chlorogenic acid
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2022 ◽  
Vol 123 ◽  
pp. 107177
Zhucheng Yin ◽  
Xuejiao Qie ◽  
Maomao Zeng ◽  
Zhaojun Wang ◽  
Fang Qin ◽  

Jéssica Petrine Castro Pereira ◽  
Fernanda Aparecida Castro Pereira ◽  
Carlos José Pimenta

Background: Coffee is one of the most consumed beverages worldwide and is popular for its characteristic flavor and rich organoleptic properties. Aim: Based on published articles, the aims of this review are i) study the association between coffee consumption and benefits to human health; ii) the effects of coffee consumption on some pathologies; and iii) provide a description of coffee’s bioactive compounds. Discussion: Coffee presents bioactive compounds, which include phenolic compounds, especially chlorogenic acid (caffeoylquinic acid), trigonelline, and diterpenes, such as cafestol and kahweol. These compounds are related to the beneficial effects for human health, including high antioxidant activity, antimutagenic activity, hepatoprotective action, reduced incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus, reduced risk of cardiovascular diseases, decreased incidence of inflammatory diseases, reduced menopausal symptoms, and others. Coffee’s bioactive compounds are caffeine, chlorogenic acid, trigonelline, cafestol and kahweol, which are closely related to coffee’s beneficial effects. Conclusion: The present review clarified that the benefits of moderate coffee consumption outweigh the associated risks.

Animals ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 163
Yanhu Wang ◽  
Liuming Zhang ◽  
Tariq Sohail ◽  
Yan Kang ◽  
Xiaomei Sun ◽  

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the addition of chlorogenic acid (CGA) to a sheep semen extender could improve the quality of chilled sheep sperm. Ejaculates (n = 80) were collected from five Hu rams with an artificial vagina. The ejaculates were mixed and divided into five equal parts, diluted with a CGA-free Tris–egg yolk extender (control), or supplemented with 0.2, 0.4, 0.8, and 1.2 mg/mL. The sperm kinematic parameters (viability, progressive motility), functional integrity of plasma membrane and acrosome, adenosine triphosphate (ATP) concentration and antioxidant parameters (Catalase (CAT), Superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC), ROS level and Malondialdehyde (MDA) content) were evaluated during storage of the semen. The results indicated that: PM, plasmatic membrane integrity and acrosomal integrity in 0.8 mg/mL CGA were higher (p < 0.05) from day 1 to 5. The ROS level in CGA groups was lower than the control (p < 0.05). CAT, SOD, ATP, and T-AOC were highest at 0.8 mg/mL concentration within 1 to 5 days. The above results indicated that the right concentration of CGA improved the quality of Hu ram sperm during chilling storage.


Objective: To investigate the in vitro antibacterial activity of a naturally occurring polyphenol chlorogenic acid (CGA) and compares it with formulated chlorogenic acid phytovesicles against 4 different bacterial strains; two gram positive [Staphylococcous aureus and Bacillus subtilis] and two gram negative strains [Klebsiella pneumonia and Escherichia coli]. Methods: CGA phytovesicles were developed and optimized using central composite design to improvise CGA’s physicochemical properties. Bactericidal activity was evaluated using agar diffusion, minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and time kill assay. The effect of pH and temperature on the antimicrobial activity was determined. Results: The optimized CGA phytovesicles showed entrapment of 96.89% with 30 times better lipophilic solubility than the plain drug. The inhibition zone sizes for CGA phytovesicle ranged from 17-25 mm as compared to 15-20 mm of plain CGA while the MIC values ranged 200-250 µg/ml as compared to 500-550 µg/ml of plain CGA. CGA phytovesicles exhibited a strong bactericidal effect at MIC with a log reduction in the range of 0.90-2.04 in Colony forming units (CFUs) at 24h for different strains as compared to 1.38-2.17 of plain CGA. Furthermore, the antibacterial effect was found to augment with increasing temperature but decreased with alkaline pH. Conclusion: Results strongly supports the hypothesis of potential use of CGA phytovesicles as a mode of drug delivery for its antibacterial use against different resistant bacteria.

Nutrients ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
pp. 210
Ailén Alemán ◽  
Daniel Marín-Peñalver ◽  
Pilar Fernández de Palencia ◽  
María del Carmen Gómez-Guillén ◽  
Pilar Montero

A sea fennel (Crithmum maritimum) aqueous extract was prepared and loaded into soybean phosphatidylcholine liposomes. Both the free extract (FE), and the empty (L) and loaded (L-FE) liposomes were shown to be non-cytotoxic to THP-1 and Caco-2 cells. The anti-inflammatory effect was tested on THP-1 cells differentiated into macrophages. FE showed anti-inflammatory activity, revealed by the induced secretion of IL-10 cytokines in macrophages that were subsequently stimulated with LPS. Also, a decrease in TNF-α production by L was observed, evidencing that liposomes reduced the pro-inflammatory mediators’ secretion. The liposomes (L) showed protective anti-inflammatory activity and also were able to downregulate the inflammation. Furthermore, L-FE were also found to downregulate the inflammation response, as they were able to decrease TNF-α secretion in macrophages previously exposed to LPS. The simulated in vitro gastrointestinal digestion (GID) of FE diminished the chlorogenic acid content (the main polyphenolic compound of the extract) by 40%, while in L-FE, the amount of this phenolic compound increased with respect to the undigested liposomes. The amount of bioaccessible chlorogenic, however, was similar for FE and L-FE. The percentage of chlorogenic acid absorbed through a Caco-2 cell monolayer after 3 h of incubation, was significantly similar for the extract and the liposomes (~1.5%), without finding significant differences once the extract and liposomes were digested.

Pharmaceutics ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
pp. 112
Faezeh Fathi ◽  
Samad N. Ebrahimi ◽  
João A. V. Prior ◽  
Susana M. L. Machado ◽  
Reza Mohsenian Kouchaksaraee ◽  

Designing strategies for an effective transformation of food waste into high-value products is a priority to address environmental sustainability concerns. Coffee silverskin is the major by-product of the coffee roasting industry, being rich in compounds with health benefits. Such composition gives it the potential to be transformed into high-value products. In this study, coffee silverskin extracts were enriched, regarding caffeine and chlorogenic acid contents, by adsorbent column chromatography. The compounds content increased 3.08- and 2.75-fold, respectively, compared to the original extract. The enriched fractions were loaded into nano-phytosomes or cholesterol-incorporated nano-phytosomes (first coating layers) to improve the physiochemical properties and permeation rate. These nano-lipid carriers were also subjected to a secondary coating with different natural polymers to improve protection and stability against degradation. In parallel, and for comparison, different natural polymers were also used as first coating layers. The produced particles were evaluated regarding product yield, encapsulation efficiency, loading capacity, particle size, surface charge, and in vitro release simulating gastrointestinal conditions. All samples exhibited anionic surface charge. FTIR and molecular docking confirmed interactions between the phytoconstituents and lipid bilayers. The best docking score was observed for 5-caffeoylquinic acid (chlorogenic acid) exhibiting a stronger hydrogen binding to the lipid bilayer. Among several kinetic models tested, the particle release mechanism fitted well with the First-order, Korsmeyer–Peppas, and Higuchi models. Moreover, most of the formulated particles followed the diffusion-Fick law and anomalous transport.

2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (1) ◽  
pp. 101294
Ebuka-Olisaemeka Nwafor ◽  
Peng Lu ◽  
Ying Zhang ◽  
Rui Liu ◽  
Hui Peng ◽  

2022 ◽  
pp. 132134
Wenjing Liu ◽  
Wei Li ◽  
Peijie Zhang ◽  
Xingcheng Gong ◽  
Pengfei Tu ◽  

Phyton ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 91 (2) ◽  
pp. 239-255
Deka Reine Judesse Soviguidi ◽  
Rui Pan ◽  
Yi Liu ◽  
Liping Rao ◽  
Wenying Zhang ◽  

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