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Author(s):  
Nagendra Nath Mondal ◽  

Objectives: There is a lot of speculation, debate, and hypothesis about the new coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Also the world famous media British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC), National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), and World Health Organization (WHO) are informing their emergency concern for the public attention. But we are far behind yet to say the origin of COVID-19 and its outbreak. The main purpose of this study is to put an end to all speculations, fantasies, theories and debates.


Author(s):  
Nagendra Nath Mondal ◽  

ABSTRACT Objectives: There is a lot of speculation, debate, and hypothesis about the new coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Also the world famous media British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC), National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), and World Health Organization (WHO) are informing their emergency concern for the public attention. But we are far behind yet to say the origin of COVID-19 and its outbreak. The main purpose of this study is to put an end to all speculations, fantasies, theories and debates.


Author(s):  
Milan Sikarwar

Abstract: Covid-19 means Corona Virus Disease which is an emergency disease declared by World Health Organization. Its first case was reported on December, 2019 in a city of China name Wuhan. Responsible virus for Covid-19 is SARS-CoV-2. Disease can be transmitted by Sneezing, Coughing, Close Contact etc. Patient of Covid-19 advise to isolate themselves for minimum 14 days either in Home or Hospital setup.


Author(s):  
Hesham M. Hamoda ◽  
Sharon Hoover ◽  
Jeff Bostic ◽  
Atif Rahman ◽  
Khalid Saaed

Background: Schools provide an exceptional opportunity for mental health promotion and intervention. Aims: To describe the development of a World Health Organization (WHO) School Mental Health Program (SMHP) in the Eastern Mediterranean Region. Methods: Two tenets guided development of the SMHP: (1) it used a multitiered system of support framework including 3 tiers of interventions (universal, early and targeted); and (2) interventions must be feasible for implementation by non-mental health professionals. Results: The WHO SMHP is organized into a background section, followed by 3 modules: Social–Emotional Childhood Development; Mental Health Promoting Schools (Promotion and Prevention); and Addressing Student Mental Health Problems in Your Classroom, including specific classroom strategies and case examples. Conclusion: Developing an appropriate curriculum sensitive to the needs of individual countries requires involvement of those familiar with schooling in those countries, with mental health priorities and practices that promote mental health, and to coalesce school staff, parents and community members in the service of their children.


2022 ◽  
Vol 7 (1) ◽  
pp. 703
Author(s):  
Syaifullah Hanif Wibisono ◽  
Rizqi Apsari Fairuz Kamila ◽  
Naufalluthfi Widodo ◽  
Reny I‘thisom

WHO (World Health Organization) telah menetapkan wabah COVID-19 sebagai pandemi tingkat global karena tingkat penyebaran COVID-19 yang sangat cepat hampir ke seluruh dunia. Protokol kesehatan seperti menjaga jarak, mencuci tangan, dan rutin menggunakan masker menjadi langkah untuk meminimalkan penyebaran virus COVID-19. Penggunaan masker menjadi kebiasaan baru yang erat dengan keseharian setiap orang saat ini. Masker yang dipakai dalam jangka waktu yang lama ternyata dapat menimbulkan beberapa permasalahan pada kulit seperti jerawat, dermatitis, kemerahan dan pigmentasi pada wajah.  Keluhan kulit yang paling banyak terjadi pada tenaga kesehatan yang menggunakan masker adalah akne. Oleh sebab itu, kami memilih topik tersebut dengan tujuan untuk mengedukasi masyarakat mengenai cara menjaga kesehatan kulit di masa pandemi dan bagaimana pencegahan serta penatalaksanaan mask-acne. Dalam masa pandemi, upaya untuk melakukan edukasi kepada masyarakat dilakukan dengan memanfaatkan fitur Instagram Live yang dapat mempermudah masyarakat untuk menjangkau informasi dan menjadi media platform yang banyak digunakan oleh masyarakat. Metode edukasi ini dilakukan secara daring dengan menggunakan platform sosial media Instagram yang dilakukan sebanyak 3 (tiga) kali intervensi. Intervensi pertama kami melakukan kuis fakta dan mitos seputar kesehatan kulit dan mask-acne dengan total 868 responden, serta melakukan pre-test yang diisi oleh 50 responden. Intervensi kedua adalah melakukan Instagram Live berupa talkshow atau QnA bersama dermatovenereologist FK UNAIR/RSUD Dr. Soetomo Surabaya, dengan penonton sejumlah 267 pengguna dan telah ditonton ulang sebanyak 263 pengguna. Pada intervensi akhir, terdapat sesi post-test yang diisi oleh 50 responden yang didapatkan peningkatan hasil nilai terhadap pemahaman topik. Evaluasi kegiatan ini didapatkan dari kuesioner yang dibagikan kepada para peserta dan menunjukkan mayoritas responden memberikan umpan balik yang sangat baik terhadap materi yang dibawakan (58-68%), kesesuaian materi terhadap kondisi pandemi (60-70%), serta kebermanfaatan acara (68-74%).


2022 ◽  
pp. 1487-1497
Author(s):  
Wa Ode Nurfalah ◽  
Nur Ulmy Mahmud ◽  
Sumiaty ◽  
Mansur Sididi ◽  
Nurul Hikmah

COVID-19 adalah penyakit menular yang baru ditemukan pada Desember 2019 di Wuhan yang disebabkan oleh SARS-CoV-2. Mulai januari 2020, virus ini menyebar ke luar Tiongkok, pertama di Thailand, Korea Selatan, dan Jepang. Sehingga pada tanggal 11 Maret 2020 World Health Organization (WHO) menyatakan COVID-19 sebagai pandemi. COVID-19 pertama dilaporkan di Indonesia pada tanggal 2 Maret 2020 sejumlah 2 kasus. Virus ini dapat menyerang siapa saja, baik balita, anak-anak, orang dewasa, orang tua, ibu hamil maupun ibu yang sedang menyusui. Namun, beberapa orang memiliki risiko lebih tinggi untuk terinfeksi COVID-19. Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk mengetahui faktor risiko kejadian COVID-19 pada pasien COVID-19 di Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah (RSUD) Sayang Rakyat Kota Makassar. Jenis penelitian ini adalah observasional analitik dengan rancangan Case Control study. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukan bahwa umur merupakan faktor risiko yang tidak bermakna terhadap kejadian COVID-19 dengan nilai OR=6,556 95% CI 0,764-56,219. Kebiasaan merokok merupakan faktor risiko yang bermakna terhadap kejadian COVID-19 dengan nilai OR=1,447 95% CI 1,447-15,046. Kontak erat merupakan faktor risiko yang bermakna terhadap kejadian COVID-19 dengan nilai OR=188,500 95% CI 38,284-928,114. Komorbid merupakan faktor risiko yang bermakna terhadap kejadian COVID-19 dengan nilai OR=3,406 95% CI 1,486-7,809.  Sebagai saran dalam penelitian ini masyarakat diharapkan untuk mengkonsumsi makanan yang dapat meningkatkan imun tubuh, mengurangi atau bahkan berhenti merokok, selalu mematuhi protokol kesehaatan serta bagi masyarakat yang memiliki komorbid diharapkan dapat mengendalikan komorbidnya.


2022 ◽  
Vol 6 (2) ◽  
pp. 01-03
Author(s):  
Uday Jain

World Health Organization estimates that worldwide annually there are about one billion infections, 3-5 million severe illnesses, and 300,000-500,000 deaths (10.1038/s41572-018-0002-y). Influenza is caused primarily by influenza A and influenza B viruses. Influenza A is the cause of pandemics.


2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Author(s):  
Mekdes Akalewold ◽  
Getachew W. Yohannes ◽  
Ziyad Ahmed Abdo ◽  
Yonas Hailu ◽  
Aynye Negesse

Abstract Introduction The World Health Organization estimated that approximately 48 million couples and 186 million people are infertile worldwide. Although the problem of infertility is increasing worldwide, as well as in Ethiopia, there are limited studies done. Therefore, this study aims to determine the magnitude of infertility and the major risk factors in three governmental hospitals in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Method An institutional-based cross-sectional study design was used to conduct the study. The participants were selected by using a systematic random sampling technique. Data were collected through an interview using a structured questionnaire. The data were entered into Epi Data version 3.1 and exported to SPSS version 25 for analysis. Logistic regression was used to identify the predictor variables. Statistical significance was considered at a P < 0.05 with an adjusted odds ratio calculated at 95% CI. Result The overall prevalence of infertility was 27.6% (95%CI = 23.2, 32.0). Of these, 14.4% had primary infertility, and 13.2% had secondary infertility. Those whose duration of marriage was less than 60 months [AOR = 3.85; 95%CI 1.39, 10.64], had a history of fallopian tube obstructions [AOR = 8.27; 95%CI 2.36, 28.91], had irregular frequency of coitus [AOR = 37.4; 95%CI 11.29, 124.114], had more than one sex partner [AOR = 3.51; 95%CI 1.64, 7.54], had an abortion greater than 3 times [AOR = 6.89; 95%CI 1.28, 37.09], and had partners who currently consumed alcohol [AOR = 1.31; 95%CI 1.11, 1.86] were more likely to be infertile than their counterparts. Conclusion According to the results of this study, the prevalence of infertility was high compared to the global estimate of the World Health Organization. The government, health care providers, and researchers should emphasize developing appropriate strategies, research, education, and awareness creation of infertility and its potential causes.


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