nrf2 pathway
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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (4) ◽  
pp. 747-755
Shengyong Liu ◽  
Xiangcheng Li

Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common malignant tumor worldwide with a poor prognosis. Amounting studies revealed that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) show important roles in various biological processes. The purpose of this study was to explore the biological function and potential molecular mechanism of CASC7 in HCC. Methods: CASC7 expression in HCC cell lines was detected by qRT-PCR. The expressions of CASC7 and miR-340-5p were changed by transfection of miR-340-5p mimic, the CASC7 overexpression and knockdown plasmids. The interaction between CASC7 and miR-340-5p was assessed by a Dual-Luciferase reporter assay. The biological functions of CASC7 were evaluated by CCK-8, colony formation assay, ROS assay kit, immunofluorescence and flow cytometry (FCM). Results: CASC7 was upregulated in HCC cell lines. CASC7 overexpression significantly promoted cell proliferation, as well as inhibited apoptosis and oxidative stress. In contrast, CASC7 knockdown could reverse these above changes. The result of the Dual-luciferase reporter assay revealed that CASC7 directly targeted miR-340-5p and negatively regulated its expression. In addition, CASC7 promoted proliferation and inhibited apoptosis of HCC cells through activating Nrf2 pathway by downregulating miR-340-5p. Conclusions: In summary, CASC7 promotes HCC tumorigenesis and progression through the Nrf2 pathway by targeting miR-340-5p, which may provide a new target for therapy of HCC.

Esophagus ◽  
2022 ◽  
Ryujiro Akaishi ◽  
Fumiyoshi Fujishima ◽  
Hirotaka Ishida ◽  
Junichi Tsunokake ◽  
Takuro Yamauchi ◽  

Abstract Background Thioredoxin reductase 1 (TXNRD1) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) are both involved in the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) pathway and play key roles in antioxidant responses. In patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), the correlation between the expression of these two proteins and the therapeutic response to neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy (NACRT), as well as the difference in their expression after chemoradiotherapy, remains unknown. Methods Proteins involved in the Nrf2 pathway were immunolocalized in carcinoma cells in ESCC patients on NACRT with 5-fluorouracil and cisplatin, followed by esophagectomy. The 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) levels were used to quantify reactive oxygen species. The changes in immunoreactivity before and after NACRT (Δ) were assessed. Results Tumor reduction following NACRT was significantly attenuated in pre-therapeutic biopsy specimens associated with high HO-1 status. TXNRD1Δ, HO-1Δ, and 8-OHdGΔ were significantly different in the ineffective and effective groups. The overall survival was significantly lower in high Nrf2 and TXNRD1 groups. In addition, high TXNRD1 expression was an independent prognostic factor in the multivariate analysis of overall survival. Conclusions The study findings indicate that HO-1 status in pre-therapeutic biopsy specimens could predict response to NACRT, and TXNRD1 status could predict overall survival of ESCC patients.

Jikun Du ◽  
Daibo Song ◽  
Yuanhua Li ◽  
Jierong Liu ◽  
Xiaoman Huang ◽  

Redox Biology ◽  
2022 ◽  
pp. 102235
Da Hyun Lee ◽  
Jeong Su Park ◽  
Yu Seol Lee ◽  
Soo Han Bae

2022 ◽  
Karolina Plössl ◽  
Emily Webster ◽  
Christina Kiel ◽  
Felix Grassmann ◽  
Caroline Brandl ◽  

Aim: To model a complex retinal disease such as age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in vitro, we aimed to combine genetic and environmental risk factors in a retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cell culture model generated via induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from subjects with an extremely high and an extremely low genetic disease risk. As an external stimulus, we chose defined oxidative stress conditions. Methods: Patients were genotyped for known AMD-associated genetic variants and their individual genetic risk score (GRS) was calculated defining individual iPSC-RPE cell lines which reflect the extreme ends of the genetic risk for AMD. Sodium iodate (NaIO3, SI) was used to induce oxidative stress and cellular responses were followed by analyzing nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (NRF2) pathway activation by mRNA and protein expression. Results: We present a collection of eight iPSC-RPE cell lines, with four each harboring an extreme low or an extreme high GRS for AMD. RPE identity was verified structurally and functionally. We found that 24 and 72 h of SI treatment induced a significant upregulation of NRF2 response genes HMOX1 and NQO1, without showing cytotoxic effects or negatively influencing RPE cell integrity. High- vs. low-risk cell lines revealed similar first line defenses in oxidative stress response mediated through the NRF2 pathway. Conclusion: Delineating the NRF2-mediated oxidative stress response was sought in iPSC-RPE cell lines with maximally divergent genetic AMD risk profiles. Under the specific stress conditions chosen, our data indicate that genetic predisposition to AMD may not exert a major influence on the NRF2 signaling pathway.

2022 ◽  
Vol 159 ◽  
pp. 112760
Xiu-Ning Zhang ◽  
Ning Zhao ◽  
Fang-Fang Guo ◽  
Yi-Ran Wang ◽  
Shi-Xuan Liu ◽  

2022 ◽  
Sophie Maiocchi ◽  
Ana Cartaya ◽  
Sydney Thai ◽  
Adam W Akerman ◽  
Edward M. Bahnson

Atherosclerotic disease is the leading cause of death world-wide with few novel therapies available despite the ongoing health burden. Redox dysfunction is a well-established driver of atherosclerotic progression; however, the...

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-17
Feiyan Yang ◽  
Xudong He ◽  
Tao Chen ◽  
Jinliang Liu ◽  
Zhang Luo ◽  

Food-derived bioactive peptides are considered as the important sources of natural bioactive ingredients. Approximately 3094 peptides were identified by nESI-LC–MS/MS in the hydrolyzed yak milk residue. Peptide KALNEINQF (T10) is the strongest antioxidant peptide. The damage model of H2O2-induced human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) was used to evaluate the antioxidant effect. After treatment with 25, 50, or 100 μg/mL T10 peptide, T10 obviously decreased H2O2-induced damage and increased the cell survival. Comparing with the H2O2-induced damage group, superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities were significantly increased 1.03, 1.1, and 1.33 times, and glutathione reductase (GR) activities were significantly increased 1.11, 1.30, and 1.43 times, respectively. Malondialdehyde (MDA) also reduced 1.41, 1.54, and 1.72 times, respectively. T10 inhibited H2O2-induced apoptosis in HUVECs, and protein expressions of the apoptosis-related genes bcl-2 and bax were increased and decreased by 1.95 and 1.44 times, respectively, suggesting T10 decreases apoptosis of the mitochondria-dependent pathway. Comparing with the H2O2-induced damage group, the RNA expressions of Nrf2, HO-1, and NQO1 were significantly increased by 2.00, 2.11, and 1.94 times; the protein expressions of p-Nrf2, HO-1, and NQO1 were significantly increased by 2.67, 1.73, and 1.04 times; and Keap1 was downregulated by 3.9 and 1.32 times, respectively. T10 also regulated the Nrf2 pathway and expressions of related genes (Keap1, HO-1, and NQO1), and blocking the Nrf2 pathway in the model decreased the protective effect of T10. Taken together, T10 peptide isolated from yak milk residue has a protective effect against H2O2-induced damage in HUVECs and the molecular mechanisms are involved in the regulation of Nrf2 signaling pathway and cell apoptosis.

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