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2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-11
Cong Ma ◽  
Wonjun Chung

With the development of wireless communication technology, video and multimedia have become an integral part of visual communication design. Designers want higher interactivity, diversity, humanization, and plurality of attributes in the process of visual communication. This makes the process of visual communication have high requirements for the quality and real-time data transmission. To address the problem of transmitting HD video in a heterogeneous wireless network with multiple concurrent streams to improve the transmission rate and thus enhance the user experience, with the optimization goal of minimizing the system transmission delay and the delay difference between paths, the video sender and receiver are jointly considered, and the video transmission rate and the cache size at the receiver are adaptively adjusted to improve the user experience, and a cooperative wireless communication video transmission based on the control model for video transmission based on cooperative wireless communication is established, and video streams with self-similarity and long correlation are studied based on Pareto distribution and P / P / l queuing theory, based on which an adaptive streaming decision method for video streams in heterogeneous wireless networks is proposed. Simulation results show that the proposed multistream concurrent adaptive transmission control method for heterogeneous networks is superior in terms of delay and packet loss rate compared with the general load balancing streaming decision method, in terms of transmission efficiency and accuracy.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-8
Jingrong Lu ◽  
Hongtao Gao

At present, wireless network technology is advancing rapidly, and intelligent equipment is gradually popularized, which rapidly developed the mobile streaming media business. All kinds of mobile video applications have enriched people’s lives by carrying huge traffic randomly. Wireless networks (WNs) are facing an unprecedented burden, which allocates very important wireless video resources. Similarly, in WNs, the network status is dynamic and the terminal is heterogeneous, which causes the traditional video transmission system to fail to meet the needs of users. Hence, Scalable Video Coding (SVC) has been introduced in the video transmission system to achieve bit rate adaptation. However, in a strictly hierarchical traditional computer network, the wireless resource allocation strategy usually takes throughput as the only way to optimize the target, and it is terrible to make more optimizations for scalable video transmission. This article proposed a cross-layer design to enable information to be transmitted between the wireless base station and the video server to achieve joint optimization. To improve users’ satisfaction with video services, the wireless resource allocation problem and the video stream scheduling problem are jointly considered, which keep the optimization space larger. Based on the proposed architecture, we further study the design of wireless resource allocation algorithms and rate-adaptive algorithms for the scenario of multiuser transmission of scalable video in the Long-Term Evolution (LTE) downlink. Experimental outcomes have shown substantial performance enhancement of the proposed work.

2021 ◽  
pp. 5008-5023
Rasool D. Haameid ◽  
Bushra Q. Al-Abudi ◽  
Raaid N. Hassan

This work explores the designing a system of an automated unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV( for objects detection, labelling, and localization using deep learning. This system takes pictures with a low-cost camera and uses a GPS unit to specify the positions. The data is sent to the base station via Wi-Fi connection. The proposed system consists of four main parts. First, the drone, which was assembled and installed, while a Raspberry Pi4 was added and the flight path was controlled. Second, various programs that were installed and downloaded to define the parts of the drone and its preparation for flight. In addition, this part included programs for both Raspberry Pi4 and servo, along with protocols for communication, video transmission, and sending and receiving signals between the drone and the computer. Third, a real-time, modified, one dimensional convolutional neural network (1D-CNN) algorithm, which was applied to detect and determine the type of the discovered objects (labelling). Fourth, GPS devices, which were used to determine the location of the drone starting and ending points . Trigonometric functions were then used for adjusting the camera angle and the drone altitude to calculate the direction of the detected object automatically. According to the performance evaluation conducted, the implemented system is capable of meeting the targeted requirements.

Complexity ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-16
Ishtiaque Ahmed ◽  
Nasru Minallah ◽  
Jaroslav Frnda ◽  
Jan Nedoma

With the substantial growth in number of wireless devices, future communication demands overarching research to design high-throughput and efficient systems. We propose an intelligent Convergent Source Mapping (CSM) approach incorporating Differential Space-Time Spreading (DSTS) technique with Sphere Packing (SP) modulation. The crux of CSM process is assured convergence by attaining an infinitesimal Bit-Error Rate (BER). Data Partitioning (DP) H.264 video codec is deployed to gauge the performance of our intelligent and efficient system. For the purpose of efficient and higher data rates, we have incorporated compression efficient source encoding along with error resiliency and transmission robustness features. The proposed system follows the concept of iterations between the Soft-Bit Source-Decoder (SBSD) and Recursive Systematic Convolutional (RSC) decoder. Simulations of the DSTS-SP-assisted CSM system are presented for the correlated narrowband Rayleigh channel, using different CSM rates but constant overall bit-rate budget. The SP-assisted DSTS systems are mainly useful in decoding algorithms that operate without requiring Channel State Information (CSI). The effects of incorporating redundancy via different CSM schemes on the attainable performance and convergence of the proposed system are investigated using EXtrinsic Information Transfer (EXIT) charts. The effectiveness of the proposed system is demonstrated through IT++ based proof-of-concept simulations. The Peak Signal-to-Noise Ratio (PSNR) analysis shows that using Rate-2/6 CSM with minimum Hamming distance ( d H , min ) of 4 offers about 5 dB gain, compared to an identical overall system code rate but with Rate-2/3 CSM and d H , min of 2. Furthermore, for a consistent value of d H , min and overall rate, the Rate-2/3 CSM scheme beats the Rate-5/6 CSM by about 2 dB at the PSNR degradation point of 2 dB. Moreover, the proposed system with Rate-2/3 CSM scheme furnishes an E b / N 0 gain of 20 dB when compared with the uniform-rate benchmarker. Clearly, we can say that higher d H , min and lower CSM values are favourable for our proposed setup.

2021 ◽  
Vol 0 (0) ◽  
Janarthanan Mathiazhagan ◽  
Sabitha Gauni ◽  
Rajesvari Mohan

Abstract Underwater video regulation is an insightful research field that can help engineers with bettering investigation on the lowered condition. Submerged video preparing has been utilized in a many fields, such as submerged infinitesimal location, landscape examining, mine identification, media transmission connections, and self-proficient lowered vehicles. Be that as it may, submerged video experiences solid assimilation, dissipating, shading contortion, and clamor from the manufactured light sources, causing video obscure, cloudiness, and a somewhat blue or greenish tone. In this way, the improvement can be separated into two techniques, submerged video de-preliminaries and underexposed video concealing remaking. Relentless in remote correspondence structures, for instance 3G, 4G, and so on, a coming crisis is endless deftly of the nonattendance of consistently Radio Frequency (RF) resources; this deterrent in moving speed cannot strengthen the improvement notable for high information speed. So the new innovation of Light-Fidelity (Li-Fi) came into picture. This innovation can be contrasted to that of Wi-Fi and offers points of interest like expanded available spectrum efficiency, effectiveness, security, low idleness and a lot higher speed. Communication is accomplished by exchanging light-emitting diode (LED) lights on and off at a speed higher than what is detectable to the human eye. This paper presents the explanation behind underexposed picture corruption and surveys the cutting-edge knowledge calculations like video reduce hazing algorithm. In this calculation, it uses two different de-hazing methods, simple Dark Channel Prior (DCP) and Approximate Dark Channel Prior (ADCP), to reduce haze in a video.

Energies ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (24) ◽  
pp. 8255
R. Thenmozhi ◽  
B. Amutha ◽  
Sreeram Valsalakumar ◽  
Thundil Karuppa Raj Rajagopal ◽  
Senthilarasu Sundaram

The impact of multimedia in day-to-day life and its applications will be increased greatly with the proposed model (MSVPC)–5G Multicast SDN network eminence video transmission obtained using PSO and cross layer progress in wireless nodes. The drone inspection and analysis in a solar farm requires a very high number of transmissions of various videos, data, animations, along with all sets of audio, text and visuals. Thus, it is necessary to regulate the transmissions of various videos due to a huge amount of bandwidth requirement for videos. A software-defined network (SDN) enables forwarder selection through particle swarm optimization (PSO) mode for streaming video packets through multicast routing transmissions. Transmission delay and packet errors are the main factors in selecting a forwarder. The nodes that transfer the videos with the shortest delay and the lowest errors have been calculated and sent to the destination through the forwarder. This method involves streaming to be increased with the highest throughput and less delay. Here, the achieved throughput is shown as 0.0699412 bits per second for 160 s of simulation time. Also, the achieved packet delivery ratio is 81.9005 percentage for 150 nodes on the network. All these metrics can be changed according to the network design and can have new results. Thus, the application of MSVPC- 5G Multicast SDN Network Eminence Video Transmission in drone thermal imaging helps in monitoring solar farms more effectively, and may lead to the development of certain algorithms in prescriptive analytics which recommends the best practices for solar farm development.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-10
Ran Li ◽  
Peinan Hao ◽  
Fengyuan Sun ◽  
Yanling Li ◽  
Lei You

With the increasing demand for internet of things (IoT) applications, machine-type video communications have become an indispensable means of communication. It is changing the way we live and work. In machine-type video communications, the quality and delay of the video transmission should be guaranteed to satisfy the requirements of communication devices at the condition of limited resources. It is necessary to reduce the burden of transmitting video by losing frames at the video sender and then to increase the frame rate of transmitting video at the receiver. In this paper, based on the pretrained network, we proposed a frame rate up-conversion (FRUC) algorithm to guarantee low-latency video transmitting in machine-type video communications. At the IoT node, by periodically discarding the video frames, the video sequences are significantly compressed. At the IoT cloud, a pretrained network is used to extract the feature layers of the transmitted video frames, which is fused into the bidirectional matching to produce the motion vectors (MVs) of the losing frames, and according to the output MVs, the motion-compensated interpolation is implemented to recover the original frame rate of the video sequence. Experimental results show that the proposed FRUC algorithm effectively improve both objective and subjective qualities of the transmitted video sequences.

2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (6) ◽  
pp. 3202-3210
Sameer A. S. Lafta ◽  
Mohaned Mahdi Abdulkareem ◽  
Raed Khalid Ibrahim ◽  
Marwah M. Kareem ◽  
Adnan Hussein Ali

The universal mobile telecommunications system (UMTS) has distinct benefits in that it supports a wide range of quality of service (QoS) criteria that users require in order to fulfill their requirements. The transmission of video and audio in real-time applications places a high demand on the cellular network, therefore QoS is a major problem in these applications. The ability to provide QoS in the UMTS backbone network necessitates an active QoS mechanism in order to maintain the necessary level of convenience on UMTS networks. For UMTS networks, investigation models for end-to-end QoS, total transmitted and received data, packet loss, and throughput providing techniques are run and assessed and the simulation results are examined. According to the results, appropriate QoS adaption allows for specific voice and video transmission. Finally, by analyzing existing QoS parameters, the QoS performance of 4G/UMTS networks may be improved.

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