food matrix
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Antioxidants ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 153
Xin Yin ◽  
Kaiwen Chen ◽  
Hao Cheng ◽  
Xing Chen ◽  
Shuai Feng ◽  

The L-enantiomer of ascorbic acid is commonly known as vitamin C. It is an indispensable nutrient and plays a key role in retaining the physiological process of humans and animals. L-gulonolactone oxidase, the key enzyme for the de novo synthesis of ascorbic acid, is lacking in some mammals including humans. The functionality of ascorbic acid has prompted the development of foods fortified with this vitamin. As a natural antioxidant, it is expected to protect the sensory and nutritional characteristics of the food. It is thus important to know the degradation of ascorbic acid in the food matrix and its interaction with coexisting components. The biggest challenge in the utilization of ascorbic acid is maintaining its stability and improving its delivery to the active site. The review also includes the current strategies for stabilizing ascorbic acid and the commercial applications of ascorbic acid.

2022 ◽  
Nikita Petrov ◽  
Yulia Sidorova ◽  
Alla Kochetkova ◽  
Vladimir Mazo

The effects of plant polyphenols on carbohydrate and/or lipid metabolism disorders have wide experimental and clinical justification; however, their effects are limited due to low bioavailability. Thus, the development of technological approaches enhancing their effectiveness and stability is relevant.The aim of this work was to evaluatein vivothe effects of polyphenols from bilberry leaves and fruits, sorbed on the brown buckwheat flour, on C57Bl/6c mice with carbohydrate and lipid metabolism disorders. We assessed in vivothe effect of a food matrix (FM1: bilberry leaf polyphenols sorbed on brown buckwheat flour) on C57Bl/6c mice with induced carbohydrate and lipid metabolism disorders. The aim of the second experiment was to evaluate the effectiveness of prolonged prophylactic consumption of another food matrix (FM2: billberry fruit polyphenols, sorbed on brown buckwheat flour) by C57Bl/6c micewith induced carbohydrate and lipid metabolism disorders. Technological approaches were developed and pilot batches of the food matrices FM1 and FM2were obtained. According to the in vivo testing, a significant decrease in the glucose levels and normalization of glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity were found in animals treated with FM1. When assessing the in vivo effects of FM2, the hypoglycemic effect of bilberry fruit polyphenols in the composition of the matrix was established. The results of these studies can be used to justify the testing of the developed matrices in a clinical setting and using them as functional food ingredients for preventative nutrition in cases of carbohydrate metabolism disorders. Keywords: polyphenols, food matrix, functional food ingredient, carbohydrate metabolism, lipid metabolism

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-8
Wonjong Lee ◽  
Yoon-Bok Lee ◽  
Moon Haeng Huh ◽  
Jae Kwon Choi

Cyanocobalamin, which plays an essential role in the body, is a synthetic form used in medical food. This present study aimed to develop an HPLC analysis method for determination cyanocobalamin and investigate the stability of cyanocobalamin in medical food. Validation of the developed method for cyanocobalamin was evaluated with linearity, LOD, LOQ, and accuracy. The linearity of this method was calculated with a value of the coefficient of determination (R2) ≥ 0.999. LOD and LOQ were 0.165 and 0.499 μg/kg, respectively. The recovery of medical food matrixes for accuracy was more than 97.63%. The validated method was applied for determining cyanocobalamin from medical foods. The developed method was used to examine the additives for cyanocobalamin protection. Ferric chloride and sorbitol alleviated cyanocobalamin degradation from heat and ascorbic acid. Especially, sorbitol showed a superior protective effect during the medical food production process. Therefore, this study suggests that sorbitol is a sweetener additive that prevents cyanocobalamin degradation by heat and the food matrix in medical food processing.

Dinh Hai Le ◽  
Thu Nguyen Thi ◽  
Trang Vu Thi ◽  
Thuy Le Thi ◽  

This study aimed to develop a HPLC method to simultaneously analyze guanosine 5’-monophosphat (GMP) and inosine 5’-monophosphat (IMP) in food products. Sample preparation procedure was simple, fast. A C18 column (250 mm × 4.6 mm, 5 µm) was used as stationary phase, and a mixture of 10 mM potassium dihydrogen phosphate and 5 mM sodium heptanesulfonate was applied as mobile phase, and PDA detector at 250 nm. The method validation followed AOAC criteria. Selectivity, linearity (R2 > 0.999), recovery (IMP: 90.5 % - 102.8 %, GMP: 91.5 % - 103.9 %), repeatability (RSDR of IMP: 3.07 % and GMP: 2.83 %) were acceptable to determination GMP and IMP in food matrix under AOAC guidelines. LOD of GMP and IMP were of 2.32 and 2.77 mg/kg, respectively. This method was used to determination GMP, IMP in food products collected in Hanoi markets.

Nutrients ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 14 (1) ◽  
pp. 180
Blerina Shkembi ◽  
Thom Huppertz

This article reviews physicochemical aspects of calcium absorption from foods. Notable differences are observed between different food products in relation to calcium absorption, which range from <10% to >50% of calcium in the foods. These differences can be related to the interactions of calcium with other food components in the food matrix, which are affected by various factors, including fermentation, and how these are affected by the conditions encountered in the gastrointestinal tract. Calcium absorption in the intestine requires calcium to be in an ionized form. The low pH in the stomach is critical for solubilization and ionization of calcium salts present in foods, although calcium oxalate complexes remain insoluble and thus poorly absorbable. In addition, the rate of gastric transit can strongly affect fractional absorption of calcium and a phased release of calcium into the intestine, resulting in higher absorption levels. Dairy products are the main natural sources of dietary calcium in many diets worldwide, which is attributable to their ability to provide high levels of absorbable calcium in a single serving. For calcium from other food products, lower levels of absorbable calcium can limit contributions to bodily calcium requirements.

Mithlesh Jani

The Pesticides are widely used as the key to increase the agricultural yield in the world. Pesticides are used incautiously and in uncontrolled manner to compensate shortage of food due to ever increase in population and rapid urbanization. Because of this, concentration of pesticides in environment and food matrix is increased which causes difficulties in maintaining healthy lifestyle and becomes a root cause of multiple diseases. Hence, strict rules and regulations are made which are followed by government and are bound to regularly monitor these compounds. With time, numerous traditional to conventional methods are developed for extraction and detection of these compounds from environmental and food matrix. The present study explains overview of all-inclusive traditional to advanced methods for pre-treatment and detection of pesticides with its residues from environmental and food matrix. Also discussed about comparisons between these methods with applicability, advantages and disadvantages over one another.

Biomolecules ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (12) ◽  
pp. 1869
Camila Ramão Contessa ◽  
Nathieli Bastos de Souza ◽  
Guilherme Battú Gonçalo ◽  
Catarina Motta de Moura ◽  
Gabriela Silveira da Rosa ◽  

In the search for new biodegradable materials and greater microbiological safety and stability of perishable food products, this study aimed to develop a bioplastic antibacterial film incorporating bacteriocin for application in commercial curd cheese and monitoring of microbiological stability. Films with good handling characteristics as well as physical, barrier, and mechanical properties were obtained. Regarding the antibacterial activity, the microbial reduction was demonstrated in a food matrix, obtaining a reduction of 3 logarithmic cycles for the group of coagulase positive staphylococci and from 1100 to <3.00 MPN/g in the analysis of thermotolerant coliforms. Therefore, the film presented food barrier characteristics with the external environment and adequate migration of the antibacterial compound to the product, contributing to the reduction of contamination of a food with high initial microbial load.

2021 ◽  
pp. 107464
Mengzhen Ding ◽  
Zixin Huang ◽  
Zhiying Jin ◽  
Chang Zhou ◽  
Juqing Wu ◽  

2021 ◽  
Vol 42 ◽  
pp. 23-30 ◽  
Shanshan Chen ◽  
Shuwen He ◽  
Xinglian Xu ◽  
Huhu Wang

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