secondary objective
Recently Published Documents





Cancers ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 393
Catharina Silvia Lisson ◽  
Christoph Gerhard Lisson ◽  
Sherin Achilles ◽  
Marc Fabian Mezger ◽  
Daniel Wolf ◽  

The study’s primary aim is to evaluate the predictive performance of CT-derived 3D radiomics for MCL risk stratification. The secondary objective is to search for radiomic features associated with sustained remission. Included were 70 patients: 31 MCL patients and 39 control subjects with normal axillary lymph nodes followed over five years. Radiomic analysis of all targets (n = 745) was performed and features selected using the Mann Whitney U test; the discriminative power of identifying “high-risk MCL” was evaluated by receiver operating characteristics (ROC). The four radiomic features, “Uniformity”, “Entropy”, “Skewness” and “Difference Entropy” showed predictive significance for relapse (p < 0.05)—in contrast to the routine size measurements, which showed no relevant difference. The best prognostication for relapse achieved the feature “Uniformity” (AUC-ROC-curve 0.87; optimal cut-off ≤0.0159 to predict relapse with 87% sensitivity, 65% specificity, 69% accuracy). Several radiomic features, including the parameter “Short Axis,” were associated with sustained remission. CT-derived 3D radiomics improves the predictive estimation of MCL patients; in combination with the ability to identify potential radiomic features that are characteristic for sustained remission, it may assist physicians in the clinical management of MCL.

FACE ◽  
2022 ◽  
pp. 273250162110722
Shelby Nathan ◽  
Michelle Shang ◽  
Russell Reid

Introduction/Background: The purpose of this systematic review is to assess the literature regarding complications associated with intraoperative blood salvage (IOBS) in the setting of surgical management of craniosynostosis. Methods: A systematic review was performed using PubMed/MEDLINE by 2 independent reviewers which included any primary literature investigating the use of IOBS in the surgical management of craniosynostosis. Results: The literature search resulted in 354 initial articles. After removing duplicates and articles not written in English, 330 articles underwent title review, resulting in 25 papers for abstract review. A total of 24 manuscripts were reviewed and 9 were deemed appropriate for inclusion of this systematic review. Two of the nine articles mentioned complications as a secondary objective. Conclusion: There is a paucity of current literature measuring the complications of IOBS in craniosynostosis patients undergoing cranial vault reconstruction.

2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (1) ◽  
pp. 122-137
Judith Cavazos-Arroyo ◽  
Aurora Irma Máynez-Guaderrama

Impulse buying continues to be a relevant topic for retail management, yet few studies have examined the role of online impulse buying. This study analyzes the effect of impulse buying tendency on online impulse buying behavior through the mediation of normative evaluation and the urge to buy impulsively on the Internet. As a secondary objective, we aim to identify whether gender and generation influence the model. The research was conducted in Mexico with millennials and centennials who had previously bought products on the Internet. We used quantitative, explanatory, non-experimental, cross-sectional research. We applied an electronic survey, and, for the statistical technique, we used PLS. According to the results, impulse buying tendency both directly and indirectly influences online impulse buying behavior through the mediating roles of normative evaluation and the urge to buy impulsively on the Internet. Moreover, we found that gender does not have an effect on the model. Regarding generation, two significant differences were found between centennials and millennials.

2022 ◽  
Daniel Negrini ◽  
Andrew Wu ◽  
Atsushi Oba ◽  
Ben Harnke ◽  
Nicholas Ciancio ◽  

Abstract Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) has been increasingly recognized as a contributor to postoperative complications. A consensus-working group recommended that POCD should be distinguished between delayed cognitive recovery, i.e., evaluations up to 30 days postoperative, and neurocognitive disorder, i.e., assessments performed between 30 days and 12 months after surgery. Additionally, the choice of the anesthetic, either inhalational or total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) and its effect on the incidence of POCD, has become a focus of research. Our primary objective was to search the literature and conduct a meta-analysis to verify whether the choice of general anesthesia may impact the incidence of POCD in the first 30 days postoperatively. As a secondary objective, a systematic review of the literature was conducted to estimate the effects of the anesthetic on POCD between 30 days and 12 months postoperative. For the primary objective, an initial review of 1,913 articles yielded 12 studies with a total of 3,639 individuals. For the secondary objective, five studies with a total of 751 patients were selected. In the first 30 days postoperative, the odds-ratio for POCD in TIVA group was 0.60 (95% CI = 0.40 - 0.91; p = 0.02), compared to the inhalational group. TIVA was associated with a lower incidence of POCD in the first 30 days postoperatively. Regarding the secondary objective, due to the small number of selected articles and its high heterogeneity, a metanalysis was not conducted. Giving the heterogeneity of criteria for POCD, future prospective studies with more robust designs should be performed to fully address this question.

2022 ◽  
Anjana Mohan ◽  
Zahra Majd ◽  
Trang Trinh ◽  
Rutugandha Paranjpe ◽  
Susan Abughosh

Abstract Background Poor adherence to oral anticoagulants is a significant problem in atrial fibrillation (AF), especially among patients with comorbid hypertension (HTN), diabetes mellitus (DM), and hyperlipidemia as it increases the risk for cardiac and thromboembolic events. Group-based trajectory modeling (GBTM) has been used to depict longitudinal patterns of adherence. Aim This primary objective was to describe adherence trajectory patterns of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) or warfarin among AF patients with HTN, DM, and hyperlipidemia using GBTM. The secondary objective was to report the clinical outcomes and concomitant drug use among DOAC/warfarin cohort Method This retrospective study was conducted among continuously enrolled Medicare Advantage Plan from January 2016-December 2019. AF patients were included in this study if they had comorbid HTN, DM, and hyperlipidemia with at least one pharmacy claim for warfarin/DOAC prescription. Monthly adherence to DOAC/warfarin was measured using proportion of days covered (PDC) and then modeled in a logistic GBTM to describe patterns of adherence. Patient’s demographic, clinical characteristics, and concomitant use of DOACs/warfarin with CYP3A4,P-gp inhibitors were measured and compared across trajectories. Results Among 317 patients, 137 (59.62%) and 79 (24.92%) were DOAC, and warfarin users, respectively. The trajectory model for DOACs included gradual decline in adherence (GD, 40.4%), adherent (38.8%), and rapid decline (RD, 20.8%). The trajectories for warfarin adherence included gradual decline (GD, 18.9%), adherence (59.4%), and gaps in adherence (GA, 21.7%). Conclusion Adherence to oral anticoagulants is suboptimal. Interventions tailored according to past adherence trajectories may be effective in improving patient’s adherence.

Pharmacy ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 2
Justine Clarenne ◽  
Julien Gravoulet ◽  
Virginie Chopard ◽  
Julia Rouge ◽  
Amélie Lestrille ◽  

During the dispensing process of medical orders (MOs), community pharmacists (CPs) can manage drug-related problems (DRPs) by performing pharmacist interventions (PIs). There is little evidence that the PI rate is higher with MOs from hospitals (MOHs) than ambulatory (MOAs) settings, and their impact on the patient and community pharmacy is unknown. The primary objective of this study was to compare the MOH and MOA PI rates. The secondary objective was to describe PIs and their clinical and organizational impacts on patient and community pharmacy workflow. A total of 120 CPs participated in a prospective study. Each CP included 10 MOH and 10 MOA between January and June 2020. DRP and PI description and clinical and organizational impacts between MOH and MOA were assessed and compared. We analyzed 2325 MOs. PIs were significantly more frequent in MOH than in MOA (9.7% versus 4.7%; p < 0.001). The most reported PI was the difficulty of contacting hospital prescribers (n = 45; 52.2%). MOHs were associated with a longer dispensing process time and a greater impact on patient pathway and community pharmacy workflow than MOAs. Lack of communication between hospital and primary care settings partly explains the results. Implementation of clinical pharmacy activities at patient discharge could alleviate these impacts.

Healthcare ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (12) ◽  
pp. 1755
Korupalli V. Rajesh Kumar ◽  
Susan Elias

Improper neck postures and movements are the major causes of human neck-related musculoskeletal disorders. To monitor, quantify, analyze, and detect the movements, remote and non-invasive based methods are being developed for prevention and rehabilitation. The purpose of this research is to provide a digital platform for analyzing the impact of human neck movements on the neck musculoskeletal system. The secondary objective is to design a rehabilitation monitoring system that brings accountability in the treatment prescribed, which is shown in the use-case model. To record neck movements effectively, a Smart Neckband integrated with the Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) was designed. The initial task was to find a suitable position to locate the sensors embedded in the Smart Neckband. IMU-based real-world kinematic data were captured from eight research subjects and were used to extract kinetic data from the OpenSim simulation platform. A Random Forest algorithm was trained using the kinetic data to predict the neck movements. The results obtained correlated with the novel idea proposed in this paper of using the hyoid muscles to accurately detect neck postures and movements. The innovative approach of integrating kinematic data and kinetic data for analyzing neck postures and movements has been successfully demonstrated through the efficient application in a rehabilitation use case with about 95% accuracy. This research study presents a robust digital platform for the integration of kinematic and kinetic data that has enabled the design of a context-aware neckband for the support in the treatment of neck musculoskeletal disorders.

2021 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Brittney E. Rigby ◽  
Kevin Malott ◽  
Susannah J. Sample ◽  
Scott J. Hetzel ◽  
Jason W. Soukup

Numerous reports describe complication rates associated with oromaxillofacial oncologic surgery in dogs, however, investigation regarding the impact of the surgical environment on the incidence of complications is under reported. The objective of this retrospective cohort study, including 226 dogs surgically treated for oromaxillofacial tumors between January 1, 1997 and December 31, 2018, is to evaluate the impact of the surgical environment on the incidence of complications in oromaxillofacial oncologic surgery in dogs. A secondary objective is to report the incidence of local complications in oromaxillofacial oncologic surgery and characterize the type, timing, and severity of complications encountered. Incidence of complications was identified to be 69.9%. No significant association was identified between the incidence, timing, or severity of complications and the training background of the clinician, physical location of the procedure, or the ostectomy instrument used. These results suggest that the surgical environment has little impact on the incidence, timing, and severity of complications in dogs undergoing oromaxillofacial oncologic surgery. The results also emphasize the importance of preparing the surgical team and the client for a high incidence of complications associated with oromaxillofacial oncologic surgery in dogs and indicate that both short-term and long-term follow up is important in these cases. Oromaxillofacial surgery performed by residents-in-training within a veterinary teaching environment with adequate supervision appears to be safe.

2021 ◽  
Vol 15 ◽  
Ceren Tozlu ◽  
Keith Jamison ◽  
Susan A. Gauthier ◽  
Amy Kuceyeski

Background: Advanced imaging techniques such as diffusion and functional MRI can be used to identify pathology-related changes to the brain's structural and functional connectivity (SC and FC) networks and mapping of these changes to disability and compensatory mechanisms in people with multiple sclerosis (pwMS). No study to date performed a comparison study to investigate which connectivity type (SC, static or dynamic FC) better distinguishes healthy controls (HC) from pwMS and/or classifies pwMS by disability status.Aims: We aim to compare the performance of SC, static FC, and dynamic FC (dFC) in classifying (a) HC vs. pwMS and (b) pwMS who have no disability vs. with disability. The secondary objective of the study is to identify which brain regions' connectome measures contribute most to the classification tasks.Materials and Methods: One hundred pwMS and 19 HC were included. Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) was used to assess disability, where 67 pwMS who had EDSS&lt;2 were considered as not having disability. Diffusion and resting-state functional MRI were used to compute the SC and FC matrices, respectively. Logistic regression with ridge regularization was performed, where the models included demographics/clinical information and either pairwise entries or regional summaries from one of the following matrices: SC, FC, and dFC. The performance of the models was assessed using the area under the receiver operating curve (AUC).Results: In classifying HC vs. pwMS, the regional SC model significantly outperformed others with a median AUC of 0.89 (p &lt;0.05). In classifying pwMS by disability status, the regional dFC and dFC metrics models significantly outperformed others with a median AUC of 0.65 and 0.61 (p &lt; 0.05). Regional SC in the dorsal attention, subcortical and cerebellar networks were the most important variables in the HC vs. pwMS classification task. Increased regional dFC in dorsal attention and visual networks and decreased regional dFC in frontoparietal and cerebellar networks in certain dFC states was associated with being in the group of pwMS with evidence of disability.Discussion: Damage to SCs is a hallmark of MS and, unsurprisingly, the most accurate connectomic measure in classifying patients and controls. On the other hand, dynamic FC metrics were most important for determining disability level in pwMS, and could represent functional compensation in response to white matter pathology in pwMS.

2021 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Matias Baldoncini ◽  
Sabino Luzzi ◽  
Alice Giotta Lucifero ◽  
Ana Flores-Justa ◽  
Pablo González-López ◽  

Background: Carotid-ophthalmic aneurysms usually cause visual problems. Its surgical treatment is challenging because of its anatomically close relations to the optic nerve, carotid artery, ophthalmic artery, anterior clinoid process, and cavernous sinus, which hinder direct access. Despite recent technical advancements enabling risk reduction of this complication, postoperative deterioration of visual function remains a significant problem. Therefore, the goal of preserving and/or improving the visual outcome persists as a paramount concern.Objective: We propose optic foraminotomy as an alternative microsurgical technique for dorsal carotid-ophthalmic aneurysms clipping. As a secondary objective, the step by step of that technique and its benefits are compared to the current approach of anterior clinoidectomy.Methods: We present as an example two patients with superior carotid-ophthalmic aneurysms in which the standard pterional craniotomy, transsylvian approach, and optic foraminotomy were performed. Surgical techniques are presented and discussed in detail with the use of skull base dissections, microsurgical images, and original drawings.Results: Extensive opening of the optic canal and optic nerve sheath was successfully achieved in all patients allowing a working angle with the carotid artery for correct visualization of the aneurysm and further clipping. Significant visual acuity improvement occurred in both patients because of decompression of the optic nerve.Conclusion: Optic foraminotomy is an easy and recommended technique for exposing and treating superior carotid-ophthalmic aneurysms and allowing optic nerve decompression during the first stages of the procedure. It shows several advantages over the current anterior clinoidectomy technique regarding surgical exposure and facilitating visual improvement.

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document