secondary data sources
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2022 ◽  
Vol 18 (2) ◽  
pp. 0-0

The purpose of the study is to elucidate linkage of Omnichannel retail business model with innovation and technological advancements. The study is exploratory and qualitative in nature, based on primary and secondary data sources collected from varied retail sectors such as fashion, furniture, eyecare and electronics . The study has used Business Model Canvass (BMC) as a tool for strategic analysis. The study presents findings about business model and strategies in Omnichannel context from Indian retailers. The findings of the study posits four main dimensions resultant of digitalization and technological advancements in Omnichannel retail, namely Omnichannel Intensity, Organizational Structure Integration, Operations and Supply Chain Management Innovation, Data Analytics and Intelligence. Cross-channel Integration and Data Analytics & Intelligence have been found to be contributing enormously towards the strategic growth of Omnichannel retailers, thus emerging as the prominent managerial implications of the study.

Jessie R. Baldwin ◽  
Jean-Baptiste Pingault ◽  
Tabea Schoeler ◽  
Hannah M. Sallis ◽  
Marcus R. Munafò

AbstractAnalysis of secondary data sources (such as cohort studies, survey data, and administrative records) has the potential to provide answers to science and society’s most pressing questions. However, researcher biases can lead to questionable research practices in secondary data analysis, which can distort the evidence base. While pre-registration can help to protect against researcher biases, it presents challenges for secondary data analysis. In this article, we describe these challenges and propose novel solutions and alternative approaches. Proposed solutions include approaches to (1) address bias linked to prior knowledge of the data, (2) enable pre-registration of non-hypothesis-driven research, (3) help ensure that pre-registered analyses will be appropriate for the data, and (4) address difficulties arising from reduced analytic flexibility in pre-registration. For each solution, we provide guidance on implementation for researchers and data guardians. The adoption of these practices can help to protect against researcher bias in secondary data analysis, to improve the robustness of research based on existing data.

2022 ◽  
Vol 5 (2) ◽  
Arum Candra Sari ◽  
Hendri Hermawan Adinugraha

<div class="WordSection1"><p class="abstrak"><em>This study aims to determine the implementation of QRIS as measured by the existence and urgency as a payment digitalization medium to support the Digitalization of MSMEs in the context of Indonesia's economic recovery. This research is a literature study that was analyzed using a qualitative-descriptive approach with secondary data sources originating from journals and reports related to the Digitalization of MSMEs. The results and discussion of this research, that the QRIS launched by Bank Indonesia can help MSME actors adapt to existing conditions. QRIS as a MSME survival strategy is carried with the theme EXCELLENCE (UNiversal, Easy, Profit and Direct). The theme was taken because the use of QRIS is easy and practical, namely by scanning the QR code that has been provided by the merchant. QRIS has been officially launched and supervised under Bank Indonesia. The easy use of QRIS provides benefits for both merchants and buyers, especially for users of non-cash payment applications. For merchants, QRIS is useful in terms of increasing sales, practicality, branding, saving, avoiding counterfeit money, segregating business funds, and credit profiles. QRIS are flexible, safe and practical so that QRIS can become the driving force in the acceleration of digitalization for economic recovery.</em><em></em></p><p class="abstrak" align="left"> </p><p class="abstrak">Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui implementasi dari QRIS yang diukur dari eksistensi serta urgensi sebagai media digitalisasi pembayaran guna mendukung digitalisasi UMKM dalam rangka pemulihan perekonomian Indonesia. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian studi pustaka yang dianalisis dengan menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif-deskriptif dalam menjelaskan fenomena terkait implementasi QRIS pada UMKM. Sumber data yang digunakan adalah sumber data sekunder yang berasal dari jurnal maupun laporan terkait dengan digitalisasi UMKM. Hasil dan pembahasan dari penelitian ini, bahwa QRIS yang diluncurkan oleh Bank Indonesia dapat membantu adaptasi pelaku UMKM terkait kondisi yang ada. QRIS sebagai strategi bertahan UMKM ini diusung dengan tema UNGGUL (UNiversal, GampanG, Untung dan Langsung). Tema tersebut diambil karena penggunaan QRIS yang mudah dan praktis, yaitu dengan melakukan scan pada QR code yang sudah disediakan oleh merchant. QRIS telah resmi diluncurkan dan diawasi dibawah Bank Indonesia. Penggunaan QRIS yang mudah memberikan manfaat baik bagi merchant maupun kepada pembeli terutama bagi pengguna aplikasi pembayaran non tunai. Bagi merchant, QRIS bermanfaat dalam segi, peningkatan penjuala, praktis, branding, hemat, penghindaran uang palsu, pemisahan dana usaha, dan credit profile. Bagi pengguna, manfaat QRIS berupa, fleksibel, aman dan praktis. Dalam hal ini, maka dapat dikatakan QRIS sebagai pendorong percepatan digitalisasi guna pemulihan ekonomi.</p><p class="abstrak"> </p></div>

2022 ◽  
Vol 5 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-7
Rusnila Hamid ◽  
Ruswandi Uus

Still not ideal Islamic education system in Indonesia be a phenomenon in this study. This research uses the library research method. Sources of data and information come from various references related to research to be analyzed according to the focus of the problems discussed in the results and discussion. Secondary data sources used for analysis include various reference sources. The results of the study are the history of the journey of Islamic education in Indonesia starting from the first time Islam was spread in Indonesia, the development of Islamic education has continued from the kingdom to the present. The system of providing formal and non-formal Islamic education is following the needs and situations of certain communities, not bound by the time and evaluation determined by the government.

2021 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 82-89
Tinashe CHUCHU ◽  
Eugine Tafadzwa MAZIRIRI ◽  
Tarisai Fritz RUKUNI ◽  

The Corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19), like no other pandemic has taken the world by storm, affecting all and any spheres of life. This effect has also impacted global sporting events such as the 2020 Summer Olympics that were scheduled for the 24th of July 2020 to the 9th of July 2020 in Tokyo, Japan. Historically, the Summer Olympics have been cancelled 3 times due to war but the postponement that occurred in 2020 is unprecedented. The socio-economic implications are still yet to be fully explored and realised. The purpose of this research is to therefore examine the impact of COVID-19 on the Tokyo 2020 Summer Olympics. The study will adopt a systematic literature review of material on the COVID-19 pandemic in relation to sporting events and statistical inferences will be conducted based on publicly accessible secondary data sources. Considering that the pandemic is still an ongoing phenomenon the findings and analysis cannot be conclusive, a snapshot based on current data and scientific predictions will be provided on what COVID-19 meant to global sporting events. A broad analysis of the pandemic’s impact on sport will be provided despite the focus being on the Tokyo 2020 Summer Olympics. Last, this study serves as a template for further research on COVID-19’s impact on sporting events in general, preferably studies conducted post the pandemic for reflection purposes based on more conclusive data.

CALL ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 3 (2) ◽  
Irma Ulfia Farahani ◽  
Wahju Kusumajanti ◽  
Zulidyana Dwi Rusnalasari

This study attempts to analyze a fairy tale novel entitled “The Adventure of Pinocchio”, which talks about the story of the irrepressible marionette who longed to become a real boy. This study focuses on revealing the categories of moral value and describing the building children's character implied in this novel. To analyze this novel, the researcher uses two principles theory to find out the objectives of the studies. There are moral values argued by Linda & Eyre and the theory of children’s character building based on Lewis. The method of this study is qualitative research, which means it does not need statistical procedure to analyze the material. This study merely uses “The Adventure of Pinocchio,” a novel by Carlo Collodi, translated into English version by Carol Della Chiesa as the primary data source. At the same time, the secondary data sources are taken from other literary books and related references to support and complete the primary data. As a result, the researcher finds that some elements of moral values such as love and affection, sensitivity and not-selfish, bravery, self-discipline, and moderation occurred in the content of the novel. Meanwhile, building children's character can be implied through “The Adventure of Pinocchio's” fairy tale: honesty, responsible, regard, respect, and compassionated.

2021 ◽  
Vol 4 (2) ◽  
Ratno Ratno

The classification of Prophet’s actions is very important to understand. Misclassification will lead to wrong conclusions. One of the contemporary scholars who discuss this issue is Muhammad Bin Ṣālih al-ʿUṯaimīn (d. 2001). This research will answer about how Muhammad Bin Ṣālih al-ʿUṯaimīn classified the Prophet’s actions be five classifications? This research is library research with critical analytical descriptive method. The primary data sources are Ṣaroḥ al-Uṣul min Ilmi al-Uṣul and Manẓumah Uṣul Fiqh wa Qowāiduh. The secondary data sources are from letters, fatwas, etc from Muhammad Bin Ṣālih al-ʿUṯaimīn. This study concludes that Muhammad Bin Ṣālih al-ʿUṯaimīn divided the Prophet’s actions be five classifications. First, his action for reasons of human nature. Second, his action for socio-cultural reasons. Third, his action with special deed for his. Fourth, his action for worship reasons. Fifth, explain the global dalil. Of these five classifications, there are two classifications can be contextualized. They are his action for reasons of human nature and his action for socio-cultural reasons. Klasifikasi af’al (perbuatan-perbuatan) Nabi saw. sangat penting untuk dipahami. Salah klasifikasi maka akan menimbulkan salah kesimpulan. Salah satu ulama kontemporer yang membahas masalah ini adalah Muhammad Bin Ṣālih al-ʿUṯaimīn (w. 2001). Penelitian ini akan menjawab tentang bagaimana Muhammad Bin Ṣālih al-ʿUṯaimīn mengklasifikasikan af’al (perbuatan-perbuatan) Nabi saw. menjadi lima? Penelitian ini adalah penelitian library research dengan metode diskriptif analitis kritis dengan sumber data primer adalah Šaroḥ al-Uṣul min Ilmi al-Uṣul dan Manẓumah Uṣul Fiqih wa Qowāiduh. Sedangkan sumber data sekunder adalah dari tulisan, fatwa, dan yang semisalnya dari Muhammad Bin Ṣālih al-ʿUṯaimīn. Penelitian ini menghasilkan kesimpulan bahwa Muhammad Bin Ṣālih al-ʿUṯaimīn membagi af’al (perbuatan-perbuatan) Nabi saw. menjadi lima. Pertama, karena alasan tabiat manusia. Kedua, karena alasan sosial budaya dan adat masyarakat. Ketiga, karena alasan kekhususan. Keempat, karena alasan ingin beribadah. Kelima, karena alasan ingin menjelaskan dalil yang bersifat global. Dari kelima klasifikasi ini, ada dua yang mungkin dilakukan kontekstualisasi dalam dalil-dalil agama, yaitu perbuatan Nabi saw. yang dilakukan karena alasan tabiat manusia dan perbuatan Nabi saw. yang dilakukan karena alasan sosial budaya dan adat masyarakat.

2021 ◽  
Vol 19 (2) ◽  
pp. 256
Lusiana Margareth Tijow ◽  
Hoiruddin Hasibuan ◽  
Hayat Hayat

Life in Indonesia does not recognize Samenleven's relationship because the rules of law and religion do not justify it, but there are still many things like that in Bajo Village. Bajo customary law includes the Bajo Customary Institution. In this institution, its existence helps the village government develop and regulate matters relating to local customs and solving problems regarding adultery, namely Samen Leven. This paper describes how customary law can be used as a law enforcement instrument to resolve the Samenleven offense. Semenleven is living together between a man and a woman without a legal marriage bond. This research uses the type of empirical normative research. The data types used are primary and secondary data sources using several approaches. The results show that the use of Bajo customary law, as a form of law enforcement against the perpetrators of the Samen Leven offense, will create a bargaining justice where customary law is used as the first route in resolving a conflict between victims, perpetrators, and the community. The consequence is that the perpetrator must admit that he has been guilty and is willing to take responsibility for his mistake following applicable customs. The Bajo Customary Council uses customary law as a reference to resolve any problems that occur in Bajo Village, Tilamuta District, namely customary law by deliberation/mediation.

2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (1) ◽  
pp. 29-37
Muhammad Iqbal Surya Pratikto ◽  
Nisha Nor Rahmawati

The purpose of this research is to see and find out the level of the soundness of the financial statements at PT Bank Syariah Mandiri Tbk using the CAMEL method (Capital, Asset Quality, The method of data collection used in this research is the documentation of secondary data sources that have been collected and have been documented on the bank's official website in the form of existing financial reports. The results obtained in this study are CAR, ROA, and NI very healthy, NPF, ROE, FDR healthy, and PDN, BOPO quite healthy.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (3) ◽  
pp. 49
Kurnia Ramanda Ilahi ◽  
Nailur Rahmi

This study examines the implementation of the gold gathering in Jorong Koto Gadang Nagari Simawang, Rambat District, Tanah Datar Regency in the Perspective of Fiqh Muamalah. The problem in this research is how to implement the Arisan Emas in Jorong Koto Gadang Nagari Simawang, Rambat District, Tanah Datar Regency. What are the contracts used in the implementation of this Arisan and how is the view of muamalah fiqh on the implementation of the Gold Arisan in Jorong Koto Gadang Nagari Simawang, Rambat District, Tanah Datar Regency.The research method that I use in this research is field research. While the nature of the research is qualitative descriptive, qualitative descriptive research is describing the phenomena that occur in the field as they are according to reality. As the main data source, namely people involved in the implementation of the gold gathering in Simawang Village, and as a source of data obtained include primary and secondary data, primary data sources consisting of the head of the gold arisan and 9 participants of the gold gathering while secondary data sources were obtained through a number of books, journals, articles and other reading sources to strengthen primary data. Data collection was carried out using interview and observation techniques.Based on the results of the research that the authors have done, it can be concluded that the implementation of Asrisanemas in Jorong Koto Gadang Nagari Simawang, Rambat District, Tanah Datar Regency is to use the ijarah contract and accounts payable agreement, the payment system is through the membership fees of the gold arisan, fixing the gold price according to the current gold price and giving for the chairman of the Arisan only voluntarily. In the view of fiqh muamalah, the implementation of the gold gathering that took place in Jorong Koto Gadang Nagari Simawang, Rambat Subdistrict, Tanah Datar Regency, Arisan like this is unacceptable because there is no certainty and is detrimental to one of the parties with a shortage and overpayment which is commonly referred to as usury and giving money. To the head of the arisan is a voluntary fee, the voluntary money given to the head of the arisan is considered a wage because the provisions of the muamalah for each job in muamalah are required to have a wage.

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