Special Needs
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2021 ◽  
pp. 238008442110202
M.A.W.T. Lim ◽  
S.A.C. Liberali ◽  
H. Calache ◽  
P. Parashos ◽  
G.L. Borromeo

Background: The South Australian Dental Service’s Special Needs Network was established to support oral health professionals working within their statewide government-funded dental service to treat patients with special needs. This study aimed to investigate how a structured network relationship with specialists in special needs dentistry influenced the willingness of dentists to treat this group of patients. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were used to explore the views of specialists and dentists involved in the South Australian Dental Service’s Special Needs Network. Inductive thematic analysis identified emerging themes enabling completion of a SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, threats) analysis. Results: Dentists felt that a strength of the Network was a greater sense of collegiality, particularly for those working in rural areas. Although the inability to get immediate advice was seen as a weakness, dentists felt a more structured relationship with specialists improved communication pathways and resulted in more timely care. The aging workforce, systemic barriers in the public dental system, such as productivity pressures and infrastructure, and the lack of support from other health professionals were seen as ongoing barriers and threats. Regardless, dentists identified the use of telehealth and visiting specialists as future opportunities. Specialists felt that the Network was a valuable resource but were skeptical about its effectiveness, feeling that a limitation was the ability of dentists to recognize the complexity of cases. Conclusions: Ongoing support from and communication with specialists in special needs dentistry through a structured network improved the perceived ability and willingness of dentists to treat patients with special needs. Knowledge Transfer Statement: This research suggests that providing support to dentists through a hub-and-spoke network that facilitates additional training, professional interaction, and improved communication with specialists in special needs dentistry may help overcome some of the current barriers to access to care experienced by individuals with special needs, particularly those associated with the willingness and capability of clinicians treat them.

2021 ◽  
Vol 0 (0) ◽  
Gina C. Obiakor ◽  
Kristen E. Obiakor ◽  
Festus E. Obiakor ◽  
Kevin Jones

Abstract Learners with special needs experience myriad problems in general and special education. These problems range from minor academic, social, emotional, and behavioral problems to major disenfranchisements, disadvantages, and disillusionments. In addition, these problems can be very intense. As a result, they call for innovative and creative techniques that include using the Church as a spiritual tool in educational activities. As educators and health professionals who are also Christians, we believe using the Church can assist in remediating the plights of these learners with special needs and in maximizing their fullest potential in school and in life. This is the focus of this article.

Agustín de la Herrán Gascón ◽  
Pablo Rodríguez Herrero ◽  
Isabel Rodríguez Peralta ◽  
Juan José Medina Rodríguez

2021 ◽  
pp. 146735842110227
Pedro Teixeira ◽  
Celeste Eusébio ◽  
Leonor Teixeira

Accessible tourism is a very important growth market that should not be ignored by the tourism industry, not only due to legal obligations and social responsibility but also because of business opportunities. However, people with special needs face various constraints in accessing tourism products. The absence of accessible information is one of the main barriers that people with special needs face when they intend to travel. The Internet represents one of the most important information sources in tourism. However, a limited number of studies examine the use of the Internet in the accessible tourism market, specifically website accessibility. To extend knowledge in this field, this study aims to analyse the website accessibility of hotels and Pousadas de Portugal located in the Central Region of Portugal. A sample of 306 websites was analysed based on Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0, using automatic web diagnostic tools (AccessMonitor and TAW). This analysis was performed considering the A, AA and AAA conformance levels of WCAG. Findings reveal that the web accessibility level of the hotels analysed is low, with the ‘Perceivable’ and ‘Robust’ guidelines being the most critical. Moreover, there are differences in the web accessibility levels in terms of hotel category. Contrary to what was expected, the higher category hotels present the lowest level of web accessibility. These results can help hotel managers and web designers to improve communication with an important growth market – accessible tourism.

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Diego Navarro-Mateu ◽  
Teresa Gómez-Domínguez ◽  
María Padrós Cuxart ◽  
Esther Roca-Campos

Across Europe, the enrolment of students with special educational needs in regular classrooms is increasing, although it does not always mean access to high quality educational experience. In this context, inclusive education has been enhanced in most educational systems, but its successful implementation is still limited and has become a challenge in most countries, and specially in secondary education, when segregation due to learning achievement is more frequent. Educational practices that take into account the potential of promoting learning interactions within heterogeneous groups of students have already demonstrated contributing to educational inclusion of students with special needs. In this study we analyse the case of a secondary education school located in Valencian Community (Spain), which educates students with special needs along with their typically developing peers and is characterized by its inclusive ethos. The analysis focuses on three educational strategies implemented in the school and their impact on educational improvement and inclusion of the students with special needs: (1) co-teaching, (2) interactive groups, (3) dialogic literary gatherings. Qualitative data were obtained from communicative focus groups with teachers, communicative life stories with students and relatives, communicative observations of the three educational strategies and documentary analysis. The findings show significant increase in the students' instrumental learning, as well as an improvement in these students' overall inclusion in the school.

2021 ◽  
Alicia Hernanz Lobo ◽  
Arantxa Berzosa ◽  
Lucía Escolano ◽  
Sara Pérez Muñoz ◽  
Nathalia Gerig ◽  

Abstract International adoption has declined in recent years, although international adoption of children with special needs arises. We aim to describe our experience in international adoption of children with special needs and to analyze the concordance between the pathologies included in pre-adoption reports and the diagnosis made upon arrival. We conducted a retrospective descriptive study including internationally adopted children with special needs evaluated at the reference unit of La Paz University Hospital (Madrid) between 2016-2019. Epidemiological and clinical variables were collected from medical records, and pre-adoption reports were compared to established diagnoses following their evaluation and complementary tests. Fifty-seven children were included: 36.8% females, median of age: 27 months [IQR: 17-39], mostly coming from China (63.2%) and Vietnam (31.6%). The main pathologies described in the pre-adoption reports were hematological (22.6%) and neurological (24.6%). The initial diagnosis that motivated the international adoption via special needs was confirmed in 79.0% of the children. After evaluation, 17.5% were diagnosed with weight and growth delay and 27.4% with microcephaly, not previously reported. Infectious diseases were also prevalent (29.8%). Only 7% provided a complete immunization schedule. Conclusion: According to this series, the pre-adoption reports appear accurate, with a very low rate of new diagnosis. Pre-existing conditions were confirmed in over 75% of cases. Complete evaluation upon arrival, including infectious diseases screening and close follow-up, ideally by experienced multidisciplinary teams in specialized units, is recommended to provide comprehensive care.

2021 ◽  
Vol 6 (1) ◽  
pp. 539-548
Rosyida Nurul Anwar

Pendidikan agama Islam yang diajarkan pada anak berkebutuhan khusus lazimnya dilakukan dengan manajemen pembelajaran yang matang. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui manajemen pembelajaran pendidikan agama Islam pada anak berkebutuhan khusus yang meliputi perencanaan, pelaksanaan dan evaluasi pada proses pembelajaran pendidikan agama Islam. Jenis penelitian menggunakan penelitian deskriptif dengan pendekatan kualitatif. Subjek pada penelitian sebanyak 31 guru yang terdiri dari 2 kepala sekolah dan 29 guru. Metode pengumpulan data melalui observasi, wawancara dan dokumentasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perencanaan pembelajaran pendidikan agama Islam pada anak berkebutuhan khusus melibatkan seluruh komponen yaitu guru, siswa, tujuan, sumber belajar dan hasil belajar. Pelaksanaan pembelajaran menerapkan prinsip-prinsip umum dan khusus sesuai karakteristik anak berkebutuhan khusus. Evaluasi pembelajaran disesuaikan dengan kurikulum yang berlaku serta memodifikasi dengan kesepakatan sekolah. Manajemen pembelajaran pendidikan agama Islam dibutuhkan sebagai upaya mempersiapkan anak berkebutuhan khusus siap memasuki pendidikan dasar serta mengarungi kehidupannya sesuai dengan nilai-nilai Islam yang seutuhnya

2021 ◽  
Vol ahead-of-print (ahead-of-print) ◽  

Purpose The authors said their study was the first to consider the impact of organizational support on parents of children with SND in Singapore. Although there has been a lot of research on the effects of organizational support, it has not focused on this area. Design/methodology/approach The authors collected data from 224 employees who were parents of children with SND in Singapore. They used a self-administered questionnaire. Findings For high supervisor’s support levels, high disability severity was associated with increased work engagement levels, but for low supervisor’s support levels, high disability severity was associated with lower work engagement levels. Meanwhile, the patterns were reverse for co-workers. High coworkers’ support levels were associated with reduced engagement. At the same time, the results showed the impact of coworkers’ support on work engagement was especially beneficial for employees whose children faced less severe disabilities. Originality/value The authors argue that the results provided powerful evidence that HR practitioners should strive to create a family-friendly culture in a constructive and understanding way.

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