electrochemical sensors
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2022 ◽  
Vol 430 ◽  
pp. 132966
Neeraj Kumar ◽  
Nagaraj P. Shetti ◽  
Somanath Jagannath ◽  
Tejraj M. Aminabhavi

Jéssica Santos Gomes ◽  
Érica Abadia Da Costa ◽  
Rodrigo A. A. Munoz ◽  
Alberto De Oliveira ◽  
Raquel M. F. Sousa

Abstract Most electrochemical sensors reported for catechin determination in herbal medicines actually involve the detection of not only catechins but also other flavonoids. This work proposes a strategy to selectively detect and quantify flavan-3-ol, known as catechins, in the presence of other flavonoids by complexation with AlCl3. Flavonoids (e.g.,rutin, quercetin) form stable complex with AlCl3 which affect the electrooxidation of these molecules. Hence, the electrochemical oxidation of catechin is free from the interference of other flavonoids as shown by differential-pulse voltammetry using glassy-carbon electrode. The approach was applied to herbal medicines and mass-spectrometry confirmed the presence of catechins in such samples.

2022 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Jinhua Shao ◽  
Chao Wang ◽  
Yiling Shen ◽  
Jinlei Shi ◽  
Dongqing Ding

Tea is a popular beverage all around the world. Tea composition, quality monitoring, and tea identification have all been the subject of extensive research due to concerns about the nutritional value and safety of tea intake. In the last 2 decades, research into tea employing electrochemical biosensing technologies has received a lot of interest. Despite the fact that electrochemical biosensing is not yet the most widely utilized approach for tea analysis, it has emerged as a promising technology due to its high sensitivity, speed, and low cost. Through bibliometric analysis, we give a systematic survey of the literature on electrochemical analysis of tea from 1994 to 2021 in this study. Electrochemical analysis in the study of tea can be split into three distinct stages, according to the bibliometric analysis. After chromatographic separation of materials, electrochemical techniques were initially used only as a detection tool. Many key components of tea, including as tea polyphenols, gallic acid, caffeic acid, and others, have electrochemical activity, and their electrochemical behavior is being investigated. High-performance electrochemical sensors have steadily become a hot research issue as materials science, particularly nanomaterials, and has progressed. This review not only highlights these processes, but also analyzes and contrasts the relevant literature. This evaluation also provides future views in this area based on the bibliometric findings.

2022 ◽  
Vol 189 (2) ◽  
Silvia Dortez ◽  
Tania Sierra ◽  
Miguel Á. Álvarez-Sánchez ◽  
José M. González-Domínguez ◽  
Ana M. Benito ◽  

Abstract Two cellulose nanocrystals/single-walled carbon nanotube (CNC/SW) hybrids, using two cellulose polymorphs, were evaluated as electrochemical transducers: CNC type I (CNC-I/SW) and CNC type II (CNC-II/SW). They were synthesized and fully characterized, and their analytical performance as electrochemical sensors was carefully studied. In comparison with SWCNT-based and screen-printed carbon electrodes, CNC/SW sensors showed superior electroanalytical performance in terms of sensitivity and selectivity, not only in the detection of small metabolites (uric acid, dopamine, and tyrosine) but also in the detection of complex glycoproteins (alpha-1-acid glycoprotein (AGP)). More importantly, CNC-II/SW exhibited 20 times higher sensitivity than CNC-I/SW for AGP determination, yielding a LOD of 7 mg L−1.These results demonstrate the critical role played by nanocellulose polymorphism in the electrochemical performance of CNC/SW hybrid materials, opening new directions in the electrochemical sensing of these complex molecules. In general, these high-active-surface hybrids smartly exploited the preserved non-oxidized SW conductivity with the high aqueous dispersibility of the CNC, avoiding the use of organic solvents or the incorporation of toxic surfactants during their processing, making the CNC/SW hybrids promising nanomaterials for electrochemical detection following greener approaches. Graphical abstract

Tae Jun Yoon ◽  
Jacob D. Riglin ◽  
Prashant Sharan ◽  
Robert P. Currier ◽  
Katie A. Maerzke ◽  

Abstract Specific conductance and frequency-dependent resistance (impedance) data are widely utilized for understanding the physicochemical characteristics of aqueous and non-aqueous fluids and for evaluating the performance of chemical processes. However, the implementation of such an in-situ probe in high-temperature and high-pressure environments is not trivial. This work provides a description of both the hardware and software associated with implementing a parallel-type in-situ electrochemical sensor. The sensor can be used for in-line monitoring of thermal desalination processes and for impedance measurements in fluids at high temperature and pressure. A comparison between the experimental measurements on the specific conductance in aqueous sodium chloride solutions and the conductance model demonstrate that the methodology yields reasonable agreement with both the model and literature data. A combination of hardware components, a softwarebased correction for experimental artifacts, and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) calculations used in this work provide a sound basis for implementing such in-situ electrochemical sensors to measure frequency-dependent resistance spectra.

2022 ◽  
Vol 9 ◽  
Huaxu Zhou ◽  
Yao Ding ◽  
Ruobing Su ◽  
Dongming Lu ◽  
Hongliang Tang ◽  

Convenient and sensitive detection of active analytes in complex matrix is crucial in biological, medical, and environmental analysis. Silica nanochannel array film (SNF) equipped electrochemical sensors have shown excellent anti-fouling performance in direct analysis of complex samples. In this work, we demonstrated an electrochemical sensor with anti-fouling performance for highly sensitive detection of acetaminophen (APAP) based on SNF supported by ß-cyclodextrin-graphene (CDG) nanocomposite modified Au film electrode (AuF). Because of their rich surface hydroxyls and 2D lamellar structure, CDG on AuF can serve as the nanoadhesive for compact binding SNF, which can be grown by electrochemical assisted self-assembly method in a few seconds. Attributable to the electrocatalytic property of graphene and the synergistic enrichment from both CD and SNF nanochannels towards analyte, the SNF/CDG/AuF sensor demonstrates sensitive detection of acetaminophen ranged from 0.2 to 50 μM with an ultralow limit-of-detection of 14 nM. Taking advantage of the anti-fouling ability of SNF, the sensor is able to realize accurate and convenient analysis of APAP in commercially available paracetamol tablets.

2022 ◽  
pp. 1-7
Gaurang Khot ◽  
Mohsen Kaboli ◽  
Tansu Celikel ◽  
Neil Shirtcliffe

Adrenaline and hydrogen peroxide have neuromodulatory functions in the brain and peroxide is also formed during reaction of adrenaline. Considerable interest exists in developing electrochemical sensors that can detect their levels in vivo due to their important biochemical roles. Challenges associated with electrochemical detection of hydrogen peroxide and adrenaline are that the oxidation of these molecules usually requires highly oxidising potentials (beyond 1.4 V vs Ag/AgCl) where electrode damage and biofouling are likely and the signals of adrenaline, hydrogen peroxide and adenosine overlap on most electrode materials. To address these issues we fabricated pyrolysed carbon electrodes coated with oxidised carbon nanotubes (CNTs). Using these electrodes for fast-scan cyclic voltammetric (FSCV) measurements showed that the electrode offers reduced overpotentials compared with graphite and improved resistance to biofouling. Adrenaline oxidises on this electrode at 0.75(±0.1) V and reduces back at −0.2(±0.1) V while hydrogen peroxide oxidation is detected at 0.85(±0.1) V on this electrode. The electrodes are highly sensitive with a sensitivity of 16 nA µM−1 for Adrenaline and 11 nA µM−1 for hydrogen peroxide on an 80 µm2 electrode. They are also suitable to distinguish between adrenaline, hydrogen peroxide and adenosine thus these probes can be used for multimodal detection of analytes.

Micromachines ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 115
Suxing Luo ◽  
Meizhi Yang ◽  
Yuanhui Wu ◽  
Jiang Li ◽  
Jun Qin ◽  

Owing to its ubiquity in natural water systems and the high toxicity of its accumulation in the human body, it is essential to develop simple and low-cost electrochemical sensors for the determination of 3,3′,5,5′-tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA). In this work, Fe3O4–activated biochar, which is based on excess sludge, was prepared and characterized using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and BET analysis to analyze its basic features. Subsequently, it was used to fabricate an electrochemical sensor for the detection of TBBPA. The electrochemical test results revealed that the Fe3O4–activated biochar film exhibited a larger active surface area, a lower charge transfer resistance and a higher accumulation efficiency toward TBBPA. Consequently, the peak current of TBBPA was significantly enhanced on the surface of the Fe3O4–activated biochar. The TBBPA sensing platform developed using the Fe3O4–activated biochar composite film, with relatively a lower detection limit (3.2 nM) and a wider linear range (5–1000 nM), was successfully utilized to determine TBBPA levels in water samples. In summary, the effective application of Fe3O4–activated biochar provided eco-friendly and sustainable materials for the development of a desirable high-sensitivity sensor for TBBPA detection.

RAMONA Georgescu State ◽  
Jacobus Frederick van Staden ◽  
Raluca Ioana Stefan-van Staden

Abstract Synthetic dyes were widely used in food industry due to the advantages offered, such as good stability to oxygen, light, and pH, reproducibility, bright color, low sensitivity to storage conditions and technological processing, and of course, low cost. Unfortunately, some of them have potential harmful effects on human health (the presence of azo group in the molecular structure of azo dyes has carcinogenic and mutagenic effects in the human health), thus, their detection in various food and beverage products became essential. This review presents the latest development in sensors design used for the determination of two commonly used azo dyes – tartrazine and sunset yellow in real food and beverage samples, revealing that there is a variety of efficient sensors with low limits of detection, wide linear concentration ranges, and high selectivities and sensitivities.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-7
Ling Chen

With the continuous development of signal amplification technology and nanotechnology, more and more electrochemical sensors combining nanotechnology and signal amplification technology are applied in the field of analysis. In this paper, combined with the Internet of Things technology, the construction of gold nanobiosensors and signal characteristic processing are carried out. In this paper, a T-rich DNA probe is used as the recognition element, modified on the electrode surface, combined with DNA-modified nanogold particle amplification technology, and the electroactive substance peg amine is used as the signal molecule to develop a highly sensitive electrochemical biosensor for the detection of melamine. The sensor has good specificity and sensitivity, and the detection limit is as low as 0.5 NM. In addition, by combining sensors with the Internet of Things technology, melamine monitoring and signal characteristic processing can be carried out in real time. This model can easily achieve the purpose of accurate and quantitative analysis of melamine toxins and can be effective for food safety.

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