Smartphone Applications
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2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (4) ◽  
pp. 381
Shaorin Tanira

Background: From health monitoring to health education and from behaviour change to falls sensing and health alerts to the simple pleasure of communication and connectedness, the mobile technologies (smartphone applications) are changing the lives of older adults.Objective: To examine current evidence of use of smartphones by older adults for health purposes (including communication, education, and health monitoring), and understand gaps and challenges in order to inform the design of future systems given the ubiquity of mobile phone technology.Methods: MEDLINE, CINAHL and Google scholar databases were searched from October 2016 to January 2017. Keywords used include ‘smartphone apps’, ‘mobile phone’, ‘chronic disease’, ‘chronic condition’, ‘older adults’ and ‘elderly’. A total of 12 articles were selected for quality assessment and grading of evidence.Results: Twelve different articles were found and categorized into nine different clinical domains with specific health related interventions. Articles were focused on diabetes care (2 articles), followed by COPD (2 articles), heart disease (1 article), Alzheimer’s/dementia Care (2 articles), osteoarthritis and pain management (1 article), fall prevention (1 article), colon cancer (1 article), palliative care (1 article), chronic kidney disease (1 article). Areas of interest studied included feasibility, acceptability, functionality and thereby determining their effectiveness. There were many different clinical domains; however, most of the studies were pilot studies. Current work in using mobile phones for older adult use are spread across a variety of clinical domains. Findings from different studies indicate that the use of mobile phone interventions has the potential to support successful management of chronic conditions and health behaviour change in older adults.Conclusion: Perceived benefits and willingness to use the smartphone apps are high; however, technical training and cost are main concerns. A common problem with elderly users was their reluctance to press buttons due to the fear of breaking something which has been resolved by touch screen technology of the smartphones. However, the advanced user clicked around the screen until he found what he was looking for, while the others spent a lot of time observing the screen and trying to determine the correct step. Promotion of user-friendly apps are expected especially for older adults having a diminished physical and cognitive abilities.International Journal of Human and Health Sciences Vol. 05 No. 04 October’21 Page: 381-387

Perdani Adnin Maiisyah ◽  
Zullies Ikawati ◽  
Zainol Akbar Zainal

In 2017, Indonesia was ranked sixth in the top ten countries with the highest diabetes cases. The prevalence is expected to continue increasing. The use of Smartphone applications is one of the alternative methods in promoting better disease management and preventing diabetes. The purpose of this review is to identify existing studies regarding Smartphone applications for diabetes in Indonesia and to highlight the important findings. There are only a few original clinical studies about Smartphone applications for diabetes in Indonesia. A total of 5 studies were reviewed here. There are the Nutri Diabetic Care, the Teman DM, the DM Calendar App, the E-diary DM, and the Salam Sehat. The study was conducted on several respondents with the use of short-term applications and using the variable method. Nevertheless, the studies found that Smartphone applications for diabetes can be beneficial for improving self-care, self-efficacy, increased knowledge, and medication and diet compliance among diabetic patients in Indonesia. The information and utility criteria for diabetes application which should be relevant to clinical guidelines are not discussed. The implementation of Smartphone applications for diabetes is suitable for Indonesian condition. The best application with the right information, utility, and supported by clinical studies is suggested as a complement to the diabetes management by a health professional.

2021 ◽  
Prasad Dhage ◽  
Waqar M. Naqvi ◽  
Sakshi P. Arora ◽  
Chaitanya A. Kulkarni

Abstract Introduction: "Goniometry" is derived from two Greek words: Gonia, which means "angle," and Metron, which means "measure." The focus of the research is to see if a smartphone-based goniometer application for knee flexion range of motion was reliable. The technology of smartphones is one of the most often used alternatives. A literature evaluation of 12 studies showed that smartphone applications are sufficiently trustworthy to be employed in research and clinical practice. As ROM angulation is widely employed in treatment policy decisions, new measures have to be thoroughly tested before use in clinical practice. The study design used will be an observational study. The participants will be recruited using a simple random sampling method. The total number of participants will be 100 in the age group between 20-60. With Universal Goniometer and Goniometer records, three certified physiotherapists measured maximum active knee flexion in a supine position. Data will be collected and analyzed using SPSS (version: 20) and the Bland Altman Test.Discussion: The goal of this observational study is to examine the reliability of smartphone applications for computing knee joint range of motion.Conclusion: To conclude, this research seeks to examine the reliability of smartphone applications for computing knee joint range of motion in a healthy population. The study findings would help in developing a novel approach for computing and documenting the knee range of motion.

Healthcare ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (7) ◽  
pp. 889
Jeban Chandir Moses ◽  
Sasan Adibi ◽  
Sheikh Mohammed Shariful ◽  
Nilmini Wickramasinghe ◽  
Lemai Nguyen

Technologies play an essential role in monitoring, managing, and self-management of chronic diseases. Since chronic patients rely on life-long healthcare systems and the current COVID-19 pandemic has placed limits on hospital care, there is a need to explore disease monitoring and management technologies and examine their acceptance by chronic patients. We systematically examined the use of smartphone applications (apps) in chronic disease monitoring and management in databases, namely, Medline, Web of Science, Embase, and Proquest, published from 2010 to 2020. Results showed that app-based weight management programs had a significant effect on healthy eating and physical activity (p = 0.002), eating behaviours (p < 0.001) and dietary intake pattern (p < 0.001), decreased mean body weight (p = 0.008), mean Body Mass Index (BMI) (p = 0.002) and mean waist circumference (p < 0.001). App intervention assisted in decreasing the stress levels (paired t-test = 3.18; p < 0.05). Among cancer patients, we observed a high acceptance of technology (76%) and a moderately positive correlation between non-invasive electronic monitoring data and questionnaire (r = 0.6, p < 0.0001). We found a significant relationship between app use and standard clinical evaluation and high acceptance of the use of apps to monitor the disease. Our findings provide insights into critical issues, including technology acceptance along with regulatory guidelines to be considered when designing, developing, and deploying smartphone solutions targeted for chronic patients.

2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (4) ◽  
pp. 2263-2272
Seddiq Q. Abd Al-Rahman ◽  
Sameeh Abdulghafour Jassim ◽  
Ali Makki Sagheer

The movement of people between cities is leading to a recovery in the economy that transportation companies have begun to dominate. These companies start providing the best services to customers and promoting them through workers to earn money properly. From this basis, this paper presents a system designed to manage a company that transports people and goods between a group of cities. Database management was used across the web to enable data exchange between workers. The database is designed to be accessible to workers. It has also been suggested that the elliptic curve can be used to generate public and private keys for all parties while the company's management generates a prime number every day to ensure the confidentiality of the exchanged data. In this proposal, the rivest-shamir-adleman (RSA) algorithm is used to encrypt transferred data. It uses technology to exchange information if the recipient is not connected to the network. The proposed system performs a good service for the company’s management in securing the transferred data where smartphone applications are designed to work on it.

Katharina Klaus ◽  
Anna-Lena Stummer ◽  
Sabine Ruf

About 40% of the adult population is affected by snoring, which is closely related to obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and can be associated with serious health implications. Commercial smartphone applications (apps) offer the possibility of monitoring snoring at home. However, the number of validation studies addressing snoring apps is limited. The purpose of the present study was to assess the accuracy of recorded snoring using the free version of the app SnoreLab (Reviva Softworks Ltd., London, United Kingdom) in comparison to a full-night polygraphic measurement (Miniscreen plus, Löwenstein Medical GmbH & Co., KG, Bad Ems, Germany). Nineteen healthy adult volunteers (4 female, 15 male, mean age: 38.9 ± 19.4 years) underwent simultaneous polygraphic and SnoreLab app measurement for one night at home. Parameters obtained by the SnoreLab app were: starting/ending time of monitoring, time in bed, duration and percent of quiet sleep, light, loud and epic snoring, total snoring time and Snore Score, a specific score obtained by the SnoreLab app. Data obtained from polygraphy were: starting/ending time of monitoring, time in bed, total snoring time, snore index (SI), snore index obstructive (SI obstructive) and apnea-hypopnea-index (AHI). For different thresholds of percentage snoring per night, accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values were calculated. Comparison of methods was undertaken by Spearman-Rho correlations and Bland-Altman plots. The SnoreLab app provides acceptable accuracy values measuring snoring >50% per night: 94.7% accuracy, 100% sensitivity, 94.1% specificity, 66.6% positive prediction value and 100% negative prediction value. Best agreement between both methods was achieved in comparing the sum of loud and epic snoring ratios obtained by the SnoreLab app with the total snoring ratio measured by polygraphy. Obstructive events could not be detected by the SnoreLab app. Compared to polygraphy, the SnoreLab app provides acceptable accuracy values regarding the measurement of especially heavy snoring.

2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 18-34
Tanalachimi Ganapathy ◽  
Mohd kamal Othman ◽  
AbdulRazak Saleh Yahya

Heuristic Evaluation (HE) has proven to be important in the development of different computer systems but has not been incorporated in the development of eco-tourism smartphone applications. This results inusability issues that significantly affect user experience (UX) as discussed in literature. This study reports the HE in the design and development of Niranur Agro Farm (NAF) eco-tourism smartphone applications, which could improve UX. Eight experts participated in this study, utilizing the SMART mobile usability heuristic developed for mobile application and the severity rating scale to determine usability issues. The HE findings indicated that 22 usability issues were identified. One issue was rated 4 (catastrophe), four issues were rated 3 (major problem), twelve issues were rated 2 (minor problem) and five issues were rated 1 (cosmetics). Although there are issues rated as 4 and 3, the majority of the issues were considered to be minor (1 and 2 on the scale). Results indicated that it is crucial to incorporate HE into the design and development of the eco-tourism smartphone app to minimize the usability issues faced by users. It further validated that utilizing a specific heuristic for smartphone applications would ensure that all usability issues are correctly categorized and remedied.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (2) ◽  
pp. 109-111
Irfan Karahan ◽  
Gozde Sengul Aycicek


2021 ◽  
Vol 3 (2) ◽  
pp. 53-60
Alyaa Sami Abdullah ◽  
Seham A. Hashem ◽  
Mahmood F . Mosleh

This paper proposed a Circular Polarization (CP) smartphone antenna Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) system with elements of a diamond ring slot for next-generation (5G). The model's composition contains four elements. Each element has a dual-fed diamond ring slot arranged at the four smartphone corners Printed Circuit Board (PCB). A cheap FR-4 substrate with using a size of 75 x 150 mm2 as the design dielectric mater. 50-Ohm microstrip-lines T-shaped feeds the antenna ports. The orthogonal positioning of microstrip feed lines is used to achieve polarization and diversity characteristics. The paradigm results show that each port operated with an operating frequency of 3.74 GHz, with the overall system running at 3.84 GHz. Also, the results show that the MIMO system is suitable for operation in a sub-6 band that qualified for 5G smartphone applications.

2021 ◽  
Leah Grout ◽  
Kendra Telfer ◽  
Nick Wilson ◽  
Christine Cleghorn ◽  
Anja Mizdrak

BACKGROUND Inadequate physical activity is a substantial cause of health loss globally with this loss attributable to such diseases as coronary heart disease, diabetes, stroke, and certain forms of cancer. OBJECTIVE We aimed to assess the potential impact of the prescription of smartphone applications (apps) in primary care settings on physical activity levels, health gains (in quality-adjusted life years (QALYs)), and health system costs in New Zealand (NZ). METHODS A proportional multistate lifetable model was used to estimate the change in physical activity levels and to predict resultant health gains in QALYs and health system costs over the remaining lifespan of the NZ population alive in 2011 at a 3% discount rate. RESULTS The modeled intervention resulted in an estimated 430 QALYs (95% uncertainty interval: 320 to 550), with net cost-savings of NZ $2.2 million (2018 US $1.6 million) over the remaining lifespan of the 2011 NZ population. On a per capita basis, QALY gains were generally larger in women than men, and larger in Māori than non-Māori. The health impact and cost-effectiveness of the intervention were highly sensitive to assumptions around intervention uptake and decay. For example, the scenario analysis with the largest benefits, which assumed a five-year maintenance of additional physical activity levels, delivered 1750 QALYs and NZ $22.5 million in cost-savings. CONCLUSIONS The prescription of smartphone apps for promoting physical activity in primary care settings is likely to generate modest health gains and cost-savings at the population level, in this high-income country. Such gains may increase with ongoing improvements in app design and increased health worker promotion to patients.

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