c sequestration
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2022 ◽  
Vol 211 ◽  
pp. 106019
Qingyin Zhang ◽  
Xiaoxu Jia ◽  
Tongchuan Li ◽  
Mingan Shao ◽  
Xiaorong Wei ◽  

Geoderma ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 409 ◽  
pp. 115646
Erik S. Button ◽  
David R. Chadwick ◽  
David L. Jones

Agronomy ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 176
Suying Chen ◽  
Peipei Yang ◽  
Yuming Zhang ◽  
Wenxu Dong ◽  
Chunsheng Hu ◽  

Current tillage practices in the important winter wheat–summer maize double cropping system of the North China Plain are under debate because of negative effects on soil quality and crop yield. Therefore, a long-term experiment was conducted from 2001 to 2018 to determine the effects of soil conservation practices on crop yield and soil quality. The treatments were imposed following maize harvest and prior wheat seeding, and were defined as follows: (1) moldboard ploughing (0–20 cm) following maize straw removal (CK); (2) moldboard ploughing (0–20 cm) following maize straw return (CT); (3) rotary tillage following maize straw return (RT); and (4) no tillage with maize straw covering the soil surface (NT). Wheat straw was chopped and spread on the soil in all treatments and maize seeded without prior tillage. Wheat yields were higher in CT than RT and NT treatments (p < 0.05); NT had 18% lower wheat yields than CT. No significant differences were found between treatments in summer maize yields. The soil organic carbon (SOC) content in the surface layer (0–5 cm) was higher in NT and RT compared to CT and CK. However, SOC content in the 10–20 cm and 20–30 cm layers was lower in NT and RT compared to CT and CK. Similarly, available phosphorus in the surface soil was higher in NT and RT than in CT and CK. but the opposite was true for the lower soil layers. SOC stocks (0–30 cm) increased in all treatments, and were initially faster in NT and RT than in CT and CK. However, SOC stocks were higher in CT than in other treatments at the end of the experiment. This finding indicates that no tillage and reduced tillage decreased both wheat yields and soil C sequestration over time; it also indicates that CT was the most robust in terms of crop yields and soil C sequestration.

Shihua Zhu ◽  
Xi Chen ◽  
Chi Zhang ◽  
Xia Fang ◽  
Liangzhong Cao

AbstractQuantification of grassland carbon (C) variations is necessary for understanding how grazing and climate change interact to regulate carbon capture and release. Central Asia (CA) has the largest temperate grassland belt in the world and unique temperate dryland ecosystems, which experienced severe climate change and grazing-induced disturbances. However, the impact of grazing on C dynamics is highly uncertain owing to climate variations. Here, an arid ecosystem model (AEM) supplemented with a grazing module that specifically addressed physiological and ecological characteristics of dryland vegetation was developed to quantitatively simulate grassland C dynamics in response to changes in precipitation, temperature, grazing intensity, and CO2 level in the past decades. The regional simulation results showed that net primary productivity (NPP) was affected mainly by precipitation (in 59% of the studied area). Grazing had a negative effect on NPP and C stocks, whereas overcompensation occurred in 25.71% of the studied area, mainly in the dry western parts. The complex interaction effects of climate, CO2, and grazing negatively affected productivity, with a grassland NPP decrease of − 1.14 g C/m2/a and high interannual variability. We found that the temporal pattern of cumulative C sequestration, especially total C and vegetation C (VEGC), closely followed the annual fluctuations of precipitation. VEGC stocks decreased from 182.22 to 177.82 g C/m2, with a very low value between 1998 and 2008, when precipitation significantly decreased. The results indicate that southern Xinjiang and the Turgay Plateau of Kazakhstan are ecologically fragile areas due to grassland degradation.

Land ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 51
Amit Kumar ◽  
Munesh Kumar ◽  
Marina Cabral Pinto

In the modern era of industrial revolution, urbanization, and deforestation of forest land, carbon (C) sequestration through well-known activities called “land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF)” could establish a win–win situation from a climate change and sustainable development perspective [...]

Forests ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (12) ◽  
pp. 1810
Reimo Lutter ◽  
Gustav Stål ◽  
Lina Arnesson Ceder ◽  
Hyungwoo Lim ◽  
Allar Padari ◽  

The new European Union Forest Strategy for 2030 aims to plant an additional 3 billion trees on non-forest land to mitigate climate change. However, the choice of tree species for afforestation to achieve the maximum climate benefit is unclear. We compared the climate benefit of six different species in terms of carbon (C) sequestration in biomass and the harvested wood substitution in products to avoid carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from fossil-based materials over the 100-year period by afforesting about ¼ of the available area in northern Europe. The highest climate benefit was observed for larch, both at a stand scale (1626 Mg CO2 eqv. ha−1) and at the landscape level for the studied scenario (579 million Mg CO2 eqv.). Larch was followed by Norway spruce, poplar, hybrid aspen and birch, showing a climate benefit about 40–50% lower than that for larch. The climate benefit of willow was about 70% lower than larch. Willow showed 6–14-fold lower C stocks at the landscape level after 100 years than other tree species. The major climate benefit over the 100-year period comes from wood substitution and avoided emissions, but C stock buildup at the landscape level also removes significant amounts of CO2 already present in the atmosphere. The choice of tree species is important to maximize climate change mitigation.

Agronomy ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (12) ◽  
pp. 2540
Tengfei Guo ◽  
Haoan Luan ◽  
Dali Song ◽  
Shuiqing Zhang ◽  
Wei Zhou ◽  

Quantifying greenhouse gas intensity (GHGI) and soil carbon sequestration is a method to assess the mitigation potential of agricultural activities. However, the effects of different fertilizer amendments on soil carbon sequestration and net GHGI in a rice-wheat cropping system are poorly understood. Here, fertilizer treatments including PK (P and K fertilizers); NPK (N, P and K fertilizers), NPK + OM (NPK plus manure), NPK + SR (NPK plus straw returning), and NPK + CR (NPK plus controlled-release fertilizer) with equal N input were conducted to gain insight into the change of soil organic carbon (SOC) derived from the net ecosystem carbon budget (NECB), net global warming potential (GWP), and GHGI under rice-wheat rotation. Results showed that compared with NPK treatment, NPK + OM significantly increased wheat yield and NPK + SR caused significant increase in rice yield. Meanwhile, NPK + SR and NPK + CR treatments reduced net GWP by 30.80% and 21.83%, GHGI by 36.84% and 28.07%, respectively, which suggested that improved grain production could be achieved without sacrificing the environment. With the greatest C sequestration, lowest GHGI, the NPK plus straw returning practices (NPK + SR) might be the best strategy to mitigate net GWP and improve grain yield and NUE in the current rice-wheat rotation system.

Zhuangzhuang Qian ◽  
Xiaomin Ge ◽  
Yunxia Bai ◽  
Ye Tian ◽  
Shunyao Zhuang ◽  

The main objective of this study was to compare the effects of two densities (278 stems·ha−1 with two spacings of 6 m × 6 m or 4.5 m × 8 m, 400 stems·ha−1 with two spacings of 5 m × 5 m or 3 m × 8 m) and three poplar clones (NL95, NL895, and NL797) on productivity and carbon (C) sequestration of poplar ecosystems. The results showed that planting density significantly affected the biomass of a single tree. The mean tree biomass of clone NL95 was higher in all spacings than that of the other clones, with a significant difference for the 6 m × 6 m spacing. The biomass of poplar trees ranged from 78.9 to 110.3 Mg·ha−1, with the highest tree biomass observed in the square configuration. Soil C concentration (0–100 cm) increased after 12 years of management. Soil C storage ranged from 138.1 to 164.3 Mg C·ha−1, and the highest soil C storage was in the NL797 poplar plantation with 6 m × 6 m spacing. Our results suggested that clones NL95 and NL797 should be chosen for planting, with a planting density of 278 stems·ha−1 and spacing of 6 m × 6 m.

Agronomy ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (12) ◽  
pp. 2474
Arthur Gross ◽  
Tobias Bromm ◽  
Bruno Glaser

Biochar application to soil has the potential to sequester carbon in the long term because of its high stability and large-scale production potential. However, biochar technologies are still relatively new, and the global factors affecting the long-term fate of biochar in the environment are still poorly understood. To fill this important research gap, a global meta-analysis was conducted including 64 studies with 736 individual treatments. Field experiments covered experimental durations between 1 and 10 years with biochar application amounts between 1 and 100 Mg ha−1. They showed a mean increase in soil organic carbon (SOC) stocks by 13.0 Mg ha−1 on average, corresponding to 29%. Pot and incubation experiments ranged between 1 and 1278 days and biochar amounts between 5 g kg−1 and 200 g kg−1. They raised SOC by 6.3 g kg−1 on average, corresponding to 75%. More SOC was accumulated in long experimental durations of >500 days in pot and incubation experiments and 6–10 years in field experiments than in shorter experimental durations. Organic fertilizer co-applications significantly further increased SOC. Biochar from plant material showed higher C sequestration potential than biochar from fecal matter, due to higher C/N ratio. SOC increases after biochar application were higher in medium to fine grain textured soils than in soils with coarse grain sizes. Our study clearly demonstrated the high C sequestration potential of biochar application to agricultural soils of varying site and soil characteristics.

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