nano particles
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2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-9
Author(s):  
Lijuan Song

In order to meet the needs of ecological buildings, it is necessary to improve the speed of sewage treatment. Therefore, this study analyzed the impact of zinc oxide nanoparticles on the water supply and drainage of ecological buildings. In the experiment, zinc oxide nanoparticles were selected and the experimental environment was set up to study the treatment effect of nano particles on water supply and drainage wastewater. The experimental results show that: the application of ZnO nanoparticles in water supply and drainage can effectively remove trace elements in sewage and reduce the eutrophication of groundwater; zinc oxide nanoparticles can change the morphology of mold group in sewage and inhibit the growth of sewage. The application of ZnO nanoparticles in the water supply and drainage of ecological buildings can effectively improve the water purification rate and improve the recycling efficiency of water resources.


2022 ◽  
Vol 128 (2) ◽  
Author(s):  
Mpilo W. Dlamini ◽  
Xolani G. Mbuyise ◽  
Genene T. Mola

Author(s):  
A. S. Hoang ◽  
H. H. Cong ◽  
V. P. Shukanov ◽  
L. A. Karytsko ◽  
S. N. Poljanskaja ◽  
...  

Abstract Background Nano-particles of metals can be routinely synthesized. The cereal seeds treatment with the particles can improve early growth and crop production. Moreover, the treatment is robust and economical. Methods Metal (Fe0, Cu0, Co0), zinc oxide (ZnO) and chitosan-stabilized silver nano-particles were synthesized and applied to cereal seeds. The germination rate, early plant development and inhibition effects on pathogenic fungi were quantified. Results It was found that all nano-particles had a positive effect on the development of healthy cereal seedlings. In particular, the length of the above-ground part of the seedlings was increased by 8–22%. The highest inhibition effect was observed on Helminthosporium teres with the application of Co0 and chitosan-Ag. Pre-sowing treatment with metal nano-particles reduced the number of infected grains by two times for wheat and 3.6 times for barley. The application also increases the chlorophylls and carotenoids in both uninfected and infected seedlings. Conclusions The results demonstrated a robust application of nano-particles in improving cereal production. Graphical Abstract


Author(s):  
Francesca Bandini ◽  
Eren Taskin ◽  
Gabriele Bellotti ◽  
Filippo Vaccari ◽  
Chiara Misci ◽  
...  

AbstractPlastics fragmentation into smaller debris, namely, micro- and nano-plastics (MPs and NPs), is a matter of global concern because of their wide distribution in terrestrial and marine environments. The latest research has focused mainly on aquatic ecosystems, and fragmentation of bioplastics into micro- and nano-particles (MBPs and NBPs) is not considered. The distribution, concentration, fate and major source of MPs, NPS, MBPs and NBPs in agroecosystems still need to be understood. The use of composts and sewage sludge from the organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW) treatment plants as soil amendments is likely to represent a major input of these debris. The present review provides insights into the current evidence of pollution from micro- and nano-particles of both fossil- and bio-origin in the OFMSW treatment, and aims at evaluating if the recycling of organic waste and its application as a soil fertilizer outweigh the risk of pollution in terrestrial environments. Huge unpredictability exists due to the limited numbers of data on their quantification in each source of possible solution. Indeed, the major hurdles arise from the difficult to quantify the micro-, especially the nano-, particles and subsequently assess the concentrations in the environments, as well as bioaccumulation risks, and toxic effects on organisms. Graphical Abstract


Kerntechnik ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 0 (0) ◽  
Author(s):  
Zhibo Zhang ◽  
Huai-En Hsieh ◽  
Yuan Gao ◽  
Shiqi Wang ◽  
Jia Gao ◽  
...  

Abstract In this study, the pool boiling performance of oxide nanofluid was investigated, the heating surface is a 5 × 30 mm stainless steel heating surface. Three kinds of nanofluids were selected to explore their critical heat flux (CHF) and heat transfer coefficient (HTC), which were TiO2, SiO2, Al2O3. We observed that these nanofluids enhanced CHF compared to R·O water, and Al2O3 case has the most significant enhancement (up to 66.7%), furthermore, the HTC was also enhanced. The number of bubbles in nanofluid case was relatively less than that in R·O water case, but the bubbles were much larger. The heating surface was characterized and it was found that there were nano-particles deposited, and surface roughness decreased. The wettability also decreased with the increase in CHF.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
Guoquan Peng ◽  
Lei Cao ◽  
Zhiyang Ren ◽  
Zhao Liang ◽  
Guo Yu ◽  
...  

A long-established ecological paradigm predicts a functional relationship determining vulnerability to cavitation: vulnerability increases with vessel hydraulic efficiency and vessel diameter. Even within a species, big vessels cavitate before small ones. Some centrifuge methods for measuring vulnerability are prone to artifacts due to nano-particles seeding early embolism, as the particles are drawn into vessels during measurements. Both the Sperry and Cochard rotors are prone to early cavitation due to nano-particles drawn into long and wide vessels in Robinia pseudoacacia and Quercus acutissima, whereas extraction centrifuge methods produce vulnerability curves more resistant to cavitation. Sufficient nano-particles pass through the stems to seed early embolism in all rotor designs. For several years, people have thought that early embolism is induced by nano-particles present in laboratory water. One new hypothesis is that the origin of nano-particles is from cut-open living cells but a much bigger study including many species is required to confirm this idea. This paper confirms the hypothesis in comparisons between short-vesselled Acer, and long-vesselled Robinia, and Quercus. Our new results and a review of old results justifies bigger study. Hypothetical nano-particles might explain why different methods for measuring vulnerability curves cause different T50 = tensions causing 50% loss of hydraulic conductivity. Hence the hypothesis for future research should be that the open-vessel artifact is consistent with 'long' vessels surrounded by cut open living cells.


2022 ◽  
Author(s):  
I. Belashova

Abstract. СVD chromium coatings are evaporated on steel substrate from chrome-organic compounds. For crystallization with forming of nano-particles of chromium carbides, subsequent heating (annealing) of tool steel with hybrid coatings is carrying out. Significant increase of micro-hardness of the coating up to 27000 MPa is observed due to the dispersion strengthening. Optimal annealing parameters (temperature and duration) are determined, which maximally strengthen the coatings and increase their adhesion to the steel substrate.


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