thermal effect
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Materials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 640
Yi Lu ◽  
Juan Chen ◽  
Jianxing Li ◽  
Wenjing Xu

In high-power microwave applications, the electromagnetic-thermal effect of frequency selective surface (FSS) cannot be ignored. In this paper, the electromagnetic-thermal coupling effects of cross-slot FSS were studied. We used an equivalent circuit method and CST software to analyze the electromagnetic characteristics of cross-slot FSS. Then, we used multi-field simulation software COMSOL Multiphysics to study the thermal effect of the FSSs. To verify the simulation results, we used a horn antenna with a power of 20 W to radiate the FSSs and obtain the stable temperature distribution of the FSSs. By using simulations and experiments, it is found that the maximum temperature of the cross-slot FSS appears in the middle of the cross slot. It is also found that the FSS with a narrow slot has severer thermal effect than that with a wide slot. In addition, the effects of different incident angles on the temperature variation of FSS under TE and TM polarization were also studied. It is found that in TE polarization, with the increase in incident angle, the maximum stable temperature of FSS increases gradually. In TM polarization, with the increase in incident angle, the maximum stable temperature of FSS decreases gradually.

2022 ◽  
Vol 18 ◽  
Maria Yasin ◽  
Sadia Hina ◽  
Rahila Naz ◽  
Thabet Abdeljawad ◽  
Muhammad Sohail

Aims:: This article is intended to investigate and determine combined impact of Slip and Hall current on Peristaltic transmission of Magneto-hydrodynamic (MHD) Eyring-Powell fluid. Background: The hall term arises taking strong force-field under consideration. Velocity, thermal and concentration slip conditions are applied. Energy equation is modeled by considering Joule-thermal effect. To observe non-Newtonian behavior of fluid the constitutive equations of Eyring-Powell fluid is encountered. Objective: Flow is studied in a wave frame of reference travelling with velocity of wave. The mathematical modeling is done by utilizing adequate assumptions of long wavelength and low Reynolds number. Method: The closed form solution for momentum, temperature and concentration distribution is computed analytically by using regular perturbation technique for small fluid parameter(A). Results: Graphical results are presented and discussed in detail to analyze behavior of sundry parameters on flow quantities (i.e. velocity, temperature and concentration profile). It is noticed that Powell-Eyring fluid parameters (A,B) have a significant role on the outcomes. Conclusion: The fluid parameter A magnifies the velocity profile whereas, the other fluid parameter B shows the opposite behavior.

Geomorphology ◽  
2022 ◽  
pp. 108097
Jiang Chen ◽  
Ying Luo ◽  
Jie Xiong ◽  
Shaojie Zhang ◽  
Manyu Xia ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 171 ◽  
pp. 107258
Andrzej Skumiel ◽  
Peter Kopcansky ◽  
Milan Timko ◽  
Matus Molcan ◽  
Katarina Paulovicova ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 20 (1) ◽  
pp. 011203
Guanfang Wang ◽  
Zhu Li ◽  
Jialing Huang ◽  
Huizong Duan ◽  
Xiangqing Huang ◽  

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