mechanical parameters
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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 860
Qiao Chen ◽  
Fenglin Xu ◽  
Pengcheng Su ◽  
Honglin Zhu ◽  
Yifang Zhang ◽  

Meso-crack evolution mechanism of shale is a key factor affecting the mechanical properties of shale. In order to explore evolution laws of cracks in shale during loading, a meso-crack monitoring system, loading test equipment and an automatic ultrasonic data acquisition system were set up. On this basis, a set of experimental apparatus simultaneous monitoring multi-parameters of shale micro-crack was designed, and destruction experiments of shale samples with different bedding angles were carried out to find out evolution characteristics of cracks. The results show the following: (1) The designed apparatus can monitor ultrasonic, mechanical and video information simultaneously of crack evolution in the entire process of shale destruction under load to provide information for analyzing acoustic and mechanical characteristic responses of crack propagation at key time nodes. (2) With an increase in load, shale will undergo four stages of destruction: crack initiation, propagation, penetration and overall failure. In the course of these stages, acoustic characteristics and mechanical characteristics are in good agreement, which proves the validity of predicting rock mechanical parameters with acoustic data. (3) During the loading process of shale, the main amplitude of acoustic wave is more sensitive than mechanical parameters to the change of rock cracks. Research results have important theoretical reference value for evaluating wall stability of shale gas horizontal well with ultrasonic data.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-14
Ahmad Al-AbdulJabbar ◽  
Ahmed Abdulhamid Mahmoud ◽  
Salaheldin Elkatatny ◽  
Mahmoud Abughaban

This study presented an empirical correlation to estimate the drilling rate of penetration (ROP) while drilling into a sandstone formation. The equation developed in this study was based on the artificial neural networks (ANN) which was learned to assess the ROP from the drilling mechanical parameters. The ANN model was trained on 630 datapoints collected from five different wells; the suggested equation was then tested on 270 datapoints from the same training wells and then validated on three other wells. The results showed that, for the training data, the learned ANN model predicted the ROP with an AAPE of 7.5%. The extracted equation was tested on data gathered from the same training wells where it estimated the ROP with AAPE of 8.1%. The equation was then validated on three wells, and it determined the ROP with AAPEs of 9.0%, 10.7%, and 8.9% in Well-A, Well-B, and Well-D, respectively. Compared with the available empirical equations, the equation developed in this study was most accurate in estimating the ROP.

Materials ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 15 (1) ◽  
pp. 347
Jan Kubica ◽  
Iwona Galman

The article presents laboratory tests on the impact of the mixing water content used in the preparation of fresh mortar on the flexural and compressive strength of one of the dry-mix mortars produced by a leading European producer and dedicated to bricklaying with clinker elements. The development of these parameters in relation to curing time was also analyzed. The mortar samples were prepared from a factory-made mortar mix using 4.0 L (the value recommended by the mortar manufacturer), 4.5 L, and 5 L of water per 25 kg bag of ready-made, pre-mixed dry mortar mix. All samples were tested in five series after 5, 9, 14, 21, and 28 days of sample curing. The results of these tests showed that the use of 6 and 18% more mixing water than recommended by the manufacturer (4.5 and 5 L per bag) adversely affected the basic mechanical parameters of the tested mortar. Moreover, it was found that the highest compressive strength values were obtained after 21 days of curing and not after 28 days as usual. It was also found that hardening time and higher than recommended water content adversely affected the bending strength of the mortar.

2021 ◽  
Vol 1 (2) ◽  
pp. 12-20
Najmeh Keshtkar ◽  
Johannes Mersch ◽  
Konrad Katzer ◽  
Felix Lohse ◽  
Lars Natkowski ◽  

This paper presents the identification of thermal and mechanical parameters of shape memory alloys by using the heat transfer equation and a constitutive model. The identified parameters are then used to describe the mathematical model of a fiber-elastomer composite embedded with shape memory alloys. To verify the validity of the obtained equations, numerical simulations of the SMA temperature and composite bending are carried out and compared with the experimental results.

Materials ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 15 (1) ◽  
pp. 252
Mariusz Hasiak ◽  
Beata Sobieszczańska ◽  
Amadeusz Łaszcz ◽  
Michał Biały ◽  
Jacek Chęcmanowski ◽  

Microstructure, mechanical properties, corrosion resistance, and biocompatibility were studied for rapidly cooled 3 mm rods of Zr40Ti15Cu10Ni10Be25, Zr50Ti5Cu10Ni10Be25, and Zr40Ti15Cu10Ni5Si5Be25 (at.%) alloys, as well as for the reference 316L stainless steel and Ti-based Ti6Al4V alloy. Microstructure investigations confirm that Zr-based bulk metallic samples exhibit a glassy structure with minor fractions of crystalline phases. The nanoindentation tests carried out for all investigated composite materials allowed us to determine the mechanical parameters of individual phases observed in the samples. The instrumental hardness and elastic to total deformation energy ratio for every single phase observed in the manufactured Zr-based materials are higher than for the reference materials (316L stainless steel and Ti6Al4V alloy). A scratch tester used to determine the wear behavior of manufactured samples and reference materials revealed the effect of microstructure on mechanical parameters such as residual depth, friction force, and coefficient of friction. Electrochemical investigations in simulated body fluid performed up to 120 h show better or comparable corrosion resistance of Zr-based bulk metallic glasses in comparison with 316L stainless steel and Ti6Al4V alloy. The fibroblasts viability studies confirm the good biocompatibility of the produced materials. All obtained results show that fabricated biocompatible Zr-based materials are promising candidates for biomedical implants that require enhanced mechanical properties.

Ye. P. Pistun ◽  
H. F. Matiko ◽  
H. B. Krykh

The article is devoted to improving the methods for building throttle diagrams of gas-hydrodynamic measuring transducers of physical and mechanical parameters of fluids. The authors reviewed modern throttle transducers of various parameters, built on different diagrams, with different numbers and types of throttle elements, with different output signals. We established that the goodness of the measuring transducer is determined both by the structural diagram and the design characteristics of the throttle elements of a specific measuring diagram. The article proposes using structural synthesis with parametric optimization to achieve the specified characteristics of the gas-hydrodynamic transducers. The aim is to develop an effective method for building throttle diagrams of gas-hydrodynamic measuring transducers of physical and mechanical parameters of fluids using structural optimization of diagrams and to evaluate each dia-gram using parametric optimization methods with the appropriate criterion that quantifies the goodness of the measur-ing transducer. To achieve this goal, the authors analyzed the criteria and resources of structural and parametric optimization of gas-hydrodynamic transducers. In particular, the following resources of structural synthesis of measuring transducers’ dia-grams are analyzed: diagram order and throttle arrangement, type of throttles, output signals, supply mode of the transducer. Approaches to parametric optimization of throttle diagrams are offered: based on the mathematical model, one defines the objective function, forms restrictions on variable and fixed values, substantiates optimization parameters, chooses the optimization method. As a result of the research, the authors developed a technique for structural and parametric optimization of gas-hydrodynamic measuring transducers, making it possible to synthesize throttle diagrams and build mathematical models of transducers of specific parameters of the fluid with optimal characteristics.

E. V. Derbisher ◽  
I. V. Germashev ◽  
O. V. Kolyaganova ◽  
R. A. Evdokimov ◽  
V. E. Derbisher

A computational technique of comparative evaluation of polymer material quality in a homogeneous set of samples according to a complex geometric criterion is proposed. Samples of physical and mechanical parameters of samples of industrial impact-resistant polystyrene are used for calculation. The most averaged complex of physical and mechanical properties is used as the calculation base.

2021 ◽  
Vol 9 (12) ◽  
pp. 1454
Liyang Xu ◽  
Zihai Yan ◽  
Jiajia Yan ◽  
Qiliang Xu ◽  
Jiancai Zhu ◽  

Crucial mechanical-chemical (MC) interactions occur during the cement hydration process in cement marine clay; however, the role of such an important element of the resulting strength has been subject to less investigation, particularly from the theoretical perspective. To overcome this scientific gap, an efficient strength-based model accounting for the coupled MC processes is proposed here. Based on the analysis of the cement hydration mechanism, the porosity was chosen as the main factor to characterize the influence of the MC interactions on the overall response. To verify the accuracy of the MC model, the unconfined compressive strength (UCS) experiment was conducted for the cement marine clay samples, and the corresponding simulation model was constructed using COMSOL multiphysics®. In addition, a comparison between the predicted results by the existing three strength models and the proposed MC model was performed. Subsequently, the sensitivity analysis and identification of mechanical parameters were carefully carried out. The obtained results show that the UCS strength for Taizhou clay ranges from 10.21 kPa to 354.2 kPa as the cement content increases from 10% to 20%, and the curing time varies from 3 days to 28 days. The mechanical parameters in the MC model can be obtained according to the porosity level. A reasonably good agreement between the UCS strength results of simulations and the experimentally observed data is reported. Additionally, the predicted UCS strength results by the MC model demonstrate the best correspondence with the measured values, indicating the high efficacy of the established model.

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