energy aware
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2022 ◽  
Vol 18 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-34
Fan Yang ◽  
Ashok Samraj Thangarajan ◽  
Gowri Sankar Ramachandran ◽  
Wouter Joosen ◽  
Danny Hughes

Battery-free Internet-of-Things devices equipped with energy harvesting hold the promise of extended operational lifetime, reduced maintenance costs, and lower environmental impact. Despite this clear potential, it remains complex to develop applications that deliver sustainable operation in the face of variable energy availability and dynamic energy demands. This article aims to reduce this complexity by introducing AsTAR, an energy-aware task scheduler that automatically adapts task execution rates to match available environmental energy. AsTAR enables the developer to prioritize tasks based upon their importance, energy consumption, or a weighted combination thereof. In contrast to prior approaches, AsTAR is autonomous and self-adaptive, requiring no a priori modeling of the environment or hardware platforms. We evaluate AsTAR based on its capability to efficiently deliver sustainable operation for multiple tasks on heterogeneous platforms under dynamic environmental conditions. Our evaluation shows that (1) comparing to conventional approaches, AsTAR guarantees Sustainability by maintaining a user-defined optimum level of charge, and (2) AsTAR reacts quickly to environmental and platform changes, and achieves Efficiency by allocating all the surplus resources following the developer-specified task priorities. (3) Last, the benefits of AsTAR are achieved with minimal performance overhead in terms of memory, computation, and energy.

2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (2) ◽  
pp. 0-0

A novel secure energy aware game theory (SEGaT) method has proposed to have better coordination in wireless sensor actor networks. An actor has a cluster of sensor nodes which is required to perform different action based on the need that emerge in the network individually or sometime with coordination from other actors. The method has different stages for the fulfilment of these actions. Based on energy aware actor selection (EAAS), selection of number of actors and their approach is the initial step followed by the selection of best team of sensors with each actor to carry out the action and lastly the selection of reliable node within that team to finally nail the action into place in the network for its smooth working and minimum compromise in the energy The simulations are done in MATLAB and result of the energy and the packet delivery ratio are compared with game theory (GaT) and real time energy constraint (RTEC) method. The proposed protocol performs better in terms of energy consumption, packet delivery ratio as compared to its competitive protocols.

2022 ◽  
Vol 27 (1) ◽  
pp. 1-20
Jingyu He ◽  
Yao Xiao ◽  
Corina Bogdan ◽  
Shahin Nazarian ◽  
Paul Bogdan

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) have rapidly become popular for monitoring, delivery, and actuation in many application domains such as environmental management, disaster mitigation, homeland security, energy, transportation, and manufacturing. However, the UAV perception and navigation intelligence (PNI) designs are still in their infancy and demand fundamental performance and energy optimizations to be eligible for mass adoption. In this article, we present a generalizable three-stage optimization framework for PNI systems that (i) abstracts the high-level programs representing the perception, mining, processing, and decision making of UAVs into complex weighted networks tracking the interdependencies between universal low-level intermediate representations; (ii) exploits a differential geometry approach to schedule and map the discovered PNI tasks onto an underlying manycore architecture. To mine the complexity of optimal parallelization of perception and decision modules in UAVs, this proposed design methodology relies on an Ollivier-Ricci curvature-based load-balancing strategy that detects the parallel communities of the PNI applications for maximum parallel execution, while minimizing the inter-core communication; and (iii) relies on an energy-aware mapping scheme to minimize the energy dissipation when assigning the communities onto tile-based networks-on-chip. We validate this approach based on various drone PNI designs including flight controller, path planning, and visual navigation. The experimental results confirm that the proposed framework achieves 23% flight time reduction and up to 34% energy savings for the flight controller application. In addition, the optimization on a 16-core platform improves the on-time visit rate of the path planning algorithm by 14% while reducing 81% of run time for ConvNet visual navigation.

Sensors ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (2) ◽  
pp. 660
Marios Avgeris ◽  
Dimitrios Spatharakis ◽  
Dimitrios Dechouniotis ◽  
Aris Leivadeas ◽  
Vasileios Karyotis ◽  

Mobile applications are progressively becoming more sophisticated and complex, increasing their computational requirements. Traditional offloading approaches that use exclusively the Cloud infrastructure are now deemed unsuitable due to the inherent associated delay. Edge Computing can address most of the Cloud limitations at the cost of limited available resources. This bottleneck necessitates an efficient allocation of offloaded tasks from the mobile devices to the Edge. In this paper, we consider a task offloading setting with applications of different characteristics and requirements, and propose an optimal resource allocation framework leveraging the amalgamation of the edge resources. To balance the trade-off between retaining low total energy consumption, respecting end-to-end delay requirements and load balancing at the Edge, we additionally introduce a Markov Random Field based mechanism for the distribution of the excess workload. The proposed approach investigates a realistic scenario, including different categories of mobile applications, edge devices with different computational capabilities, and dynamic wireless conditions modeled by the dynamic behavior and mobility of the users. The framework is complemented with a prediction mechanism that facilitates the orchestration of the physical resources. The efficiency of the proposed scheme is evaluated via modeling and simulation and is shown to outperform a well-known task offloading solution, as well as a more recent one.

Network ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 2 (1) ◽  
pp. 36-52
Miguel Rosendo ◽  
Jorge Granjal

The constant evolution in communication infrastructures will enable new Internet of Things (IoT) applications, particularly in areas that, up to today, have been mostly enabled by closed or proprietary technologies. Such applications will be enabled by a myriad of wireless communication technologies designed for all types of IoT devices, among which are the Long-Range Wide-Area Network (LoRaWAN) or other Low-power and Wide-Area Networks (LPWAN) communication technologies. This applies to many critical environments, such as industrial control and healthcare, where wireless communications are yet to be broadly adopted. Two fundamental requirements to effectively support upcoming critical IoT applications are those of energy management and security. We may note that those are, in fact, contradictory goals. On the one hand, many IoT devices depend on the usage of batteries while, on the other hand, adequate security mechanisms need to be in place to protect devices and communications from threats against their stability and security. With thismotivation in mind, we propose a solution to address the management, in tandem, of security and energy in LoRaWAN IoT communication environments. We propose and evaluate an architecture in the context of which adaptation logic is used to manage security and energy dynamically, with the goal of guaranteeing appropriate security, while promoting the lifetime of constrained sensing devices. The proposed solution was implemented and experimentally evaluated and was observed to successfully manage security and energy. Security and energy are managed in line with the requirements of the application at hand, the characteristics of the constrained sensing devices employed and the detection, as well as the threat, of particular types of attacks.

2022 ◽  
Tahereh Abbasi-khazaei ◽  
Mohammad Hossein Rezvani

Abstract One of the most important concerns of cloud service providers is balancing renewable and fossil energy consumption. On the other hand, the policy of organizations and governments is to reduce energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions in cloud data centers. Recently, a lot of research has been conducted to optimize the Virtual Machine (VM) placement on physical machines to minimize energy consumption. Many previous studies have not considered the deadline and scheduling of IoT tasks. Therefore, the previous modelings are mainly not well-suited to the IoT environments where requests are time-constraint. Unfortunately, both the sub-problems of energy consumption minimization and scheduling fall into the category of NP-hard issues. In this study, we propose a multi-objective VM placement to joint minimizing energy costs and scheduling. After presenting a modified memetic algorithm, we compare its performance with baseline methods as well as state-of-the-art ones. The simulation results on the CloudSim platform show that the proposed method can reduce energy costs, carbon footprints, SLA violations, and the total response time of IoT requests.

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