chitosan solution
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2022 ◽  
Vol 177 ◽  
pp. 114541
Juntima Chungsiriporn ◽  
Piyaporn Khunthongkaew ◽  
Yutthawee Wongnoipla ◽  
Arrisa Sopajarn ◽  
Seppo Karrila ◽  

2022 ◽  
Alfredo Junior Paiola Albrecht Junior ◽  
Leandro Paiola Albrecht ◽  
Henrique Lovatel Villetti ◽  
Vinicius Gabriel Caneppele Pereira ◽  
Giovana Orso ◽  

Abstract Chitosan is a natural heterogeneous polymer, non-toxic and find many potential applications in agriculture. The search of a biopolymer to replace the synthetic agrochemicals, the effects of foliar application of chitosan solution on agronomic performance under field experiments have been investigated in two consecutive harvests (2014/2015 and 2015) of soybean and maize. Two chitosan concentrations (0.5 and 1%) were sprayed four times during the culture development and the evaluation was based on morphological characteristics, growth and yield components. Seeds were collected to determine the content of macro- and micronutrients. Results revealed that most of the morphological and growth parameters (plant height, leaf number per plant) and yield attributes were not increased with the chitosan treatment in soybean and maize. The soybean treated with foliar application of chitosan 0.5% increased the accumulation of nitrogen by 9.14% when compared with the water treatment, but the effect was not consistent in both seasons and cultivars. The values of the other nutrients did not change the content. Maize plants treated with chitosan (0.5% or 1%) significantly decreased the boron concentration by 66.7% in the grains analyzed and may have influenced the plant development (height) without altering the other agronomic parameters. Therefore, whereas the climatic conditions in these two seasons were stable and biotic or abiotic stresses were not observed, foliar application of chitosan solution did not present differences that could establish a pattern of behavior in field experiments conducted by two harvests.

Biomimetics ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 7 (1) ◽  
pp. 10
Alexander Pestov ◽  
Yuliya Privar ◽  
Arseny Slobodyuk ◽  
Andrey Boroda ◽  
Svetlana Bratskaya

Here we demonstrate the possibility of using acyclic diethylacetal of acetaldehyde (ADA) with low cytotoxicity for the fabrication of hydrogels via Schiff bases formation between chitosan and acetaldehyde generated in situ from acetals in chitosan acetate solution. This approach is more convenient than a direct reaction between chitosan and acetaldehyde due to the better commercial availability and higher boiling point of the acetals. Rheological data confirmed the formation of intermolecular bonds in chitosan solution after the addition of acetaldehyde diethyl acetal at an equimolar NH2: acetal ratio. The chemical structure of the reaction products was determined using elemental analysis and 13C NMR and FT-IR spectroscopy. The formed chitosan-acetylimine underwent further irreversible redox transformations yielding a mechanically stable hydrogel insoluble in a broad pH range. The reported reaction is an example of when an inappropriate selection of acid type for chitosan dissolution prevents hydrogel formation.

RSC Advances ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 899-906
F. A. Sewid ◽  
K. I. Annas ◽  
A. Dubavik ◽  
A. V. Veniaminov ◽  
V. G. Maslov ◽  

A CdSe/ZnS QD-TPP nanocomposite and energy transfer from QDs to (i) TPP monomers to oxygen generating singlet oxygen (SO) and (ii) TPP aggregates cannot generate SO in chitosan solution.

2021 ◽  
Vol 55 (9-10) ◽  
pp. 1083-1094

The aim of the present work has been to study the influence of chitosan addition into the composition of paper intended for documents on its ageing stability, with a view of enhancing the resistance of paper strength and optical properties over time. The chitosan solution was added during the formation of the paper sheets in various amounts: 0.2%, 1% and 2% o.d.f. Paper samples of different fibrous compositions were prepared from bleached sulphate softwood pulp (BSWP) and bleached sulphate hardwood pulp (BHWP) in the following ratios: 50% BSWP:50% BHWP, 80% BSWP:20% BHWP, 100% BSWP and 100% BHWP. Then, paper samples were subjected to accelerated thermal ageing for 24 hours at 105 °C. It was found that the use of chitosan as additive in the composition of bleached cellulose paper samples led to improved strength and hygroscopic properties. The study showed that chitosan could be used in the production of kraft document papers comprising aluminium sulphate, as the presence of aluminium sulphate had no negative effect on the action of the biopolymer. Regarding the complex evaluation of the properties of the obtained papers, it could be summarized that, for the studied fibrous compositions, the optimum amount of the additive was 1% chitosan for a fibrous composition of 50% bleached softwood pulp and 50% bleached hardwood cellulose. Therefore, preparing document paper with the addition of chitosan is a convenient procedure to enhance a number of paper properties, even after the ageing process.

2021 ◽  
Vol 63 (6) ◽  
pp. 749-756
I. S. Chashchin ◽  
M. S. Rubina ◽  
N. A. Arkharova ◽  
M. A. Pigaleva

Abstract Polymer sponges based on chitosan are first obtained from chitosan solutions in carbonic acid and gels based on these solutions crosslinked by a noncytotoxic agent of natural origin, genipin. A comparative analysis of the structure and mechanical strength properties of sponges prepared from chitosan solutions in carbonic and acetic acids is carried out. It is shown that the addition of genipin in an amount of ~2 wt % to a chitosan solution in carbonic acid leads to a decrease in the average pore size by ~2.5 times and a significant increase in the strength characteristics of the material in comparison with the sponge prepared without genipin.

2021 ◽  
Vol 16 (3) ◽  
pp. 200-213
Inasabrilla Hendar Dahayu ◽  
Djalal Rosyidi

Chicken meat is a nutritious food that can increase immunity but has perishable food properties that are easily damaged so it is necessary to add preservatives, namely chitosan as an edible coating to protect the meat from microbial contamination. Gourami (Osphronemus goramy) scales have the potential to be processed as chitosan. Through 3 stages, namely deproteination, demineralization, and deacetylation. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of adding chitosan with gourami fish scales and cloves as an edible coating on the quality of raw chicken meat at room temperature for 9 h. This study used a factorial completely randomized design (3×3), with factor A: concentration of chitosan solution (0%, 1%, and 2%) and factor B: concentration of clove solution (0%, 1%, and 2%) and repeated 3 times. The results showed that the control treatment without clove and chitosan after 9 h of storage at room temperature had a significant difference in effect on the treated samples. The best treatment was found in the interaction of 2% chitosan (K2) and 2% cloves (C2) with microbial contamination of 2×10 5 CFU/g so that it still meets the standards of the National Standardization Agency (BSN) namely, chicken meat has a maximum requirement of 1×106 CFU/g, which can maintain the quality of meat, both in terms of pH, water content, and acceptability of organoleptic values which are still favored by panelists.

2021 ◽  
Vol 1047 ◽  
pp. 97-102
Nattanicha Khamsao ◽  
Kornkamon Waengwan ◽  
Sunisorn Konchai ◽  
Poonnapat Patthong ◽  
Bpantamars Phadungchob ◽  

Seedling bags are low cost and light weight containers used by farmers to germinate and sprout seeds into seedlings before transplanting into the ground. However, cutting and removing seedling bags before the transplantation can damage the plant roots and cause losses in their productivity. In addition, plastics used in conventional seedling bags contribute to more plastic waste during this process. This study offers a solution to these problems with alternative biodegradable materials; i.e. modified papers made from an invasive alien aquatic plant species—water hyacinth—and enhanced with Chitosan solution coating. Papers were made from water hyacinth and dipped or sprayed with Chitosan solution in acetic acid at concentrations of 1% wt., 1.5% wt., and 2% wt. The dipping method showed better water barrier properties than the spraying method in every concentration, with 2% wt. concentration having the best barrier properties. The 2% wt. concentration of Chitosan coating by dipping method changed the water contact angle of the water hyacinth paper from a hydrophilic to a hydrophobic surface. This enhancement in water resistance was confirmed by water absorption time, which reached over 1.5 hours—3 times longer than the spraying method.

2021 ◽  
Vol 1195 (1) ◽  
pp. 012021
N Rosli ◽  
H-S Loh ◽  
C L Chiang ◽  
S S Lim

Abstract Chitosan-based scaffolds have been reported to promote cellular activities but lack mechanical strength which is much sought after for bone regeneration. The current research work aided to reinforce chitosan-based scaffolds with tiger milk mushroom (TMM) powder, a naturally occurring polysaccharide. Scaffolds of chitosan-titanium oxide nanotubes (TNTs) reinforced with tiger milk mushroom (TMM-CTNTs) were fabricated via direct-blending and freeze-drying methods. Prior to that, TNTs were hydrothermally synthesized and blended with chitosan solution and TMM powder at 1-5 weight percent (wt %). The pore size, microstructure, porosity, swelling, degradation, compressive modulus and functional groups of resultant scaffolds were characterized. These cylindrical scaffolds of TMM-CTNTs showed pore size of 48 – 68 μm. The addition of TMM from 3 wt% to 5 wt% in scaffolds reduced the porosity from 81.7 % to 79.9 %. The compressive modulus of 3 wt%-5 wt% TMM-CTNTs scaffolds increased %from 0.013 MPa – 0.038 MPa. The incorporation of TMM influenced the swelling property of scaffolds. The swelling percentage of TMM-CTNTs reduced from 400% to 373% as TMM powder was introduced from 1 wt% to 5 wt%. The degradation ratio increased from 0.959% to 2.385 % as TMM powder was introduced from 1 wt% to 5 wt%. The Fourier-Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectra of TMM-CTNTs scaffolds revealed the presence of β-glucan which verified that the processing methods in this study preserved the medicinal property of TMM. A preliminary in vitro test, MTT assay, was used to study proliferation rate of MG63 (osteoblast-like cells) cultured on TMM-CTNTs scaffolds with different weight percent of TMM. Notably, the cells proliferation of MG63 showed high biocompatibility at 3 days of culture.

Water ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (18) ◽  
pp. 2480
Heejun Kang ◽  
Saerom Park ◽  
Bokjin Lee ◽  
Jaehwan Ahn ◽  
Seogku Kim

Sewage treatment can remove more than 90% of microplastics, yet large amounts of microplastics are discharged into the ocean. Because microfibers (MFs), primarily generated from the washing of synthetic clothes, are the most abundant type of microplastics among various microplastics detected in the sewage treatment, reducing the amount of MFs entering these treatment plants is necessary. This study aimed to test whether the amount of MFs released from the washing process can be reduced by applying a chitosan pretreatment to the garments before washing. Before the chitosan pretreatment, the polyester clothes released 148 MFs/L, whereas 95% of MFs were reduced after the chitosan pretreatment with 0.7% of chitosan solution. The chitosan pretreatment was applied to other types of garments, such as polyamide and acrylic garments, by treating them with 0.7% of chitosan solution; subsequently, MFs reduced by 48% and 49%, respectively. A morphology analysis conducted after washing revealed that chitosan coating on the polyamide and acrylic were more damaged than on polyester, suggesting that the binding strength of polyamide and acrylic with chitosan was weaker than that of polyester garment. Thus, the results suggested that the chitosan pretreatment might be a promising solution for reducing the amount of MFs generated in the laundering process.

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