Platinum Based Chemotherapy
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2021 ◽  
Vol 11 ◽  
Author(s):  
Xiaoping Yi ◽  
Qiurong Chen ◽  
Jingying Yang ◽  
Dengke Jiang ◽  
Liping Zhu ◽  
...  

BackgroundIt is prudent to identify the risk for progressive disease (PD) in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who undergo platinum-based chemotherapy. The present study aimed to develop a CT imaging-based sarcopenic nomogram for predicting the risk of PD prior to chemotherapy treatment.MethodsWe retrospectively enrolled patients with NSCLC who underwent platinum-based chemotherapy. Imaging-based body composition parameters such as skeletal muscle index (SMI) for assessment of sarcopenia were obtained from pre-chemotherapy chest CT images at the level of the eleventh thoracic vertebral body (T11). Sarcopenic nomogram was constructed using multivariate logistic regression and performance of the nomogram was evaluated by discrimination, calibration curve, and decision curve.ResultsSixty (14.7%) of the 408 patients in the study cohort developed PD during chemotherapy. The prediction nomogram for developing PD achieved a moderate efficiency with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.75 (95% CI: 0.69-0.80) for the training cohort, and 0.76 (95%CI: 0.68-0.84) for the validation cohort, as well as a good performance of consistence (bootstrap for training cohort: 0.75 ± 0.02; validation cohort: 0.74 ± 0.06). Favorable clinical application was observed in the decision curve analysis.ConclusionOur CT-based sarcopenic nomogram showed the potential for an individualized prediction of progression for patients with NSCLC receiving platinum-based chemotherapy.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
EI Braicu ◽  
R Glowik ◽  
K Pietzner ◽  
M Rose ◽  
P Wimberger ◽  
...  

Author(s):  
Gobi Hariyanayagam Gunasekaran ◽  
Wan Mohd Akmal Bin Wan Sabri ◽  
Gobi Hariyanayagam Gunasekaran ◽  
Mohd Ezrul Helmi Bin Jamaluddin

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) is a common treatment-related complication following surgery and chemotherapy. We are reporting a case of colorectal cancer-associated thrombosis during platinum-based chemotherapy. The patient was treated with Rivaroxaban (Xarelto), a highly selective direct Factor Xa inhibitor. This case report highlights the concurrent use of novel oral anticoagulants, which does not interrupt the chemotherapy schedule among patients receiving cytotoxic agents.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
S Olbrecht ◽  
P Busschaert ◽  
L Loverix ◽  
A Vandestichele ◽  
T Laga ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
pp. JCO.21.01537
Author(s):  
Tatsunori Shimoi ◽  
Emi Noguchi ◽  
Kazuki Sudo ◽  
Yu Jo Chua ◽  
Kan Yonemori

2021 ◽  
pp. JCO.21.01113
Author(s):  
Yasir Y. Elamin ◽  
Jacqulyne P. Robichaux ◽  
Brett W. Carter ◽  
Mehmet Altan ◽  
Don L. Gibbons ◽  
...  

PURPOSE Targeted therapies against non–small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harboring HER2 mutations remain an unmet need. In this study, we assessed the efficacy and safety of poziotinib in patients with HER2 exon 20 mutant advanced NSCLC in a single-arm, open-label, phase II study. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients with advanced HER2 exon 20 mutant NSCLC were enrolled to receive poziotinib at a dose of 16 mg/d for 28-day cycles. The primary end point was objective response rate per RECIST version 1.1. Confirmatory scans were performed at least 28 days from initial radiologic response. RESULTS Thirty patients received poziotinib treatment. At baseline, 90% of patients received prior platinum-based chemotherapy and 53% had two lines or more prior systemic therapies. As of data cutoff on March 1, 2021, the confirmed objective response rate was 27% (95% CI, 12 to 46). Responses were observed across HER2 exon 20 mutation subtypes. The median duration of response was 5.0 months (95% CI, 4.0 to not estimable). The median progression-free survival was 5.5 months (95% CI, 4.0 to 7.0). The median overall survival was 15 months (95% CI, 9.0 to not estimable). The most common grade 3 treatment-related adverse events were skin rash (47%) and diarrhea (20%). There was one possible treatment-related death because of pneumonitis. CONCLUSION Poziotinib showed promising antitumor activity in patients with HER2 exon 20 mutant NSCLC including patients who had previously received platinum-based chemotherapy.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Kaname Uno ◽  
Nobuhisa Yoshikawa ◽  
Akira Tazaki ◽  
Shoko Ohnuma ◽  
Kazuhisa Kitami ◽  
...  

Abstract Most advanced ovarian cancer patients experience recurrence and develop resistance to platinum-based agents. However, the diagnosis of platinum resistance based on platinum-free interval is not always accurate and timely. In this study, we employed laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry to visualize platinum distribution in the tissues at the time of interval debulking surgery following neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Twenty seven patients with advanced high grade serous ovarian cancer were enrolled. Two distinct patterns of platinum distribution were observed. Type A (n = 16): platinum accumulation at the adjacent stroma but little in the tumor; type B (n = 11): even distribution of platinum through tumor and adjacent stroma. Type A was significantly correlated with worse prognosis (P = 0.031). Patients classified in type A and treated with platinum-based adjuvant chemotherapy after operation were significantly shorter period of recurrence after last platinum-based chemotherapy (P = 0.020) and diagnosed with “platinum-resistant recurrence”. Treatment with non-platinum-based chemotherapy after operation could be effective for the patients who were classified in type A. Our data indicate that the platinum resistance can be predicted prior to recurrence with platinum distribution. Thus, we will be able to select more appropriate adjuvant chemotherapy, which may possibly lead to improve patient’s prognosis.


2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
Kecheng Huang ◽  
◽  
Aiyue Luo ◽  
Rvnfeng Yang ◽  
Wenyu Pei ◽  
...  

Medicine ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 100 (37) ◽  
pp. e27163
Author(s):  
Hayun Jin ◽  
Su Bin Park ◽  
Jee-Hyun Yoon ◽  
Jee Young Lee ◽  
Eun Hye Kim ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Author(s):  
Yi-Xin Chen ◽  
Juan Chen ◽  
Ji-Ye Yin ◽  
Hong-Hao Zhou ◽  
Bai-Mei He ◽  
...  

Purpose: Lung cancer is the largest cause of cancer deaths in the world. Platinum-based chemotherapy is a foundation of first-line chemotherapy. However, the prognosis of lung cancer treated with platinum-based chemotherapy is still a challenge. Single nucleotide polymorphism of non-coding RNA has the potential to be a biomarker, but its effectiveness has yet to be comprehensively assessed. In this study, we explored the association between polymorphisms of non-coding RNA and prognosis of lung cancer patients receiving platinum-based chemotherapy.Materials and Methods: For 446 lung cancer patients receiving platinum-based chemotherapy, 22 single nucleotide polymorphisms of microRNA and long noncoding RNA were genotyped by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. Cox regression analysis, Kaplan-Meier method, and long-rank test have been performed to assess the association of overall and progression-free survival with polymorphisms.Results: In the additive and dominant models, genetic polymorphism of ANRIL rs1333049 (G > C) was significantly associated with progression-free survival. Additive model: CC vs GC vs GG [HR = 0.84, p = 0.021, 95% CI (0.73–0.97)]; Recessive model: CC vs GG + GC [HR = 0.77, p = 0.026, 95% CI (0.61–0.97)]. In the dominant model, compared with the CC genotype patients, lower risk of death [HR = 0.81, p = 0.036, 95% CI (0.66–0.99)] and lower risk of progression [HR = 0.81, p = 0.040, 95% CI (0.67–0.99)] have been observed on the patients with CG or GG genotype in miR-146A rs2910164.Conclusion: Our research demonstrated the potential of using ANRIL rs1333049 (G > C) and miR-146A rs2910164 (C > G) as biomarkers to support the prediction of a better prognosis for lung cancer patients receiving platinum-based chemotherapy.


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