residential buildings
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2022 ◽  
Vol 51 ◽  
pp. 101920
Awsan Mohammed ◽  
Ahmed Ghaithan ◽  
Ahmad Al-Hanbali ◽  
Ahmed M. Attia ◽  
Haitham Saleh ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol 308 ◽  
pp. 118204
Christian Vering ◽  
Laura Maier ◽  
Katharina Breuer ◽  
Hannah Krützfeldt ◽  
Rita Streblow ◽  

2022 ◽  
Marzouk Mai A. ◽  
Salheen Mohamed A. ◽  
Stokman Antje ◽  
Faggal Ahmed A.

Polymers ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 14 (2) ◽  
pp. 314
Krzysztof Nering ◽  
Alicja Kowalska-Koczwara

This paper is aimed at investigating the use of polyurethane mats, usually used as ballast mats, for residential building purposes. Ballast mats have features that may improve the vibroacoustic comfort in residential rooms. Their strength is certainly an advantage, along with vibration and acoustic insulation. However, the problem that an engineer has to deal with, for example in modeling these types of mats, is a limited knowledge of the material’s vibroacoustic parameters. Knowledge of these may be useful for residential buildings. This paper presents measurements of the vibroacoustic parameters of polyurethane mats, together with a suitable methodology and some results and analysis. The two main material parameters responsible for vibroacoustic protection were measured: the dynamic stiffness, which is related to the acoustic properties of the material, and the critical damping coefficient, which is obviously responsible for damping. The measurement methodology is clearly described. A total of five polyurethane materials with different densities were tested. It was possible to identify a relationship between the material density and the vibroacoustic parameters, which could offer an indication of which material to use, depending on the stimulus affecting a human in a given location.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-11
Lin Chen ◽  
Xiaolong Chen ◽  
Hongxin Wang ◽  
Lin Zhu ◽  
Lingyun Lang

Traditional settlements are widely concerned by academic circles for their unique settlement patterns, exquisite residential buildings, and rich historical and cultural connotations, and their protection and development is an important proposition for rural revitalization. Therefore, from the perspective of big data mining (BDM), this paper explores its application in architectural space and settlement protection of traditional settlements in Hainan and provides new ideas for the protection and renewal of traditional settlements in Hainan. The attribute elements of spatial data of settlement groups are analyzed by the decision tree classification mining method. In order to avoid the multivalued tendency of ID3 algorithm and improve the efficiency of decision tree generation by ID3 algorithm, an improved ID3 algorithm is proposed by introducing user interest and simplifying the calculation process of the algorithm. At the same time, the graph theory recognition method of grid pattern is proposed. Aiming at the intersection graph and direction relation graph of straight line pattern, grid pattern recognition is realized by solving the connectivity, intersection, and subsequent construction of the maximum complete subgraph. Experiments show that the improved ID3 algorithm has better running efficiency than the parallel algorithm based on cooccurrence matrix. The analysis of the architectural space of traditional settlements in Hainan will help us better grasp social activities and provide direction for the protection and renewal of traditional settlements from the perspective of tourists and residents.

Energies ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (2) ◽  
pp. 496
Sameh Monna ◽  
Ramez Abdallah ◽  
Adel Juaidi ◽  
Aiman Albatayneh ◽  
Antonio Jesús Zapata-Sierra ◽  

Countries with limited natural resources and high energy prices, such as Jordan, face significant challenges concerning energy consumption and energy efficiency, particularly in the context of climate change. Residential buildings are the most energy-consuming sector in Jordan. Photovoltaic (PV) systems on the rooftops of residential buildings can solve the problem of increasing electricity demands and address the need for more sustainable energy systems. This study calculated the potential electricity production from PV systems installed on the available rooftops of residential buildings and compared this production with current and future electricity consumption for residential households. A simulation tool using PV*SOL 2021 was used to estimate electricity production and a comparative method was used to compare electricity production and consumption. The results indicated that electricity production from PV systems installed on single houses and villas can cover, depending on the tilt angle and location of the properties, three to eight times their estimated future and current electricity use. PV installation on apartment buildings can cover 0.65 to 1.3 times their future and current electricity use. The surplus electricity produced can be used to mitigate urban energy demands and achieve energy sustainability.

2022 ◽  
Vol 906 ◽  
pp. 125-133
Artashes Levoni Petrosyan

One of the basic measures of energy efficiency in residential buildings is the reduction of heat and coolant pressure, when external structures - walls, ceilings - contain thermal insulation material, as a result of which heat and cold losses are reduced, as a result of air-and moisture permeability. Their number is largely determined by the climatic zone of the building, construction, sources of heat and cold, fuel and electricity prices in this region. In such practice, first of all, attention is paid to the problems of the optimal thickness of the thermal insulator, the installation location, since improper installation in the structure can cause water condensation, which will lead to partial wear of the structure, since the properties of reinforced-concrete layers will deteriorate. This concerns the peculiarities of carrying out thermal insulation works and their necessity both in under construction and in buildings in use. However, even in these conditions, when discussing the thermal effect of thermal insulation on structures, due attention is not paid to individual structures, especially walls, moisture problems. Consideration of insulators with more or less efficient energy and heat engineering characteristics, when it was found that there is a significant difference between their results and effects, aroused particular interest in the study of the problem. This is followed by a study of the influence of the presence of thermal insulation in the structure on the cold load required for cooling, revealed a pattern of cost changes in the case of insulating materials with more or less properties - foam.

F. Mohd Hanafi ◽  
M. I. Hassan ◽  
A. Abdul Rahman

Abstract. Three-dimensional visualization of 3D parcels have been investigated in many viewpoints in order to fulfil the demands of expanding cities and the increasing complexity of building design. In Malaysia, with the growing strata developed area, particularly residential buildings (i.e., apartments), land administration agencies will need to improve their application in sharing and disseminating cadastral data. Hence, web-based solutions have been recognized as an important visualization requirement among end-users. It acts as a distributed information platform that allows 3D data sharing with the minimal architecture of client-server connects by the internet. There are two key topics addressed in this paper, which is the depiction of 3D strata objects on the web and the linkage to their legal data. This paper also describes the implementation of conceptual model of strata object based on Malaysian Land Administration Domain Model (LADM) Country Profile for the representation of spatial and non-spatial data. Tools such as PostgreSQL with PostGIS extension is used for storing data, CesiumJS was used to handle and visualise 3D strata objects in a 3D browser that was customised as a web application. The results demonstrate a viewer of a multi-storey buildings using web visualization to display both physical and legal information of 3D Strata objects based on LADM country profile (Malaysia). This particular paper also attempts to address 3D visualization of spatial and non-spatial data query using a web application, which also suggests further directions for 3D cadastral visualization development.

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