Food Ingredients
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2021 ◽  
Vol 56 (4) ◽  
pp. 263-270
Author(s):  
EA Akande ◽  
OW Alawode ◽  
OT Owopetu ◽  
OO Oyesiji

Robo is a widely consumed Nigeria snack made from local food ingredients. Snacks are often subjectively classified as junk food, possibly because they naturally have little or no nutritional value, and unhealthy snacks consumption are associated with the risk of developing non-communicable diseases. The effects of producing Robo from melon and groundnut seeds at different ratios from 20 to 50% wereevaluated for proximate composition, physicochemical/functional and sensory attributes. The results showed an increase in crude protein (38.56a - 42.8d), crude fiber(15.01±0.014d), fat content (35.20e) and ash content (18.02e), but decreased in moisture content (2.43a - 3.30e). Hardness properties decrease from (240a- 720e). Robo from blends of melon and groundnut seeds have improved sensory attributes in terms of flavour, crispness, taste and overall acceptability, particularly at supplementation of 60% melon and 40% groundnut seeds. Thus, improved Robo will increase consumer’s nutrients intake and prevent health problems associated with snack intake. Bangladesh J. Sci. Ind. Res.56(4), 263-270, 2021


Foods ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
pp. 51
Author(s):  
Min Huang ◽  
Yihan Mao ◽  
Yuzhu Mao ◽  
Hongshun Yang

To further extend the use of κ-carrageenan (κ-C) in real food systems (such as beverages), the understanding of gelation properties of κ-C with the presence of food ingredients is critical. The effects of xylitol and maltitol (up to 30 wt %) on the rheological and structural properties of κ-C were inspected by means of rheometer and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR). With the addition of xylitol, the gelation temperature increased from 44.1 to 57.3 °C, while the gelation temperature increased from 44.1 to 61.4 °C in maltitol systems. With the increasing concentration of both xylitol and maltitol, the values of fractal dimension df and complex modulus G* of κ-C increased, while the relaxation exponent n decreased from 0.87 to 0.39 of xylitol and 0.87 to 0.78 of maltitol, respectively. These indicated that the gel networks of aqueous κ-C were improved by the addition of xylitol and maltitol. The FTIR results showed that the interaction between κ-C and these polyols contributed to the increase of hydrogen bonds. The effects of maltitol on κ-C were stronger than those of xylitol because of more equatorial-OH bonds in maltitol. These findings contribute to a better understanding of the gelation processes of κ-C/polyols systems.


2021 ◽  
Vol 4 (2) ◽  
pp. 50
Author(s):  
Rosyid Ridlo Al Hakim ◽  
Erie Kolya Nasution ◽  
Rizaldi Rizaldi ◽  
Siti Rukayah

The long-tailed macaque (Macaca fascicularis Raffles, 1821) is a non-human primate (NHP) species with social status in its group. Macaca fascicularis living in groups and social castes. Alpha males lead their group. Alpha males will have greater access to food than individuals with lower social castes. The content of feed eaten by animals, of course, will affect health. Various biological processes occur, from the food eaten by animals to affect the health of human life. If the food eaten is toxic, it will be hazardous to the animal's metabolism for life. According to a Muslim perspective, how much better food can be eaten is included in Halal products. Including, in this case, food ingredients for feed, if it comes from ingredients that are included in the halal category, this will provide animal welfare. This study seeks to explain how visitors' feed types (provisioning food) to alpha-male Macaca fascicularis at Mbah Agung Karangbanar Recreation Forest, Banyumas, Central Java, Indonesia. This study used behavioral coding to measure the frequency and quantity of eating behavior for ten days based on visitor feeding. The remainder of the provisioning food found is recorded as data on the type of provisioning food. Based on the study results, the alpha-male was noted to eat provisioning food such as peanuts, bananas, sweet potatoes, snacks, and foods mixed with soy sauce given by visitors. All of them are halal because they eat visitors every time they come to a tourist location. Alpha-male was noted to have no interest in the carcasses found, so they did not eat them.


Author(s):  
Hamidin Rasulu ◽  
Juharnib Juharnib

Emergency food products are processed food specifically designed to meet human daily needs of at least 2500 Kcal/day. One of the emergency food products, namely food bars, is a high-calorie food product, enriched with other nutrients and produced in solid form. The packaging of food bars designed in a small size makes their distribution relatively easy. The purpose of this study was to characterize the emergency food products of smart food bars by utilizing local food ingredients, including flour, mackerel fish flour, moringa leaf extract, and coconut crab chitosan at various concentrations. Furthermore, it delved into the formulation and physicochemical characterization of the best smart food bars as an emergency food by substituting cassava flour and skipjack tuna flour enriched with moringa leaf extract and coconut crab chitosan. This research used a completely randomized factorial design by combining treatments with cassava flour and skipjack fish flour as well as a combination of treatment with moringa leaf extract and the addition of coconut crab chitosan (0%, 5%, 10%, 15% 20%). The results showed that the N3 treatment (15% moringa leaf extract and chitosan) with a texture value of 2,768 N/m, color values (L*, a*, b*) were 63.35, 5.30, and 11.91, respectively. The findings also highlighted  13.29% protein, 17.80% fat, 6.55% water, 0.96% ash, 60.76% carbohydrates, 7.41% antioxidants, and total calories of 230.57 kcal. The study has concluded that the use of moringa leaf extract and coconut crab chitosan can enhance the characteristics of smart food bars as emergency food during disasters.


Molecules ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 26 (24) ◽  
pp. 7706
Author(s):  
Elżbieta Karlińska ◽  
Beata Romanowska ◽  
Monika Kosmala

Plants of the genus Agrimonia L. perfectly fit the current trends in nutrition and food technology, namely, the need for raw materials with a high content of bioactive natural compounds, including polyphenols, which could be added to food. The composition of polyphenolics, including agrimoniin and flavonoids, in the aerial parts of Agrimonia procera Wallr. (A. procera) and Agrimonia eupatoria L. (A. eupatoria) (Rosaceae) was determined using HPLC-DAD-MS. The polyphenolic content of A. procera was found to be 3.9%, 3.2%, 2.9%, 1.8% and 1.1%, and that of A. eupatoria was determined to be 1.3%, 0.3%, 0.9%, 0.6% and 0.5% in the dry matter of leaves, stems, fruits, seeds and hypanthia, respectively. Except for A. procera hypanthia, agrimoniin was the main polyphenolic compound in the aerial parts of the studied Agrimonia species. Both plants are also a valuable source of flavonoid glycosides, especially apigenin, luteolin and quercetin. The obtained data indicate that both A. procera and A. eupatoria are potentially good sources of polyphenols (albeit significantly different in terms of their qualitative and quantitative composition), and may not only be a medicinal raw material, but also a valuable material for food use such as nutraceuticals or functional food ingredients.


Author(s):  
Nurul Novitasari

The management of healthy and nutritious food at PAUD Plus Darussalam has been going well. The stages of healthy food management at PAUD Plus Darussalam consist of planning, organizing, implementing, and supervising. Planning, consisting of budget planning and preparation of various menus for lunch and cakes, changing the food menu once a month with the menus that students like the most. Organizing, consisting of healthy food management personnel at PAUD Plus Darussalam. The workforce is divided into three groups, namely: the management staff group, the implementing staff group, and the implementing assistant staff group. Implementation consists of purchasing food ingredients, processing food ingredients, and distributing food. The purchase of food ingredients is the responsibility of the implementing assistant. Food processing is carried out by the implementing staff. The distribution of food is carried out by the implementing staff and the students themselves according to the picket pick-up schedule. Supervision, carried out by school principals and cooks. This type of research is field research, with a qualitative research approach. Data collection techniques using observation techniques, interviews and documentation. data analysis using Miles and Huberman models. The analytical steps carried out by the researchers include: reducing data, presenting data and drawing conclusions


2021 ◽  
pp. 108201322110627
Author(s):  
Xiaohuang Cao ◽  
Md. Nahidul Islam ◽  
Xin Ning ◽  
Zhihui Luo ◽  
Lei Wang

Sea rice bran powder is a new type of instant food additive. Currently, its solubility is low, and its flavor is not pleasant. Superheated steam cooking is a promising treatment in cellulose-rich substances, which essentially improves quality. To gain better sea rice bran powder, physicochemical properties of sea rice bran were investigated using 100 °C, 110 °C, 120 °C, and 130 °C superheated steam treatments for 10, 20, 30, and 40 min. After the treatment, these samples were cooled down, dried, and milled to assess sea rice bran powder's product qualities. Profiles of odor, taste, aroma, and aliphatic acids were determined using e-nose, e-tongue, and gas chromatography–mass spectroscopy. Results revealed that superheated steam brought new profiles of odors and tastes for consumers. Superheated steam treatment was found to decrease swelling capacity. Methane (2,2,4,6,6-pentamethyl, heptane) was seen as a significant odor component, whereas umami and bitterness were considered considerable taste components. Superheated steam treatment retained higher content of aliphatic acids: saturated fatty acids 218–204 mg/100 g and unsaturated fatty acids 830–781 mg/100 g. This study discovered that superheated steam is suitable for processing rice bran as food ingredients; 100 °C-120°C and 10-30 min could be suggested for suitable cooking sea rice bran.


2021 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Author(s):  
Xiaoming Lu ◽  
Ningyang Li ◽  
Renjie Zhao ◽  
Meng Zhao ◽  
Xuanxuan Cui ◽  
...  

Fructans and oligofructose are usually used as prebiotics without any limitation in functional food or food ingredients. The degree of polymerization (DP) of polysaccharides affects the utilization of probiotics. Garlic is rich in fructans. The objective of this study was to extract and purify polysaccharides from garlic, analyze its composition, hydrolyze them using HCl, and then evaluate the prebiotic potential of the garlic neutral polysaccharides (GPs) before and after hydrolysis. GPs were 6.57 × 103 Da with a composition of fructose and glucose at a ratio of 4:1. After acid hydrolysis, low molecular weight fraction in garlic oligofructose (GOs) may be eliminated through ultrafiltration. The content of oligosaccharides with an average DP < 10 increased from 15 to 75%. GPs and GOS had a stronger resistance to acid conditions in human stomach than fructooligosaccharide, and GOs showed better prebiotic properties on the growth of lactobacilli than GPs. This study evaluates the prebiotic potential of the garlic frutctans and oligosaccharides mixtures obtained by acid hydrolysis, which may be used as an ingredient in functional food and nutraceutical products.


Animals ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (12) ◽  
pp. 3509
Author(s):  
Kangmin Seo ◽  
Hyun-Woo Cho ◽  
Julan Chun ◽  
Junghwan Jeon ◽  
Chanho Kim ◽  
...  

The aim of this study was to evaluate the suitability of fermented oat (FO) and black soldier fly larva (BSFL) as food ingredients for dogs. A total of 20 spayed female dogs were divided into four treatment groups, with 5 dogs per group. The four treatment groups consisted of a control group, a diet with 10% FO, one with 5% BSFL, and one with 10% FO and 5% BSFL, and each experimental food was fed for 12 weeks. The feeding of FO and/or BSFL did not affect the daily food intake, body weight, body condition score, fecal score, or skin condition of the dogs. In all the experimental groups, no significant differences in serum IgG, IL-10, or TNF-α levels were observed upon the feeding of FO and/or BSFL. Some hematological (white blood cell and basophils) and serum biochemical parameters (phosphorous, globulin, and alkaline phosphatase) showed significant differences with FO and/or BSFL feeding compared to the control group, but they were within the normal reference range. No adverse clinical signs related to these parameters being affected by FO and BSFL were observed. The feeding of BSFL for 12 weeks reduced the serum cholesterol level (p < 0.05) at the end of the experiment. Our findings suggest the suitability of FO and BSFL as food materials for dogs.


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