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Agriculture ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 117
Marcelo A. Guancha-Chalapud ◽  
Liliana Serna-Cock ◽  
Diego F. Tirado

Colombia is the world’s largest producer of fique fibers (Furcraea bedinghausii), with a net production of 30,000 tons per year. This work proposes to revalue waste from the Colombian fique agroindustry. For this purpose, cellulose nanofibers were obtained from fique and used as reinforcement material to create acrylic superabsorbent hydrogels. Unreinforced acrylic hydrogels (AHR0) and acrylic hydrogels reinforced with fique nanofibers at 3% w/w (AHR3), 5% w/w (AHR5), and 10 % w/w (AHR10) were synthesized using the solution polymerization method. The best hydrogel formulation for agricultural purposes was chosen by comparing their swelling behavior, mechanical properties, and using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). By raising the nanofiber concentration to 3% (AHR3), the best-chosen formulation, the interaction between the nanofibers and the polymer matrix increased, which favored the network stability. However, beyond AHR3, there was a higher viscosity of the reactive system, which caused a reduction in the mobility of the polymer chains, thus disfavoring the swelling capacity. The reinforced hydrogel proposed in this study (AHR3) could represent a contribution to overcoming the problems of land dryness present in Colombia, an issue that will worsen in the coming years due to the climate emergency.

Jiang Guo ◽  
Zhuoran Chen ◽  
Xiaojian Xu ◽  
Xu Li ◽  
Hu Liu ◽  

AbstractIn this work, the engineered polyaniline (PANI)/epoxy composites reinforced with PANI-M (physical mixture of PANI spheres and fibers) exhibit significantly enhanced electromagnetic wave absorption performance and mechanical property. Due to the synergistic effect of PANI fillers with different geometries, the reflection loss of 10.0 wt% PANI-M/epoxy could reach − 36.8 dB at 17.7 GHz. Meanwhile, the mechanical properties (including tensile strength, toughness, and flexural strength) of PANI/epoxy were systematically studied. Compared with pure epoxy, the tensile strength of epoxy with 2.0 wt% PANI-M was improved to 86.2 MPa. Moreover, the PANI spheres (PANI-S) and PANI fibers (PANI-F) were prepared by the chemical oxidation polymerization method and interface polymerization method, respectively. The characterizations including scanning electron microscope, Fourier transform infrared spectra, and X-ray diffraction were applied to analyze the morphology and chemical and crystal structures of PANI filler. This work could provide the guideline for the preparation of advanced engineered epoxy nanocomposites for electromagnetic wave pollution treatment. Graphical abstract

2022 ◽  
Vol 1048 ◽  
pp. 141-146
Madihally Nagaraja ◽  
Geetha Thippeswamy ◽  
Sushma Prashanth ◽  
Jayadev Pattar ◽  
Mahesh Hampapatna Mahesh

Composite of polyaniline-MgCl has been synthesized using oxidative polymerization method. Synthesized samples were characterized for structural analysis using FTIR and XRD. Morphological studies were carried by SEM micrographs. Current-Voltage (I-V) properties are obtained through Kiethly source meter. FTIR spectrum of polyaniline-MgCl composite indicates all the characteristic peaks of polyaniline. X-ray diffraction patterns represented the amorphous nature of polyaniline-MgCl composite. SEM micrographs confirmed the presence of MgCl particles in polyaniline matrix. I-V characteristics have shown the ohmic type behavior of polyaniline and polyaniline-MgCl composite.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 58
Yuefei Wang ◽  
Renjing Song ◽  
Li Li ◽  
Rongpeng Fu ◽  
Zhiguo Liu ◽  

The authors report that polypyrrole (PPy) films with large area and high crystalline quality have been achieved using an interfacial chemical oxidation method. By dissolving different reactants in two immiscible solvents, the PPy is synthetized at the interface region of the two solutions. The PPy films have sharp XRD diffraction peaks, indicating that the molecular chains in the film are arranged in a high degree of order and that they reflect high crystalline quality. High crystal quality is also conducive to improving electrical conductivity. The conductivity of the as prepared PPy film is about 0.3 S/cm, and the carrier mobility is about 5 cm2/(Vs). In addition, the biggest advantage of this method is that the prepared PPy film has a large area and is easy to transfer to other substrates. This will confidently broaden the application of PPy in the future.

Polymers ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (24) ◽  
pp. 4428
Tamara Potlog ◽  
Ion Lungu ◽  
Pavel Tiuleanu ◽  
Stefan Robu

This paper focuses on the linking of zinc phthalocyanine (ZnPc) to N-vinylpyrrolidone (N-VP): acryloyl chloride (ClAC) copolymer. The synthesis of binary N-VP:ClAC copolymer was performed by the radical polymerization method and then grafted to ZnPc by the Friedel Crafts acylation reaction. We have developed a water-soluble ZnPc:ClAC:N-VP photosensitizer with a narrow absorption band at 970 nm, fluorescence at λem = 825 nm and the decay fluorescence profile with 3-decay relatively longer times of 1.2 µs, 4.6 µs, and 37 µs. The concentration-dependent dark cytotoxicity investigated in normal fibroblasts (NHDF), malignant melanoma (MeWo), adenocarcinoma (HeLa), and hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG2) cell lines incubated to increased concentrations of ZnPc:ClAC:N-VP (up to 40 μM) for 24 h in the dark show low cytotoxicity. Maximum cell viability in HeLa and HepG2 tumor cell lines was observed.

2021 ◽  
Mark Palmquist ◽  
Max Gruschka ◽  
Jovelt Dorsainvil ◽  
Abigail Delawder ◽  
Tiana Saak ◽  

Although on-demand cargo release has been demonstrated in a wide range of microparticle platforms, many existing methods lack specific loading interactions and/or undergo permanent damage to the microparticle to release the cargo. Here, we report a novel method for electrostatically loading negatively charged molecular cargo in oligoviologen-crosslinked microparticles, wherein the cargo can be released upon activation by visible light. A water-in-oil (W/O) emulsion polymerization method was used to fabricate narrowly dispersed microparticles crosslinked by a dicationic viologen-based dimer and a poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate. A zinc-tetraphenyl porphyrin photocatalyst was also polymerized into the microparticle and used to photochemically reduce the viologen subunits to their monoradical cations through a visible-light-mediated photoredox mechanism with triethanolamine (TEOA) as a sacrificial reductant. The microparticles were characterized by microscopy methods revealing uniform, spherical microparticles 481 ± 20.9 nm in diameter. Negatively charged molecular cargo (methyl orange, MO) was electrostatically loaded into the microparticles through counteranion metathesis. Upon irradiation with blue (450 nm) light, the photo-reduced viologen crosslinker subunits lose positive charges, resulting in release of the anionic MO cargo. Controlled release of the dye, as tracked by absorption spectroscopy, was observed over time, yielding release of up to 40% of the cargo in 2d and 60% in 5d in single dynamic dialysis experiment. However, full release of cargo was achieved upon transferring the microparticles to a fresh TEOA solution after the initial 5d period.

Hui Wang ◽  
Changyong Yuan ◽  
Kaili Lin ◽  
Rui Zhu ◽  
Shilei Zhang

Nowadays, 3D printing technology has been applied in dentistry to fabricate customized implants. However, the biological performance is unsatisfactory. Polydopamine (PDA) has been used to immobilize bioactive agents on implant surfaces to endow them with multiple properties, such as anti-infection and pro-osteogenesis, benefiting rapid osseointegration. Herein, we fabricated a PDA coating on a 3D-printed implant surface (3D-PDA) via the in situ polymerization method. Then the 3D-PDA implants’ pro-osteogenesis capacity and the osseointegration performance were evaluated in comparison with the 3D group. The in vitro results revealed that the PDA coating modification increased the hydrophilicity of the implants, promoting the improvement of the adhesion, propagation, and osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) in vitro. Additionally, the 3D-PDA implant improved osteointegration performance in vivo. The present study suggested that PDA coating might be a feasible strategy to optimize 3D-printed implant surfaces, making a preliminary research basis for the subsequent work to immobilize bioactive factors on the 3D-printed implant surface.

2021 ◽  
pp. 191-201
Muktikanta Panigrahi ◽  
Basudam Adhikari ◽  

Polyaniline (PANI) nonofibriles have been successfully synthesised by simple chemical-oxidation polymerization method using aniline as a predecessor at room temperature. It was synthesized using H3PO4 dopants. The structure, chemical groups, and electronic transition were investigated by SEM, FTIR, and UV Visible. We present the methane gas response of as-prepared H3PO4 doped DL−PLA/PANI-ES composite film at different concentration. The percentage (%) methane gas response was found to be 9 % at 500ppm.

Polymers ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (22) ◽  
pp. 4004
Junsik Nam ◽  
Eunkyung Jeon ◽  
Su-Young Moon ◽  
Ji-Woong Park

Copolyurea networks (co-UNs) were synthesized via crosslinking polymerization of a mixture of tetrakis(4-aminophenyl)methane (TAPM) and melamine with hexamethylene diisocyanate (HDI) using the organic sol-gel polymerization method. The subsequent thermal treatment of between 200 and 400 °C induced the sintering of the powdery polyurea networks to form porous frameworks via urea bond rearrangement and the removal of volatile hexamethylene moieties. Incorporating melamine into the networks resulted in a higher nitrogen content and micropore ratio, whereas the overall porosity decreased with the melamine composition. The rearranged network composed of the tetraamine/melamine units in an 80:20 ratio showed the highest carbon dioxide adsorption quantity at room temperature. The results show that optimizing the chemical structure and porosity of polyurea-based networks can lead to carbon dioxide adsorbents working at elevated temperatures.

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