reinforcing bars
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Hazem Elbakry ◽  
Tarek Ebeido ◽  
El-Tony M. El-Tony ◽  
Momen Ali

Reinforced concrete columns consume large quantities of ties, especially inner cross-ties in columns with large dimensions. In some cases, nesting of the pillars occurs as a result of the presence of cross-ties. The main objective of this paper is to develop new methods for transverse reinforcement in RC columns and investigate their effect on the behavior of the columns. The proposed V-ties as transverse reinforcement replacing the ordinary and cross-ties details are economically feasible. They facilitate shorter construction periods and decrease materials and labor costs. For this purpose, experimental and numerical studies are carried out. In the experimental program, nine reinforced concrete columns with identical concrete dimensions and longitudinal reinforcing bars were prepared and tested under concentric axial load with different tie configurations. The main parameters were the tie configurations and the length (lv) of V-tie legs. As part of the numerical study, the finite element model using the ABAQUS software program obtained good agreement with the experimental results of specimens. A numerical parametric study was carried out to study the influence of concrete compressive strength and longitudinal reinforcement ratio on the behavior of RC columns with the considered tie configurations. Based on the experimental and numerical results, it was found that using V-tie techniques instead of traditional ties could increase the axial load capacity of columns, restrain early local buckling of the longitudinal reinforcing bars and improve the concrete core confinement of reinforced concrete columns.

2022 ◽  
A.V. Mikhailov

Abstract. In this work, using a series of numerical experiments, the dependence of the magnetic field strength of the response of the reinforcing bar to an external magnetizing field on the magnetic properties of the reinforcing bar was investigated. The possibility of determining with high accuracy the diameter of reinforcing bars, regardless of the magnetic properties of the material from which they are made, has been proven.

2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (6) ◽  
pp. 177-184
Koog Hun Kim ◽  
Joo Ha Lee

Recently, there has been an increase in the chloride deterioration of bridges on urban highways owing to the excessive usage of deicing agents in winter, thus necessitating repair and maintenance measures to ensure the durability of concrete. In this study, the status of the damages occurring in the concrete barriers, such as walls and median partitions, of bridges on urban highways in Seoul was investigated. After collecting a total of 306 cores from various sites, a chloride analysis test was performed on a total of 918 samples obtained by dividing each core into three parts. The results were analyzed using the depth, upper and lower parts of the barrier, damage conditions, and route. In addition, the safety of the structure was evaluated in the case of repair by removing the corroded reinforcing bars (main reinforcing bars and spacers) directly exposed to chloride.

2021 ◽  
Vol 20 (4) ◽  
pp. 005-016
Damian Nykiel

This work includes a comparison of the methods of monitoring the deformations of a structure on the example of a flat plate slab test. Classic ESG (electrofusion strain gauges) and modern DFOS (distributed fiber optic sensors) were compared. During the research, both types of sensors were used on some of the reinforcing bars. The study aims to indicate the differences between the compared monitoring methods, both in terms of the obtained results and their utility values.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-15
Wei Wang ◽  
Jie Chen ◽  
Bo Diao ◽  
Xuefei Guan ◽  
Jingjing He ◽  

This paper presents a general method for fatigue life prediction of corroded steel reinforcing bars. A fatigue testing on standard specimens with pitting corrosion is carried out to obtain corrosion fatigue data. The maximum corrosion degree (MCD), characterizing the most severe site of the corrosion pit, is identified to have a log-linear relationship with the fatigue life. A fatigue life model incorporating the MCD and the stress range for corroded steel reinforcing bars is proposed. The model parameters are identified using the testing data, and the model is considered as the baseline model. To utilize the proposed model for life prediction of corroded steel reinforcing bars with different geometries and working conditions, the Bayesian method is employed to update the baseline model. The effectiveness of the overall method is demonstrated using independent datasets of realistic steel reinforcing bars.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (24) ◽  
pp. 12110
Kyong Min Ro ◽  
Min Sook Kim ◽  
Chang Geun Cho ◽  
Young Hak Lee

In modular structures, prefabricated modular units are joined at the construction site. Modular structures must ensure splicing performance by connecting modular units sufficiently. The bolted connection using steel plates may suffer from alignment issues and corrosion problems. In a precast concrete (PC) modular system, there is difficulty grouting the sleeves when splicing reinforcing bars. This study proposed a PC modular beam using a bolted connecting plate to deal with issues in typical steel modules and PC modules. The structural performance was evaluated by flexural and shear tests on two monolithic beams and two proposed PC specimens. The test results showed that the structural performance of the PC modular specimen was 88% of that of the monolithic reinforced concrete (RC) beam specimen and 102% of the strength calculated by ACI 318-19. Therefore, the proposed PC modular system using bolted connecting plates can solve the problems observed in typical steel and PC modules and improve the structural performance.

2021 ◽  
pp. 1-20
Shutong Yang ◽  
Miao Yu ◽  
Kun Dong ◽  
Yushan Yang

An analytical model is proposed to predict local bond strength (τf) by incorporating heterogeneity at interface regions for deformed reinforcing bars centrally anchored in concrete. The rib width on the bar surface is introduced as an interfacial characteristic parameter G in the proposed model; this accounts for the heterogeneity. Both τf and the local interfacial fracture energy (GIIf) of each specimen were found to be linked to G and can be determined analytically from the maximum pull-out loads (Fmax) from tests. It was found that the predicted τf was larger than the maximum average bond stress (τavg-max); the discrepancy between the two values reduced with an increase in L/G. Moreover, with an increase in L/G, the predicted τf showed a certain decrease, with the reduction decreasing with stronger interfacial homogeneity. The predicted GIIf was found to be significantly increased because of the weaker boundary effect. The validity of the proposed model was verified using comparisons of predicted Fmax (using the determined values of τf and GIIf) and the experimental Fmax, with the only failure mode being bar pull-out. Moreover, the model can be applied to steel or fibre-reinforced polymer bars and the concrete refers to all types of cementitious materials.

Materials ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (23) ◽  
pp. 7452
Kyung-Sung Min ◽  
Kwang-Min Park ◽  
Bong-Chun Lee ◽  
Young-Sook Roh

Binder jetting 3D printing (BJ3DP) is used to create geometrical and topology-optimized building structures via architectural geometric design owing to its high degree of freedom in geometry implementation. However, building structures require high mechanical and durability performance. Because of the recent trend of using 3D printing concrete as a structural component in reinforcing bars, its durability with respect to chloride penetration needs to be reviewed. Therefore, in this study, the compressive strength and durability of the chloride diffusion of cement-based 3D-printed output were evaluated. In addition, to confirm the performance difference based on the build orientation, the compressive strength and chloride diffusion were evaluated with respect to the build direction and transverse direction. The experimental results show that the compressive strength was approximately 22.1–26.5% lower in the transverse direction than in the build direction and that the chloride diffusion coefficient was approximately 186.1–407.1% higher in the transverse direction. Consequently, when a structure that requires long-term durability is produced using BJ3DP, it is necessary to examine the design and manufacturing methods in relation to the build orientation in advance.

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