sex type
Recently Published Documents





2022 ◽  
Vol 193 ◽  
pp. 106674
Thiago Feliph Silva Fernandes ◽  
Raíssa Vanessa de Oliveira Silva ◽  
Daniel Lucas Dantas de Freitas ◽  
Alex Guimarães Sanches ◽  
Maryelle Barros da Silva ◽  

2022 ◽  
Liliana Dell’Osso ◽  
Ivan Mirko Cremone ◽  
Ilaria Chiarantini ◽  
Alessandro Arone ◽  
Danila Casagrande ◽  

Abstract Purpose: The aim of the present study was to investigate the presence of ON symptoms, measured by means of the ORTO-R, in a sample of University students with or without AT, specifically focusing on evaluating the role of sex and of dietary habits in the association between ON and autism spectrum. Methods: Subjects were requested to anonymously fulfil the ORTO-R and the Adult Autism Subthreshold Autism Spectrum (AdAS Spectrum) through an online form. Results: 2140 students participated in the study. Subjects with significant AT reported significantly higher ORTO-R scores than subjects without AT. Females and subjects following a vegetarian/vegan diet reported significantly higher ORTO-R scores than males and than subjects following an omnivorous diet, respectively. Significant positive correlations were found between ORTO-R and AdAS Spectrum scores. A decision tree model, with sex, type of diet and presence of AT as independent variables and ORTO-R score as dependent variable, showed in the first step the presence of significantly higher ORTO-R scores among females than among males, and in the second step showed in both sexes the presence of higher ORTO-R scores among subjects with AT than in those without. A significant interaction of sex and presence/absence of AT was reported on ORTO-R score, with a higher increasing trend of ORTO-R score with the increase of AdAS Spectrum score among females than among males. Conclusions: Our results further highlighted the association between AT and ON, in particular among females.

Hand ◽  
2021 ◽  
pp. 155894472110635
Celine Yeung ◽  
Christine B. Novak ◽  
Daniel Antflek ◽  
Heather L. Baltzer

Background: Despite increased public awareness to dispose of unused narcotics, opioids prescribed postoperatively are retained, which may lead to drug diversion and abuse. This study assessed retention of unused opioids among hand surgery patients and describes disposal methods and barriers. Methods: Participants undergoing hand surgery were given an opioid disposal information sheet preoperatively (N = 222) and surveyed postoperatively to assess disposal or retention of unused opioids, disposal methods, and barriers to disposal. A binomial logistic regression was conducted to assess whether age, sex, pain intensity, and/or the type of procedure were predictors of opioid disposal. Results: There were 171 patients included in the analysis (n = 51 excluded; finished prescription or continued opioid use for pain control). Unused opioids were retained by 134 patients (78%) and disposal was reported by 37 patients (22%). Common disposal methods included returning opioids to a pharmacy (49%) or mixing them with an unwanted substance (24%). Reasons for retention included potential future use (54%), inconvenient disposal methods (21%), or keeping an unfilled prescription (9%). None of the patient factors analyzed (age, sex, type of procedure performed, or pain score) were predictors of disposal of unused narcotics ( P > .05). Conclusions: Most patients undergoing hand surgery retained prescribed opioids for future use or due to impractical disposal methods. The most common disposal methods included returning narcotics to a pharmacy or mixing opioids with unwanted substances. Identifying predictors of disposal may provide important information when developing strategies to increase opioid disposal.

Sanda Buruiana ◽  

Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL) presents a group of histologically and biologically inhomogeneous B and T cell neoplasms of lymphoid tissue with a completely unidentified etiology. Antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) are antibodies produced as a result of misinterpretation of platelet membrane phospholipids. It is well known that antiphospholipid antibodies are general risk factors that induce the disorder of the physiological process of hemostasis. Respectively, it is interesting to appreciate the incidence of antiphospholipid antibodies in new non-Hodgkin lymphomas patients depending on age, sex, type of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, the peculiarities of the onset of the disease, the degree of disease spread. According to the results of our study, we found a 14.8% incidence of aPL in primary patients with non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, more frequently in men and people older than 50 years. The positivity of aPL antibodies depended on the immunohistochemical type of malignant lymphoma, the degree of dissemination of the tumor process and independent of the location of the tumor focus (nodal or extranodal) of NHL. The incidence of aPL antibody types was uneven with the obvious predominance of lupus anticoagulant. Th is study allowed the evaluation of the incidence of antiphospholipid antibodies in primary patients with non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.

2021 ◽  
Vol 1 (1) ◽  
pp. 57-62
Charle F. Ysulan

This descriptive study determined the learners' knowledge of local history and culture. The participants were Grade 10 students enrolled for the school year 2018-2019, categorized according to sex, type of school, and family income. The data were tabulated and analyzed using SPSS (Software Package for the Social Sciences Software) with Frequency, Mean, Standard Deviation, t-Test, and One-way ANOVA. The findings demonstrated that when learners were categorized by sex, type of school, and family income, their knowledge of local history was partly knowledgeable. When taken as a whole, the learners' knowledge of local culture was also partly knowledgeable. Both males and females were partly knowledgeable when it came to sex. In terms of the type of school, public schools were knowledgeable, whereas private schools were only partly knowledgeable. Finally, when it came to family income, learners with low and average family income were partly knowledgeable, whereas learners with high family income were knowledgeable. With this study, learners' knowledge gained knowledge of local history and culture.

2021 ◽  
José E. Martínez ◽  
Íñigo Zuberogoitia ◽  
José F. Calvo ◽  
Mario Álvarez ◽  
Antoni Margalida

Abstract Raptors often use a variety of materials to build their nests (natural, such as branches, but also non-natural objects), presumably due to their insulating properties, their suitability to advertise occupancy of the nest, and to decrease pathogen and parasite loads. The amount of branches used in a nest is an indicator of parental quality and is often associated with increased breeding success. However, in raptors where both sexes collaborate in nest construction, it is unclear whether the effort expended by males (taking the amount of material carried to the nest as the potential predictor) could constitute an honest signal of parental quality to female conspecifics. We examined data on sex, type of material brought to the nest, breeding experience, timing, and nest-building investment prior to egg-laying from 32 identifiable Bonelli’s Eagles (Aquila fasciata) during the pre-laying period to investigate the relative contribution of the sexes to the amount of nest material gathered. We asked: (1) whether the nest-building investment of males could provide information to the females about their quality; and (2) whether the amount of material delivered to the nest by the male was related to breeding success. Despite the considerable investment of males in nest-building during the pre-laying period, our results indicate that this effort is not a consistent indicator of male quality to the female. Therefore, male nest-building behaviour and investment by Bonelli’s Eagles cannot be considered as an extended expression of their phenotype (an extended phenotypic signal). Nest-building behaviour by males in the early and late stages of nest-building, and the fact that males were not significantly more active builders, are discussed in the contexts of signaling nest occupancy to conspecifics and competitors, the decrease of parasite loads, and the strengthening of the pair-bond during the pre-laying period.

Santos Villafaina ◽  
Eugenio Merellano-Navarro ◽  
Juan M. García-Ceberino

The coach-parent relationship can significantly influence the sport participation, personal development, and sports performance of young athletes. This study aimed to investigate the coach’s perception of parent’s attitudes regarding competition attitude, the communication with the coach, and the environment during training sessions, taking into account the coaches’ sex, type of institution, or sport modality grouped into individual and collective sports. For this, a total of 159 coaches (22 females and 137 males) responded to the Questionnaire for Sports Coaches about their Opinion on the Attitudes of Fathers and Mothers in Sports (CTPMD). It analyses three factors: (1) competition attitude, (2) communication, and (3) environment. A Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) was necessary to assess the model's goodness of fit on each factor and to calculate the Cronbach’s Alpha, the average variance extracted, and the composite reliability to analyze the instrument reliability. Descriptive and inferential analysis was performed through the Mann-Whitney U and Rosenthal r statistical tests. The results showed significant differences in the competition attitude factor regarding type of institution (U = 1964.500; p-value < 0.001; r = 0.31), in favour of public institutions. There were also significant differences in the communication factor according to the coaches’ sex (U = 1112.000; p-value = 0.04; r = 0.16), with females’ coaches perceiving worse communication with parents than male coaches. This could be relevant because it negatively influences adherence to physical activity in children and adolescents, and therefore, their health.

2021 ◽  
Vol 15 (9) ◽  
pp. 3020-3023
Amina Ghaffar ◽  
Zubair Ahmed ◽  
Maliha Munir ◽  
Alia Saeed ◽  
Naghma Parveen ◽  

Objective The purpose of this study is to identify the prevalence of uncomplicated and complicated crown fracture in permanent teeth. Study Design: Cross-Sectional Place and Duration: Nishter Institute of Dentistry, Multan between 2018-2020. Methods: There were 359 patients of both genders were presented with 525 permanent teeth. Patients were aged between 7–12 years. Patients detailed demographics age, sex, type of damage sustained, presence or absence of class II Div 1 were recorded after taking informed written consent from the authority. CPI probe was used to measure the degree of overjet as described by the 1997 WHO Basic Oral Health Survey Guidelines. Prevalence of complicated and uncomplicated crown fracture was calculated among traumatic dental injuries. Complete data was analyzed by SPSS 24.0 version. Results: Majority of the patient was male 200 (55.7%) were males and 159 (46.3%) were females. Mean age of the patients were 8.64 ±12.37 years. Falling was the most common cause of injury found in 195 (54.3%) cases followed by sports 110 (31.6%), RTA was found in 30 (8.4%) and physical violence in 24 (6.7%). Class II div 1 was present among 149 (34.2%) cases. Frequency of crown fracture was found among 43 (11.98%) cases in which complicated crown fractures were 16 (4.5%) cases and the rest 27 (7.5%) were uncomplicated crown fractures. Among 43 cases of crown fractures majority of the cases were males 27 (62.8%). Conclusion: We concluded in this study that the prevalence of crown fracture among TDI was 11.98% and majority among them was uncomplicated crown fractures. Preventive interventions are needed because of the high incidence of oral trauma. There needs to be a greater awareness among parents and children about the dangers of mouth trauma. Key Words: TDI (Traumatic Dental Injuries), Crown fracture, Complicated, Uncomplicated

Nada Bozina ◽  
Ivan Bilić ◽  
Lana Ganoci ◽  
Livija Šimičević ◽  
Stjepko Pleština ◽  

Aim. Cancer patients with reduced dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) activity are at increased risk of severe fluoropyrimidine (FP)-related adverse events (AE). Guidelines recommend FP dosing adjusted to genotype-predicted DPD activity based on four DPYD variants (rs3918290, rs55886062, rs67376798, rs56038477). We evaluated relationship between three further DPYD polymorphisms [c.496A>G (rs2297595), *6 c.2194G>A (rs1801160) and *9A c.85T>C (rs1801265)] and the risk of severe AEs. Methods. Consecutive FP-treated adult patients were genotyped for “standard” and tested DPYD variants, and for UGT1A1*28 if irinotecan was included, and were monitored for the occurrence of grade ≥3 (National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria) vs. grade 0-2 AEs. For each of the tested polymorphisms, variant allele carriers were matched to respective wild type controls (optimal full matching combined with exact matching, in respect to: age, sex, type of cancer, type of FP, DPYD activity score, use of irinotecan/UGT1A1, adjuvant therapy, radiotherapy, biological therapy and genotype on the remaining three tested polymorphisms). Results. Of the 503 included patients (82.3% colorectal cancer), 283 (56.3%) developed grade ≥3 AEs, mostly diarrhea and neutropenia. Odds of grade ≥3 AEs were higher in c.496A>G variant carriers (n=127) than in controls (n=376) [OR=5.20 (95%CI 1.88-14.3), Bayesian OR=5.24 (95% CrI 3.06-9.12)]. Odds tended to be higher in *6 c.2194G>A variant carries (n=58) than in controls (n=432) [OR=1.88 (0.95-3.73), Bayesian OR=1.90 (1.03-3.56)]. *9A c.85T>G did not appear associated with grade ≥3 AEs (206 variant carriers vs. 284 controls). Conclusion. DPYD c.496A>G variant might need to be considered for inclusion in the DPYD genotyping panel.

Gholamreza Shirani ◽  
Arghavan Tonkaboni ◽  
Mina Mazani ◽  
Babak Mirzashahi ◽  
Abel Garcia Garcia ◽  

Background: medication related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) is a chronic condition of the oral cavity resulting in mucosal ulceration and exposure of underlying necrotic bone, and the ensuing secondary complications. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between vitamin D deficiency and osteonecrosis of the jaw related to bisphosphonates. Materials and methods: This was a case-control study. The samples were 20 patients taking bisphosphonates, that 10 of them were with MRONJ and 10 were non-MRONJ. Clinical examination of patients was performed to diagnose jaw osteonecrosis. Demographic data of the patients were recorded including age, sex, type of drug, duration and cause of drug intake, and measurement of serum vitamin D levels. Data were analyzed using SPSS software. Results: In the patients without MRONJ, the mean age was 60.60 (±14.975) years, and in the patients with MRONJ, the mean age was 68.30 (69.92) years. As a whole, of the 16 female patients in this study, 10 cases (62.5%) were non- MRONJ and 6 cases (37.5%) were suffered by MRONJ. All of the male patients presented with MRONJ. In control group mean of vitamin D was 63.990 ng/ml (±29.796) and in case group mean of vitamin D was 29.510 ng/ml (±23.723). The serum level of vitamin D (25-OHD) was significantly higher in control group than in the case group (p=0.010). Conclusion: According to our result, there were statistically significant relationship between age, sex, type of drug, vitamin D level, and MRONJ (p>0.05).

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document