computer simulation
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Shin-ichi Sawada

Abstract Track-etched nanoporous membranes prepared by swift heavy ion irradiation are promising for separation processes such as water purification. However, one drawback is that multiple pores are undesirably formed by pore overlapping to reduce separation performance. The techniques for predicting the size and amount of multiple pores in detail are still underdeveloped, which hinders the precise membrane design. In this study, a computer simulation program was developed to predict the size distribution of the track-etched pores. The program generates a number of single pores on the virtual grid plane to simulate random ion bombardment, finds multiple pores containing several single pores, and determines the multiple pore size by counting the inside grid points. All the multiple pores are categorized into different size classes, and the areal percentage occupied by the pores belonging to each size class is estimated. The simulation algorithm and the results of a model case simulation were described.

2022 ◽  
Vol 1049 ◽  
pp. 192-197
Muxtor K. Karimov ◽  
F.O. Kuryozov ◽  
Sh.R. Sadullaev ◽  
M.U. Otabaev ◽  
S.B. Bobojonova

In this paper presents the computer simulation results on the investigations of the ion scattering processe on the defect InP(001)<110>,<ī10> surface under low-energy grazing ion bombardment have been presented. The peculiarities trajectories of the scattered ions from surface defect, atomic chain and semichannel have been investigated by computer simulation. It was found some trajectories nearby surface atomic chain which have loop shape and a line form. At grazing ion incidence, from a correlation of the experimental and calculated energy distributions of the scattered particles, one may determine a spatial extension of the missing atom on the monocrystal surface damaged by the ion bombardment.

Zhang Shuli ◽  
Liu Linlin ◽  
Gao Li ◽  
Zhao Yinghu ◽  
Shi Nan ◽  

Abstract: The traditional process of separating and purifying bioactive peptides is laborious and time-consuming. Using a traditional process to identify is difficult, and there is a lack of fast and accurate activity evaluation methods. How to extract bioactive peptides quickly and efficiently is still the focus of bioactive peptides research. In order to improve the present situation of the research, bioinformatics techniques and peptidome methods are widely used in this field. At the same time, bioactive peptides have their own specific pharmacokinetic characteristics, so computer simulation methods have incomparable advantages in studying the pharmacokinetics and pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic correlation models of bioactive peptides. The purpose of this review is to summarize the combined applications of bioinformatics and computer simulation methods in the study of bioactive peptides, with focuses on the role of bioinformatics in simulating the selection of enzymatic hydrolysis and precursor proteins, activity prediction, molecular docking, physicochemical properties, and molecular dynamics. Our review shows that new bioactive peptide molecular sequences with high activity can be obtained by computer-aided design. The significance of the pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic correlation model in the study of bioactive peptides is emphasized. Finally, some problems and future development potential of bioactive peptides binding new technologies are prospected.

Shinichiro Nakamura ◽  
Yoshihisa Tanaka ◽  
Shinichi Kuriyama ◽  
Kohei Nishitani ◽  
Mutsumi Watanabe ◽  

AbstractTunnel position during anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is considered as an important factor to restore normal knee kinematics and to gain better clinical outcomes. It is still unknown where the optimal femoral and tibial tunnel position is located in single-bundle (SB) ACL reconstruction. The purposes of this study were to analyze the knee kinematics with various graft positions and to propose the optimal graft position during SB ACL reconstruction. A musculoskeletal computer simulation was used to analyze knee kinematics. Four attachments on the femoral side (anteromedial [AM], mid, posterolateral [PL], and over-the-top positions) and three attachments on the tibial side (AM, middle, and PL positions) were determined. The middle-bundle attachment was placed at the midpoint of the AM and PL bundle attachments for the femoral and tibial attachments. SB ACL reconstruction models were constructed to combine each of the four femoral attachments with each of three tibial attachments. Kinematic comparison was made among a double-bundle (DB) model and 12 SB reconstruction models during deep knee bend and stair descent activity. The tunnel position of the tibia had greater effect of knee kinematics than that of the femur. AM tibial attachment models showed similar medial and lateral anteroposterior positions to the DB model for both activities. Axial rotation in the AM tibial attachment models was similar to the DB model regardless of the femoral attachment, whereas greater maximum axial rotation was exhibited in the PL tibial attachment models, especially during stair descent activity. AM tibial attachment can represent normal knee kinematics, whereas the PL tibial attachment can induce residual rotational instability during high-demand activities. The AM tibial tunnel is recommended for SB ACL reconstruction.

2022 ◽  
Vol 1211 (1) ◽  
pp. 012014
Vladimir Vladimirovich Pikalov ◽  
Andrei Igorevich Boikov ◽  
Andrei Vitalievich Sdvizkov ◽  
Pavel Sergeevich Ponomarev

Abstract The article considers a vector control system for asynchronous electric drive of belt conveyors, which uses an adaptive observer to control the speed of the electric drive. This allows you to increase the reliability and inter-interval maintenance of the electric drive. The requirements for the observer are determined, its mathematical description is made, and the law of adaptation is determined. In the Matlab Simulink package, a computer simulation of the proposed sensor-free control system is performed. A study of the robustness of the actuator in terms of the drift of the parameters of the motor when powered from the inverter, expressed by the integral criterion for parametric robustness. Based on the results obtained, a comparison is made and conclusions are drawn about the advantages and disadvantages of using an adaptive observer in comparison with other types of observers.

2022 ◽  
Vol 130 (3) ◽  
pp. 395
В.Е. Привалов ◽  
В.Г. Шеманин

Computer simulation of the Raman lidar equation for measurement of the hydrogen molecules at the concentration level of 1013 cm-3 and higher in atmosphere at the ranging distances up to 100 m in the synchronous photon counting mode and selection of such a lidar optimal parameters have been fulfilled. It is shown that for hydrogen molecules concentration of N(z)=1013 cm-3 measurement at the distances from 5 to 100 m the measurement time t is in the range from 3.83 s to 26.5 min, for measurement of concentration N(z) = 1015 cm-3 - from 38 ms to 15.9 s and for the concentration measurement of N(z) = 1017 cm-3 - already from 0.4 ms to 160 ms, respectively.

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