spring maize
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2022 ◽  
Vol 134 ◽  
pp. 126461
Miaomiao Zhang ◽  
Duanpu Song ◽  
Xuan Pu ◽  
Pengfei Dang ◽  
Xiaoliang Qin ◽  

2021 ◽  
biao jia ◽  
Jiangpeng Fu ◽  
Huifang Liu ◽  
Zhengzhou Li ◽  
Yu Lan ◽  

Abstract Background: The application of nitrogen (N) fertilizer not only increases crop yield but also improves the N utilization efficiency. The critical N concentration (Nc) can be used to diagnose crops N nutritional status. The Nc dilution curve model of maize was calibrated with leaf dry matter (LDM) as the indicator, and the performance of the model for diagnosing maize N nutritional status was further evaluated. Three field experiments were carried out in two sites between 2018 and 2020 in Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region with a series of N levels (application of N from 0 to 450 kg N ha-1). Two spring maize cultivars, i.e., Tianci19 (TC19) and Ningdan19 (ND19), were utilized in the field experiment. Results: The results showed that a negative power function relationship existed between LDM and leaf N concentration (LNC) for spring maize under drip irrigation. The Nc dilution curve equation was divided into two parts: when the LDM < 1.11 t ha-1, the constant leaf Nc value was 3.25%; and when LDM > 1.11 t ha-1, the Nc curve was 3.33*LDM-0.24. Conclusion: The LDM based Nc curve can well distinguish data the N-limiting and non-N-limiting N status of maize, which was independent with maize varieties, growing seasons and stages. Additionally, the N nutrition index (NNI) had a significant linear correlation with the relative leaf dry matter (RLDM). This study revealed that the LDM based Nc dilution curve could accurately identify spring maize N status under drip irrigation. NNI can thus, be used as a robust and reliable tool to diagnose N nutritional status of maize.

Water ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (22) ◽  
pp. 3169
Chenggong Xuan ◽  
Risheng Ding ◽  
Jie Shao ◽  
Yanshuo Liu

To examine evapotranspiration (ETc), soil evaporation (Es), and transpiration (Tr), and partitioning of ETc, a two-year field experiment was carried out in a maize field with drip irrigation under mulch in an arid region of northwestern China in 2017 and 2018. In the experiment we designed two treatments with full irrigation (T1) and growth stage-based strategic regulated deficit irrigation (T2). The applied irrigation of T2 was 40% of the T1 during both late vegetative and reproductive growth stages. Based on the measurements of soil water content (SWC) and Tr, a dual crop coefficient model (SIMDualKc) was calibrated and validated, and daily ETc, Es, and Tr were estimated. The model can simulate well the dynamic variations of SWC and Tr. The calibrated basic crop coefficient at the initial, mid-season, and end growth stages was 0.2, 1.15, and 0.75, respectively. The ETc was 507.9 and 519.1 mm for the T1 treatment, and 428.9 and 430.9 mm for the T2 treatment. The ratios of Tr to ETc were higher for the two treatments, ~90%, for two years. Collectively, both drip irrigation under mulch and strategic deficit irrigation after canopy covering of the ground can significantly reduce the ineffective proportion of ETc and Es.

Agriculture ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (11) ◽  
pp. 1040
Sen Wang ◽  
Liuyi Ding ◽  
Wanyu Liu ◽  
Jun Wang ◽  
Yali Qian

Plastic mulching, given its positive effects on temperature and water retention, has been widely used to solve water shortages and nutrient scarcity in rainfed agricultural soils. This practice affects the physical and chemical processes of soil, including carbon and nitrogen cycling. However, research into microbe-mediated carbon and nitrogen cycling in soil with plastic mulching is still limited. In this study, the structures and functions of the soil bacterial community in non-mulched spring maize, plastic-mulched spring maize, and bareland fallow in a dryland field on the Loess Plateau in China were analyzed to explore the responses of microbe-mediated carbon and nitrogen cycling to plastic mulching. Results showed that the richness of soil bacteria was the highest in bareland fallow. Plastic mulching increased the diversity and richness of soil bacteria to a certain extent (p > 0.05), and significantly increased the content of microbial biomass nitrogen (MBN) (p < 0.05). Plastic mulching enhanced the total abundances of carbon and nitrogen cycling-related microbes, exhibiting a significant increase in the abundances of Cellvibrio, Bacillus, Methylobacterium and Nitrospira (p < 0.05). Predicted functional analysis revealed 299 metabolic pathways related to carbon and nitrogen cycling, including methane metabolism, carbon fixation in photosynthetic organisms, and nitrogen metabolism. The number of gene families assigned to carbon and nitrogen cycling-related metabolic pathways was higher in plastic mulched than that in non-mulched spring maize. This study demonstrated that plastic mulching enhances the capacity of carbon and nitrogen cycling, revealing its potential in mediating greenhouse gas emissions in the dryland spring maize fields on the Loess Plateau.

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