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2022 ◽  
Vol 7 (1) ◽  
pp. 59-78
Burak Gökbulut ◽  
Mustafa Yeniasır

Background and purposes: Alternative tourism activities are becoming more important for the future of Northern Cyprus. In this context, faith tourism, which has gained popularity in recent years, has special importance for Northern Cyprus, a country with essential structures of different religions. In this paper, the importance of faith tourism, which supposedly contributes to the tourism of Northern Cyprus, is revealed through the public's perspectives.   Methodology: Data was collected through the questionnaire distributed to 60 respondents. The questionnaire consists of two sections; the first section includes two questions on the socio-demographic characteristics and the second section consists of 10 multiple choice questions to determine the opinions and expectations of people living in the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus on faith tourism.   Findings: It is found that the Muslim people living in Northern Cyprus have a positive view towards faith tourism, and they have general information about the sites. In addition, they are tolerant of this form of tourism.   Contribution: This study is significant in terms of showing the potential of faith tourism in the Northern Cyprus. In this article, a number of suggestions have been presented on how this type of tourism can be developed, especially by taking the opinions and expectations of the people.   Keywords: Tourism, faith tourism, Northern Cyprus, island, religion, Islam.   Cite as: Gökbulut, B., & Yeniasır, M. (2022). Views and expectations of Muslims living in northern Cyprus regarding faith tourism. Journal of Nusantara Studies, 7(1), 59-78.

2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
L. J. Reece ◽  
K. Owen ◽  
M. Graney ◽  
C. Jackson ◽  
M. Shields ◽  

AbstractInterventions that increase population physical activity are required to promote health and wellbeing. parkrun delivers community-based, 5 km events worldwide yet 43% who register never participate in a parkrun event. This research had two objectives; i) explore the demographics of people who register for parkrun in United Kingdom, Australia, Ireland, and don’t initiate or maintain participation ii) understand the barriers to participating in parkrun amongst these people. Mandatory data at parkrun registration provided demographic characteristics of parkrun registrants. A bespoke online survey distributed across the three countries captured the reasons for not participating or only participating once. Of 680,255 parkrun registrants between 2017 and 19, 293,542 (43%) did not participate in any parkrun events and 147,148 (22%) only participated in one parkrun event. Females, 16–34 years and physically inactive were more likely to not participate or not return to parkrun. Inconvenient start time was the most frequently reported barrier to participating, with females more likely than males to report the psychological barrier of feeling too unfit to participate. Co-creating strategies with and for people living with a chronic disease, women, young adults, and physically inactive people, could increase physical activity participation within parkrun.

PLoS ONE ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (1) ◽  
pp. e0262688
Sunday A. Adedini ◽  
Sunday Matthew Abatan ◽  
Adesoji Dunsin Ogunsakin ◽  
Christiana Alake Alex-Ojei ◽  
Blessing Iretioluwa Babalola ◽  

Context Considering the persistent poor maternal and child health outcomes in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), this study undertook a comparative analysis of the timing and adequacy of antenatal care uptake between women (aged 20–24 years) who married before age 18 and those who married at age 18 or above. Method Data came from Demographic and Health Surveys of 20 SSA countries. We performed binary logistic regression analysis on pooled data of women aged 20–24 (n = 33,630). Results Overall, the percentage of child brides in selected countries was 57.1%, with the lowest prevalence found in Rwanda (19.1%) and the highest rate in Chad (80.9%). Central and West African countries had the highest prevalence of child marriage compared to other sub-regions. Bivariate results indicate that a lower proportion of child brides (50.0%) had 4+ ANC visits compared to the adult brides (60.9%) and a lower percentage of them (34.0%) initiated ANC visits early compared to the adult brides (37.5%). After controlling for country of residence and selected socio-economic and demographic characteristics, multivariable results established significantly lower odds of having an adequate/prescribed number of ANC visits among women who married before age 15 (OR: 0.63, CI: 0.57–0.67, p<0.001), and women who married at ages 15–17 (OR: 0.81, CI: 0.75–0.84, p<0.001) compared to those who married at age 18+. Similar results were established between age at first marriage and timing of first ANC visit. Other interesting results emerged that young women who married earlier than age 18 and those who married at age 18+ differ significantly by several socio-economic and demographic characteristics. Conclusion Efforts to improve maternal and child health outcomes in SSA must give attention to address the underutilization and late start of antenatal care uptake among child brides.

2022 ◽  
Vindya Shalini Ranasinghe ◽  
Gayan Bowatte ◽  
Charles Antonypillai ◽  
Indika Bandara Gawarammana

Abstract BackgroundCerebral salt wasting syndrome (CSWS) and Syndrome of Inappropriate Anti Diuretic Hormone secretion (SIADH) are the most common aetiological factors for developing hyponatremia following stroke. The differentiation of these two entities is crucial as the treatment options are completely different. Hence the knowledge on predictors of CSWS is important to make a more accurate diagnosis of CSWS. MethodsTwo hundred and fourty six patients with confirmed stroke were prospectively observed throughout the hospital stay in a tertiary referral center in Sri Lanka to identify the possible predictors of CSWS. Hyponatremia was defined as serum Na+ level less than 131mmo/l. Serum osmolality, urine osmolality, urinary Na+, serum cortisol and thyroid function tests were performed on all the hyponatremic patients. Differentiation of the CSWS and SIADH was based on physical examination findings and laboratory parameters. ResultsThe incidence of hyponatremia in our study population was 19.1% (95% Confidence Interval 14.39-24.58). The majority of patients (24, 51%) were attributed to CSWS. SIADH group comprised of 17 (36.2%) patients and 6 (12.7%) patients had other undetermined causes. There was a significant statistical difference between the aetiologies of hyponatremia and laboratory investigations like urinary Na+, urinary osmolality and serum osmolality. Demographic characteristics, comorbidities, imaging findings and clinical parameters like systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, on admission GCS were considered in the multivariable logistic regression model and the overall model was not significant. Conclusion The incidence of CSWS is higher than the incidence of SIADH. The demographic characteristics, comorbidities, imaging and clinical parameters like blood pressure, on admission GCS could not predict the occurrence of CSWS

2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 703
Tamara Lukić ◽  
Tatjana Pivac ◽  
Milica Solarević ◽  
Ivana Blešić ◽  
Jelena Živković ◽  

The subject of this paper is to determine how the COVID-19 virus pandemic affected the situation in Serbian villages. The task of the paper is to show the positive and negative consequences that resulted from the pandemic. This would indicate that some of them may represent a new idea, a chance, or would work in favor of the sustainability of the villages of Serbia. In support of objectivity, research was carried out among the population that inhabits the rural areas of Serbia. It examined the extent to which internationally recognized phenomena and consequences of the COVID-19 virus pandemic were present in the study area and considered the nature of their impact on sustainability. The results of the semi-structured questionnaire were processed using descriptive statistics, t-test, and analysis of variance (ANOVA). Respondents contributed to the conception of possible solutions with their comments. The obtained differences in the answers resulted from different socio-demographic characteristics of the respondents, but also from the fact that the villages of Serbia differ in natural and social characteristics. Respondents’ responses are in favor of economic and sociodemographic sustainability, but they do not think in terms of environmental sustainability. The paper reveals several development opportunities, which complement each other and contribute to different methods for sustainability of rural villages in Serbia.

Vaccines ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 93
Adam Palanica ◽  
Jouhyun Jeon

Research indicates that mixing the first two doses of COVID-19 vaccine types (i.e., adenoviral vector and mRNA) produces potent immune responses against the coronavirus, but it is unclear how individuals may perceive these benefits, or whether there are different concerns compared to individuals who received two doses of the same vaccine. This research examines the demographic characteristics, psychological perceptions, and vaccination-related opinions and experiences of a large Canadian sample (N = 1002) who had received two initial doses of any COVID-19 vaccine combination. Participants included 791 (78.9%) who received two doses of the exact same brand and type of vaccine, 164 (16.4%) who received two doses of the same type of vaccine (i.e., either mRNA or adenoviral vector) but from different brands (e.g., Pfizer-BioNTech + Moderna), and 47 (4.7%) who received two doses from different types and brands of vaccine (e.g., Oxford-AstraZeneca + Pfizer-BioNTech). Results showed that, after the first vaccine dose, participants who received an adenoviral vector vaccine (e.g., Oxford-AstraZeneca) experienced the highest number of common side effects, and more severe levels of each side effect compared to those who received an mRNA vaccine (e.g., Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna). After the second dose, participants who received Moderna as their second vaccine experienced the highest number of and most severe side effects, regardless of whether they received Moderna, Pfizer-BioNTech, or Oxford-AstraZeneca as their first dose. Real-world implications of these findings are discussed.

2022 ◽  
Vol 99 (7-8) ◽  
pp. 440-443
A. V. Bocharov ◽  
L. V. Popov ◽  
A. K. Mittsiev ◽  
M. D. Lagkuev

Objective. To evaluate the clinical and demographic characteristics of a group of patients under 35 years old admitted with acute coronary syndrome, as well as the features of coronary bed damage and endovascular treatment.Material and methods. A retrospective analysis of the group of patients aged 30 to 35, admitted to the Regional Vascular Center with a diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome in the period from 2019 to June 2021, was carried out. The study included 72 patients with ACS, regardless of the ST segment changes on the electrocardiogram, were admitted to the hospital by the emergency medical service referral. Positive troponins were detected in all the patients by qualitative analysis. Upon admission, they were sent to a catheterization laboratory. An examination was carried out according to the recommendations of medical care, as well as selective coronary angiography and, if indicated, stenting of the coronary arteries was performed.Results. When analyzing the clinical and demographic characteristics of the group, attention has been drawn to the absolute predominance of males — 71 (98.7%), urban residents — 64 (88.9%), low frequency of bad habits: tobacco smoking in 13 (18.1%) and alcohol abuse in 2 (2.8%) patients, the absence of concomitant pathology, a signifi cant time from the onset of symptoms to calling an ambulance (165 [90; 263]). According to the results of angiography, it should be noted the possibility of acute coronary syndrome with intact coronary arteries is 9 (27.3%) among all ACS cases with ST segment elevation and 29 (74.3%) with ACS without ST segment elevation, while in one third of the above episodes (13 (34.2%)) ACS was caused by the presence of a muscle “bridge” in the basin of the anterior descending artery, a concomitant phenomenon of slowed blood fl ow. The attention has been also drawn to the almost equal proportions of acute thrombotic occlusion (19 (55.9%)) and haemodynamically signifi cant hemadostenosis (14 (41.2%)) as the cause of ACS.Conclusion. In patients under 35 years old with a typical clinical. picture, positive troponins, with a qualitative analysis, there is a high probability of pathological changes in the coronary bed, regardless of the ST segment changes, which requires X-ray endovascular methods of diagnosis and treatment. Angiographic features of the coronary artery lesion in young people are the discreteness of the lesion in the proximal or middle sections of the arteries, the high frequency of thrombotic occlusions, the predominant lesion of the anterior descending or right coronary arteries, the low frequency of calcifi cation of the coronary arteries.

2022 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  
Natalia Soboleva

PurposeThe purpose of this paper is to explore the effect of work values and socio-demographic characteristics upon the link between life satisfaction and job satisfaction.Design/methodology/approachThe European Values Study (EVS) 2008–2009 is used as the dataset. The sample is limited to those who have paid jobs (28,653 cases).FindingsSocio-demographic characteristics matter more than work values in explaining the effect of job satisfaction on life satisfaction. The association between life satisfaction and job satisfaction is stronger for higher educated individuals and those who are self-employed and weaker for women, married individuals, religious individuals and those who are younger. Extrinsic and intrinsic work values significantly influence life satisfaction independent of the level of job satisfaction.Practical implicationsIt is important to pay attention to the working conditions and well-being of the core of the labour force, in other words, of those who are ready to invest more in their jobs. Also, special attention should be given to self-employment.Originality/valueThe paper compares the roles of work values and of socio-demographic characteristics as predictors of the association between job satisfaction and life satisfaction. It shows that the role of job in person's life depends largely on demographic factors, religiosity and socio-economic factors.

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