Embryo Recovery
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Author(s):  
Joanna M.G. Souza-Fabjan ◽  
Ribrio I.T.P. Batista ◽  
Luciana M. Melo ◽  
Marcos A.L. Oliveira ◽  
Maiana S. Chaves ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Author(s):  
STEFAN CIORNEI ◽  
Dan DRUGOCIU ◽  
Liliana Margareta Ciornei ◽  
Petru ROŞCA

Abstract BackgroundThe success of an embryo transfer protocol in sheep depends on many factors, but the choice of drugs for the desired superovulation as well as the conception rate are most essential. Reproductive activity in sheep is characterized by a seasonality influenced by several factors such as photoperiod, latitude, temperature, nutrition and breed. Reproductive seasonality and nutritional condition are the main factors that influence embryo production in sheep. In sheep, some anatomical peculiarities limit the application of traditional reproductive biotechnologies used in cattle. MethodsIn vivo embryo production is often referred to as “multiple ovulation and embryo transfer” and involves ovarian superstimulation of the donor female, insemination or mating, uterine flushing for embryo recovery, and either cryopreservation or transfer of collected embryos to recipients. A total number of 60 sheep and 3 rams were included in this study, divided into 2 groups (receptors/donors). Donor Suffolk sheep were treated for superovulation using the P4‐PGF‐FSH protocol while the cross-bred recipients’ group was synchronized with P4-PGF-PMSG. ResultsOn the first day after superovulation, all ovaries had more than 5 dominant follicles, while corpora lutea were later observed in 83.3% sheep. The recovery rate was 83.3% while 72,9% embryos were transferable. Embryos were transferred directly into recipients. Fertility after 30 days was 68.57%, lambing rate was 91.6%, and CR 62.85%. This study showed that veterinary drugs (P4, FSH, LH, PMSG, PGF) used for superovulation were capable to induce estrus and synchronize ovulation in sheep, are topical and in increasing use worldwide. ConclusionsThe aim of this study was to conclude on the effectiveness of a wider on farm in vivo embryo transfer development program in Suffolk sheep, using several veterinary hormones. The application of a multiple ovulation embryo transfer (MOET) protocol has a positive effect in the production of in vivo derived embryos in Suffolk sheep and can guarantee the success of embryo transfer activity to ewes with lower genetic merit. Our research aimed at representing a model for sheep farms for a rapid improvement of productive traits.


2021 ◽  
pp. 106441
Author(s):  
Monique de Albuquerque Lagares ◽  
Fabiana Cristina Varago ◽  
Valéria Spyridion Moustacas ◽  
Valentim Arabicano Gheller ◽  
Rafael Romero Nicolino ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Vol 99 (Supplement_1) ◽  
pp. 110-110
Author(s):  
Taylor Andrews ◽  
Kaitlin Epperson ◽  
Jerica Rich ◽  
Saulo Menegatti Zoca ◽  
Abigail L Zezeski ◽  
...  

Abstract The objective was to evaluate the impact of nutritional changes prior to and after artificial insemination (AI) on uterine environment and plasma cholesterol concentrations. Beef heifers (n = 79) were randomly assigned to two dietary treatment groups (High=155% or Low=86% of maintenance energy) for 30 d prior to AI (pre-AI). At AI, heifers were randomly assigned new treatment groups (post-AI) which created four pre- x post-AI diet treatments (High-High, High-Low, Low-High, and Low-Low). Post-AI dietary treatments continued until uteri were flushed for embryo recovery (d 7 or 8 post-AI). Blood samples were collected on d -3,-2,-1, 0 (AI day), 1,3,5,7, and 8 for analysis of plasma cholesterol concentrations using a colorimetric assay. Uterine flushes were analyzed for concentrations of Mg, Al, P, S, K, Ca, Cu, Zn, Se, and Fe by ICPMS. Plasma cholesterol (repeated measures) and uterine mineral concentrations were analyzed using the MIXED procedures in SAS. Plasma cholesterol concentrations changed over time (P < 0.0001); however, there were no differences between treatments (P > 0.10). There was an effect of embryo presence on uterine flush mineral concentrations for Mg (P < 0.04), Al (P < 0.01), S (P < 0.01), K (P < 0.01), and Ca (P < 0.01), with decreased concentrations when uterine flushes contained an embryo. There was no effect of pre-AI diet on mineral concentrations; however, there was an effect of post-AI diet on S (P < 0.02) and Ca (P = 0.03). High diet heifers had increased S and Ca concentrations compared to low diet heifers. Sulfur concentration was affected by a pre-AI diet by embryo interaction (P < 0.03). There was a post-AI by embryo interaction on P (P < 0.03), Zn (P = 0.02), and Se (P = 0.02). Also, there was a pre-AI by post-AI by embryo interaction on Mg (P < 0.05). In conclusion, changing plane of nutrition pre- and post-AI had no effect on plasma cholesterol concentrations; however, presence of an embryo affected uterine mineral concentrations.


Antibiotics ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (5) ◽  
pp. 490
Author(s):  
Lorenzo G. T. M. Segabinazzi ◽  
Igor F. Canisso ◽  
Giorgia Podico ◽  
Lais L. Cunha ◽  
Guilherme Novello ◽  
...  

Microorganisms, including pathogenic or opportunistic bacteria and fungi, may gain access to the uterus during breeding, and infectious endometritis plays a major role in equine subfertility. This study aimed to assess the post-breeding inflammatory response, endometrial culture, and embryo recovery of mares susceptible to persistent breeding-induced endometritis (PBIE) treated with plasma-rich (PRP) or -poor (PPP) plasma. Mares (n = 12) susceptible to PBIE had three cycles randomly assigned to receive intrauterine infusions of lactate ringer solution (LRS, control), or autologous PRP or PPP pre- (−48 and −24 h) and post-breeding (6 and 24 h). Mares were bred with fresh semen from one stallion. Intrauterine fluid accumulation (IUF) and endometrial neutrophils were assessed every 24 h up to 96 h post-breeding. Uterine cytokines (Ilβ, IL6, CXCL8, and IL10) were evaluated before (0 h), 6, and 24 h post-breeding, and endometrial culture three and nine days after breed. Embryo flushing was performed 8 days post-ovulation. Data were analyzed with mixed model, Tukey’s post-hoc test, and multivariate regression. PRP treatment reduced endometrial neutrophils, post-breeding IUF, and pro-inflammatory cytokines when compared to control-assigned cycles, but not significantly different than PPP. Controls had a significantly higher percentage of positive bacterial cultures (33%) in comparison to PRP-assigned cycles (0%), whereas cycles treated with PPP were not significantly different from the other groups (25%). The PRP-assigned cycles had significantly greater embryo recovery rates (83%) than the control (33%), though not significantly different than PPP (60%). Plasma infusion reduced the duration and intensity of the post-breeding inflammatory response and improved embryo recovery in mares susceptible to PBIE. Platelets incrementally downregulate PBIE and appear to have a dose-dependent antimicrobial property.


Author(s):  
Aline Matos Arrais ◽  
Marco Roberto Bourg de Mello ◽  
Gabriel Brun Vergani ◽  
Lucas Machado Figueira ◽  
Sérgio Novita Esteves ◽  
...  

2021 ◽  
Vol 73 (1) ◽  
pp. 115-122
Author(s):  
A.P.M.L. Kolling ◽  
G.C. Brilhante ◽  
J. Drechmer ◽  
L.M. Santos ◽  
B.D.M. Silva ◽  
...  

ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to quantify the superovulatory response and embryo production of Brazilian Bergamasca sheep and to evaluate the link to the follicular condition before superovulatory treatment, as a reference for selection of donors with potential for superovulation. Follicular population of twenty-three sheep was evaluated by ultrasound during metestrus phase of the estrous cycle and divided into groups of low, medium and high follicular population. Subsequently, they were synchronized, superovulated with 133mg of pFSH, mated and subjected to embryo collection. The superovulatory response (9.0±3.3 vs 10.7±6.2 vs 13.8±7.1) and embryo production (4.0±3.8 vs 2.6±2.0 vs 1,8±4.0) were similar between groups (P>0.05). There was a positive correlation between the number of follicles during the metestrus phase and the number of corpus luteum with premature regression (PLR) (0.52) and a negative correlation between the recovery rate and PLR (-0.44) (P<0.05). The sheep that presented PLR had more follicles during metestrus (16.9±7.8 vs 12.7±3.2) and lower embryo recovery rate (38.8±29.3 vs 72.2±29.9) than those with functional CLs (P<0.05). Follicular quantification during metestrus phases was unable to identify donors with high embryo production. Animals with PLR had a larger follicular population during metestrus and lower embryo recovery rate.


2021 ◽  
Vol 33 (2) ◽  
pp. 182
Author(s):  
M. Hussain ◽  
K. Ahmed ◽  
P. Chakravarty ◽  
V. Paul ◽  
B. C. Deka ◽  
...  

The Arunachali breed of yak is reared by the Monpa pastoral community of Arunachal Pradesh in India for their livelihood and nutritional security on highland pastures. In addition to fulfilling the basic needs of highlanders, this animal is associated with poor production potential linked to its inherent reproductive problems, including silent oestrus, seasonality, and inbreeding, making yak rearing a less-profitable venture. In the recent past, efforts have been made to improve reproductive efficiency of Arunachali yak through assisted reproductive techniques. However, a few regimens for superovulation have been tried to date with limited success in terms of superovulatory response and embryo recovery. Therefore, the present study was undertaken to evaluate the efficacy of two different doses and regimes of superovulation: Stimufol (400 and 200µg per animal) and Folligon (1500 and 1000IU per animal) in Arunachali yak. Twenty-four yaks were allotted in 4 groups (of 6 animals each) and subjected to respective superovulation treatment. Thereafter, the treatment response was assessed in terms of expression of oestrus, interval between treatment and oestrus onset, duration of oestrous, number of corpora lutea and embryos recovered, and analysed using two-way statistical analysis between treatment groups. The results (Table 1) showed a significant (P&lt;0.01) variation in onset of oestrus after the treatment, whereas other responses did not differ among the groups. Further, the recovered embryos were categorized as excellent, good, fair, and poor according to cell size, shape, texture, and number of vesicles present in the blastomeres; 58.33, 20.83, 8.33, and 12.5% embryos in these categories were recovered, respectively. The overall embryo recovery rate was 30.77%, ranging from 10.53 to 52.38% in different treatment groups. The numbers of embryos recorded were less than the numbers of CL present, showing the possibility of non-availability of all ovulated oocytes for fertilization in the oviduct due to untrapping by the fimbriae. The effectiveness of treatments depended upon the precision of oestrus detection and the time of ovulation. In our study, the variation in onset of oestrus might be associated with poor expression of behavioural oestrus in the treated animals. Based on the present findings, we conclude that all the treatments are effective in superovulation and embryo recovery. However, the use of Folligon at 1500IU seemed to be comparatively more effective in Arunachali yak. Table 1. Mean (n=6) average of treatment responses in yak following different superovulatory treatment Variable Treatment Stimufol Folligon 400 µg/animal 200 µg/animal 1500 IU/animal 1000 IU/animal Oestrus response (%) 100 100 100 100 Interval between treatment and oestrus onset (h) 17.67±0.56a 20.83±0.79b 21.17±0.79bc 23.67±1.43c Duration of oestrous (h) 30.33±1.09 28.50±0.99 31.50±1.50 28.83±1.25 Corpora lutea (n) 2.83±1.22 3.50±1.18 3.50±0.67 3.17±0.87 Embryo recovered (n) 0.83±0.83 1.00±0.81 1.83±0.98 0.33±0.21 Recovery rate (%) 29.41 28.57 52.38 10.53 a–cMeans within a row with different superscripts differ P&lt;0.05.


Author(s):  
Sumit Singhal ◽  
Shiv Prasad ◽  
Rajesh Verma ◽  
H.P. Gupta ◽  
J.K. Prasad

Background: Limited elite buffalo population need to be propagated at faster rate to sustain the dairy industry in India. Faster propagation could be achieved through embryo transfer technology. Low serum progesterone concentrations during the start of superstimulatory treatment is major factor that hampers the success of multiple ovulation embryo transfer (MOET) in buffaloes. This study evaluated the effect of GnRH pretreatment before superovulatory regimen on progesterone profile, superovulation and correlation of progesterone with superstimulatory parameter in Murrah buffaloes. Methods: Buffaloes (n=27) were superstimulated using 600 mg Folltropin and divided into three groups on basis of pretreatment: Group I and group II were pretreated with GnRH @ 10 µg and 06 µg, respectively while no pretreatment was subjected in group III (control). Progesterone hormone concentration, superovulatory response, ovulation rate, embryo recovery were recorded. Result: Our study revealed that superovulatory response was non-significantly different in all three groups and ranged from 6-8 in terms of number of corpus luteum (CL). Average number of recovered embryos in this study was nearly 2.0. A positive correlation between progesterone concentrations at the initiation of FSH treatment with number of CL and embryo recovery was observed. The study indicated that GnRH pretreatment before superstimulation improve the serum progesterone concentration, superovulatory response and embryo recovery in Murrah buffaloes. 


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