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ناجية البادي الكتبي ◽  
أسامة كناكر

This study aimed to determine the use of the Twitter network in raising awareness of the emerging corona virus (Covid-19) through analyzing the tweets of the UAE Ministry of Health and Community Protection that were published from 7/1/2020 - 31/7/2020, to reveal the communication role of health institutions in raising awareness of the disease. This study is a descriptive study that uses the analytical approach. It relied on the sample survey method using the content analysis tool. The tweet was considered as a unit of analysis using both social responsibility theory and information seeking. The number of tweets reached 513 tweets. The findings have shown that the Ministry of Health and Prevention in the UAE allocated 62% of its tweets in July to raise awareness of the emerging Corona virus and the majority of these tweets were supported by images and info graphics. Additionally, the tweets focused on all segments of the society. The interest of those in charge of the site appeared through answering all inquiries, The study recommends conducting specialized research in the field of communication networks and their role in health awareness.

2022 ◽  
Vol 20 (1) ◽  
Kavita Singh ◽  
Qingfeng Li ◽  
Karar Zunaid Ahsan ◽  
Sian Curtis ◽  
William Weiss

Abstract Background Many low- and middle-income countries cannot measure maternal mortality to monitor progress against global and country-specific targets. While the ultimate goal for these countries is to have complete civil registrations systems, other interim strategies are needed to provide timely estimates of maternal mortality. Objective The objective is to inform on potential options for measuring maternal mortality. Methods This paper uses a case study approach to compare methodologies and estimates of pregnancy-related mortality ratio (PRMR)/maternal mortality ratio (MMR) obtained from four different data sources from similar time periods in Bangladesh, Mozambique, and Bolivia—national population census; post-census mortality survey; household sample survey; and sample vital registration system (SVRS). Results For Bangladesh, PRMR from the 2011 census falls closely in line with the 2010 household survey and SVRS estimates, while SVRS’ MMR estimates are closer to the PRMR estimates obtained from the household survey. Mozambique's PRMR from household survey method is comparable and shows an upward trend between 1994 and 2011, whereas the post-census mortality survey estimated a higher MMR for 2007. Bolivia's DHS and post-census mortality survey also estimated comparable MMR during 1998–2003. Conclusions Overall all these data sources presented in this paper have provided valuable information on maternal mortality in Bangladesh, Mozambique, and Bolivia. It also outlines recommendations to estimate maternal mortality based on the advantages and disadvantages of several approaches. Contribution Recommendations in this paper can help health administrators and policy planners in prioritizing investment for collecting reliable and contemporaneous estimates of maternal mortality while progressing toward a complete civil registration system.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (1) ◽  
pp. 43
Sandra A. Lampley ◽  
Sarah Roller Dyess ◽  
Michael P. J. Benfield ◽  
Andrew M. Davis ◽  
Sampson E. Gholston ◽  

There is a demand for more STEM professionals. Early elementary students’ conceptions about engineering can influence whether or not they explore STEM career paths and ultimately select an engineering career. This study examined the conceptions elementary students have regarding the work that engineers perform. The research questions were the following: (1) what images do early elementary students associate with engineering and engineers, (2) do these associations vary from grade to grade, (3) are there gendered differences in these associations, and (4) how do the associations from this sample compare with the associations from the broader (grades one–five) Cunningham, Lachapelle, and Lindgren-Steider (2005) sample? Survey data from 1811 students in grades one–three were analyzed by comparison analysis and cluster analysis and then compared to the initial Cunningham et al. (2005) study. The results indicate two ways elementary students envision engineering: (a) creating designs or collecting and analyzing data, and (b) utilizing equipment to build and improve things. Comparison with the Cunningham et al. (2005) study suggests that there may be shifts in the way elementary students perceive engineering. Since these shifts could be attributed to a variety of factors, future work that determines what learning experiences might be contributing to students’ conceptions about engineering is recommended.

M. А. Sdvizhkov

The article examines the background of legislative consolidation and the main problems of the introduction by pharmaceutical companies of a new legal institution for the prevention of violations of antimonopoly legislation — antimonopoly compliance, introduced by Federal Law No. 33-FL of March 1, 2020.The definition of the concept and a brief description of the current state and trends in the development of the pharmaceutical industry in connection with the relations of competition are given.The necessity of introducing antimonopoly compliance by pharmaceutical companies as a relatively independent part of pharmaceutical compliance as the most general (universal) tool for self-prevention of any offenses by the company itself and all its employees in connection with official activities is substantiated.The main antimonopoly risks associated with the implementation of pharmaceutical companies’ economic activities are named. Typical examples of violations of antimonopoly legislation by pharmaceutical companies are considered.The results of a sample survey of pharmaceutical industry representatives conducted by the author on their attitude to the introduction of antimonopoly compliance are presented.Proposals have been formulated to amend the Code of Administrative Offences of the Russian Federation in order to create additional incentives for the implementation of antimonopoly compliance.

PeerJ ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 10 ◽  
pp. e12809
Sawitri Assanangkornchai ◽  
Kanittha Thaikla ◽  
Muhammadfahmee Talek ◽  
Darika Saingam

Background Many countries now allow the consumption of cannabis or cannabinoids for medical purposes with varying approaches concerning products allowed and the regulatory frameworks prevailing their endowment. On 18 February 2019 Thailand passed legislation allowing the use of cannabis for medical purposes. This study aimed to examine patterns and purposes for consumption of medical cannabis, and consumers’ perceptions and opinions towards benefits and harms of cannabis and related policies in 2019–2020. Methods A cross-sectional study using a respondent-driven sampling (RDS) method was conducted in four sites across Thailand. Participants were 485 adults aged 18 years and over, living in the study region, who had used cannabis for medical purposes within the past 12 months. Face-to-face interviews using a structured questionnaire were used to collect data on (1) demographic characteristics, (2) pattern of consumption, (3) source of information and perception of benefits and harms of medical cannabis, and (4) opinion towards cannabis policies. Data were analyzed using RDS Analyst and presented as percentage and mean with 95% confidence interval (CI). Results Most participants (84.7%, 95% CI [78.9–90.5]) used an oral form of crude oil extract while 9.2% (95% CI [4.1–14.2]) used the raw form. The most common uses were for treatment of cancers (23.3%, 95% CI [16.1–30.4]), neuropsychiatric symptoms (22.8%, 95% CI [17.5–28.0]), and musculoskeletal pains (21.6%, 95% CI [16.7–26.6]). Illegal sources such as underground traders (54.5%, 95% CI [40.8–68.3]), friends and relatives (12.2%, 95% CI [6.2–18.3]), not-for-profit provider groups (5.2%, 95% CI [0.5–10.9]), and clandestine growers or producers (2.9%, 95% CI [0.6–5.3]) were the main suppliers. Most (>80%) perceived cannabis could treat cancers, chronic pains, insomnia, Parkinson’s disease and generalized anxiety disorder. Less than half perceived that cannabis could cause adverse conditions e.g., palpitation, panic, memory impairment and schizophrenic-like psychosis. Most respondents agreed or strongly agreed with the policies regarding permission to use cannabis for medical purposes (95.1%, 95% CI [92.0–98.2]), for the legal sale of medical cannabis products (95.9%, 95% CI [93.7–98.2]), and for people to grow cannabis for medical use (94.2%, 95% CI [91.8–96.5]). However, only two-thirds agreed with policies concerning the sales of cannabis (65.3%, 95% CI [56.9–73.7]) and home-grown cannabis for recreational purposes (61.3%, 95% CI [52.7–69.9]). Conclusion Our study reports the experiences of consumers of medical cannabis in the first year after its legalization in Thailand. Consumers reported various patterns and indications of consumption that were not supported by scientific evidence, but had positive perception of the results of consumption. These findings highlight ongoing policy challenges for Thailand and can be a lesson to be learned for other countries in the region.

2022 ◽  
Vol 6 (1) ◽  
Parida Parida ◽  
Ni Ketut Surasni ◽  
Baiq Nurul Suryawati ◽  
Siti Aisyah Hidayati

This study aims to determine the effect of liquidity, leverage and profitability to the firm value with dividend policy as moderating variables in Manufacturing company listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange (IDX) in 2017-2019.This type of research is associative quantitative research. The data collection method used is Sample Survey method. The population in this study are all manufacturing companies listed on Indonesia Stock Exchange (IDX) of 182 companies. Sampling method with purposive sampling. And based on the criteria of the number of samples as many as 66 out of 182 companies. data analysis using multiple regression analysis with Moderated Regression Analysis (MRA).The results showed that: Liquidity significant positive effect on firm value. Leverage significant positive effect on firm value. Profitability significant positive effect on firm value. Dividend policy is able to strengthen the effect of liquidity on the firm value. Dividend policy weakens the effect of leverage on the firm value. Dividend policy is not able to strengthen the effect of profitability on the firm value

2022 ◽  
pp. 001946622110635
Rajendra P. Mamgain ◽  
Khalid Khan

One of the major policy concerns in recent years has been decline in the number of women workers in the Indian labour market. The ‘education’ and ‘income’ effect hypotheses for such decline are generally advocated. Such analyses, however, are limited in their focus. This study attempts to fill up this gap by exclusively focusing on rural women. Using the National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO) data for the years 2004–2005 and 2011–2012 and Periodic Labour Force Survey data for the year 2017–2018, it observes a widespread decline in rural women’s work participation rates (WPRs) across their different social groups, income strata and states in the country albeit at a significantly varying rate. While the major decline in women WPRs in the age-group, 15–24 years has been in favour of education, it has been largely in favour of ‘domestic works’ in the other age-groups. The major decline in women workforce is observed in case of those as not-literates, ‘unpaid family labour’ in agriculture and ‘casual wage labour’ both in farm and non-farm sectors. This is largely due to contraction in self-employment and casual wage works both in farm and non-farm sectors, more so during recent period. This study finds a positive impact of rising household income on women’s WPRs. While education emerges as a significant predictor of women joining workforce, its iteration with their social groups shows differing impact of similar level of education on different caste groups. It offers inputs for policy measures to be aimed at providing decent livelihoods in rural areas in a big scale, with strong focus on reducing caste and gender disparities. JEL Codes: E24, J16, J21, J18

2021 ◽  
Vol 12 (4) ◽  
pp. 890-896
Divyani Soni ◽  
Vandana Verma ◽  
Shobhna Joshi ◽  
Sangeeta Gehlot

Background: Several scientific studies have documented the relationship among personality types, psychological traits and disorders. Manasika Prakṛiti, described in Ayurveda, is based on the three qualities of mind i.e Satva, Raja and Tama which determine the three Manasika Prakṛiti, namely, Satvika, Rajasika, and Tamasika . Among these, Satvika individuals are less prone for psychological disorders than Tamasika and Rajasika type. Few studies have been conducted on relationship of psychological parameters and Manas Prakriti, Thus it requires a large sample survey specifically in Indian population to make conclusive statements. Aim and Objective: To find an association between Manasika Prakriti and Psychological parameter i.e Stress, depression and anxiety among healthy females. Methods: A total 450 healthy females (180 Satvika, 145 Rajasika and 125 Tamasika Prakriti) were selected from different department of Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi. Assessment of Manasika Prakriti was done by using Manas Prakriti assessment inventory(MPAI) developed by Aftab A et.,al, 2018 and psychological parameters i.e stress, depression and anxiety were assessed by using Stress Scale, Beck depressions inventory II(BDI II) and Sinha’s anxiety scale. Result: Significant difference was found in between Manasika Prakriti and Psychological parameters i.e. stress, depression and anxiety at the faculty level(p<0.001). In all the faculty Satvika Prakriti females having very low level of stress and anxiety(63.4%, 34.4%) and minimal level of depression(76.6%) while few Rajasika Prakriti females having mild level of depression(47.6%) and severe level of anxiety(53.8%).Tamasika Prakriti females were having higher chances of severe level of stress, depression and anxiety as compared to other Prakriti.

2021 ◽  
Vol 15 (58) ◽  
pp. 313-323
Aurea Conceição Bastos Donato Macedo ◽  
Maria Lenice Batista Pinheiro ◽  
Athena De Albuquerque Farias

Segundo o Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada (IPEA) e Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicílio (PNAD), a desigualdade no Brasil está intimamente relacionada com a pobreza, mormente em razão da considerável diferença na distribuição de renda no país. Nesse sentido, mesmo que o Brasil detenha grande crescimento econômico, isso não irá melhorar a condição social do país, sem um enfrentamento mais efetivo que leve em conta uma distribuição mais justa de renda. Esta realidade, que foi, histórica e culturalmente constituída, precisa com urgência elaborar políticas públicas estruturantes, capazes de atuar de forma articulada, ampliando o acesso dos cidadãos aos  direitos legalmente postos,  que possam proporcionar uma mais adequada qualidade de vida.---According to the Institute for Applied Economic Research (IPEA) and the National Household Sample Survey (PNAD), inequality in Brazil is closely related to poverty, mainly because of the importance of the difference in income distribution in the country. In this sense, even if Brazil has great economic growth, this will not improve the social condition of the country, without a more effective confrontation that takes into account a fairer distribution of income. This reality, which has been historically and culturally fulfilled, urgently needs to develop structuring public policies, capable of acting in an articulated manner, expanding citizens' access to legally established rights, which can provide a more adequate quality of life.  

2021 ◽  
Vol 6 ◽  
Nguyen Thi Nhu Thuy ◽  
Tran Tuan Kiet ◽  
Pham Hung Cuong ◽  
Vo Dinh Quy ◽  
Nguyen Chi Trung

Based on the sample survey data of 289 students of Ho Chi Minh City University of Technology and Education (HCMUTE) from February to May 2021, the paper has focused on analyzing the factors affecting the satisfaction of HCMUTE students with e-wallet services. The results show that students of Ho Chi Minh City University of Technology and Education  have been using e-wallet services widely, with a high degree of satisfaction. The study also reveals that, a variety of factors influence the satisfaction of HCMUTE students such as convenience (Std. Error 0.050, Sig. =0.000); safety and security (Std. Error =0.055, Sig. =0.000); reliability (Std. Error 0,057, Sig. =0.000); policy to approach customers/employees (Std. Error 0.040, Sig. =0.000; frequency of use (Std. Error 0.043, Sig. =0.000).

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