lipid peroxidation products
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2021 ◽  
pp. 148-156
I. D. Dubinets ◽  
M. Yu. Korkmazov ◽  
A. I. Sinitskii ◽  
E. I. Danshova ◽  
I. N. Skirpichnikov ◽  

Introduction. According to the literature, oxidative stress is described as one of the main factors in the pathogenesis of chronic suppurative otitis media, supporting the inflammatory process at the local level. The transition of inflammatory mediators to the systemic level is associated with the risk of developing ear purulent-destructive complications. The study of the products of lipid peroxidation in comparison with morphological changes in the structures of the temporal bone will justify the tactics of the operation.Aim. Comparison of the levels of lipid peroxidation products at the local and systemic levels in chronic suppurative otitis media, depending on the nature of pathomorphological changes in the structures of the temporal bone.Materials and methods. A prospective study of 130 patients with chronic suppurative otitis media at the age of 20-62 years with a verified diagnosis of chronic suppurative otitis media, admitted for surgical treatment, was carried out. To study the indicators of oxidative stress at the systemic level, the blood serum of patients was used; at the local level, the bone biomaterial obtained from patients during the surgical treatment of chronic suppurative otitis media was used. The quantitative determination of the primary, secondary and final products of peroxidation was carried out in the groups of patients with separate registration of lipoperoxides in the heptane and isopropanol phases of the lipid extract by spectrophotometry.Results and discussion. In the observation of patients with morphological signs of purulent destruction of the temporal bone, not only a local level of inflammation activity, but also a systemic level of an unfavorable outcome was revealed in two variants: osteoproliferation or osteonecrosis of the bone tissue of the temporal bone in chronic purulent otitis media with a constant threat to the patient's life due to intracranial purulent complications.Conclusion. The appearance in low concentrations of lipid peroxidation products in serum in patients with chronic purulent otitis media substantiates the need for a behind-the-ear approach in reconstructive-sanitizing otosurgery even with minimal clinical manifestations and CT scan data, since at the preclinical level it confirms the osteonecrotic type of bone remodeling with the risk of delayed death.

Halina G. Filiptsova ◽  
Vladimir M. Yurin

The effect of the peptide elicitor AtPep1 on the resistance of soybean and pea plants to oxidative stress was studied. The concentration of the peptide 10– 9 mol/L has the maximum elicitor effect on these plants. It was shown that treatment of the aerial part of seedlings with this peptide leads to an increase in the activity of peroxidase and superoxide dismutase and a decrease in the level of lipid peroxidation products in plants under oxidative stress. Revealed effects cause an increase in the plants resistance to stress.

Biochemistry ◽  
2021 ◽  
Camilla Andersen ◽  
Anne Louise Grønnemose ◽  
Jannik N. Pedersen ◽  
Jan S. Nowak ◽  
Gunna Christiansen ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (4) ◽  
pp. 89-92
Vyacheslav Mykhaylichenko ◽  
Andrey Pilipchuk ◽  
Dmitry Parshin ◽  
Yuri Kostyamin

Experimental modeling of myocardial infarction in rats was carried out by ligation of the anterior intergastric artery after the first division. There were 3 groups of 20 animals each: control group I — to verify normal parameters, group II — a model of myocardial infarction, and group III — animals which, after modeling myocardial infarction, underwent transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells. The level of lipid peroxidation products — diene conjugates and malondialdehyde — was studied by spectrophotometry. Comparison of the content and their ratio in the cytoplasm and mitochondria of myocardiocytes was carried out. It turned out that transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells significantly levels the activation of lipid peroxidation processes in subcellular fractions of cardiomyocytes, which is accompanied by a decrease in the primary and secondary products of oxidative stress. The ratio of malondialdehyde to diene conjugates both in the cytoplasm and in the mitochondria of cardiomyocytes after transplantation returned to control values. This indicates the normalization of physiological processes with underlying ischemic heart damage. The results indicate the cytoprotective effect of mesenchymal stem cell transplantation and the preservation of a larger number of cell pools, compared with the control group of animals that did not receive any treatment.

2021 ◽  
Michael Kwame Appenteng

Cyanogenic glycosides (CNGs) are naturally occurring plant molecules (nitrogenous plant secondary metabolites) which consist of an aglycone and a sugar moiety. Hydrogen cyanide (HCN) is released from these compounds following enzymatic hydrolysis causing potential toxicity issues. The presence of CNGs in American elderberry (AE) fruit, Sambucus nigra (subsp. canadensis), is uncertain. A sensitive, reproducible and robust LC-MS/MS method was developed and optimized for accurate identification and quantification of the intact glycoside. A complimentary picrate paper test method was modified to determine the total cyanogenic potential (TCP). TCP analysis was performed using a camera-phone and UV-Vis spectrophotometry. A method validation was conducted, and the developed methods were successfully applied to the assessment of TCP and quantification of intact CNGs in different tissues of AE samples. Results showed no quantifiable trace of CNGs in commercial AE juice. Levels of CNGs found in various fruit tissues of AE cultivars studied ranged from between 0.12-6.38 [micro-gram]/g. In pressed juice samples, the concentration range measured was 0.29-2.36 [micro-gram]/mL and in seeds the amounts was 0.12-2.38 [micro-gram]/g. TCP was highest in the stems and green berries. CNG levels in all tissues were generally low and at a level that poses no threat to consumers of fresh and processed AE products. The abundance of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in phospholipids in the brain and retina has generated interest to search for its role in mediating neurological functions. Besides the source of many oxylipins with pro-resolving properties, DHA also undergoes peroxidation, producing 4-hydroxyhexenal (4-HHE), although its function remains elusive. Despite wide dietary consumption, whether supplementation of DHA may alter the peroxidation products and their relationship to phospholipid species in brain and other body organs have not been explored sufficiently. In this study, adult mice were administered a control or DHA-enriched diet for three weeks, and phospholipid species and peroxidation products were examined in brain, heart and plasma. Results demonstrated that this dietary regimen increased (n-3) and decreased (n-6) species to different extent in all major phospholipid classes (PC, dPE, PE-pl, PI and PS) examined. Besides changes in phospholipid species, DHA-enriched diet also showed substantial increases in 4-HHE in brain, heart and plasma. Among different brain regions, the hippocampus responded to the DHA-enriched diet showing significant increase in 4-HHE. Considering the pro- and anti-inflammatory pathways mediated by the (n-6) and (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids, unveiling the ability for DHA-enriched diet to alter phospholipid species and lipid peroxidation products in the brain and in different body organs may be an important step forward towards understanding the mechanism(s) for this (n-3) fatty acid on health and diseases. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by restricted social communication and repetitive behaviors. Prenatal stress is critical in neurodevelopment and increases risk for ASD, particularly in those with greater genetic susceptibility to stress. Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is one of the most abundant [omega]-3 fatty acids in mammalian brain, and dietary [omega]-3 fatty acid affects the development and maintenance of brain structure. We investigated whether prenatal supplementation of DHA alleviates autistic-like behaviors in a gene/stress mouse model and how it alters lipid peroxidation activity in the brain. Pregnant heterozygous serotonin transporter knockout (SERT-KO) and wild-type (WT) dams were placed in either non-stressed control conditions or chronic variable stress conditions and fed either a control diet or a DHA-rich (1 [percent] by wt) diet. Offspring of each group were assessed for anxiety and autism-associated behavior at post-natal day 60, including an open field test, elevatedplus maze test, repetitive behavior, and the 3-chamber social approach test. Our LC-MS-based method was used to follow changes in peroxidation product concentrations in mouse plasma, heart, and cerebral cortex.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (5) ◽  
pp. 130-137
A. P. Pomogaeva ◽  
O. L. Nosareva ◽  
E. A. Stepovaya ◽  
T. V. Zhavoronok ◽  
E. V. Shakhristova ◽  

The objective is to compare clinical symptoms, lipid peroxidation indicators, the state of the antioxidant system and assess their impact on the severity and progression of pseudotuberculosis in children.Materials and methods. We examined 125 children with pseudotuberculosis divided into 4 groups according to the severity and nature of the disease progression and 45 healthy children. The material for the study was red blood cells and blood plasma of patients received in the dynamics – the acute period (during hospitalization); 3-4 weeks later – the phase of early convalescence with a non-smooth progression and moderate and heavy severity; the recovery period with a smooth progression and mild and moderate severity; 5-6 weeks later – the recovery period with a non-smooth progression and moderate and heavy severity. The spectrophotometric method was used to study lipid peroxidation (the concentration of diene conjugates, TBA-reactive substances) in the blood plasma and components of the antioxidant support system (the content of reduced glutathione; the activity of glutathione reductase, glutathione peroxidase, and catalase) in red blood cells.Results. It was determined that moderate and heavy pseudotuberculosis forms prevail in hospitalized children, the disease progression in 35.2% of them was non-smooth; lipid peroxidation products accumulate in the blood plasma and the concentration of reduced glutathione decreases in red blood cells during the acute period of pseudotuberculosis in all children relative to the parameters in the control group. In the period of early convalescence an imbalance in the functioning of antioxidant enzymes of red blood cells, as well as the accumulation of TBA-reactive substances and a decrease in the content of reduced glutathione were observed in patients with moderate and heavy pseudotuberculosis.Conclusion. The impact of the imbalance of pro-/antioxidants on the formation of predominantly moderate and heavy pseudotuberculosis in children is shown. Prognostic criteria for the development of a non-smooth progression of pseudotuberculosis are a high level of lipid peroxidation products in the blood plasma, no normalization in values of glutathione system components and the activity of erythrocyte catalase during early convalescence. 

Karishma Katti ◽  
Kamesh R. Ayasolla ◽  
Toni Iurcotta ◽  
Debra Potak ◽  
Champa Codipilly ◽  

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