extracellular matrix protein
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Anamar Miranda ◽  
Damien Seyer ◽  
Carla Palomino-Durand ◽  
Houda Morakchi-Goudjil ◽  
Mathilde Massonie ◽  

The success of stable and long-term implant integration implies the promotion, control, and respect of the cell microenvironment at the site of implantation. The key is to enhance the implant–host tissue cross talk by developing interfacial strategies that guarantee an optimal and stable seal of soft tissue onto the implant, while preventing potential early and late infection. Indeed, implant rejection is often jeopardized by lack of stable tissue surrounding the biomaterial combined with infections which reduce the lifespan and increase the failure rate of implants and morbidity and account for high medical costs. Thin films formed by the layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly of oppositely charged polyelectrolytes are particularly versatile and attractive for applications involving cell–material contact. With the combination of the extracellular matrix protein fibronectin (Fn, purified from human plasma) and poly-L-lysine (PLL, exhibiting specific chain lengths), we proposed proactive and biomimetic coatings able to guarantee enhanced cell attachment and exhibiting antimicrobial properties. Fn, able to create a biomimetic interface that could enhance cell attachment and promote extracellular cell matrix remodeling, is incorporated as the anionic polymer during film construction by the LbL technic whereas PLL is used as the cationic polymer for its capacity to confer remarkable antibacterial properties.

2022 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
Zi-Xuan He ◽  
Sheng-Bing Zhao ◽  
Xue Fang ◽  
Ji-Fu E ◽  
Hong-Yu Fu ◽  

BackgroundColon cancer is one of the most frequent malignancies and causes high mortality worldwide. Exploring the tumor-immune interactions in the tumor microenvironment and identifying new prognostic and therapeutic biomarkers will assist in decoding the novel mechanism of tumor immunotherapy. BGN is a typical extracellular matrix protein that was previously validated as a signaling molecule regulating multiple processes of tumorigenesis. However, its role in tumor immunity requires further investigation.MethodsThe differentially expressed genes in three GEO datasets were analyzed, and BGN was identified as the target gene by intersection analysis of PPIs. The relevance between clinical outcomes and BGN expression levels was evaluated using data from the GEO database, TCGA and tissue microarray of colon cancer samples. Univariable and multivariable Cox regression models were conducted for identifying the risk factors correlated with clinical prognosis of colon cancer patients. Next, the association between BGN expression levels and the infiltration of immune cells as well as the process of the immune response was analyzed. Finally, we predicted the immunotherapeutic response rates in the subgroups of low and high BGN expression by TIS score, ImmuCellAI and TIDE algorithms.ResultsBGN expression demonstrated a statistically significant upregulation in colon cancer tissues than in normal tissues. Elevated BGN was associated with shorter overall survival as well as unfavorable clinicopathological features, including tumor size, serosa invasion and length of hospitalization. Mechanistically, pathway enrichment and functional analysis demonstrated that BGN was positively correlated with immune and stromal scores in the TME and primarily involved in the regulation of immune response. Further investigation revealed that BGN was strongly expressed in the immunosuppressive phenotype and tightly associated with the infiltration of multiple immune cells in colon cancer, especially M2 macrophages and induced Tregs. Finally, we demonstrated that high BGN expression presented a better immunotherapeutic response in colon cancer patients.ConclusionBGN is an encouraging predictor of diagnosis, prognosis and immunotherapeutic response in patients with colon cancer. Assessment of BGN expression represents a novel approach with great promise for identifying patients who may potentially benefit from immunotherapy.

2022 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Zhixiong Chen ◽  
Xi Chu ◽  
Jinghong Xu

Abstract Background The role of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in the pathogenesis of keloids is currently raising increasing attention. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) govern a variety of biological processes, such as EMT, and their dysregulation is involved in many diseases including keloid disease. The aim of this study was to identify differentially expressed EMT-related lncRNAs in keloid tissues versus normal tissues and to interpret their functions. Results Eleven lncRNAs and 16 mRNAs associated with EMT were identified to have differential expression between keloid and normal skin tissues (fold change > 1.5, P < 0.05). Gene Ontology (GO) analysis showed that these differentially expressed mRNAs functioned in the extracellular matrix, protein binding, the positive regulation of cellular processes, the Set1C/COMPASS complex and histone acetyltransferase activity. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) analysis demonstrated that these mRNAs are involved in pathways in cancer. The lncRNA, XLOC_000587 may promote cell proliferation and migration by enhancing the expression of ENAH, while AF268386 may facilitate the invasive growth of keloids by upregulating DDR2. Conclusions We characterized the differential expression profiles of EMT-related lncRNAs and mRNAs in keloids, which may contribute to preventing the occurrence and development of keloids by targeting the corresponding signaling pathways. These lncRNAs and mRNAs may provide biomarkers for keloid diagnosis and serve as potential targets for the treatment of this disease.

2022 ◽  
Vol 23 (2) ◽  
pp. 604
Cristiana Tanase ◽  
Ana Maria Enciu ◽  
Elena Codrici ◽  
Ionela Daniela Popescu ◽  
Maria Dudau ◽  

Glioblastoma (GBM) is one of the most aggressive tumors of the central nervous system, characterized by a wide range of inter- and intratumor heterogeneity. Accumulation of fatty acids (FA) metabolites was associated with a low survival rate in high-grade glioma patients. The diversity of brain lipids, especially polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), is greater than in all other organs and several classes of proteins, such as FA transport proteins (FATPs), and FA translocases are considered principal candidates for PUFAs transport through BBB and delivery of PUFAs to brain cells. Among these, the CD36 FA translocase promotes long-chain FA uptake as well as oxidated lipoproteins. Moreover, CD36 binds and recognizes thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1), an extracellular matrix protein that was shown to play a multifaceted role in cancer as part of the tumor microenvironment. Effects on tumor cells are mediated by TSP-1 through the interaction with CD36 as well as CD47, a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily. TSP-1/CD47 interactions have an important role in the modulation of glioma cell invasion and angiogenesis in GBM. Separately, FA, the two membrane receptors CD36, CD47, and their joint ligand TSP-1 all play a part in GBM pathogenesis. The last research has put in light their interconnection/interrelationship in order to exert a cumulative effect in the modulation of the GBM molecular network.

Cells ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 149
Nina Sopel ◽  
Alexandra Ohs ◽  
Mario Schiffer ◽  
Janina Müller-Deile

Nephronectin (NPNT) is an extracellular matrix protein in the glomerular basement membrane that is produced by podocytes and is important for the integrity of the glomerular filtration barrier. Upregulated transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) and altered NPNT are seen in different glomerular diseases. TGF-β downregulates NPNT and upregulates NPNT-targeting microRNAs (miRs). However, the pathways involved were previously unknown. By using selective inhibitors of the canonical, SMAD-dependent, and non-canonical TGF-β pathways, we investigated NPNT transcription, translation, secretion, and regulation through miRs in podocytes. TGF-β decreased NPNT mRNA and protein in cultured human podocytes. TGF-β-dependent regulation of NPNT was meditated through intracellular signaling pathways. Under baseline conditions, non-canonical pathways predominantly regulated NPNT post-transcriptionally. Podocyte NPNT secretion, however, was not dependent on canonical or non-canonical TGF-β pathways. The canonical TGF-β pathway was also dispensable for NPNT regulation after TGF-β stimulation, as TGF-β was still able to downregulate NPNT in the presence of SMAD inhibitors. In contrast, in the presence of different non-canonical pathway inhibitors, TGF-β stimulation did not further decrease NPNT expression. Moreover, distinct non-canonical TGF-β pathways mediated TGF-β-induced upregulation of NPNT-targeting miR-378a-3p. Thus, we conclude that post-transcriptional fine-tuning of NPNT expression in podocytes is mediated predominantly through non-canonical TGF-β pathways.

2021 ◽  
Koji Osuka ◽  
Yusuke Ohmichi ◽  
Mika Ohmichi ◽  
Chiharu Suzuki ◽  
Masahiro Aoyama ◽  

Abstract Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) is considered to be an inflammatory and angiogenic disease. Osteopontin is an extracellular matrix protein. Osteopontin is cleaved by thrombin, resulting in N-half osteopontin, which is more prominent in integrin signal transduction. We examined the expression of N-half osteopontin in the CSDH fluid and the expression of integrin α9 and β1 and the downstream components of the angiogenic signaling pathways in the outer membrane of CSDHs. Twenty samples of CSDH fluid and 8 samples of CSDH outer membrane were included. The concentrations of N-half osteopontin in the CSDH fluid were measured using ELISA kits. The expression of integrin α9 and β1, vinculin, talin-1, focal adhesion kinase (FAK), paxillin, α-actin, Src and β-actin was examined by western blot analysis. The expression of integrin α9 and β1, FAK and paxillin was also examined by immunohistochemistry. We investigated whether CSDH fluid could activate FAK in cultured endothelial cells in vitro. The concentration of N-half osteopontin in CSDH fluid was significantly higher than that in the serum. Western blot analysis revealed above-mentioned molecules. In addition, integrin α9 and β1, FAK and paxillin were localized in the endothelial cells of vessels within the CSDH outer membrane. FAK was significantly phosphorylated immediately after treatment with CSDH fluid. Our data suggest that N-half osteopontin in CSDH fluid promotes neovascularization in endothelial cells through integrins α9 and β1. The N-half osteopontin and integrin signaling pathway might be a useful therapeutic target for treating the growth of refractory CSDH.

2021 ◽  
Thenzing J Hurtado-Silva ◽  
Gabriele Giua ◽  
Olivier Lassalle ◽  
Michelle N Murphy ◽  
Jim Wager-Miller ◽  

In humans and rodents, the protracted development of the prefrontal cortex (PFC) throughout adolescence represents a time for marked vulnerability towards environmental adversities, such as stress or drug exposure. We previously showed that the extracellular matrix protein reelin is an instrumental synaptic modulator that shapes medial PFC (mPFC) circuitry during maturation and is a critical mediator of the vulnerability to environmental stress. Emerging evidence highlight the role of the endocannabinoid system in the postnatal maturation of the PFC and reelin deficiency influences behavioral abnormalities caused by heavy consumption of THC during adolescence. Could the reelin-dependent maturation of prefrontal networks may be vulnerable to cannabinoid exposure during adolescence? To explore this hypothesis, we studied the effects of a single in-vivo exposure to a synthetic cannabinoid on reelin expression and mPFC functions in adolescent male mice. The results show that a single cannabinoid exposure mimics reelin haploinsufficiency by decreasing prefrontal reelin expression in a layer-specific pattern without changing its transcriptional levels. Furthermore, this treatment impeded synaptic plasticity: adolescent cannabinoid lowered long-term potentiation to the magnitude observed in age-matched reelin haploinsufficient males. Quantitative PCR analysis showed that changes in the mRNA levels of NMDARs does not account for the reduction of TBS-LTP. Together, the data show that exposure to cannabinoid during adolescence phenocopies reelin haploinsufficiency and further identifies reelin as a key component of the vulnerability of PFC to environmental insults.

2021 ◽  
Thenzing J Silva Hurtado ◽  
Olivier Lassalle ◽  
Antoine Ameloot ◽  
Pascale Chavis

Throughout early adulthood, the anatomical and functional maturation of PFC circuitry continues under the influence of multiple extrinsic and intrinsic factors, most notably electrical activity, and molecular cues. We previously showed that the extracellular matrix protein reelin orchestrates the structural and functional maturation of deep layers medial PFC (mPFC) pyramidal neurons. Additionally, we reported that reelin haploinsufficiency is associated to prefrontal disruptions of long-term memory retention thereby illustrating the eminent role of reelin in cognitive maturation of the PFC. Prefrontal maturation follows a sex-specific developmental pattern, supporting the existence of sexual differences in the morphology-functional properties PFC. Here, we interrogated the role of reelin in the functional maturation of excitatory networks in the mPFC. The developmental trajectory of reelin's expression and deep layer pyramidal neurons synaptic plasticity was tracked in the mPFC of male and female mice, from the juvenile period to adulthood. To assess the role of reelin in both sexes, wild-type and heterozygous reeler mice (HRM) were compared. The results show that the maturational profile of reelin expression in the mPFC is sex-dependent and that the developmental trajectory of long-term potentiation is different between wild-type males and females. These data demonstrate reelin influence on prefrontal synapses is sex and period specific.

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