scholarly journals An Effect of Covid Treatment on Oral Cavity

Milan Sikarwar

Abstract: Covid-19 means Corona Virus Disease which is an emergency disease declared by World Health Organization. Its first case was reported on December, 2019 in a city of China name Wuhan. Responsible virus for Covid-19 is SARS-CoV-2. Disease can be transmitted by Sneezing, Coughing, Close Contact etc. Patient of Covid-19 advise to isolate themselves for minimum 14 days either in Home or Hospital setup.

2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (1) ◽  
pp. 214
Heni Sumastri ◽  
Sari Wahyuni

ABSTRAKVirus Corona merupakan bagian dari keluarga virus yang menyebabkan penyakit mulai dari flu hingga penyakit yang lebih berat. World Health Organization (WHO) memberi nama virus ini Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) dan nama penyakitnya sebagai Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). Infeksi SARS-CoV-2 pada manusia menimbulkan gejala gangguan pernapasan akut. Bukti saat ini mengindikasikan bahwa transmisi SARS-CoV-2 terjadi terutama dari orang ke orang melalui kontak langsung, tidak langsung, atau erat dengan orang yang terinfeksi melalui sekresi terinfeksi. Rekomendasi standar untuk mencegah penyebaran infeksi adalah melalui cuci tangan secara teratur, menerapkan etika batuk dan bersin, menghindari kontak secara langsung. Selain rekomendasi diatas, pemerintah juga mengajurkan untuk dapat menerapkan Slogan 4M untuk memutus mata rantai penyebaran COVID-19 yakni dengan Memakai Masker, Mencuci Tangan, Menjaga Jarak, Menghindari Kerumunan. Berdasarkan hasil observasi didapatkan bahwa pengetahuan masyarakat mengenai cara mencegah penyebaran COVID-19 masih rendah serta kurang disiplinnya masyarakat dalam menerapkan protokol kesehatan. Tujuan dari pengabdian masyarakat ini untuk meningkatkan pengetahuan dan keterampilan mengenai cara pencegahan penularan COVID-19 melalui penerapan protokol kesehatan 4M. Kegiatan dilakukan di Desa Pegayut Kabupaten Ogan Ilir pada Desember 2020 yang diikuti oleh 35 orang. Kegiatan diawali dengan persiapan, pembagian leaflet, penjelasan materi dengan metode ceramah tanya jawab, demonstrasi dan evaluasi. Hasil dalam pengabdian masyarakat ini terdapat peningkatan pengetahuan masyarakat desa mengenai cara pencegahan penularan COVID-19 melalui penerapan protokol kesehatan 4M. Luaran yang dicapai adalah peningkatan pengetahuan masyarakat mengenai cara pencegahan penularan COVID-19 dan keterampilan memakai masker dan mencuci tangan dengan benar. Kata Kunci : covid-19; pencegahan; penularan; protokol kesehatan. ABSTRACT Coronaviruses are part of a family of viruses that cause illnesses ranging from the flu to more severe diseases. The World Health Organization (WHO) named this virus Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) and the name of the disease Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). SARS-CoV-2 infection in humans causes symptoms of acute respiratory distress. Current evidence indicates that SARS-CoV-2 transmission occurs primarily from person to person through direct, indirect, or close contact with an infected person through infected secretions. Standard recommendations to prevent the spread of infection are through regular hand washing, practicing coughing and sneezing etiquette, avoiding direct contact. In addition to the suggestions above, the government also recommends implementing the 4M Slogan to break the chain of the spread of COVID-19, namely by wearing masks, washing hands, maintaining distance, and avoiding crowds. Based on the results of observations, it was found that public knowledge about how to prevent the spread of COVID-19 is still low and the community lacks discipline in implementing health protocols. This community service aims to increase knowledge and skills regarding how to prevent the transmission of COVID-19 through the application of the 4M health protocol. The activity was carried out in Pegayut Village, Ogan Ilir Regency, in December 2020, which was attended by 35 people. The training begins with preparation, distribution of leaflets, explanation of the material using the question and answers lecture method, demonstration, and evaluation. The results in this community service were an increase in the knowledge of the village community about how to prevent the transmission of COVID-19 through the application of the 4M health protocol. The output achieved was an increase in public knowledge about how to avoid the transmission of COVID-19 and skills to wear masks and wash hands properly. Keywords: covid-19: prevention; transmission; health protocol. 

2020 ◽  
Vol 1 (1) ◽  
pp. 59-66
Marjan Miharja ◽  
Wiend Sakti Myharto ◽  
Hendrikus Lermatin ◽  
Paternus Ndruru ◽  
Veni Florence Lakie ◽  

The spread of Covid-19 has become one of the people's concerns, starting in the city of Wuhan, China at the end of 2019 when this virus was discovered, the spread of the virus that the antidote has not yet been found is now out of control. More than 200 countries in the world have reported that their people have contracted the Covid-19 virus. Corona Virus Disease 19 has been declared a Global Public Health Emergency by the World Health Organization (WHO) on January 30, 2020. Conditions in Indonesia until Thursday, November 30, 2020, the number of people who tested positive for Covid-19 reached 538,883 cases, 450,518 people recovered and 16,945 of them died. This figure will continue to increase in line with the opinion of some epidemiologists and statistics that a pandemic outbreak will not end quickly. The purpose of this community service activity is to realize one of the contents of Presidential Instruction Number 4 of 2020, namely "Rrefocussing activities, reallocation of budgets and procurement of goods and services in order to accelerate the handling of Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)", namely by making and distributing fluids. Disinfectant that is safe and environmentally friendly and recommended by the BPOM and the World Health Organization (WHO) to help people face the New Normal era. The result of this service activity is a disinfectant liquid that is safe and environmentally friendly and is able to anticipate the spread of covid-19 and increase public awareness of the Covid-19 Virus in the face of the New Normal era.

Sangeeta Singh

Corona Virus Disease-2019 commonly known as COVID-19 which has been defined by the Novel Corona Virus. It is a family of severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) and was first detected during respiratory outbreak. It was first reported to the World Health Organization on December 31, 2019. On January 30, 2020, the World Health Organization declared the COVID-19 eruption a global health emergency. As of 27-May-2021 169,095,283 confirmed cases have been reported in the world and 2, 73, 67, 935 cases in India. It is required to identify the infection with high precision rate but there are lots of deficiency in the diagnosing system that may resulted false alarm rate. Initially it could be detected through throat saliva but now it can also be identified thought the impairment in lungs from computerized tomographical imaging technique. This paper reviewed various researches over COVID-19 diagnosis approach as well as the syndrome in respiratory organs. There are so many imaging techniques through which lungs impairments can be detected that may diagnose COVID-19 with high level of accuracy. CT scan image is the best alternative for diagnosing COVID-19.

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (2) ◽  
pp. 83-90
Laksita Barbara ◽  
Mareta Dea Rosaline ◽  
Akhiyan Hadi Susanto

AbstractThere are numbers of Indonesian Youtube Videos that show steps to wear and remove Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) for Corona Virus Disease (COVID19). However, the conformity with the current guidelines remains unknown. This paper aims to determine the validity of these videos based on the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines. We searched on the Youtube website for videos in donning and doffing PPE for droplet precaution and selected the videos using inclusion and exclusion criteria. Included videos were then evaluated with a checklist derived from WHO course on donning and doffing PPE for COVID-19 and WHO recommendation on PPE for Covid-19. The search that was undertaken resulted in 66 videos, and 40 videos were included for evaluation. There is no significant difference in the donning and doffing score between account types (personal, organizational/institutional, news). The average number of viewers of all videos is more than 2700 viewers. The average score of donning is less than 70% of the total score, and the average doffing score is under 65%. The vast majority of the videos do not follow the WHO recommendation on the PPE type and use more equipment than recommended. There are several contamination risks shown by the videos. Indonesian Youtube videos on PPE procedures for COVID-19 must be selected carefully to be used as an instructional or educational media since most of it presents a high risk of cross-contamination.Keyword: personal protective equipment, audiovisual, cross-contamination, trainingAbstrakTerdapat video dalam Bahasa Indonesia yang terkait cara memakai dan melepaskan Alat Pelindung Diri (APD) untuk Corona Virus Disease (COVID19). Namun, kesesuaian video terhadap pedoman terkini belum diketahui. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan validitas video berdasarkan pedoman World Health Organization. Kami menelusuri Youtube untuk memperoleh video instruksi mengenakan dan melepas APD pencegahan kontaminasi droplet dan menyeleksi video tersebut berdasarkan kriteria inklusi dan eksklusi. Video yang telah diseleksi kemudian dievaluasi menggunakan checklist yang diturunkan dari langkah-langkah yang ditunjukan dalam kursus APD COVID-19 yang disediakan oleh WHO, serta rekomendasi APD dari WHO. Penelusuran Youtube menampilkan 66 video, dan dipilih 40 video yang sesuai dengan kriteria kelayakan. Tidak terdapat perbedaan signifikan dalam skor mengenakan dan melepaskan APD antara akun personal, organisasi/institusi, dan berita. Rata-rata jumlah penonton video adalah lebih dari 2700. Skor rata-rata pemakaian APD kurang dari 70% dari skor total, dan skor pelepasan APD kurang dari 65%. Sebagian besar video tidak mengikuti rekomendasi WHO dalam pemilihan tipe PPE dan menggunakan alat yang lebih banyak dari yang direkomendasikan. Terdapat sejumlah risiko kontaminasi yang dapat diobservasi dari langkah-langkah yang ditunjukan dalam video. Video Youtube prosedur APD untuk COVID-19 perlu diseleksi dengan cermat untuk digunakan sebagai media instruksi maupun pendidikan karena sebagian besar menunjukan risiko tinggi kontaminasi silang.Kata Kunci: alat pelindung diri, audiovisual, kontaminasi silang, pelatihan

Prahlad Kadambi

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 is currently spreading globally rapidly. The World Health Organization (WHO) named the virus as the 2019 novel corona virus (2019-nCoV) on January 7, 2020. On February 11th 2020, the illness associated was named as 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Subsequently, the WHO declared COVID-19 as a pandemic on 11 March 2020. The first case of COVID-19 was reported in India on 30 January 2020 in Thrissur, Kerala. This was the index case in India who tested positive after coming for a vacation. This individual was a student of the University of Wuhan. Subsequent cases were reported in Kerala. Subsequently, the number of cases in India increased to 519 as on 24th March 2020 with mortality in 7 patients as on 22nd March 2020 and 10 patients on 24th March 2020.

Romanus Ayadiuno ◽  
Chukwuka Ndulue ◽  

Covid-19 pandemic in Nigeria is part of the worldwide pandemic of corona virus disease 2019, caused by the novel corona virus. The first confirmed case was announced in the country on 27th February 2020 and subsequently in Anambra state on 9th April 2020. The World Health Organization (WHO) declared the disease, (now officially named COVID-19) a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) on 31st January, 2020 and subsequently rolled out measures to preventing and or contained the spread of the disease. This paper looks at the preventive measures of the World Health Organization (WHO), adopted by the Nigerian Government in the fight against the Virus and the perceptions of residents in three selected city centers of Onitsha, Nnewi and Awka in Anambra state Southeastern Nigeria. The data used in this paper were accumulated from three hundred randomly selected adult (within 25 and 65years old) literate residents in sampled city centers using structured questionnaire, supplemented by oral interviews and other literatures. The data collected was subjected to Principal Component Analysis to discover the principles underlying variables and Multiple Linear Regression Analysis to identify the effects of the misconceptions. Recommendations therefore suggests rescinding the lockdown policy; production and free distribution of face masks, soaps, hand sanitizers, and immune booster supplements; provision of water supply; intensified sensitization and massive testing for Covid-19.

2020 ◽  
Vol 26 (2) ◽  
pp. 132
Eko G Samudro ◽  
M. Adnan Madjid

ABSTRACT The outbreak of Corona. Virus Disease 2019. (Covid-19) had had a wide-ranging impact on the conditions of security and public order in Indonesia and national resilience. This had also been responded by the World Health Organization (WHO) by establishing the status of a global pandemic in Covid-19 given the negative impact that striked many countries in the world.With qualitative research methods, information was obtained from relevant informants that, with existing policies, the Indonesian government had carried out various efforts in the framework of the detection, prevention .and control of this Covid-19. Some of them were with the Presidential Decree No. 9 of 2020 concerning Amendment to Presidential Decree No. 7 of 2020 concerning the Task Force for the Acceleration of Handling Covid-19, Government Regulation of the Republic of Indonesia No. 21 of 2020 concerning Large-Scale Social Restrictions (PSBB) in the framework of Accelerating Handling of Covid-19 and Presidential Decree No. 12 of 2020 concerning Determination of Non-natural Disasters of the spread of Covid-19 as a National Disaster.From the group policy analysis model, it was found that in the unstable condition of the community in the midst of this pandemic, the PSBB policy was supported by the existence of the Task Force as an appropriate step in the handling of Covid-19 in Indonesia compared to the lockdown option which could have a domino effect on the condition of the nation . In addition, this paper also simulated government policy options by implementing a policy pattern for implementing rapid tests, quarantine and hospital operations for handling Covid-19 (Option C) and physical distancing / social distancing policies with patterns of working from home (Option D) that could provide the result of a decrease in the number of Covid-19 cases in Indonesia. ABSTRAK Tersebarnya Corona Virus Disease 2019 (Covid-19) telah memberikan pengaruh pada kondisi keamanan dan ketertiban masyarakat di Indonesia dan ketahanan nasional. Hal ini sudah ditanggapi oleh World Health Organization (WHO) dengan menetapkan status pandemi global pada Covid-19 mengingat dampak negatif yang menyerang banyak negara di dunia.Metode penelitian kualitatif digunakan guna mendapatkan informasi dari narasumber terkait bahwa, dengan kebijakan yang ada, pemerintah Indonesia telah menjalankan berbagai upaya dalam rangka deteksi, pencegahan dan penanggulangan Covid-19 ini. Beberapa di antaranya adalah adanya Keppres No. 9 tahun 2020 tentang Perubahan atas Keppres No. 7 Tahun 2020 tentang Gugus Tugas Percepatan Penanganan Covid-19, Peraturan Pemerintah Republik Indonesia No. 21 tahun 2020 tentang Pembatasan Sosial Bersakala Besar (PSBB) dalam rangka Percepatan Penanganan Covid-19 dan Keppres No. 12 tahun 2020 tentang Penetapan Bencana Non-alam penyebaran Covid-19 sebagai Bencana Nasional.Model analisis kebijakan kelompok menemukan bahwa dalam kondisi masyarakat yang tidak stabil di tengah pandemi ini, kebijakan PSBB didukung dengan adanya Gugus Tugas tersebut merupakan langkah yang tepat dalam rangka penanganan Covid-19 di Indonesia dibandingkan opsi lockdown yang bisa memberikan efek domino pada kondisi bangsa. Selain itu, tulisan ini juga mensimulasikan opsi kebijakan pemerintah dengan menerapkan pola kebijakan pelaksanaan rapid test, karantina maupun operasional RS untuk penanganan Covid-19 (Opsi C) dan kebijakan physical distancing / social distancing dengan pola bekerja dari rumah (Opsi D) yang dapat memberikan hasil penurunan jumlah kasus Covid-19 di Indonesia.

2020 ◽  
Vol 11 (SPL1) ◽  
pp. 1171-1174
Shruti Sadavarte ◽  
Bhagyashri Vijay Chaudhari

Human history is observing a very horrible and strange situation fighting a very small enemy. The Novel COVID-19 corona virus. On 11 feb 2020 world health organization has declared a name for covid disorder and has said covid as a global public health diease and also as a pandemic due to its worldwide spread. It started as an outbreak in december with its birth place in wuhan people of china has came out as a global public health exigency of worldwide trouble. Corona virus are the group of virus with non segmented, single stranded and positive sence RNA genome. In this narrative review article, reference was taken from different article published in various database. Maximum article including the information of pregnancy and covid-19 were reviewed. A review of 11article with world health organization site information it is found that the symptoms of corona virus disease in non-pregnant occurred indistinguishable to that of gravid mother. There is no information regarding perinatal transmission in parturiency. It has been disclosed that corona virus can cause distress in gravid mother, miscarriage and also fetal distress. In general due to lack of relevant information regarding the effect of corona virus disease on gravidity it is obligatory to have more and more studies in this area.

2020 ◽  
Vol 22 (1-2) ◽  
pp. 93-98
Niranjan Nayak ◽  
SK Rai

At present, a novel Corona Virus called Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome corona virus (SARS-Cov-2) has caused pandemic infection. This virus has been thought to be of zoonotic origin specially originating from bats. This Virus originated from wet market in Wuhan, China in December 2019. A small cluster of Pneumonia cases that occured in Wuhan in December 2019 was named COVID-19 (Corona Virus Disease) by World Health Organization (WHO). The Covid-19 is still on the rise across the globe. As there is no treatment available for the SARS-Cov-2, it is important to mantain social distance, practice frequent hand-washing and use mask.

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