cardiovascular health
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2022 ◽  
Vol 76 ◽  
pp. 102057
Arthur Sillah ◽  
Nathaniel F. Watson ◽  
Ulrike Peters ◽  
Mary L. Biggs ◽  
F. Javier Nieto ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-13
Yaser Masoumi-Ardakani ◽  
Hamid Najafipour ◽  
Hamid Reza Nasri ◽  
Soheil Aminizadeh ◽  
Shirin Jafari ◽  

Objectives. Hypertension (HTN) is one of the most important risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. Despite advances in treatment and control of HTN, the prevalence of HTN is still increasing. MitoQ is a supplement that acts on mitochondria and attenuates reactive oxygen species (ROS), which plays an important role in cardiovascular health. miRNAs play an important role in the pathophysiology of HTN. We evaluated the effects of MitoQ supplementation and endurance training (ET), alone and in combination, on functional indices of the heart and serum levels of miR-126, miR-27a, antioxidants, and NO, in patients with HTN. Methods. In a double-blind randomized clinical trial, 52 male participants (age 40-55 years) were randomly divided into four groups ( n = 13 ) of placebo, MitoQ (20 mg/day, oral), ET (cycle ergometer, moderate intensity, 40-60% VO2 peak, heart rate 120-140 b/min, 45 min a day, three days/week for six weeks), and MitoQ+ET. Cardiac function indices were assessed by echocardiography before and after interventions. Results. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) significantly decreased in all intervention groups ( P < 0.001 ) while DBP ( P < 0.01 ) and LV hypertrophy ( P < 0.05 ) were significantly decreased only in the MitoQ+ET group. Serum levels of SOD, GPx, and NO and the level of miR-126 significantly increased in all treatment groups, while miR-27a reduced in the ET ( P < 0.05 ) and MitoQ+ET ( P < 0.01 ) groups. Conclusions. Compared to MitoQ and ET alone, their combination has more prominent improving effects on cardiac health and amelioration of BP in the patients with HTN. These effects are through miR-126 and miR-27a modulation and ameliorating mitochondrial ROS production.

eLife ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
Lucas C Pantaleao ◽  
Isabella Inzani ◽  
Samuel Furse ◽  
Elena Loche ◽  
Antonia Hufnagel ◽  

Maternal obesity during pregnancy has immediate and long-term detrimental effects on the offspring heart. In this study, we characterized the cardiac and circulatory lipid profiles in late gestation E18.5 fetuses of diet-induced obese pregnant mice and established the changes in lipid abundance and fetal cardiac transcriptomics. We used untargeted and targeted lipidomics and transcriptomics to define changes in the serum and cardiac lipid composition and fatty acid metabolism in male and female fetuses. From these analyses we observed: (1) maternal obesity affects the maternal and fetal serum lipidome distinctly; (2) female fetal heart lipidomes are more sensitive to maternal obesity than males; (3) changes in lipid supply might contribute to early expression of lipolytic genes in mouse hearts exposed to maternal obesity. These results highlight the existence of sexually dimorphic responses of the fetal heart to the same in utero obesogenic environment and identify lipids species that might mediate programming of cardiovascular health.

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Changping Gu ◽  
Jie Yan ◽  
Liang Zhao ◽  
Guanghan Wu ◽  
Yue-lan Wang

Mitochondrial dynamics, including continuous biogenesis, fusion, fission, and autophagy, are crucial to maintain mitochondrial integrity, distribution, size, and function, and play an important role in cardiovascular homeostasis. Cardiovascular health improves with aerobic exercise, a well-recognized non-pharmaceutical intervention for both healthy and ill individuals that reduces overall cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality. Increasing evidence shows that aerobic exercise can effectively regulate the coordinated circulation of mitochondrial dynamics, thus inhibiting CVD development. This review aims to illustrate the benefits of aerobic exercise in prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease by modulating mitochondrial function.

2022 ◽  
Jane A Mitchell ◽  
Maria Vinokurova ◽  
Maria E Lopes-Pires ◽  
Fisnik Shala ◽  
Paul C Armstrong ◽  

Prostacyclin is an anti-thrombotic hormone long considered to be derived from the vascular endothelium. However, the role of non-vascular sources for prostacyclin synthesis has not been systematically evaluated due to a lack of tools. Here we used cell-specific knockout mice and human tissues to show that lung, and other tissues, are powerful producers of prostacyclin independent of their vascular components. Instead, in mice and humans, lung prostacyclin synthesis is associated with fibroblasts. The fibroblast-derived prostaglandins enter the circulation and provide systemic anti-thrombotic protection. These observations define a new paradigm in prostacyclin biology in which fibroblast/non-vascular-derived prostacyclin works in parallel with prostaglandins produced by the endothelium to control cardiovascular health. These results may explain how local diseases of the lung and elsewhere result in cardiovascular risk.

Rishi Kalia ◽  
Ravi Kalia ◽  
Abdullah El-Naji ◽  
Joshua Musih ◽  
Soham Patel

The benefits of a whole-food, plant-based diet (WFPBD) include, but are not limited to, improvement of cardiovascular health, decreased inflammation, as well as enhanced endocrine system function. We present the case of a 51-year-old pre-diabetic female with a 22-year history of Graves’ disease who reversed her conditions following the ini- tial 28-week WFPBD period. In this time, she was able to reduce her thyroid stimu- lating immunoglobulin (TSI) and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels and discontinue methimazole and cetirizine intake. It was also found that maintaining vitamin D levels are beneficial for promoting a more balanced immune response to help lower thyroid antibodies.

2022 ◽  
Alexandra Heaney ◽  
Jennifer D Stowell ◽  
Jia Coco Liu ◽  
Rupa Basu ◽  
Miriam E. Marlier ◽  

Garima Sharma ◽  
Gowtham R. Grandhi ◽  
Isaac Acquah ◽  
Reed Mszar ◽  
Shiwani Mahajan ◽  

Background Suboptimal cardiovascular health (CVH) and social determinants of health (SDOH) have a significant impact on maternal morbidity and mortality. We aimed to evaluate the association of SDOH with suboptimal CVH among pregnant women in the United States. Methods and Results We examined cross‐sectional data of pregnant women aged 18 to 49 years from the National Health Interview Survey (2013–2017). We ascertained optimal and suboptimal CVH based on the presence of 0 to 1 and ≥2 risk factors (hypertension, diabetes, hyperlipidemia, current smoking, obesity, and insufficient physical activity), respectively. We calculated an aggregate SDOH score representing 38 variables from 6 domains (economic stability; neighborhood, physical environment, and social cohesion; community and social context; food; education; and healthcare system) and divided into quartiles. We used Poisson regression model to evaluate the association of SDOH with suboptimal CVH and risk factors. Our study included 1433 pregnant women (28.8±5.5 years, 13% non‐Hispanic Black). Overall, 38.4% (95% CI, 33.9–43.0) had suboptimal CVH versus 51.7% (95% CI, 47.0–56.3) among those in the fourth SDOH quartile. Risk ratios of suboptimal CVH, smoking, obesity, and insufficient physical activity were 2.05 (95% CI, 1.46–2.88), 8.37 (95% CI, 3.00–23.43), 1.54 (95% CI, 1.17–2.03), and 1.19 (95% CI, 1.01–1.42), respectively among those in the fourth SDOH quartile compared with the first quartile. Conclusions Over 50% of pregnant women with the highest SDOH burden had suboptimal CVH, highlighting the public health urgency for interventions in socially disadvantaged pregnant women with renewed strategies toward improving modifiable risk factors, especially smoking and insufficient physical activity.

2022 ◽  
pp. 004912412110675
Soojin Park ◽  
Xu Qin ◽  
Chioun Lee

In the field of disparities research, there has been growing interest in developing a counterfactual-based decomposition analysis to identify underlying mediating mechanisms that help reduce disparities in populations. Despite rapid development in the area, most prior studies have been limited to regression-based methods, undermining the possibility of addressing complex models with multiple mediators and/or heterogeneous effects. We propose a novel estimation method that effectively addresses complex models. Moreover, we develop a sensitivity analysis for possible violations of an identification assumption. The proposed method and sensitivity analysis are demonstrated with data from the Midlife Development in the US study to investigate the degree to which disparities in cardiovascular health at the intersection of race and gender would be reduced if the distributions of education and perceived discrimination were the same across intersectional groups.

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