mapk signaling pathway
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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Weikang Zhang ◽  
Yuhang Gong ◽  
Xiaohang Zheng ◽  
Jianxin Qiu ◽  
Ting Jiang ◽  

Platelet-derived growth factor-BB (PDGF-BB) is a cytokine involved in tissue repair and tumor progression. It has been found to have expression differences between normal and degenerative intervertebral discs. However, it is not clear whether PDGF-BB has a protective effect on intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD). In this experiment, we treated nucleus pulposus cells (NPCs) with IL-1β to simulate an inflammatory environment and found that the extracellular matrix (ECM) anabolic function of NPCs in an inflammatory state was inhibited. Moreover, the induction of IL-1β also enhanced the expression of NLRP3 and the cleavage of caspase-1 and IL-1β, which activated the pyroptosis of NPCs. In this study, we studied the effect of PDGF-BB on IL-1β-treated NPCs and found that PDGF-BB not only significantly promotes the ECM anabolism of NPCs, but also inhibits the occurrence of pyroptosis and the production of pyroptosis products of NPCs. Consistent with this, when we used imatinib to block the PDGF-BB receptor, the above-mentioned protective effect disappeared. In addition, we found that PDGF-BB can also promote the ECM anabolism of NPCs by regulating the ERK, JNK, PI3K/AKT signaling pathways, but not the P38 signaling pathway. In vivo studies, mice that blocked PDGF-BB receptors showed more severe histological manifestations of intervertebral disc degeneration. In summary, our results indicate that PDGF-BB participates in inhibiting the occurrence and development of IDD by inhibiting pyroptosis and regulating the MAPK signaling pathway.

Aging ◽  
2022 ◽  
Guolin Zhang ◽  
Xin Luo ◽  
Zian Wang ◽  
Jianbin Xu ◽  
Wei Zhang ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (1) ◽  
Wei Zhang ◽  
Feng Liang ◽  
Qingfeng Li ◽  
Hong Sun ◽  
Fei Li ◽  

Abstract Background Hepatoblastoma (HB) is identified to be the most common liver malignancy which occurs in children. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been implicated in numerous biological processes and diseases, including HB. LncRNA MIR205 host gene (MIR205HG) has been investigated in multiple cancers, however, its role in HB remains to be elucidated. Methods MIR205HG expression was analyzed by RT-qPCR. EdU, colony formation and transwell assays were implemented to measure the biological function of MIR205HG on the progression of HB. Mechanism assays were carried out to probe into the underlying mechanism of MIR205HG in HB cells. Results MIR205HG was significantly overexpressed in HB. Moreover, MIR205HG inhibition suppressed the proliferative, migratory and invasive capacities of HB cells. Furthermore, MIR205HG competitively bound to microRNA-514a-5p (miR-514a-5p) and targeted mitogen-activated protein kinase 9 (MAPK9) to stimulate mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway. Besides, MIR205HG also served as a sponge for microRNA-205-5p (miR-205-5p) to activate the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. Conclusion MIR205HG drives the progression of HB which might provide an efficient marker and new therapeutic target for HB.

2022 ◽  
Weiguo Xu ◽  
Junyu Zheng ◽  
Xiao Wang ◽  
Bin Zhou ◽  
Huanqiu Chen ◽  

Abstract Background: As a new kind of non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs), tRNA derivatives play an important role in gastric carcinoma (GC). Nevertheless, the underlying mechanism tRNA derivatives were involved in was rarely illustrated. Methods: We screened out the tRNA derivative, tRF-Val-CAC-016, based on the tsRNA sequencing and demonstrated the effect tRF-Val-CAC-016 exerted on GC proliferation in vitro and in vivo. We applied Dual-luciferase reporter assay, RIP assay, and bioinformatic analysis to discover the downstream target of tRF-Val-CAC-016. Then CACNA1d was selected, and the oncogenic characteristics were verified. Subsequently, we detected the possible regulation of the canonical MAPK signaling pathway to further explore the downstream mechanism of tRF-Val-CAC-016. Results: As a result, we found that tRF-Val-CAC-016 was low-expressed in GC, and upregulation of tRF-Val-CAC-016 could significantly suppress the proliferation of GC cell lines. Meanwhile, tRF-Val-CAC-016 regulated the canonical MAPK signaling pathway by targeting CACNA1d. Conclusions: tRF-Val-CAC-016 modulates the transduction of CACNA1d-mediated MAPK signaling pathways to suppress the proliferation of gastric carcinoma. This study discussed the function and mechanism of tRF-Val-CAC-016 in GC for the first time. The pioneering work has contributed to our present understanding of tRNA derivative, which might provide an alternative mean for the targeted therapy of GC.

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