lexical cohesion
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2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (2) ◽  
pp. 118-127
Fathurrohman Gala Sanca ◽  
Erna Megawati ◽  
Azhari Ikhwati

The purpose of this study is to describe the kind of grammatical and lexical cohesion that used in education articles written by Syarifudin Yunus. The method that used in this study is qualitative descriptive method. Data source that used in this study are 24 education articles written by Syarifudin Yunus at Kompasiana.com web page in 2019 until 2020 year range. Technic that used in this study is basic technique of agih method or also called the BUL technique (For Direct Elements). The results of this study showed that there are four aspects of grammatical cohesions. The finding percentage of grammatical cohesion of this study are 54.4% conjunctions aspect, 35.4% references aspect, 6.1% substitutions aspect, and 4.1% ellipsis aspect. Besides, there are six lexical cohesion that found in this study. The percentage of lexical cohesions in this study are 63.5% repetition aspects, 14% equivalency aspects, 8.8% collocation aspects, 7.2% synonym aspects, 3.8% hyponyim aspects, and 2.7% antonym aspects. This study can be implicated for Indonesian language learning at junior high school and senior high school.Keywords: Grammatical cohesion; lexical cohesion; discourse.

2021 ◽  
Vol 5 (2) ◽  
pp. 144-154
Puji Anto ◽  
Fauzi Rahman ◽  
Sahrul Umami

Cohesion is very important in a discourse to combine sentences and between sentences. One of the elements that can be used as a measure of a discourse is cohesive or cannot be seen from the use of cohesion. The short story entitled Nasi Aking for Presidential Candidates by Manaf Maulana was chosen as the object of research because the text uses a lot of cohesion markers, both lexical and grammatical, so it is necessary to identify what types of cohesion exist. The results of the research will be used as a medium for learning discourse. The approach used in this research is a qualitative descriptive approach. The data source used is a short story with the title Nasi Aking for Presidential Candidates by Manaf Maulana. The research data are discourse texts which allegedly apply a certain type of cohesion. The technique used to collect data is the listening and note-taking technique. Data analysis in this study used the agih method. The results of this study show that there are several types of cohesion, such as lexical cohesion including reiteration and collocation, while grammatical cohesion includes conjunctions, substitutions, ellipsis, and references. Based on the description of the recapitulation table of the analysis of the entire paragraph, the most data that has been found from 25 sentence pairs in the short story "Nasi Aking for Presidential Candidates" by Manaf Maulana which was obtained from NOVA magazine edition: 1370/XXVII May 26 - June 2014 is, lexical cohesion which has relationship of repetition repetition of repetition is the same as exact.Keywords: Wacana, Lexical and Grammatical Cohesion, Short Stories, Learning Media

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (12) ◽  
pp. 1709-1716
Shifang Li ◽  
Yifan Wang

This study analyzes the textual cohesion of Criminal Procedure Law of the People’s Republic of China from the perspective view of Cohesion Theory. According to the data analysis, the study indicates that, in this legal text, the means of cohesion occurs totally 792 times, among which grammatical cohesion takes a large proportion, that is, 83.9%, while lexical cohesion takes the ration of 16.1%. In the lexical cohesion, the repetition is used much more frequently, followed by the means of hyponymy/meronymy, synonymy/antonymy and collocation, taking the ratio of 0.8%, 0.5% and 0.4% respectively. Thus, we can know from the statistics that cohesion is an important feature of the Chinese legal text. It connects the syntactic grammar and the lexicons into together closely in the Chinese legal Articles. Therefore, the paper points out that a proper understanding of the cohesive devices in the Chinese legal text is significant to legal draftsmen and social scientists in the field of language and the law, for they might improve the text quality of their work with it.

2021 ◽  
Vol 4 (3) ◽  
pp. 312
Siti Wahyuni ◽  
Oom Rohmah Syamsudin

<p><strong>Abstract</strong>: This study aimed to find out the usage of coherence and cohesion on the Students’ Descriptive Texts, especially in ten grader students at state senior high school in Cirebon. This study adopted thematic progression analysis to explore coherence in the students’ Descriptive text. This study was a qualitative study that used content analysis. The technique of collecting data was documentation from 46 students writing descriptive texts. The procedures were firstly collecting data, analyzing data, presenting data, and concluding the result of the study. Based on the analyzed data,1) 46 students’ writing descriptive text had grown the writing as the series of the stage in the descriptive text, using Identification and Description. Then, in analyzing coherence 2) 76% students got the coherence level is good, there are 19% in Fair, there are 2% in Less and 3% in Poor and in analyzing cohesion 3) there are 1052 cohesion markers that consist of 852 findings markers of grammatical cohesion (596 findings markers reference and 256 markers conjunction) and 200 markers of lexical cohesion (200 markers repetition).<br /><strong>Keywords</strong>: series of stage, coherence, cohesion</p>

Uun Yemima Situmorang ◽  
I Wayan Pastika ◽  
I Made Madia

This study discusses cohesion, coherence, and schematic in the text of the Bali Post reader's letters. Reader's letters contain short letters written by the public with topics that are in accordance with the current situation and related to the public interest. The choice of topics related to Covid-19 is due to the fact that currently many people are writing their complaints due to the Covid-19 pandemic or expressions of praise related to handling Covid-19 which are conveyed through letters to readers of Bali Post. The reader's letter written by the community is interesting to analyze in terms of cohesion, coherence and schematic. The purpose of this study was to determine the tools of cohesion, coherence and schematic of the text of the Bali Post reader's letter. The methods and techniques of data collection used in this study are the method of listening to the technique of note taking. At the data analysis stage, the distribution method and the matching method were used with the deletion and substitution techniques. The theoretical basis used in this research is discourse theory in which there is cohesion proposed by Halliday and R. Hasan (1976:4), coherence proposed by Kridalaksana (in Mulyana, 2005:32) and schematic/superstructure analysis. proposed by Van Dijk (in Eriyanto, 2012:229). Based on the analysis, the following results were found. First, it was found the use of cohesion tools, both grammatical cohesion consisting of reference, substitution, deletion, and concatenation as well as lexical cohesion consisting of repetition, word equivalents, opposites, synonyms, and equivalence. Second, the elements of coherence found include cause-and-effect relationships, means-result relationships, cause-reason relationships, means-end relationships, conclusions-setting relationships, slack-result relationships, conditional-result relationships, comparative relationships, and relationships paraphrastic, amplification relationship, time/temporal additive relationship, nontime/temporal additive relationship, identification relationship, generic-specific relationship, and like relationship. Third, a schematic of the text was found consisting of a title structure, opening structure, content structure, and closing structure.  

2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (3) ◽  
pp. 23-53
Zubairu Malah

Numerous studies have revealed how Lexical Cohesion supported the fulfilment of political leaders’ persuasion intention in their rhetoric. The purpose of this study was to cross-culturally explore President Obama’s and President Buhari’s Inaugural Speeches to examine the impact of culture on the persuasive functions of Lexical Cohesion in their rhetoric. Therefore, while drawing on Pragmatics, the study adopted a qualitative discourse analysis approach, utilised an eclectic framework of Lexical Cohesion based on Hoey (1991), Martin (1992) and Eggins (2004) to analyse Obama’s and Buhari’s first inaugural speeches. The findings indicate, on one hand, that although Obama deployed more categories and more frequencies of Lexical Cohesion than Buhari did, ‘Repetition’ (50%) was the most dominant source of Lexical Cohesion in each of the two speeches. Moreover, the most reiterated item in the two speeches were personal pronouns, where Obama mostly repeated the pronoun ‘we’, which had inclusive function, and Buhari mostly repeated ‘I’ and the exclusive ‘we’. On the other hand, the findings suggest that Obama utilised Lexical Cohesion mainly for ‘emotional appeals’, ‘audience involvement’, and ‘credibility-building strategies’; while Buhari used Lexical Cohesion for ‘emphasizing his (and his team’s) personal commitment’, ‘building his credibility’, and ‘demonizing past administrations’. Finally, in the light of these findings, the study has drawn two major conclusions: (1) that on the preponderance of repetition of personal pronouns in both the two speeches, the findings suggest that the generic conventions of the use of personalised English in the inaugural address outweigh any culture-specific discourse practices of the two communities; (2) that Obama’s strategies of emotional appeals and audience involvement that enabled him to ‘speak along with his audience’, which contrast with Buhari’s strategies of emphasizing personal commitment and audience-exclusive tone that made him to ‘speak alone’, seem to have rendered Obama’s speech more interactional and more audience-engaging than Buhari’s speech.   

2021 ◽  
Valentyna Parashchuk ◽  
Laryssa Yarova ◽  
Stepan Parashchuk

Automated text complexity assessment tools are of enormous practical value in solving the time-consuming task of analyzing English informational texts for their complexity at the pre-reading stage. The present study depicts the application of the automated text analysis system the TextEvaluator as an effective tool that helps analyze texts on eight dimensions of text complexity as follows: syntactic complexity; academic vocabulary; word unfamiliarity; word concreteness; lexical cohesion; interactive style; level of argumentation; degree of narrativity, with further summarizing them with an overall genre-dependent complexity score. This research examines the complexity dimensions of English informational texts of four genres – legal, linguistic, news, and medical – that are used for teaching reading comprehension to EFL (English as a foreign language) pre-service teachers and translators at universities in Ukraine. The data obtained with the help of the TextEvaluator has shown that English legal texts are the most difficult for reading comprehension in comparison to linguistic, news, and medical texts. In contrast, medical texts are the least challenging out of the four genres compared. The TextEvaluator has provided insight into the complexity of English informational texts across their different genres that would be useful for assembling the corpora of reading passages scaled on specific dimensions of text complexity that predict text difficulty to EFL pre-service teachers and translators.

2021 ◽  
Vol 1 (7) ◽  
pp. 909-921
Fauziyyah Zahra Swandalia ◽  
Suparno ◽  
Novi Eka Susilowati

Abstract: This study aims to describe the cohesion markers used in news discourse written by eighth grade students of SMP Negeri 2 Jiwan. Because the data generated in this study is not in the form of numerical data, but word descriptions and is concerned with language forms, it uses a qualitative approach. This type of research includes discourse analysis research. This study collected the data from students' assignments in the form of news discourses made by graders of SMP Negeri 2 Jiwan which meet the indicators of essay selection. The data elicited are in the form of words, phrases, clauses, and clitics that indicate the use of cohesion markers from news discourse written by the student participants. As the results of the study, the use of grammatical cohesion markers and the use of lexical cohesion markers in students' news discourse are discovered. The results of the study can be used for other related research and can be used as a reference for teachers to improve students' mastery of cohesion markers. Keywords: discourse, cohesion, student essay Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan pemarkah kohesi yang digunakan dalam wacana berita karangan siswa kelas VIII SMP Negeri 2 Jiwan. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif, hal ini berkaitan dengan data yang dihasilkan berupa deskripsi kata-kata atau bersangkutan dengan bentuk bahasa, tidak berupa data angka. Jenis penelitian termasuk penelitian analisis wacana. Penelitian ini menggunakan sumber data dari tugas siswa berupa wacana berita karangan siswa kelas VIII SMP Negeri 2 Jiwan yang memenuhi indikator pemilihan karangan. Dari sumber data yang didapatkan, diambil data berupa kata, frasa, klausa, dan klitika yang menunjukkan penggunaan pemarkah kohesi dari wacana berita karangan siswa kelas VIII SMP Negeri 2 Jiwan. Hasil dari penelitian ini ditemukan adanya penggunaan pemarkah kohesi gramatikal dan penggunaan pemarkah kohesi leksikal dalam wacana berita karangan siswa. Hasil penelitian dapat digunakan untuk penelitian terkait lainnya dan dapat dijadikan acuan guru untuk meningkatkan penguasaan siswa terhadap pemarkah kohesi. Kata kunci: wacana, kohesi, karangan siswa

2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (2) ◽  
pp. 192-203
Tarina Dashela ◽  
Yeni Mustika

This research is about an analysis of cohesion and coherence in written text of line today about wedding Kahiyang Ayu and Bobby Nasution. It is aimed to analyze the term of cohesion and coherence in the following text. The descriptive analysis is used as the methodology. The data source is from Line Today. Through the text the researchers found the lexical cohesion, grammatical cohesion, and rhetorical cohesion in cohesion analysis. The text also involving the Micro-Level Coherence and Macro-Level Coherence. In conclusion, the result of analysis showed that the text is cohesive but not coherent enough.   Keyword: Analysis, Coherence,          Cohesion, Written Text

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