict for consumer’s freedom. The purpose of this article is to find out how Islam manages consumer and how a Muslim obtains maximum utility in his consumption. The method of this research is literature study by reviewing books, scientific journals, and articles from relevant official websites. The results of the research shows that Muslim consumer still gets maximum utility even though there are many rules that regulate him. Even, his maximum utility is not influenced by his financial capabilities.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2 (1) ◽  
pp. 34-43

The COVID-19 pandemic poses problems in various sectors. The most vulnerable sector in this situation is the social sector, especially education. Problems such as the learning process make the continuity of education a concern. This is a challenge for the community in the era of society 5.0 in the hope of overcoming the problems that arise due to the Covid-19 pandemic. The use of big data, artificial intelligence, and the internet of things is an alternative effort to help deal with the impact of the pandemic in accordance with the conditions in this disruptive era. This study aims to determine the policies and strategies of society 5.0 in the learning process as an effort to handle the impact of the pandemic. This study uses a systematic review research method of literature published by scientific journals in the period January 2010 to December 2021. The data used comes from published journals related to the topics studied and from various electronic media. The results of the study can find out strategies in the learning process in the implementation of society 5.0 in policies in the field of education as an effort to deal with the impact of the covid-19 pandemic. ABSTRAKPandemi covid-19 memberikan permasalahan di berbagai sektor. Sektor yang paling rentan dalam situasi ini adalah sektor sosial terutama pada pendidikan. Permasalahan seperti proses pembelajaran membuat keberlangsungan pendidikan menuai kekhawatiran. Hal ini menjadi sebuah tantangan bagi masyarakat di era society 5.0 dengan harapan dapat mengatasi permasalahan yang timbul akibat pandemi Covid-19. Pemanfaatan big data, artificial intelligent, dan internet of things menjadi upaya alternatif dalam membantu menangani dampak pandemi yang sesuai dengan keadaan di era disruptif ini. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kebijakan dan strategi society 5.0 dalam proses pembelajaran sebagai upaya penanganan dampak pandemi. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode penelitian tinjauan sistematis terhadap literatur yang diterbitkan oleh jurnal ilmiah pada periode Januari tahun 2010 hingga Desember 2021. Sumber yang digunakan berasal dari jurnal-jurnal yang sudah dipublikasikan terkait dengan topik yang dikaji dan dari berbagai media elektronik. Hasil penelitian dapat mengetahui strategi dalam proses pembelajaran dalam implementasi society 5.0 pada kebijakan di bidang pendidikan sebagai upaya menghadapi dampak pandemi covid-19.

2022 ◽  
pp. 174701612110687
Mina Mehregan

Citation is an essential practice in scientific publishing. However, it is mandatory that citing the sources in a scientific work is performed in a proper manner. Manipulating citations in research articles is one form of academic research misconduct that violates publication ethics. Citation manipulation simply occurs for the purpose of increasing the number of citations of a researcher or a journal. Unfortunately, there has been a growing trend for this type of misconduct recently and this has not received much attention from the science community. The most effective solution to prevent the growth of such unethical practices is for reputable journals to impose stricter rules on reference evaluation criteria in order to emphasize on the appropriateness of the citations.

Matthew Mo ◽  
Katarina Bonatakis

Drones or unoccupied aerial vehicles are rapidly being used for a spectrum of applications, including replacing traditional occupied aircraft as a means of approaching wildlife from the air. Though less intrusive to wildlife than occupied aircraft, drones can still cause varying levels of disturbance. Policies and protocols to guide lowest-impact drone flights are most likely to succeed if considerations are derived from knowledge from scientific literature. This study examines trends in the scientific literature on using drones to approach wildlife between 2000 and 2020, specifically in relation to the type of publications, scientific journals works are published in, the purposes of drone flights reported, taxa studied, and locations of studies. From 223 publications, we observed a large increase in relevant scientific literature, the majority of which were peer-reviewed articles published across 87 scientific journals. The largest proportions of peer-reviewed research articles related to aquatic mammals or aquatic birds, and the use or trial of drone flights for conducting population surveys, animal detection or investigations of animal responses to drone flights. The largest proportion of articles were studies conducted in North America and Australia. Since animal responses to drone flights vary between taxa, populations, and geographic locations, we encourage further growth in the volume of relevant scientific literature needed to inform policies and protocols for specific taxa and/or locations, particularly where knowledge gaps exist.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 82
Mark L. Everard

Many thousands of articles relating to asthma appear in medical and scientific journals each year, yet there is still no consensus as to how the condition should be defined. Some argue that the condition does not exist as an entity and that the term should be discarded. The key feature that distinguishes it from other respiratory diseases is that airway smooth muscles, which normally vary little in length, have lost their stable configuration and shorten excessively in response to a wide range of stimuli. The lungs’ and airways’ limited repertoire of responses results in patients with very different pathologies experiencing very similar symptoms and signs. In the absence of objective verification of airway smooth muscle (ASM) lability, over and underdiagnosis are all too common. Allergic inflammation can exacerbate symptoms but given that worldwide most asthmatics are not atopic, these are two discrete conditions. Comorbidities are common and are often responsible for symptoms attributed to asthma. Common amongst these are a chronic bacterial dysbiosis and dysfunctional breathing. For progress to be made in areas of therapy, diagnosis, monitoring and prevention, it is essential that a diagnosis of asthma is confirmed by objective tests and that all co-morbidities are accurately detailed.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (6) ◽  
pp. 73-77
Sheweta Kotwal ◽  
Deepak Pathak

Shirodhara is one of the four types of Murdha Taila, which involves a continuous impact of medicated oil due to gravity flow from a dhara pot at the height of 4 angulas through a wick on the forehead of the subject at a controlled temperature for a prolonged duration (approx. 30-45 min.). In today’s era, unhealthy lifestyle, stress, and anxiety lead to many problems like insomnia, headache, facial paralysis, scalp psoriasis, hair fall etc. There is a need for time to find out the safe and effective treatment modalities to combat these challenges from the treasures of Ayurveda. In Ayurveda, many Samhitas have mentioned procedural outcomes, but their mode of action is not mentioned anywhere. So a review study was conducted, and various Samhitas, Nighantus, research papers, scientific journals, and modern books were considered.

2022 ◽  
Vol 6 ◽  
Abd. Basir ◽  
Sufian Suri ◽  
Andri Nirwana AN ◽  
Rahmat Sholihin ◽  
Hayati Hayati

The purpose of this study is to gain an in-depth understanding of the issue of the relevance of national education goals to instructions from the Qur'an and hadith as Islamic religious guidelines. To obtain data on the whitening of the research problem and this hypothesis, we conducted a literature search on many international and national communications. The most applied sources we found were scientific journals, educational books, magazines, and literature websites. So that the data can be used, we have first involved an in-depth data evaluation and coding system, finally concluding relevant to answering the study questions with high validity. The search for data was carried out electronically, published between 2010 and 2021, by searching for keywords such as the purpose of education, Islamic instructions, and al-hadith. We review this study qualitatively under a phenomenological approach to seek the broadest possible data to understand seeking answers. Based on the findings and discussion data, there is a profound relevance between the purpose of providing national education and the objectives of religious education mentioned in Qur'an and Al-Hadith, which together prepare the generation of education to become a generation that is devoted to knowledge and skills that can solve life's problems correctly.

2022 ◽  
Vol 9 (1) ◽  
pp. 192
Aulia Ilfana ◽  
H Karlina M

This study aims to describe the competence of supervisors in the supervision of counseling guidance teachers. This research method uses a literature study which contains the concepts and theories used based on the available literature, especially from articles published in various scientific journals. Furthermore, the data analysis technique used interpretive descriptive analysis. The results of this study indicate that the supervision of guidance and counseling teachers is proven to be effective in increasing the skills, understanding of counseling teachers and able to increase the mastery of counseling practice. Where with the implementation of counseling guidance supervision carried out by supervisors, it can help counseling guidance teachers to improve and further develop skills in counseling guidance service skills. The supervisory role requires many different skills and values from the therapeutic relationship. Supervisors must have the education and training to carry out their role so that counseling teachers receive regular feedback so that they have a basis on which to hone their skills.

2022 ◽  
pp. 73-113
Li-Meng Yan ◽  
Adrian David Cheok

The COVID-19 pandemic caused by the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 has led to deaths worldwide and decimation of the global economy. Despite its tremendous impact, the origin of SARS-CoV-2 has remained mysterious and controversial. The natural origin theory, although widely accepted, lacks substantial support. The alternative theory that the virus may have come from a research laboratory is, however, censored on peer-reviewed scientific journals. Nonetheless, SARS-CoV-2 shows biological characteristics that are inconsistent with a naturally occurring, zoonotic virus. In this report, the authors describe the genomic, structural, medical, and literature evidence, which, when considered together, strongly contradicts the natural origin theory. The evidence shows that SARS-CoV2 should be a laboratory product created by using bat coronaviruses ZC45 and/or ZXC21 as a template and/or backbone. Building upon the evidence, the authors further postulate a synthetic route for SARS-CoV-2, demonstrating that the lab-creation of this coronavirus is convenient and can be accomplished in approximately six months.

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