care facilities
Recently Published Documents





Diagnostics ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 213
Sabrina Cherubini ◽  
Mariagrazia Perilli ◽  
Anna Maria Azzini ◽  
Evelina Tacconelli ◽  
Laura Maccacaro ◽  

Long-term care facilities (LTCFs) are important reservoirs of antimicrobial-resistant (AMR) bacteria which colonize patients transferred from the hospital, or they may emerge in the facility as a result of mutation or gene transfer. In the present study, we characterized, from a molecular point of view, 43 E. coli strains collected from residents of LTCFs in Northern Italy. The most common lineage found was ST131, followed by sporadic presence of ST12, ST69, ST48, ST95, ST410 and ST1193. All strains were incubators of several virulence factors, with iss, sat, iha and senB being found in 84%, 72%, 63% and 51% of E. coli, respectively. Thirty of the ST131 analyzed were of the O25b:H4 serotype and H30 subclone. The ST131 isolates were found to be mainly associated with IncF plasmids, CTX-M-1, CTX-M-3, CTX-M-15, CTX-M-27 and gyrA/parC/parE mutations. Metallo-β-lactamases were not found in ST131, whereas KPC-3 carbapenemase was found only in two ST131 and one ST1193. In conclusion, we confirmed the spread of extended-spectrum β-lactamase genes in E. coli ST131 isolated from colonized residents living inside LTCFs. The ST131 represents an incubator of fluoroquinolones, aminoglycosides and other antibiotic resistance genes in addition to different virulence factors.

Buildings ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 80
Hafiz Suliman Munawar ◽  
Mohammad Mojtahedi ◽  
Ahmed W. A. Hammad ◽  
Michael J. Ostwald ◽  
S. Travis Waller

The Hawkesbury-Nepean Valley, Australia’s longest coastal catchment, is spanned by a river system of more than 470 km, that runs from Goulburn to Broken Bay, covering a total area of over 2.2 million hectares. This region has remained prone to flood events, with considerable mortalities, economic impacts and infrastructural losses occurring quite regularly. The topography, naturally variable climatic conditions and the ‘bathtub’ effect in the region are responsible for the frequent flood events. In response, the Government at the national/federal, state and local level has focused on the design of efficient flood risk management strategies with appropriate evacuation plans for vulnerable communities from hospitals, schools, childcare and aged care facilities during a flood event. Despite these overarching plans, specialized response and evacuation plans for aged care facilities are critical to reducing the loss incurred by flood events in the region. This is the focus of this present paper, which reviews the history of flood events and responses to them, before examining the utilization of artificial intelligence (AI) techniques during flood events to overcome the flood risks. An early flood warning system, based on AI/Machine Learning (ML) strategy is being suggested for a timely decision, enhanced disaster prediction, assessment and response necessary to overcome the flood risks associated with aged care facilities within the Hawkesbury-Nepean region. A framework entailing AI/ML methods for identifying the safest route to the destination using UAV and path planning has been proposed for timely disaster response and evacuation of the residents of aged care facilities.

Rebecca McLaughlan ◽  
Kieran Richards ◽  
Ruby Lipson-Smith ◽  
Anna Collins ◽  
Jennifer Philip

Objective: To contribute staff perspectives on the design of palliative care facilities to better align with the philosophy of palliative care, in support of patient, family, and staff well-being. Background: The receipt of palliative care differs from other inpatient experiences owing to its distinct philosophy of care, longer lengths of stay, a greater presence of family members, and more frequent end-of-life events. While research regarding the optimal design of palliative care environments recognizes these differences, this knowledge has been slow to exert change on the guidelines and procurement processes that determine the design solutions possible within these settings. Sustained research attention is required. Methods: An online survey, comprising a series of open-ended questions, elicited the perceptions of palliative care staff regarding the relationship between the physical environment and the distinct philosophy of palliative care. Results: Responses from 89 Australian-based palliative care professionals confirmed the high value that staff place on environments that offer privacy, homeliness, safety, and access to gardens to assist the delivery of optimum care. Conclusions: Our findings illustrate that the implications of privacy and homeliness extend far beyond the patient room and that homeliness is about more than an aesthetic of comfort. This highlights a broader capacity for design to better support the philosophy of palliative care. Importantly, the data reveal a key relationship between staff well-being and the environments in which they work; environments that are unable to match the quality of care that staff aspire to deliver can engender frustration and distress.

2022 ◽  
Vanessa Burholt ◽  
E. Zoe Shoemark ◽  
R Maruthakutti ◽  
Aabha Chaudhary ◽  
Carol Ann Maddock

Abstract Background: In 2016, Tamil Nadu was the first state in India to develop a set of Minimum Standards for old age homes. The Minimum Standards stipulate that that residents’ dignity and privacy should be respected. However, the concept of dignity is undefined in the Minimum Standards. To date, there has been very little research within aged care facilities exploring the dignity of residents. This study draws on the concepts of (i) status dignity and (ii) central human functional capabilities, to explore whether long term care facilities uphold the dignity of residents. Objectives: The study was designed to obtain insights into human rights issues and experiences of residents, and the article addresses the research question, “to what extent do old age homes in Tamil Nadu support the central human functional capabilities of life, bodily health, bodily integrity and play, and secure dignity for older residents?”Method: A cross-sectional qualitative exploratory study design was utilised. Between January and May 2018 face-to-face interviews were conducted using a semi-structured topic guide with 30 older residents and 11 staff from ten care homes located three southern districts in Tamil Nadu, India. Framework analysis of data was structured around four central human functional capabilities. Results. There was considerable variation in the extent to which the four central human functional capabilities life, bodily integrity, bodily health and play were met,. There was evidence that Articles 3, 13, 25 and 24 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights were contravened in both registered and unregistered facilities. Juxtaposing violations of human rights with good practice demonstrated that old age homes have the potential to protect the dignity of residents.Conclusion: The Government of India needs to strengthen care home policies to protect older residents. A new legislative framework is required to ensure that all old age homes are accountable to the State. Minimum Standards should include expectations for quality of care and dignity in care that meet the basic needs of residents and provide health care, personal support, and opportunities for leisure, and socializing. Standards should include staff-to-resident ratios and staff training requirements.

2022 ◽  
Malte Klemmt ◽  
Peter Brieger ◽  
Thomas Schmitt-Schäfer ◽  
Annika Mörtz ◽  
Tanja Henking

Abstract BackgroundIn Germany, the use of coercive measures such as physical or chemical restraints in certain settings has been the focus of high court decisions, political debates, and scientific research in areas like psychiatric care. Such encroachments on fundamental rights could easily be overlooked in the case of residents in inpatient residential care facilities for adults with disabilities. However, little data are available on this issue. This study aims to investigate the types, frequencies, and characteristics of the use of coercive measures as well as the reasons and justifications of their use. Possible alternatives to these measures and contextual conditions will also be identified.MethodsThe study is based on an explorative, multi-phase, cross-sectional design, which consists of a mixed-methods approach including several forms of data collection and analysis bringing together forensic, sociological, pedagogical and medical perspectives and expertise. First, the entirety of the approximately n = 880 residential care facilities for adults with disabilities in the study area will be surveyed by an online questionnaire. Participating passive observations will be carried out in n = 5 selected residential care facilities (24 hours per facility), with an approximate total of n = 150 residents. In these facilities, organizational documents such as house rules and residential documents such as medication plans will also be collected and analysed. Focus groups will be conducted in each of the five facilities including residents, staff, and legal guardians of the residents.DiscussionThis study will address important gaps in the current research by providing different forms of empirical data on the use or avoidance, causes, contexts, and alternatives to coercive measures in inpatient residential care facilities for adults with disabilities. This study is the first in Germany to combine a general overview (survey) and detailed insight (observations, document analysis, focus groups) approach to this issue. These findings will provide a basis for further research in the field as well as for the management of coercive measures in practical settings.

2022 ◽  
Vol 40 (1) ◽  
pp. 51-58
Sathi Binte Ali ◽  
Mohammad Asraful Alam

Background: To assess the health care facilities provided for senior citizens in selected tertiary hospitals. Methods: This descriptive type of cross-sectional study was carried out among service providers (doctors and nurses) and hospital administrators within the period of January to December 2020. A total of 305 respondents was selected purposively. Semi structured questionnaire and observational checklist was used to collect data. Data was collected by face to face interview and observation. Data was analyzed by using SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Science) software version 25. Results: Among participants, Administrator 2.6%, Doctor 25.2% and Nurse 72.1%. Mean age of the respondents was 32.72±7.67 years. Most of the respondents 90.8% working experience less than 10 years and their average monthly income was Tk. 35398.90±16509.12. In DMCH separate geriatric ward present but in BSMMU geriatric ward absent. Rehabilitation center & long-term care facilities for elderly patients, telemedicine service, separation facility for non COVID geriatric patients from COVID positive patients, free care facility for poor elderly patients, social welfare support facilities present in both hospitals. Separate bed facility in general wards, geriatric ICU and COVID ward absent, training facility on geriatric health absent in both hospitals. Majority of the respondents 97.0% take consent before any procedure, 89.6% service provider involve geriatric patients in decision making about their care and treatment, 56.6% respondents follow polypharmacy guideline. Opinion regarding utility service was average. Opinion regarding diagnostic facilities, essential drugs, sterilization facilities, of this hospital for senior citizens was moderately sufficient 50.5%, 60.6% and 59.3% respectively and ambulance service insufficient 53.4%. Among respondents 89.8% face barriers in providing geriatric health care. Opinion regarding the existing health care facilities for senior citizens of this hospitals insufficient 52.8%. Regarding improvement of health care services 26.0% mentioned that training of doctor/ nurses followed by separate geriatric ward facilities for geriatric patients 20.8%, increase the number of supporting staff 16.2%, free health care facilities for poor elderly patients 11.8%, training of supporting staffs 10.6%, training for informal/family caregiver 7.4%, separate bed for geriatric patient in general wards 6.4% and the rest others mentioned 0.7%. Analysis found statistically significant association between national guideline follow for the treatment and care of older patients and their educational qualification (0.001), designation (p=0.001), polypharmacy guideline follows for the treatment and care of older patients and their designation, referral guideline follows for geriatric patients and their designation (p=0.001). Conclusion: To provide quality healthcare service to the senior citizens of Bangladesh, geriatric health care should be given highest priority. JOPSOM 2021; 40(1): 51-58

Healthcare ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 117
Sara Chimento-Díaz ◽  
Isabel Espino-Tato ◽  
Jose M. Garcia-Alonso ◽  
Pablo A. Cantero-Garlito

This research aims to explore the perception that occupational therapists working in elderly care facilities have about the measures implemented against the COVID-19 pandemic in their resources, and the impact that these measures have had on occupational therapy in these facilities. An interpretive paradigm was selected, using a qualitative approach and a phenomenological design. Sixteen occupational therapists working in elderly care facilities in two Spanish regions were included. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews. A discourse analysis of the narrative information was carried out using open, axial, and selective coding processes and the constant comparison method. Four themes were extracted from the analysis results: The initial chaos in senior centers; The blurring of occupational therapists’ roles; The emergence of technology; and organizational and therapeutic proposals for future pandemics. The pandemic had a significant impact on the care and therapeutic processes in elderly care facilities. Occupational therapists had to stop performing their functions to dedicate themselves to other support, auxiliary or communication tasks between the center and the families. Similarly, it is worth noting the emergence of low-cost technology to facilitate communication and to carry out some therapeutic interventions.

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document