gene family
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2022 ◽  
Vol 294 ◽  
pp. 110786
Lifang Sun ◽  
Nasrullah ◽  
Fuzhi Ke ◽  
Zhenpeng Nie ◽  
Jianguo Xu ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 293 ◽  
pp. 110683
Hongtao Wang ◽  
Chunhui Song ◽  
Sen Fang ◽  
Zhengyang Wang ◽  
Shangwei Song ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 176 ◽  
pp. 114292
Yongjuan Ren ◽  
Wenhui Zou ◽  
Jingfang Feng ◽  
Chang Zhang ◽  
Weihua Su ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Qasim Raza ◽  
Awais Riaz ◽  
Rana Muhammad Atif ◽  
Babar Hussain ◽  
Iqrar Ahmad Rana ◽  

MADS-box gene family members play multifarious roles in regulating the growth and development of crop plants and hold enormous promise for bolstering grain yield potential under changing global environments. Bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is a key stable food crop around the globe. Until now, the available information concerning MADS-box genes in the wheat genome has been insufficient. Here, a comprehensive genome-wide analysis identified 300 high confidence MADS-box genes from the publicly available reference genome of wheat. Comparative phylogenetic analyses with Arabidopsis and rice MADS-box genes classified the wheat genes into 16 distinct subfamilies. Gene duplications were mainly identified in subfamilies containing unbalanced homeologs, pointing towards a potential mechanism for gene family expansion. Moreover, a more rapid evolution was inferred for M-type genes, as compared with MIKC-type genes, indicating their significance in understanding the evolutionary history of the wheat genome. We speculate that subfamily-specific distal telomeric duplications in unbalanced homeologs facilitate the rapid adaptation of wheat to changing environments. Furthermore, our in-silico expression data strongly proposed MADS-box genes as active guardians of plants against pathogen insurgency and harsh environmental conditions. In conclusion, we provide an entire complement of MADS-box genes identified in the wheat genome that could accelerate functional genomics efforts and possibly facilitate bridging gaps between genotype-to-phenotype relationships through fine-tuning of agronomically important traits.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Xiaokang Fu ◽  
Yonglin Yang ◽  
Meng Kang ◽  
Hengling Wei ◽  
Boying Lian ◽  

The caleosin (CLO) protein family displays calcium-binding properties and plays an important role in the abiotic stress response. Here, a total of 107 CLO genes were identified in 15 plant species, while no CLO genes were detected in two green algal species. Evolutionary analysis revealed that the CLO gene family may have evolved mainly in terrestrial plants and that biological functional differentiation between species and functional expansion within species have occurred. Of these, 56 CLO genes were identified in four cotton species. Collinearity analysis showed that CLO gene family expansion mainly occurred through segmental duplication and whole-genome duplication in cotton. Sequence alignment and phylogenetic analysis showed that the CLO proteins of the four cotton species were mainly divided into two types: H-caleosins (class I) and L-caleosins (class II). Cis-acting element analysis and quantitative RT–PCR (qRT–PCR) suggested that GhCLOs might be regulated by abscisic acid (ABA) and methyl jasmonate (MeJA). Moreover, transcriptome data and qRT–PCR results revealed that GhCLO genes responded to salt and drought stresses. Under salt stress, gene-silenced plants (TRV: GhCLO06) showed obvious yellowing and wilting, higher malondialdehyde (MDA) content accumulation, and significantly lower activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and peroxidase (POD), indicating that GhCLO06 plays a positive regulatory role in cotton salt tolerance. In gene-silenced plants (TRV: GhCLO06), ABA-related genes (GhABF2, GhABI5, and GhNAC4) were significantly upregulated after salt stress, suggesting that the regulation of salt tolerance may be related to the ABA signaling pathway. This research provides an important reference for further understanding and analyzing the molecular regulatory mechanism of CLOs for salt tolerance.

BMC Genomics ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 23 (1) ◽  
Yunying Cao ◽  
Tingyu Shan ◽  
Hui Fang ◽  
Kangtai Sun ◽  
Wen Shi ◽  

Abstract Background Salt damage is an important abiotic stress that affects the growth and yield of maize worldwide. As an important member of the salt overly sensitive (SOS) signal transduction pathway, the SOS3 gene family participates in the transmission of stress signals and plays a vital role in improving the salt tolerance of plants. Results In this study, we identified 59 SOS3 genes in the maize B73 genome using bioinformatics methods and genome-wide analyses. SOS3 proteins were divided into 5 different subfamilies according to the phylogenetic relationships. A close relationship between the phylogenetic classification and intron mode was observed, with most SOS3 genes in the same group sharing common motifs and similar exon-intron structures in the corresponding genes. These genes were unequally distributed on five chromosomes of B73. A total of six SOS3 genes were identified as repeated genes, and 12 pairs of genes were proven to be segmentally duplicated genes, indicating that gene duplication may play an important role in the expansion of the SOS3 gene family. The expression analysis of 10 genes that were randomly selected from different subgroups suggested that all 10 genes were significantly differentially expressed within 48 h after salt treatment, of which eight SOS3 genes showed a significant decline while Zm00001d025938 and Zm00001d049665 did not. By observing the subcellular localization results, we found that most genes were expressed in chloroplasts while some genes were expressed in the cell membrane and nucleus. Conclusions Our study provides valuable information for elucidating the evolutionary relationship and functional characteristics of the SOS3 gene family and lays the foundation for further study of the SOS3 gene family in the maize B73 genome.

Fabiana Couto Zanin ◽  
Natália Chagas Freitas ◽  
Renan Terassi Pinto ◽  
Wesley Pires Flausino Máximo ◽  
Leandro Eugenio Cardamone Diniz ◽  

Plants ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (2) ◽  
pp. 215
Qingyu Huang ◽  
Wenmin Qiu ◽  
Miao Yu ◽  
Shaocui Li ◽  
Zhuchou Lu ◽  

Heavy-metal ATPase (HMA), an ancient family of transition metal pumps, plays important roles in the transmembrane transport of transition metals such as Cu, Zn, Cd, and Co. Although characterization of HMAs has been conducted in several plants, scarcely knowledge was revealed in Sedum plumbizincicola, a type of cadmium (Cd) hyperaccumulator found in Zhejiang, China. In this study, we first carried out research on genome-wide analysis of the HMA gene family in S. plumbizincicola and finally identified 8 SpHMA genes and divided them into two subfamilies according to sequence alignment and phylogenetic analysis. In addition, a structural analysis showed that SpHMAs were relatively conserved during evolution. All of the SpHMAs contained the HMA domain and the highly conserved motifs, such as DKTGT, GDGxNDxP, PxxK S/TGE, HP, and CPx/SPC. A promoter analysis showed that the majority of the SpHMA genes had cis-acting elements related to the abiotic stress response. The expression profiles showed that most SpHMAs exhibited tissue expression specificity and their expression can be regulated by different heavy metal stress. The members of Zn/Co/Cd/Pb subgroup (SpHMA1-3) were verified to be upregulated in various tissues when exposed to CdCl2. Here we also found that the expression of SpHMA7, which belonged to the Cu/Ag subgroup, had an upregulated trend in Cd stress. Overexpression of SpHMA7 in transgenic yeast indicated an improved sensitivity to Cd. These results provide insights into the evolutionary processes and potential functions of the HMA gene family in S. plumbizincicola, laying a theoretical basis for further studies on figuring out their roles in regulating plant responses to biotic/abiotic stresses.

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