Fair Price
Recently Published Documents


TOTAL DOCUMENTS

165
(FIVE YEARS 90)

H-INDEX

11
(FIVE YEARS 3)

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (205) ◽  
pp. 1-17
Author(s):  
MARCOS HENRIQUE POLICARPO NEVES

The valuation process of companies is essential for investors to estimate the fair value of a company. Once it has been established, it is possible to compare with the market value and thus judge whether an asset is cheap, fair or expensive. There are several methodologies for calculating the valuation of a company, among which the following stand out: method of market multiples; discounted cash flow method; method based on the book value. In this sense, the present work aims to evaluate the fair price of the shares of Itaú Unibanco bank (ITUB4) through the discounted cash flow method. For this, data about the company were used from the balance sheet and the statement of income for the year, made available on the internet by the bank. After these data analyzes and the establishment of some assumptions, the cash flow for the next 10 years was projected. From this, the flows were brought to present value, to calculate the fair price of the company's shares, using an appropriate discount rate. As a final result, the model indicates that the shares are undervalued by the market, that is, they are cheap and with a growth potential of 32%.


Social Change ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 51 (3) ◽  
pp. 420-425
Author(s):  
Surajit Deb

This contribution of the Social Change Indicators forms the eleventh part of the series. Over the last three segments, we have been focussing on the social and economic challenges arising out of the COVID-19 pandemic and lockdowns. The topics previously covered were on the themes of vulnerable households across social classes, poverty and migration and living conditions for social distancing. In this part, we highlight the spread of the social protection network in various states of India. Aspects such as the percentage of households having a below poverty line (BPL) card, percentage of households having a health scheme or health insurance, percentage of households having a bank or post office account, Aadhaar card saturation, percentage of families/persons covered under the targetted Public Distribution System, percentage of Aadhaar-seeded ration cards, allocation of work under MGNREGA (Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act) and the number of fair price shops per thousand population in 2021 have been examined. The required data has been collected from the Aadhaar Saturation Report provided by the Unique Identification Authority of India, the Food Grain Bulletin of the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution, Ration Card Dashboard of the National Food Security Act, the public data portal of MGNREGA and the Fourth Round of the National Family Health Survey’s state volumes.


Author(s):  
Світлана Василівна Макрак ◽  
Алла Михайлівна Тетёркина ◽  
Ірина Миколаївна Кохнович

Insufficient efficiency of agriculture, its place and role in the system of the national economy predetermine the need to develop scientific provisions for the fair prices formation within the framework of relations between participants in the agri-food market. Purpose of article. Determine the fair price concept specifics for agricultural products, substantiate the functions and factors of its formation, identify the shortcomings of the current pricing policy in the agricultural sector of Belarus, formulate directions for improving the mechanism of state regulation of the industry development. The object of research is the mechanism of pricing for agricultural products in the Republic of Belarus. Methods used in research. The theoretical and methodological basis for the study was the domestic and foreign scientists works on pricing and the formation of the food cost. During the research, the following methods were used: monographic, abstract-logical, normative, synthesis and system analysis, etc.  The hypothesis of the study. Achieving fair prices for rural products requires improving the practice of determining them. Presentation of the main material. The article presents the author's position in relation to the development of scientific and methodological approaches to fair pricing of agricultural products, which are based on the analysis of the agri-food products multi-link value chain. Originality and practical value. The scientific novelty of the research lies in the substantiation of theoretical approaches, principles and directions for the formation of fair prices for agricultural products, taking into account the specifics of the industry and the emerging intersectoral relations. Conclusions. Achieving a fair price is possible only through the implementation of the principles, laws and regularities of "justice" within the framework of the formation of effective relationships between business entities and the observance of national interests.


2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (2) ◽  
pp. 67-79
Author(s):  
Farha Fatema ◽  
Md. Ashraf Siddiqui

Online shopping is one of the fastest-growing marketplaces in Bangladesh. But during the Covid 19, when other sectors are stable, only online shopping has gained a greater positive response. Thus, for online shopping, customers’ behavior is influenced by various factors including fare price, product quality, and durability, trust & security, etc. The study aims to identify the factors that influence the customers’ online shopping behavior during the Covid-19 in Bangladesh under the effect of control variables. The results indicate that of the eight dimensions, features and quality, fair price, performance and durability, trust and reliability, security, E-service quality, ease of use, and time are positively and significantly affect customers' online buying behavior during the Covid-19 in Bangladesh. Concerning the influence of these factors on customers, the study finds that features and quality, performance and durability, trust and reliability, e-service quality, ease of use and time factors influence the customers’ online buying behavior during the pandemic in Bangladesh. Online shopping companies must focus on these factors to get a higher response from people in Bangladesh.


2021 ◽  
Vol 25 (1) ◽  
pp. 101-110
Author(s):  
MJ Kabir ◽  
MAR Sarkar ◽  
MC Rahman ◽  
NMF Rahman ◽  
MAA Mamun ◽  
...  

Risk is an inevitable feature of agriculture globally, and it might increase over time in the future. The study assesses the risk of rice cultivation in the three seasons under current and future conditions. The software programme @Risk version 7.6 was used to simulate the risk-return trade of rice cultivation in the three seasons in Bangladesh. The likelihood of having negative net income for the Aus (90%) and Boro (80%) rice was very high under the current market and environmental conditions. Besides, the chance of obtaining negative net income was notable for T. Aman (33%). Both the yield and price variation significantly contributed to the fluctuation of returns of rice production. However, with the current seasonal variation in yield, the probability of having negative net income for paddy rice was very low under the farmers’ expected price (Aman: 22.5 BDT kg-1, Boro: 25 BDT kg-1 and Aus: 24 BDT kg-1). The result indicates that only access to the fair price of the rough rice can ensure the economic sustainability of the rice production. Likewise, chances of having a negative net income of paddy rice in 2030 will be zero under the extrapolated yield (Aman: 5.3 kg ha-1, Boro: 6.3 kg ha-1 and Aus: 4.8 kg ha-1) and price (Aman: 31.75 BDT kg-1, Boro: 30.75 BDT kg-1 and Aus: 30 BDT kg-1). The findings indicate that rice cultivation in the three seasons will be economically sustainable, subject to achieving the expected genetic gain and ensuring access to the projected price. Thus, policy supports are needed to ensure farmers' access to a fair price, improve management practice, and strengthen research to enhance genetic gain for sustainable rice farming under future conditions. Bangladesh Rice J. 25 (1) : 101-110, 2021


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
muhammad emir khaerat
Keyword(s):  

Mekanisme Pasar dan Kebijakan Penetapan Harga Adil dalam Perspektif Ekonomi Islam. Berbeda dengan sistem konvensional, konsep Ekonomi Islam menegaskan bahwa mekanisme pasar dan penetapan harga perlu diatur untuk mene-gakkan keseimbangan pasar dan keadilanekonomi dengan memper-timbangkan kepentingan para pihak yang terlibat di pasar. Harga wajar dan adil (fair price) adalah harga yang diperoleh berdasarkan kekuatan penawaran (supply) dan permintaan (demand). Manakala terjadi tindakan-tindakan yang bersifat zhulm sehingga terjadi distorsi pasar atau harga tidak berada pada titik keseimbangannya, peme-rintah sangat berperan untuk mengambil kebijakan berupa penetapan harga dengan melihat faktor-faktor penyebab terjadinya distorsi tersebutdan mengembalikan harga pada titik keseimbangannya semula.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Isda Iskandar

This article, explain about how the mechanism of Islamic market, as we know that market is a place to exchange of goods or services. Islam, places the market on an important position on economy. Basically, Islamic Economy want a free market mechanism that can makes a fair price that obtained based on supply and demand, and there shouldn’t be disturbance that causes the market balance being damaged. But in reality, it’s a difficult thing to find a market that runs fairly. We call this condition market distortion. In the reality, market distortions still occur frequently, so that it can harm the parties involved as market participants.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Isda Iskandar

This article, explain about how the mechanism of Islamic market, as we know that market is a place to exchange of goods or services. Islam, places the market on an important position on economy. Basically, Islamic Economy want a free market mechanism that can makes a fair price that obtained based on supply and demand, and there shouldn’t be disturbance that causes the market balance being damaged. But in reality, it’s a difficult thing to find a market that runs fairly. We call this condition market distortion. In the reality, market distortions still occur frequently, so that it can harm the parties involved as market participants.


2021 ◽  
Vol 23 (07) ◽  
pp. 591-610
Author(s):  
Poonam Rawat ◽  
◽  
Dr. Parikshit Kala ◽  

Patanjali Ayurveda Limited is a successful Indian FMCG company headquartered in Haridwar, Uttarakhand, India. There are many factors that make the success story of Patanjali Ayurveda Ltd. The brand ambassador Yoga Guru Baba Ramdev, the Company’s swadeshi concept, its product quality and fair price offered by the company, and easy availability of the products in the market are a few of these factors. Patanjali Ayurveda Limited deals in various products segments like food products, Health care Products, and Personal Care Products. The present study has emphasized the perception and preferences of women consumers of Patanjali Ayurveda Limited towards its personal care products. The purpose of the present study is to examine the preferences and perceptions of women regarding the personal care products of Patanjali Ayurveda Limited. This paper will also attempt to investigate the women’s awareness level and also identify the factors which motivate a woman to purchase the personal care products of Patanjali over other brands. This study is empirical in nature and data is collected through questionnaire method by visiting Patanjali Stores in Haridwar district of Uttarakhand.


MUAMALATUNA ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
pp. 103
Author(s):  
Andri Sutrisno

Islam is revealed by Allah to regulate all forms of human behavior in dealing with other human beings to meet the needs of his life in the world. This includes the principles governing economic turnaround. In this case, one of the Islamic intellectuals, Ibn Taimiyah, has a concern in conceptualizing the economy through the approach of Islam. The study used descriptive qualitative research, in which researchers examined directly ibn taimiyah's books and several other supporting literature. In this study, researchers found that there are several concepts about islamic economy, namely fair price, market mechanism and price regulation that have some clear divisions in accordance with the concept of Islamic economy according to. Ibn Taymiyah.


Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document