college education
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2022 ◽  
pp. 107769902110665
Tae Ho Lee

Drawing on the theory of gradual institutional change, this study analyzed the post-Civil War college reform efforts in North Carolina, integrating power with public relations history. Reformers worked under harsh institutional circumstances where resident elites held high veto power, while reformers had a low level of discretion for interpreting college education. Notwithstanding, reformers adopted layering tactics, introducing new rules of education for all alongside existing ones of education as legacy, for gradual institutional change. Specifically, reformers maintained a calm and objective tone, focusing on the universal value of education, both publicly and through anonymous publications in hostile press venues.

Connie M Tang ◽  
Merydawilda Colon ◽  
Heather Swenson Brilla

This research examined the Homework Completion Program in Atlantic County, NJ, where college students and police officers tutored children with homework. Children ( N = 154) reported their impression of police officers and perception of the program. Across 5 years and three program sites, children chose completing homework as the best part about the program and they mostly reported feeling happy when seeing a police officer and finding police officers if they needed help. In summary, the program has shown promise in achieving the goals of preparing children for a college education and building trust between children and police officers.

10.2196/24126 ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 24 (1) ◽  
pp. e24126
Arjee Restar ◽  
Anthony Surace ◽  
Alexander Adia ◽  
William Goedel ◽  
Adedotun Ogunbajo ◽  

Background The Philippines is experiencing an HIV crisis and is considering implementing pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) as a national public health strategy for HIV prevention for cisgender men who have sex with men (cis-MSM). However, critical information on the awareness of PrEP among cis-MSM is needed to roll out this public health initiative. Objective This study aims to assess PrEP awareness and related correlates (ie, sociodemographic variables, social factors, and health care access and use) among Filipino cis-MSM. Methods We conducted a web-based survey with Filipino cis-MSM (n=179) residing in the cities of Manila and Cebu, Philippines. Multivariable analysis procedures were performed to examine the factors associated with PrEP awareness. Results Our sample demonstrated high awareness (134/179, 74.9%) and interest (159/179, 88.8%) in taking PrEP. The adjusted model showed that greater odds of PrEP awareness were associated with having a college education or higher versus a high school education or lower (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 7.30, 95% CI 1.01-52.47), earning between PHP 10,000 (US $198.6) and PHP 20,000 (US $397.2) versus <PHP 10,000 (US $198.60; aOR 9.32, 95% CI 1.41-6.22), having had a prior HIV test (aOR 6.06, 95% CI 1.20-13.55), having high HIV knowledge (aOR 3.50, 95% CI 1.11-10.98), and having friends who discussed PrEP (aOR 11.17, 95% CI 2.73-14.5). Conclusions Our findings demonstrate that Filipino cis-MSM are aware of and interested in taking PrEP, but there is currently an unmet need for such biomedical HIV prevention technologies among this population. Incorporating PrEP education into routine HIV screening and leveraging cis-MSM social networks may be useful in optimizing potential PrEP implementation in the Philippines.

2022 ◽  
Vol 30 (4) ◽  
pp. 237
Jean Fabricio Lopes Ferreira ◽  
Aulus Mandagará Martins

Resumo: Uma nova geração de poetas, geralmente vindos de classes mais baixas e que experienciaram o acesso ao ensino superior, graças às políticas públicas dos governos petistas, entre 2003 e 2016, tem sido chamada, por Alberto Pucheu, de Geração Lula. Neste artigo buscou-se analisar um pouco da produção de alguns poetas desse grupo e entendê-los à luz do que Marcos Siscar e Celia Pedrosa concebem por poesia brasileira contemporânea. Observou-se nos poetas selecionados uma ligação com a ideia de a poesia apresentar-se em um prosaísmo narrativo, uma liberdade temática e formal que, por vezes, pode coincidir em um ambiente de coletividade.Palavras-chave: Geração Lula; poesia brasileira contemporânea; poetisas.Abstract: A new generation of poets, usually from the lower classes and who have experienced access to college education due to the public policies of PT governments, from 2003 to 2016, has been called, by Alberto Pucheu, Geração Lula. In this article it was sought to analyze some of the production of a few poets of this group and to understand them in the light of what Marcos Siscar and Celia Pedrosa conceive for contemporary Brazilian poetry. It was observed in the selected poets a connection to the idea of poetry presenting itself in a narrative prosaism, a thematic and formal freedom that, sometimes, can coincide in a collective environment.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (6) ◽  
Yingli Lu

As the development of society and economy, increasing effort s are made in education and reform in both teaching and education. The number of college teachers at young age bracket is expanding, whose teaching ability pose influence on the quality of college education and teaching. Therefore, the teaching ability of young teachers has become a key issue for the smooth development of teaching management and reform in colleges and universities. This paper will first analyze the current situation of the teaching ability of young teachers in colleges and universities, and then studies can be conducted in the strategies to improve the teaching ability of young teachers in colleges and universities from various aspects and angles, so as to promote the process of educational reform in colleges and universities.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-12
Jinhua Liu ◽  
Caiping Wang ◽  
Xianchun Xiao

Improving the intelligence of teaching environment and making the multimedia teaching equipment has become a major concern of the colleges and universities. To this end, the design of Internet of Things (IoT) technology based wisdom of higher education platform is of great interest. Designing the structure of online management platform for college education and realizing the functions of examination result inquiry, online teaching, and attendance management have gained more importance in the educational research. The wisdom classroom is the key structure of the wisdom education platform. A smart classroom architecture based on IoT technology is designed, which connects with traditional network facilities through the IoT gateway. Different layers of the architectures have been designed and implemented. The proposed platform tests results and shows that the intelligent education platform can effectively control classroom utilization and has high throughput, low application latency, and good practicability.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-10
Cong Wang

COVID-19 is a pandemic with a wide reach and explosive magnitude, and the world has been bracing itself for impact. Many have lost their jobs and savings, and many are homeless. For better or worse, COVID-19 has permanently changed our lives. For college students, the pandemic means giving up most of the on-campus experience in the postpandemic era and performing online learning instead. Virtual lessons may become a permanent part of college education. Large-scale online learning typically utilizes interactive live video streaming. In this study, we analyzed a codec and video streaming transmission protocol using artificial intelligence. First, we studied an intraframe prediction optimization algorithm for the H.266 codec based on long short-term memory networks. In terms of video streaming transmission protocols, real-time communication optimization based on Quick UDP Internet connections and Luby Transform codes is proposed to improve the quality of interactive live video streaming. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed strategy outperforms three benchmarks in terms of video streaming quality, video streaming latency, and average throughput.

2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (24) ◽  
pp. 5826
Daniela Goyes ◽  
John Paul Nsubuga ◽  
Esli Medina-Morales ◽  
Romelia Barba ◽  
Vilas Patwardhan ◽  

(1) Background: Since 2015, exception points have been awarded to appropriate candidates after six months of waitlist time to allow more equitable access to liver transplants regardless of hepatocellular carcinoma status. However, it remains unknown whether racial disparities in outcomes among waitlisted patients remain after the introduction of a 6-month waiting period for exception points. (2) Methods: Using the United Network for Organ Sharing database, we identified 2311 patients diagnosed with hepatocellular carcinoma listed for liver transplant who received exception points from 2015 to 2019. The outcome of interest was waitlist survival defined as the composite outcome of death or removal for clinical deterioration. Competing risk analysis was used to identify factors associated with death or removal for clinical deterioration. The final model adjusted for age, sex, race/ethnicity, blood type, diabetes, obesity, laboratory MELD score, tumor size, AFP, locoregional therapies, UNOS region, and college education. (3) Results: No difference was found in the risk of adverse waitlist removal among ethnic/racial groups.

2021 ◽  
Vol 0 (0) ◽  
Caijuan Li ◽  
Nawaf Alhebaishi ◽  
Mohammed Alaa Alhamami

Abstract Firstly, based on the charging theory of ‘education cost-sharing,’ under appropriate assumptions, two basic differential equation models are proposed to describe the problem of college education charges; secondly, through qualitative analysis of the basic model, it is concluded that colleges and universities maintain or impose several conditions for stabilising its education fees; finally, through the analysis of two basic models in three unique models under three situations, some new conclusions and suggestions on the macro-control of college education fees and enrolment scale are given. Also, three extended differential equation models are proposed.

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