Problems of Education in the 21st Century
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Published By Scientia Socialis Ltd

2538-7111, 1822-7864
Updated Saturday, 25 September 2021

2021 ◽  
Vol 79 (4) ◽  
pp. 640-656
Author(s):  
Duygu Turgut ◽  
Zeha Yakar

Considering the recent rapid developments in science and technology, it is quite important for individuals to be able to make decisions about their own future and their children's future for the society in which they live and to know how to establish a balance of risk and decision. For this reason, teacher training programs should be planned to internalize pre-service teachers' awareness of responsibility. Regarding this point, the development of pre-service science teachers' bioethical values was examined on a class level basis using survey research. Research sample consisted total of 286 pre-service teachers of Science Teacher Training Program. Bioethical Values Questionnaire was applied to determine pre-service teachers’ bioethical values. As a result of analyses, it was determined that pre-service teachers’ bioethical values increased according to their class levels they attended. It was stated that pre-service science teachers’ bioethical values related to sub-dimensions of “Benefits of Biotechnology Applications”, “Science and Ethics”, “Reproductive Technologies and Cloning” and “Control of Genetic Interventions” were increased based on participants’ class levels. In addition, the results of the study revealed that pre-service teachers also had some concerns about the benefits of biotechnology applications. Keywords: bioethics level, science teaching, pre-service science teachers, socio-scientific issues


2021 ◽  
Vol 79 (4) ◽  
pp. 597-610
Author(s):  
Robert Krause

This research examined which personality variables potentially moderated the effect of feedback on the Overconfidence effect. Research sample consisted of Slovak teachers (n = 223) from across school levels, who were randomly allocated into one of the three groups, out of which two were experimental and one was control. Each group of participants filled in three personality questionnaires, the Reading Literacy Test, and questions on the Overconfidence effect. The first experimental group was given a real feedback on their achieved performance, the second experimental group was given an inaccurate feedback and the control group did not receive any feedback. It was pointed out that despite high mutual correlation between chosen personality variables, no relation was demonstrated between the Overconfidence effect and optimism, neuroticism, or participant’s self-evaluation. The results show that the impact of real feedback on the Overestimation effect depends on the level of neuroticism. Results suggested that the type of feedback on the Overconfidence effect is not moderated by the level of optimism. At the same time, the impact of real feedback on the Overconfidence effect is partially moderated by the level of self-evaluation and the impact of inaccurate feedback on the Overconfidence effect is not moderated by the level of self-evaluation. Keywords: moderation analysis, overconfidence effect, effect of experience, personality variables


2021 ◽  
Vol 79 (4) ◽  
pp. 626-639
Author(s):  
Joseline M. Santos

This research explored the participants’ use of Google Classroom and evaluated its acceptability using the Technology Acceptability Model (TAM). The respondents were limited to 56 teachers enrolled in the research methodology class in a graduate school of a certain university in Bulacan during the first semester of the school year 2019-2020. The study utilized a mixed-method design. Triangulated were the result of the TAM survey, the analysis of the open-ended survey, and the record of the submission frequency of the respondents through Google Classroom. The descriptive approach was also utilized to describe the respondents' technology acceptance when using Google Classroom through the administration of the TAM survey questionnaire. The study also determined which TAM factor affected the consistency of the use of Google Classroom the most. Among the factors, actual system use appeared to have significantly affected the respondents' consistency of using Google Classroom. A separate open-ended survey was conducted to verify the data derived from the TAM survey questionnaire. The open-ended survey revealed that despite the difficulty of having a good internet connection, all of the respondents agreed that Google Classroom is very useful, easy to use and would recommend its use to others. The consistency of actual use, through online submission, was recorded and served as the dependent variable. In terms of consistency, it was observed that 62.5% of the respondents were able to submit 11 to 12 out of 12 total number of activities through Google Classroom. It was concluded that the use of Google Classroom, though a new experience, made them realize how their life as a teacher can be more comfortable with the use of this technology. Keywords: active system use, behavioral intention, Google Classroom, perceived ease of use, perceived usefulness, technology acceptance


2021 ◽  
Vol 79 (4) ◽  
pp. 544-553
Author(s):  
Mehmet Ali Yarim

Professional burnout is one of the most important problems of working life today. In this research it is aimed to follow the relation between job satisfaction and professional burnout of education workers by using meta-analysis method. In this context, examining the relation between occupational burnout and job satisfaction in educational organizations in Turkey master's theses, articles in Google Scholar by National Thesis Center with his doctoral thesis, EBSCO, ULAKBİM and Dergipark databases scanned, and the number of samples required for the meta-analysis and Pearson's correlation coefficient A meta-analysis of 41 (N = 11050) studies containing (r) value was conducted. Effect size values, publication bias, heterogeneity and significance tests results were obtained using the CMA program in the study. In the research study conducted in the random effects model, it was concluded that the p value was less than .05, it took a value between -0.496 - 0.385 lower and upper limits in the 95% confidence interval, and the effect size was at the level of -0.443. Keywords: aimlessness, job satisfaction, burnout, professional burnout, meta-analysis


2021 ◽  
Vol 79 (4) ◽  
pp. 568-584
Author(s):  
Inna Khyzhniak ◽  
Vasyl Kravets ◽  
Larysa Lysak ◽  
Vita Hryhorieva

In the context of the man-made burden on the natural environment, the issues of developing civil engineering students’ environmental awareness are important and particularly relevant to low environmental security countries, which include Ukraine. The authors emphasize the need for broad implementation of the Concept of Sustainable Development in professional training of civil engineering students, determine the level of their environmental awareness, compare the levels of formation of environmental awareness components, and pursue to identify effective ways to environmentalize engineering training. The study involved the students of Donbas National Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture. The authors selected the semi-structured questionnaire method combining rating, Likert and importance scales, alternative and unstructured questions, as well as elements of the Azapagic and the Naturafil techniques. The results did not prove the formation level of the civil engineering students’ environmental awareness to be unsatisfactory. It was also found that the civil engineering students have steady environmental beliefs and are willing to comply with environmental norms in their activities. This fact brought the authors to the conclusion that the current practice of higher technical education in Ukraine takes account of sustainable development. The level of the civil engineering students’ environmental knowledge was also determined as sufficient, while their environmental activity and environmental management skills were seen as low. According to the authors, the use of integrated and practice-oriented approaches to teaching professional subjects and the introduction of environmental topics into general education subjects will contribute to strengthened environmentalization of professional training of civil engineers. Keywords: civil engineer, environmental awareness, higher school, sustainable development, technical education


2021 ◽  
Vol 79 (4) ◽  
pp. 516-543
Author(s):  
Michal Černý

Information literacy is a critical topic in contemporary pedagogy and information science, it is ranked among the essential competencies for the 21st century, and in recent years, it has received increasing research interest. The problem, however, is that the research is focused mainly on primary and university (college) contexts and only rarely analyses secondary school settings. This paper, therefore, focuses on a group of high school students and on whether the literature's idea of their needs corresponds to their actual needs. Based on the analysis of 32 documents indexed in the Scopus and Web of Science databases, the paper identifies seven significant discursive areas addressed in the literature, both theoretically and empirically. These are the relationship of libraries and librarians to the development of information literacy, information evaluation, the relationship of information literacy and learning competencies, connection with other competencies, emphasis on constructivist approach, the social dimension of information literacy and its possible use for self-actualization. These topics form a specific research discourse, which they set out. In the second phase of the research, focus groups (8 groups in 4 schools, 41 students) on information literacy are studied through the seven essential discourses mentioned. Although our sample lacked reflections on the relationship between the library and high school students, the remaining six fundamental discourses appeared in the testimonies of high school students (Libraries and librarians, evaluation of information, learning competencies, connection with other literacy, constructivist approach, the social dimension of information literacy, information literacy as a means of self-actualization). The findings show that the main difference between literary discourse and student responses is in the perception of libraries as centres of information literacy development and that students prefer the school or their teachers in their place. Keywords: focus groups, information evaluation, information literacy, media literacy, overview study


2021 ◽  
Vol 79 (4) ◽  
pp. 611-625
Author(s):  
Ly Thi Bac La ◽  
Nga Thi Thu Nguyen ◽  
Anh Thi Thuy Truong ◽  
Thu-Giang Tran ◽  
The-Thang Nguyen

Cohesive speech has commonly become regarded as one of the essential aspects of language development, especially for pre-schoolers. This study aimed to shed light on the cohesive speech of pre-schoolers (CSP) knowledge base. Three hundred ninety-five publications close related cohesive speech research of 5-6-year-old children were collected from the Scopus database. By using the bibliometric approach, the results showed the growth rate of publications over time from 1970 to 2020. In this period, the top five countries, the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia, Brazil and France, have published over 60% of total documents. Besides, four main interests of authors in this field were discovered: “language development”, “speech pathology outcomes”, “speech therapy”, “language intervention”. Among these themes, “speech pathology outcomes” was the most relevant one. Another finding, in recent years, scholars focused on aspects of autism spectrum disorder of pre-schoolers. More importantly, the achievements of this discipline have considerably made positive contributions to various fields both in terms of theory and practice, especially in language and linguistics, speech and hearing, psychology, and medicine. Overall, these studies highlight the need for many other studies, particularly relevant to pre-schooling when new generations should be better prepared to be happy in school by their future cognitive developments. Keywords: language development, language intervention, speech pathology outcomes, speech therapy


2021 ◽  
Vol 79 (4) ◽  
pp. 674-685
Author(s):  
Barbara Zaman ◽  
Francka Lovšin Kozina

Today’s world is facing a problem with the growth of textile products and in particular, textile waste, which already represents a serious environmental problem. From the point of view of ensuring sustainable handling of textile products, it is thus very important that individuals have the appropriate knowledge, attitudes and skills for sustainable handling of textile products or that they are properly ‘textile literate’. After all, appropriate textile literacy enables individuals to act according to the concept of sustainable development. The purpose of this research, which included 80 students from three Slovenian schools, who had completed their lower secondary education in the 2018/2019 school year, was to find out what their basic textile knowledge was and how they transferred it into their daily lives. Ninth graders were found to be deficient in basic textile skills, with girls having statistically significant better knowledge than boys. The girls were also statistically significantly better at recognising the connection between the acquired knowledge and everyday life and achieved a better result in terms of sustainable handling of textile products. The research findings can help teachers to be aware of the critical points in textile teaching in the context of sustainable development. The results also suggest that the current placement of textile content in the fifth grade, without further upgrading of the content in higher grades is not optimal. Most of the surveyed students had high grades in the fifth grade, but knowledge that is vital from the point of view of the sustainable behaviour of an individual is low in the ninth grade. These results can provide useful information for school policy makers who want to follow modern concepts of sustainable development. Keywords: active learning strategies, cross-curricular integration, ninth-graders, sustainable development and textile literacy


2021 ◽  
Vol 79 (4) ◽  
pp. 585-596
Author(s):  
Kamil Arif Kırkıç ◽  
Feriha Uludağ

Achievement in a course mostly depends on the students' characteristics and how teachers make their courses effective for their students' learning. Although different characteristics of teachers and students can affect learning outcomes, new approaches like STEM may cause new characteristics which affect students’ achievement as STEM attitudes. This study examines the correlation between secondary school students' STEM attitudes and their achievement in the Technology and Design Course (T & DC). A correlational survey model was applied in the study. A total of 400 students studying in the seventh and eighth grades constitute the sample of the study. A personal data form and STEM attitude test were utilized to collect data. Pearson Correlation Analysis and Regression Analysis techniques were used in the data analysis process. As a result of the analysis, it was found a positive and significant correlation between students' Technology and Design Course achievement and STEM attitudes. Students' attitudes to STEM predict their achievement in the Technology and Design Course by 5.1%. Students developing positive STEM attitudes can further enhance achievement in the (T&DC), which enables students to acquire the necessary design skills to produce technology in the future. Keywords: academic achievement, correlational survey, secondary school, STEM attitude, technology, and design course


2021 ◽  
Vol 79 (4) ◽  
pp. 513-515
Author(s):  
Solange W. Locatelli

We are living in an era, in which people are constantly asking themselves: how can anyone believe this news that is clearly false? Reflecting on this, a brief reflection on some factors that can influence people to take this kind of news into account is brought here, as well as presenting an example of Fake Science that circulated on social networks in 2020 in Brazil, during the pandemic context. First, it can be considered that a significant objective in Science Education is making students scientifically literate, prepared for appropriate decision-making. Chassot (2003, p. 19) considers scientific literacy as “the set of knowledge that would make it easier for men and women to read the world in which they live”. Leung (2020) adds that, nowadays, it is very important to recognize the veracity of information, differentiating it from fake news, which also encompasses the concept of scientific literacy, which brings us to the statement by Gomes et al. (2020) on media literacy, so that citizens can connect more to facts and less to emotions in understanding the news.


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