scholarly journals Importance of Pedagogical Practice in Formation of Professional Competencies in Future Teachers

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
pp. 212-218
A. Batyraliev

Research relevance: the issues of organizing and conducting teaching practice at Osh State University are relevant in connection with the increase and improvement of teachers and students educational activities in general. Research objectives: to reveal the goals, objectives, content and criteria for assessing adaptation, vocational-base and vocational-profile practice. Research materials and methods: the article construction based on analysis of educational standards on pedagogical practice, on the main goals and objectives definition in adaptational-pedagogical practice. Research results: experience of organizing and conducting pedagogical practice can be theoretically and practically useful for several pedagogical universities. Conclusions: based on specialties specifics, methodological departments of pedagogical faculties have developed educational methodological complexes and syllabuses for each type of pedagogical practice.

2021 ◽  
Dmitriy Mihel'

The textbook sets out the goals and objectives of medical anthropology as an interdisciplinary field of scientific knowledge, discusses the range of its main problems. The most significant subject areas of the discipline are considered: health and disease in the context of culture, healing systems (traditional medicine and biomedicine), humanitarian problems of reproductive and mental health, etc. Meets the requirements of the federal state educational standards of higher education of the latest generation. For researchers, teachers and students of humanitarian and medical universities studying under bachelor's and master's programs, anyone interested in medical anthropology.

Ana Tereza Ramos de Jesus Ferreira ◽  
Helio Rodrigues dos Santos ◽  
Geraldo Eustaquio Moreira

We seek to investigate the challenges and possibilities of quilombola teaching practice and, in a more restricted way, reflect on the initial and continuing education of teachers, and identify advances in quilombola teaching practice in times of pandemic. Therefore, we adopted a qualitative and explanatory approach from the perspective of Historical-Cultural Theory to understand the reality and engender discussions on continuing education, use of technologies and mediation of the teaching and learning process. The information was collected through an online questionnaire using the Google Forms application, applied to 55 teachers from the Kalunga quilombola region in the state of Goiás. Our study showed the lack of investment in quilombola teacher training; the importance of teacher/student interaction; the collaborative teaching work enriches the pedagogical practice by providing the exchange of experiences and that the use of technological resources in education was essential, in order to ensure the continuity of the process, however, it was one of the factors responsible for the marginalization of teachers and students during teaching remote emergency.

2020 ◽  
Vol 17 (1) ◽  
pp. 59-71
Rafael Rossi ◽  
Aline Santana Rossi

This article is an instrument through which we problematize the discussion about the possibilities of developing emancipatory educational activities in teacher training courses based on Tonet's reflections (2013) and from de critical-historic pedagogy. We list four possible activities of this nature, taking into account the specificity of the educational dimension, the contradictions that permeate education in capitalism, the distinction between the immediate interests of the empirical students and the essential interests of the concrete students and, still, the dialectical reciprocity of the contents and forms of teaching, with the ontological priority of content over forms. Thus, such activities are proposed with the greatest concern for a teaching practice that values the critical promotion of the intellectual, scientific, artistic and philosophical level of teachers and students. It is a humanist stance, which defends the elaboration of criticism and human integrity against all the misrepresentations that this form of sociability imposes on us

2020 ◽  
Vol 65 (4) ◽  
pp. 23-27
G.Е. Botabaev ◽  
H.T. Naubaeva ◽  
U.Sh. Zhamirova ◽  
A.T. Mamekova ◽  

In this article, we examined the impact of creativity on pedagogical tolerance and lack of tolerance of teachers and students in the educational process. The psychological and social task of educating the individual is transferred to the pedagogical plan and in many ways sounds like the education of a tolerant consciousness. In fact, we see this as a model of the worldview problem that we solve in society and teachers. Addressing the problem of tolerance is now one of the principles of humanization of psychology. Pedagogical tolerance as a personal quality is an integral part of a number of professional competencies of employees of the education system. The lack of tolerance of teachers with an expressed authoritarian style of teaching and pedagogical communication consists of negative psychological characteristics that often manifest themselves in relation to students, which leads to extremely negative, and sometimes simply destructive consequences in teaching practice.

Natalia Ivanovna Bykova

The subject of this research is the competencies and indicators of competence achievement in the educational standards in the sphere of culture and art. The object of this research is the group of specialties 51.00.00 “Cultural Studies and Socio-Cultural Projects”, namely the federal state educational standard of higher education – Bachelor's Degree in the field 51.03.02 “Folk Art Culture”. The article reviews the competences and indicators of achieving competences in the specialty 51.03.02 “Folk Art culture”, the discipline “Management of Film, Photo, and Video Studio”. The main research method is the analysis of literature and normative legal documents, including state educational standards and basic educational curricula in the context of competency approach. The author applies the method of describing personal experience based on the practical work of the Faculty of Culture and Arts and the actual pedagogical practice of F. M. Dostoevsky Omsk State University.  The scientific novelty consists in the development of indicators of general professional competencies for the indicated group of specialties. Currently, there is no uniform understanding of the indicators of competence achievement; it is on the stage of scientific discussion. The relevance for understanding competencies and their indicators is substantiated by the fact that the new federal state educational standards of higher education do not regulate this aspect, leaving the developers certain freedom on this matter. The competencies and indicators of competencies are considered on the example of the experience of the Faculty of Culture and Arts and actual pedagogical practice of F. M. Dostoevsky Omsk State University.

2013 ◽  
Vol 54 ◽  
Nijolė Cibulskaitė ◽  
Vytautas Bernotas

The aim of this paper is to highlight the features of the improvement of student’s professional competencies in the final stage of the pedagogical studies in the Lithuanian University of Educational Sciences. 84 students of the fourth year studies of mathematics and computer science specialty were interviewed using questionnaire. The research methods: statistical quantitative analysis of empirical data; qualitative analysis of students’ reports of carried out teaching practice. The results revealed: the studies of mathematics didactics and teaching practice effectively helped students develop their professional competencies; the experience gained during the teaching practice determinated student’s choosing of teaching career mostly.

2021 ◽  
Vol 23 (1) ◽  
pp. 202-230
G. Z. Efimova ◽  
A. N. Sorokin ◽  
M. V. Gribovskiy

Introduction. The increasing pace of knowledge renewal around the world and the unification of teacher requirements are changing the functioning and management of the higher education system. Transformational processes in the socio-economic sphere of Russia entail profound changes and increased requirements for the educational process at all its levels. The quality of education is largely determined by teachers, their level of training, the presence of the necessary personal characteristics and social and professional competencies.The aim of the present article is to consider the approaches of Russian and foreign researchers to the classification of competencies of scientific and pedagogical workers, to determine the range of personal qualities and key socio-professional competencies of scientific and pedagogical workers in educational and research activities.Methodology and research methods. Semi-structured expert interviews were conducted with 84 scientific and pedagogical workers of Tyumen State University, Tomsk State University, St. Petersburg Polytechnic University, St. Petersburg University of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics. The choice of universities is determined by their participation in the Project 5-100 (Russian Academic Excellence Project) and high positions in Russian university ratings.Results and scientific novelty. A comparative analysis of research approaches allowed the authors to identify an unstructured list of priority competencies (necessary for educational and pedagogical activities) of scientific and pedagogical workers of higher educational institutions. Since educational activities at the university are aimed at the formation of certain professional competencies and values among students, the priority personal qualities and socio-professional competencies in educational activities include the following: highly specialised skills and general erudition; methodological skills; continuing professional development; motivation for pedagogical work; communication skills; emotional intelligence and stress resistance; charisma, modernity in communication; justice; critical thinking and reflection. Pedagogical activity at universities is closely related to the participation of the lecturer in scientific research. The success of pedagogical activity is largely determined by the following aspects: professionalism and desire to update competencies; operability and self-control; teamwork skills; analytical skills and academic writing skills; inclusion in the world scientific agenda; adherence to scientific ethics. The research novelty lies in the compilation of the structured list of personal qualities and socio-professional competencies of a modern teacher in educational and research activities.Practical significance. Using the presented range of significant competencies of scientific and pedagogical workers, HR managers in universities can implement specific management projects aimed at developing personal qualities and social and professional competencies of employees, make informed decisions in the selection and development ofpersonnel, and personnel changes. The research results can also be employed by scientific and pedagogical workers of universities when building their individual trajectories of professional and personal development.

Oleksandr Ivanytskyi

The article examines the concept of invariant which is presented as an indicative framework for teachers and students and describes a sequence of actions which reflect teacher's understanding of future activities. The author identifies a generalized invariant of students’ educational activity methods which corresponds to each element of knowledge: a) activity on knowledge creation; b) recognition of situations that correspond to knowledge; c) reproduction of situations that correspond to knowledge. The article also considers the hierarchy of invariant specialization levels in terms of teacher and students' work in the context of teaching physics notions. To aquire the skill to use educational invariants in their professional activity, future teachers of physics are supposed to do specially selected tasks which enable them to vary the acquired skills and abilities for a more profound learning. To achieve this, students should be provided with guidelines which help them unify educational process and create real situations that reflect their own learning activities. These guidelines are descriptions of invariants to train physics teachers and students. In addition, authorial system of future physics teachers' activities is invariant according to the criteria for evaluation and self-assessment of authorial system components work. Future teachers of physics' skill to use invariants of educational activities was acquired due to the fact that their professional training was based on the context approach which implements a dynamic model of students' educational activity: from their own educational activities (in the form of lectures) through quasi- professional (role and business games) and educational-professional (research work of students, pedagogical practice) to the professional activity of the teacher of physics.

Otavio Oliveira Silva ◽  
Francyhélia Benedita Mendes Sousa ◽  
Flávio Luiz de Castro Freitas ◽  
Vanessa Leite Da Silva ◽  
Jaqueline Santos C. Leite ◽  

The new Coronavirus Pandemic has revealed the need for a methodological redefinition of teaching and learning attitude of teachers and students, through the pedagogical use of digital technologies. Therefore, this article aims to present reflections on the use of the Flipped Classroom methodology as a re-signifying possibility for the teaching of Philosophy in Higher Education, considering the context of remote emergency teaching. Assuming that there is a concern with the didactic-pedagogical and sociopolitical process of teaching and learning that constitutes teaching practice in the teaching of Philosophy in Brazilian Academies, the question is: what are the advantages and challenges of using the flipped classroom methodology in the process of teaching and learning Philosophy in Higher Education? For this, two fundamental aspects of the formal educational process are discussed: the first refers to the didactic-pedagogical and sociopolitical aspects of the teaching and learning process that constitute the teaching practice, as the content and didactics are emphasized. that is, the “what” and the “how to teach” and the second, it is about the need for re-signification/updating of traditional teaching in face of active methodologies. Based on the current context of remote teaching and/or hybrid teaching in Higher Education in Brazil, it is concluded that is necessary to reframe pedagogical practice in terms of the production of academic knowledge, without losing sight of the conditions in which it is produced.

Natalia Y. Leskonog ◽  
Lyubov F. Shalamova

In 2017, according to the decision of the Department of State Policy in the field of education of children and youth of the Ministry of Education and Science of Russia, a project called the All-Russian counselor school was launched on the basis of Moscow Pedagogical State University. The article analyzes some results of a sociological survey of MPGU students who had pedagogical practice in the summer of 2019 in organizations of recreation and health improvement of children. Channels for informing students about various practice bases, conditions created for the organization of practice, difficulties experienced by students, etc. are considered. As a result of the study, a conclusion was drawn on the relevance of improving the system of additional continuing education of participants in student teaching teams, recommendations are given on how to improve the organization of summer teaching practice and assess the quality of training students for counseling activities.

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