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2021 ◽  
Vol 3 (1) ◽  
pp. 13-20
Yulianus Marampa Rombeallo ◽  
Asher Tumbo

Justice Collaborator is an actor who is willing to be a witness to open a clarity of an organized criminal act. Normative juridical sourced primary and secondary and tertiary materials, as well as the type of empirical juridical research which was analyzed qualitatively by describing descriptively the results of the existing data. To cooperate with law enforcement in finding evidence from other significant suspects so that investigations and examinations can run smoothly. Therefore, legal protection for justice collaborators is very important because it is feared that there will be potential threats from other actors, also so that all regulations related to justice collaborators do not overlap with each other and can unite perceptions among law enforcers related to corruption crimes organized.

2021 ◽  
Vol 3 (1) ◽  
pp. 21-28
Liberthin Palullungan ◽  
Ririn Thomas

In the life of the state, where there is a relationship between humans and humans, there are always rules that bind it, namely the law. Law regulates human rights and obligations. The purpose of this study is to find out what factors can hinder the process of resolving tax disputes. This research uses type. This study uses a type of normative juridical research sourced from primary and secondary materials, which were analyzed qualitatively by descriptively describing the results of the existing data. The results of this study indicate that the factors that hinder the process of resolving tax disputes are factors in the administration sector, namely the existence of the first obligation of the Taxpayer to pay 50% (fifty percent) of the total tax payable. Then in the field of justice, namely regarding the obligation of judges to present the appellate party or defendant in examination at trial.

2021 ◽  
Vol 19 (3) ◽  
pp. 54-66
N. Yu. Alekseev ◽  
P. V. Zyuzin

The advantages and disadvantages of existing tools for calculating passenger flow are shown using the example of the city of Moscow.The objective of the research was to assess possibilities of using Wi-Fi data as a tool for analysing passenger flow. The authors used two types of Wi-Fi scanners and a tool they developed to analyse the collected data. The primary results of the study demonstrate the possibility of practical application of Wi-Fi data to analyse passenger flow.The described empirical studies, particularly data received from the portable Wi-Fi scanner, have shown that more than 20% of mobile devices in urban public transport and metro are used with Wi-Fi enabled, which is clearly not enough to get results necessary for comprehensive and detailed analysis of passenger flows. Nevertheless, the accumulating data allow to get possibility to forecast general passenger flow.A portable Wi-Fi scanner does not provide an opportunity to extensively capture a large area of the surveyed territory in real time (stops of urban public transport, locations where passengers enter the metro, etc.). Stationary Wi-Fi scanners could increase the amount of data and, accordingly, significantly adjust the results obtained. This enhancement could also be achieved through expansion of adoption of the tool of studying passenger flow to urban railways, i.e., in case of Moscow, to Moscow Central Circle and Moscow Central Diameters, as those routes provide Wi-Fi access at stations and in coaches.Data collected from Wi-Fi scanners can be an additional tool to other data sources, such as validation, automatic systems of passenger flow monitoring, and data obtained from cellular operators. For this reason, the further research in the field of Wi-Fi analytics along with development of technology in the field of existing data sources of passenger flow monitoring may result in better calculation of passenger flow.

2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (3) ◽  
pp. 49-57
Gary Shaw ◽  
Lee Thompson ◽  
Graham McClelland

Introduction: Suicide rates have risen in England over the last decade and hanging, a highly lethal method of suicide, has been the most common method. Previous work in this area identified a lack of literature discussing emergency medical services (EMS) attendance at hangings. This article aims to describe hangings attended by EMS in the North East of England in order to inform future work in this area.Methods: A retrospective service evaluation was conducted using existing data from a comprehensive pre-hospital trauma audit database to describe patients with hanging documented in their records who were attended by ambulance clinicians between 1 December 2018 and 31 November 2020.Results: Hanging was recorded in 604 incidents. Most cases (n = 579/604) involved adults (aged 18 years or older) with a median age of 35 years (IQR 27‐45 years), who were male (n = 410/579, 71%). Just over half (n = 341/579, 59%) of adult hangings resulted in cardiac arrest and of these, 10% (n = 33/341) were resuscitated and survived to hospital admission. Threatened and non-fatal hangings appear to have increased dramatically in the latter half of 2020. Previous suicide attempts and mental health issues were frequently reported across this population.Conclusion: Hangings are a method of suicide which frequently result in a cardiac arrest. In the North East of England the ambulance service attends approximately one hanging per day and one fatal hanging every two days. When fatal hangings were resuscitated, pre-hospital outcomes were similar to other causes of cardiac arrest, highlighting that despite the traumatic nature of these cases resuscitation is not futile. In order to better understand this patient group and improve care, pre-hospital data need to be linked to data from other services such as mental health services and acute hospitals.

PLoS ONE ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 16 (12) ◽  
pp. e0260696
Forson Chan ◽  
Simon Lai ◽  
Marcus Pieterman ◽  
Lisa Richardson ◽  
Amanda Singh ◽  

Background Computerized algorithms known as symptom checkers aim to help patients decide what to do should they have a new medical concern. However, despite widespread implementation, most studies on symptom checkers have involved simulated patients. Only limited evidence currently exists about symptom checker safety or accuracy when used by real patients. We developed a new prototype symptom checker and assessed its safety and accuracy in a prospective cohort of patients presenting to primary care and emergency departments with new medical concerns. Method A prospective cohort study was done to assess the prototype’s performance. The cohort consisted of adult patients (≥16 years old) who presented to hospital emergency departments and family physician clinics. Primary outcomes were safety and accuracy of triage recommendations to seek hospital care, seek primary care, or manage symptoms at home. Results Data from 281 hospital patients and 300 clinic patients were collected and analyzed. Sensitivity to emergencies was 100% (10/10 encounters). Sensitivity to urgencies was 90% (73/81) and 97% (34/35) for hospital and primary care patients, respectively. The prototype was significantly more accurate than patients at triage (73% versus 58%, p<0.01). Compliance with triage recommendations in this cohort using this iteration of the symptom checker would have reduced hospital visits by 55% but cause potential harm in 2–3% from delay in care. Interpretation The prototype symptom checker was superior to patients in deciding the most appropriate treatment setting for medical issues. This symptom checker could reduce a significant number of unnecessary hospital visits, with accuracy and safety outcomes comparable to existing data on telephone triage.

Circulation ◽  
2021 ◽  
Abbi D. Lane-Cordova ◽  
Gerald J. Jerome ◽  
Amanda E. Paluch ◽  
Eduardo Esteban Bustamante ◽  
Michael J. LaMonte ◽  

Achieving recommended levels of physical activity is important for optimal cardiovascular health and can help reduce cardiovascular disease risk. Emerging evidence suggests that physical activity fluctuates throughout the life course. Some life events and transitions are associated with reductions in physical activity and, potentially, increases in sedentary behavior. The aim of this scientific statement is to first provide an overview of the evidence suggesting changes in physical activity and sedentary behavior across life events and transitions. A second aim is to provide guidance for health care professionals or public health workers to identify changes and promote physical activity during life events and transitions. We offer a novel synthesis of existing data, including evidence suggesting that some subgroups are more likely to change physical activity behaviors in response to life events and transitions. We also review the evidence that sedentary behavior changes across life events and transitions. Tools for health care professionals to assess physical activity using simple questions or wearable devices are described. We provide strategies for health care professionals to express compassion as they ask about life transitions and initiate conversations about physical activity. Last, resources for life phase–specific, tailored physical activity support are included. Future research needs include a better characterization of physical activity and sedentary behavior across life events and transitions in higher-risk subgroups. Development and testing of interventions designed specifically to combat declines in physical activity or increases in sedentary behavior during life events and transitions is needed to establish or maintain healthy levels of these cardiovascular health–promoting behaviors.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-11
Lin Yang

In recent years, people have paid more and more attention to cloud data. However, because users do not have absolute control over the data stored on the cloud server, it is necessary for the cloud storage server to provide evidence that the data are completely saved to maintain their control over the data. Give users all management rights, users can independently install operating systems and applications and can choose self-service platforms and various remote management tools to manage and control the host according to personal habits. This paper mainly introduces the cloud data integrity verification algorithm of sustainable computing accounting informatization and studies the advantages and disadvantages of the existing data integrity proof mechanism and the new requirements under the cloud storage environment. In this paper, an LBT-based big data integrity proof mechanism is proposed, which introduces a multibranch path tree as the data structure used in the data integrity proof mechanism and proposes a multibranch path structure with rank and data integrity detection algorithm. In this paper, the proposed data integrity verification algorithm and two other integrity verification algorithms are used for simulation experiments. The experimental results show that the proposed scheme is about 10% better than scheme 1 and about 5% better than scheme 2 in computing time of 500 data blocks; in the change of operation data block time, the execution time of scheme 1 and scheme 2 increases with the increase of data blocks. The execution time of the proposed scheme remains unchanged, and the computational cost of the proposed scheme is also better than that of scheme 1 and scheme 2. The scheme in this paper not only can verify the integrity of cloud storage data but also has certain verification advantages, which has a certain significance in the application of big data integrity verification.

2021 ◽  
Vol 70 (11) ◽  
Marcelle Moura Silveira ◽  
Neida Lucia Conrad ◽  
Fábio Pereira Leivas Leite

During the COVID-19 pandemic, recommendations for maintaining physical distance, restricted mobility measures, as well as fear of mass transmission by going to health centers have significantly contributed to the general vaccination coverage, which by and large is decreasing worldwide; thus, favoring the potential re-emergence of vaccine-preventable diseases. In this study, we have used the existing data on vaccination coverage during the pre-pandemic (2019) as well as the pandemic (2020) period to evaluate the impact of coronavirus outbreaks during the vaccination drive in Brazil. Furthermore, we have accumulated data since 2015 among the different regions of the country to acquire more consistent information. The various vaccines analyzed in our study were meningococcal C conjugate, Triple antigen vaccine, 10-valent pneumococcal conjugate, and BCG; subsequently, the data were obtained from the National Disease Notification System. This study revealed that the ongoing immunization drive saw a steep decline of around 10 to 20% during the (2019–2020) pandemic period in Brazil. These results provide strong evidence towards the decreasing trends following the vaccination programs during the COVID-19 pandemic period in Brazil. Furthermore, our results also highlight the importance of adopting widespread multi-component interventions to improve vaccination uptake rates.

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (11) ◽  
pp. 102-110
Mahamat Nour Abdallah ◽  
Moussa Abderamane ◽  
Abderamane Hamit ◽  
Adil Bangba Frederic ◽  

The province of Tandjile is one of the 23 provinces of the Republic of Chad. The drinking water supply rate in this region remains low. Part of the population obtains its water supply through open wells and / or surface water. Climatic and anthropogenic variations in recent years have shown how much groundwater can be influenced both in terms of its quality and its quantity to be used. The objective of this study is to provide knowledge on the state of the hydrodynamic and hydrochemical parameters of the aquifer of the department of Tandjile-Est to help decision-makers in their approach. This study is based mainly on existing data collected in Chadian institutions and literary journals. The analysis of these data showed that the lithology is represented by clayey, sandy, lateritic formations and clay-sandy mixtures. The aquifers are sandy and sandy-clayey. The groundwater temperature values are in equilibrium with those of the air, the pH shows values close to neutrality and the electrical conductivity below standards (Chad, WHO). The groundwater in the study area is not very mineralized and the concentrations of elements indicating contamination (nitrates, chloride, etc.) are clearly in traces. Chemical analyzes revealed two chemical facies: calcium and magnesium bicarbonate and sodium and / or potassium bicarbonate.

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