This paper analyzes the direct influence of CSR educational actions on business confidence in the context of the banking sector in an emerging country (Peru). A mediating effect through corporate reputation is also analyzed. To test the hypotheses presented in this paper, we have sent a survey to 1745 executive officers of the branches of the banks. These key individuals were selected as the target population of the study because the authors sought to study the management’s perception of CSR and business confidence. From the data obtained from the survey, it has been tested that educational CSR actions in Peruvian banks directly influences the perception of business confidence. Secondly, this relationship is partially mediated by the effect of CSR educational actions on corporate reputation.
Management and successful use of vascular access are critical issues in pediatric patients affected by malignancies. Prolonged course of disease, complex and various treatment protocols require long-lasting vascular access providing adequate tools to administrate those therapies and to collect routine blood sampling without painful and repeated venipuncture. For these reasons, central venous catheters are currently an important component in pediatric onco-hematological care, with a direct influence on outcome. Indeed, there are peculiar issues (techniques of insertion, management, complications etc.) which must be well-known in order to improve the outcome and the quality of life of children with cancer.
Municipalities of Liechtenstein enjoy a considerable degree of autonomy. There are matters which, according to the Municipality Act, must be decided by the entirety of the municipality's citizens who are entitled to vote. Furthermore, a referendum can be held against decisions of the municipal council by collecting signatures, or a popular vote on certain issues can be triggered through a citizens' initiative. In such ballots, citizens who are entitled to vote and reside in the municipality are admitted. In case of votes on the naturalisation of foreign nationals, only those who are resident in and have citizenship of the municipality in question are entitled to vote. Votes on naturalisation are more frequent than votes on matters of substance. Initiatives at municipal level, on the other hand, are rare. Municipal citizens can also exert direct influence at national level. Direct democratic instruments at national level can be taken by a nationwide collection of signatures or three or four identical municipal resolutions.
In this paper, we suggest a speculative comparison between the short story The Color Out of Space (Howard Phillips Lovecraft, 1927) and the documentary film Fireball: Visitors From Darker Worlds (Werner Herzog and Clive Oppenheimer, 2020). We explore the similarities between Herzog’s specific interest in extreme phenomena of Nature and Lovecraftian Cosmicism. We observe that both authors have, to a certain extent, compatible views on the relationship between humans and nature: Herzog and Lovecraft seem to be interested in identifying and investigating humanity’s difficulty in coping with their insignificance when facing catastrophic events caused by indifferent Nature; both chose the same kind of landscape (iced lands, volcanic areas) and extreme natural phenomena (like meteorite falls); and they show a particular interest in characters connected to scientific experiences, and obsessed (even sometimes driven to madness) with the mysteries of nature. Our analysis does not suggest a direct influence of Lovecraft on Herzog, but a productive coincidence that can shed light on the film Fireball and its possible Lovecraftian resonances.
O uso de plataformas como o Twitter por políticos, como Bolsonaro, tem mudado a comunicação política. Associado a isso, a rapidez com que a informação circula por tais ambientes proporciona a disseminação de desinformação e fake news, especialmente durante a pandemia do COVID-19 a partir de 2020. Diante disso, o artigo busca entender como o presidente Jair Bolsonaro utilizou o fenômeno das fake news como base da sua comunicação política durante a pandemia do COVID-19 e qual a influência desse fenômeno para a política externa brasileira. A hipótese inicial é de que a propagação de informações sem conteúdo confiáveis é utilizada como ferramenta política por Jair Bolsonaro. Nesse cenário, a política externa brasileira sofre influências diretas devido a ocorrência de tal fenômeno, com novas diretrizes internacionais e posicionamentos, acarretando a perda de credibilidade internacional brasileira e, ainda, colocando em risco a aquisição de vacinas pelo país.Palavras-chave: Fake News; Jair Bolsonaro; Política ExternaABSTRACTThe usage of social media, like Twitter, by politicians, such as Jair Bolsonaro, have changed the political communication. That said, the information has circulated quickly and provides a favorable environment for disinformation and fake news, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic from 2020. Based on that, the article aims to understand how the Brazilian president, Jair Bolsonaro, has used fake News as the ground for your political communication during the COVID-19 pandemic. It also aims to understand which is the influence of this phenomena to the Brazilian foreign policy. The initial hypothesis is that the dissemination of information without reliable content is used as political tool by Bolsonaro. In this scenario, the Brazilian foreign policy is under direct influence of this phenomena, with new international guidelines and positioning, resulting in the loss of the Brazilian international credibility and risking the vaccines acquisition by the country.Keywords: Fake News; Jair Bolsonaro; Foreign Policy. Recebido em: 14/04/2021 | Aceito em: 29/10/2021.
Although government recognition is a legal concept of public international law, it interacts with other branches of law, including private international law and international civil procedure. According to the jurisprudence of British and American courts, unrecognized governments do not possess locus standi in civil proceedings in regard to matters which fall within the state dominium. In the mentioned jurisprudence, a doctrine has been formulated according to which judges are bound by the position of their state executive bodies in regard to foreign state and government recognition, which has direct influence on the locus standi of foreign states in the courts of Britain and the United States. The aim of this paper is to present the above rulings, as well as to analyze whether there are grounds for accepting the doctrine which follows from them in Polish civil litigation.
This study aims to determine: 1) the influence of tourist village attraction to image of tourist village; 2) the influence of community based tourism to image of tourist village; and 3) the influence of community based tourism in strengthening tourist village attraction to images of tourist village. This research was conducted in Batu City with a sample of 120 tourists. The results show: 1) the tourist village attraction has a significant effect to images of tourist village; 2) the influence of community based tourism has a significant effect to images of tourist village; and 3) the community based tourism does not strengthen the influence of tourist village attraction to images of tourist village, but the direct influence of Community Based Tourism on the image of a tourist village is greater than the direct effect of the attractiveness of a tourist village on the image of a tourist village
The Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) are among the largest waste producers in the municipality, and they have a huge responsibility towards the waste they produced. In order to divert waste as much as possible from the landfill, many HEIs have implemented reduce, reuse and recycle (3Rs) strategies and programs on their campuses. However, not all the communities are aware of the programs initiated, and as such, the recycling rate in most universities is still low. Therefore, this research seeks to identify the factors that influence the HEIs community to practise recycling on the campus. This study has extended the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) with the inclusion of situational factors, recycling information and personal norm in the model. A total of 1068 duly completed questionnaire surveys were collected from six selected universities. The data collected were analysed using both descriptive and inferential analyses. The findings show that all the constructs investigated significantly influence recycling intention with exception of the subjective norm, whereas the situational factors have a significant direct influence on recycling behaviour. These findings have led to several suggestions and recommendations for a better sustainable waste management on the campuses in Malaysia.
This study aims to determine the effect of organizational culture on employee performance, leadership style on employee performance, work motivation on employee performance, organizational culture on work motivation, leadership style on work motivation, organizational culture on employee performance through work motivation and determine the effect of leadership style and organizational culture on employee performance through work motivation. The research was conducted at PT. Kereta Commuter Indonesia involves 122 employees of the company. Data analysis using path analysis. The results showed that organizational culture variables affect employee performance, leadership style affects employee performance, motivation affects employee performance, organizational culture affects motivation, leadership style affects motivation. Organizational culture on employee performance is 0.564. The influence of organizational culture on performance through motivation is 0.697 x 0.865 = 0.603. In this case, the indirect effect is greater than the direct effect, so it can be said that the work motivation variable is intervening. The direct influence of organizational work culture on employee performance is 0.657. In contrast, the influence of work organizational culture on employee performance through motivation is 0.782 x 0.865 = 0.676. In this case, the indirect effect is greater than the direct effect, so it can be said that the work motivation variable is intervening.
Penelitian dirancang untuk menganalisis, menginterpretasi dan mengetahui : 1) Pengaruh daya tarik promosi pada preferensi konsumen; 2) Pengaruh harga pada preferensi konsumen; 3) Pengaruh kualitas produk pada preferensi konsumen; 4) Pengaruh daya tarik promosi secara langsung pada minat beli konsumen maupun melalui mediasi preferensi konsumen; 5) Pengaruh harga secara langsung pada minat beli konsumen maupun melalui mediasi preferensi konsumen; 6) Pengaruh kualitas produk secara langsung pada minat beli konsumen maupun melalui mediasi preferensi konsumen; 7) Pengaruh preferensi konsumen pada minat beli konsumen. Populasi penelitian tidak diketahui jumlahnya sehingga peneliti menggunakan rumus Lemeshow sehingga diperoleh 96 sampel. Penelitian dianalisis dengan bantuan software SPSS & SmartPLS3. Kesimpulannya : 1) Daya tarik promosi berpengaruh pada preferensi konsumen; 2) Harga berpengaruh pada preferensi konsumen; 3) Kualitas produk berpengaruh pada preferensi konsumen; 4) Daya tarik promosi berpengaruh langsung pada minat beli konsumen maupun melalui mediasi preferensi konsumen; 5) Harga berpengaruh langsung pada minat beli konsumen maupun melalui mediasi preferensi konsumen; 6) Kualitas produk berpengaruh langsung pada minat beli konsumen maupun melalui mediasi preferensi konsumen; 7) Kualitas produk berpengaruh pada preferensi konsumen.
The study was designed to analyze, interpret and determine: 1) the effect of promotional attractiveness on consumer preferences; 2) The effect of price on consumer preferences; 3) The effect of product quality on consumer preferences; 4) The influence of promotional attractiveness directly on consumer buying interest or through mediation of consumer preferences; 5) The direct influence of price on consumer buying interest or through mediation of consumer preferences; 6) The influence of product quality directly on consumer buying interest or through mediation of consumer preferences; 7) The level of consumer preference on consumer buying interest. The number of the research population is unknown, so the researchers used the Lemeshow formula to obtain 96 samples. Research analysis with the help of SPSS & SmartPLS3 software. In conclusion: 1) Promotional attractiveness affects consumer preferences; 2) Price has an effect on consumer preferences; 3) Product quality has an effect on consumer preferences; 4) Promotional attractiveness has a direct effect on consumer buying interest as well as through mediation of consumer preferences; 5) Price has a direct effect on consumer buying interest as well as through mediation of consumer preferences; 6) Product quality has a direct effect on consumer buying interest as well as through mediation of consumer preferences; 7) Product quality has an effect on consumer preferences.