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Jian Liang ◽  

Ritual is one of the most classic research topics in the field of Anthropology, and rituals have close connection with medial practice. However, the research on this topic from the experience of Traditional Chinese Medicine is limited. This paper presents the whole story that a patient suffering from infertility got cured got cured by a doctor of Traditional Chinese Medicine(TCM) and finally became a mother. With the detailed description of each medical practice, including pulse-taking, traditional Chinese herb therapy, and postpartum confinement, this paper analyzes the ritualized elements in the whole process, interprets how ritual play a role in the practice of TCM, and points out ritual’s essential significance in contributing to human’s well being and adjusting the relationships between individual and the world.

2022 ◽  
Ming Jiang ◽  
Song Yan ◽  
Weichao Ren ◽  
Nannan Xing ◽  
Hongyuan Li ◽  

Abstract Bupleurum (named “Chai-hu”) is an important traditional Chinese medicine resource in China. It has been widely used since ancient times and has antipyretic, analgesic and cholagogic functions, but there is little research on its genetic diversity. In this study, genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS) was used to detect SNP loci in 39 Bupleurum germplasm resources from different regions in China and analyse their genetic diversity. A total of 25.1 Gb of data was obtained by sequencing, with an average of 0.64 Gb per sample. After screening, 83898 high-quality SNPs were obtained. The results of genetic research were obtained by phylogenetic tree, principal component analysis and population structure analysis, and the 39 experimental materials were divided into three groups. The average observed heterozygosity and expected heterozygosity of Bupleurum populations were 0.24 and 0.17, respectively, indicating that Bupleurum populations from five different provinces had a low level of genetic diversity. Population nucleotide diversity analysis and analysis of molecular variance showed that the percentage of intrapopulation variation was 120.88%, while the percentage of interpopulation variation was only 2.46%. There was relative aggregation of Bupleurum samples with the same geographical origin, but the division of population structure was not completely correlated with sample origin. The results showed that the genetic diversity of the materials was low and that the genetic variation was narrow. This provides a good basis for the genetic breeding and protection of species diversity of Bupleurum.

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 ◽  
Haitao Zhou ◽  
Shanshan Ding ◽  
Chuanxin Sun ◽  
Jiahui Fu ◽  
Dong Yang ◽  

Lycium barbarum berry (Ningxia Gouqi, Fructus lycii, goji berry, or wolfberry), as a traditional Chinese herb, was recorded beneficial for longevity in traditional Chinese medical scriptures and currently is a natural dietary supplement worldwide. However, under modern experimental conditions, the longevity effect of L. barbarum berry and the underlying mechanisms have been less studied. Here, we reported that total water extracts of L. barbarum berry (LBE), which contains 22% polysaccharides and other components, such as anthocyanins, extended the lifespan of Caenorhabditis elegans without side effects on worm fertility and pharyngeal pumping. Interestingly, we found that the lifespan extension effect was more prominent in worms with shorter mean lifespan as compared to those with longer mean lifespan. Furthermore, we showed that the lifespan extension effect of LBE depended on deacetylase sir-2.1. Remarkably, LBE rescued heat shock transcription factor-1 (hsf-1) deficiency in wild-type worms with different mean lifespans, and this effect also depended on sir-2.1. In addition, we found that LBE extended lifespan and alleviated toxic protein aggregation in neurodegenerative worms with hsf-1 deficiency. Our study suggested that LBE may be a potential antiaging natural dietary supplement especially to individuals with malnutrition or chronic diseases and a potential therapeutic agent for neurodegenerative diseases characterized by hsf-1 deficiency.

Plant Disease ◽  
2022 ◽  
Peng Cao ◽  
Yuhui Fang ◽  
Zikui Zheng ◽  
Xia Han ◽  
Huixi Zou ◽  

Dendrobium officinale Kimura L., an endangered orchid plant, is a rare and precious Chinese herb and widely used to prepare Chinese traditional medicine (Zheng et al. 2005). In August 2021, significant indications of an unknown leaf spot disease were observed on greenhouse-grown D. officinale in Yueqing of Wenzhou (28.39°N, 121.04°E), Zhejiang Province, China, the main producing location of this orchid plant. Approximately twenty percent of plants surveyed showed typical infection symptoms. Initially, the symptoms appeared as small, circular black spots. As the disease developed, the center of the lesions was sunken with a black border. To determine the causal agent, 10 symptomatic plant samples were collected and all pieces from symptomatic plant leaves were used for isolating pathogen. Tissues between healthy and necrotic area were cut into pieces (5 × 5 mm, n=10), disinfected with 10% sodium hypochlorite for 1 minute, rinsed 3 times with sterile water, and dried on sterile tissue. Samples were then placed on potato dextrose agar medium (PDA) for 1 piece per plate, and incubated at 25℃ in a dark biochemical incubator. After 3 days, hyphal tips growing from the disinfected tissues were individually transferred to new PDA plates and incubated at 25℃ in the dark. Twelve same fungal isolates were obtained from all symptomatic leave fragments, then DDO11 was chosen as a representative isolate for further study. The colonies showed white aerial mycelium after 5 days culture at 25°C on PDA. Black viscous acervuli appeared and scattered on the surface of the colony after 8-12 days culture. Conidia were spindle shape, five cells, four septa, average 29.3 × 8.5 μm (n = 30; length × width). The apical and basal cells were lighter in color, and most of them were hyaline. The middle three cells were darker in color, and mostly brown. There are 2 to 4 colorless and transparent unbranched accessory filaments at the top, 32.5 µm in average length, and the basal cell has a small appendage, 9.2 µm in average length, n=30. For fungal identification to species level, Internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region, β-tubulin gene (TUB2) and translation elongation factor-1α (TEF-1α) were amplified (Qiu et al. 2020), respectively. The ITS, TUB2 and TEF-1α gene sequences of the representative isolate DDO11 were deposited in NCBI GenBank nucleotide database with accession numbers OK631881, OK655895 and OK655896, respectively. BLASTn analysis respectively showed 100%, 100% and 99.6% nucleotide sequence identity with Neopestalotiopsis clavispora strain accessions MG729690, MG740736 and MH423940, which indicated that the pathogen belonged N. clavispora. A maximum-likelihood phylogenetic analysis based on multi-locus sequence (ITS, TUB2, and TEF-1α) using MEGA X showed the similar result (Kumar et al. 2018). To verify pathogenicity, thirty 1-year-old healthy D. officinale plants of cultivar Yandang1 were used for inoculation tests. Spores of N. clavispora DDO11 were produced on PDA for 7 days at 28°C and washed with sterile distilled water, and the concentrations were adjusted to 1 × 106 spores/ml using a hemocytometer. Fifteen surface disinfected healthy plants were inoculated by spraying the suspension (2 ml, 1 × 106 spores/ml) and covered with plastic bags for 24 h, and another 15 plants treated with sterile distilled water were used as control. The plants were placed in a humidified chamber (>95% relative humidity) at 25°C for 48 h after inoculation and kept in a growth chamber (Kiangnan, China) at 25°C with 12-h day/night cycle for 8 days (Cao et al. 2019). All inoculated leaves showed symptoms identical to those observed in the field. No disease occurred on the controls. The Neopestalotiopsis isolate was reisolated from the symptomatic leaves, and species identification was confirmed by the morphological and molecular method described above. N. clavispora has been reported to cause diseases on a variety of plants all over the world, such as strawberry (Gilardi et al. 2019), blue berry (Shi et al. 2021), Syzygium cumini (Banerjee et al. 2020), Macadamia (Qiu et al. 2020), and so on. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of N. clavispora causing leaf spot on D. officinale in China. This report will help us to recognize the leaf spot disease of D. officinale and establish a foundation for future studies on N. clavispora to address effective management strategies.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-15
Fei Li ◽  
Dan Han ◽  
Bo Wang ◽  
Wentao Zhang ◽  
Yan Zhao ◽  

Itch is one of the major clinical manifestations of psoriasis, which is closely related with neurogenic inflammation and difficult to control. Colquhounia Root (CR) is a Chinese herb exhibiting broad bioactivities on anti-inflammation. This study was designed to explore the antipsoriatic and anti-itch potential of CR and its underlying mechanisms. Mice in a model of imiquimod-induced psoriasiform dermatitis were treated topically with CR for 7 days, and the severity of skin lesions and itch was significantly ameliorated. CR reduced the inflammatory cell infiltration, as well as mast cells in skins. Particularly, the expression of inflammatory cytokines and chemokine including Il17a, Il22, and Ccl20 and itch-related molecules such as SP, CGRP, and NGF in lesions were decreased in diseased mice upon application with CR. The normal human epidermal keratinocytes were stimulated with the M5 cytokine cocktail, the mixture of IL-17A, IL-22, Oncostatin M, IL-1α, and TNF-α, and cell viability and mRNA expression levels of inflammatory factors and itch-related molecules were measured after being treated with CR. We found that CR inhibited both cell hyperproliferation and overexpression of inflammatory cytokines and itch-related molecules in vitro. Altogether, we conclude that CR relieves psoriatic lesions and itch via controlling immunological and neurogenic inflammation.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Yue Wang ◽  
Yan Tong ◽  
Oluwaniyi Isaiah Adejobi ◽  
Yuhua Wang ◽  
Aizhong Liu

Dendrobium officinale Kimura et Migo is an important epiphytic plant, belonging to the Orchidaceae family. There are various bioactive components in D. officinale plants, mainly including polysaccharides, alkaloids, and phenolic compounds. These compounds have been demonstrated to possess multiple functions, such as anti-oxidation, immune regulation, and anti-cancer. Due to serious shortages of wild resources, deterioration of cultivated germplasm and the unstable quality of D. officinale, the study has been focused on the biosynthetic pathway and regulation mechanisms of bioactive compounds. In recent years, with rapid developments in detection technologies and analysis tools, omics research including genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics and metabolomics have all been widely applied in various medicinal plants, including D. officinale. Many important advances have been achieved in D. officinale research, such as chromosome-level reference genome assembly and the identification of key genes involved in the biosynthesis of active components. In this review, we summarize the latest research advances in D. officinale based on multiple omics studies. At the same time, we discuss limitations of the current research. Finally, we put forward prospective topics in need of further study on D. officinale.

2022 ◽  
Vol 67 (4) ◽  
pp. 306-312
Zang Ping ◽  
Xue Jun ◽  
Wang Yan ◽  
Zhang Jun

Pediatric allergic asthma is a chronic disease that affects the lungs and airways. If a child is exposed to certain stimulants such as pollen inhalation, colds, or respiratory infections, the lungs become inflamed and if left untreated can lead to dangerous asthma attacks. One of the most important treatments for this disease is the use of leukotriene modulators, such as montelukast. But recently, due to easier access, cheaper prices and fewer side effects, attention has shifted to non-chemical treatments. Gan-Cao (Glycyrrhizae uralensis), as traditional Chinese medicine, has been proved to have a good therapeutic effect on experimental allergic asthma. But its anti-asthma mechanism is currently unclear. Therefore, the study aimed the comparison between the effect of Gan-Cao and montelukast on the expression of T-bet and GATA-3 genes in children with allergic asthma. For this purpose, fifty children with allergic asthma were divided into two groups. The first group was treated with montelukast for one month. The second group was treated with Gan-Cao root extract. Then the peripheral blood mononuclear cells were isolated, their RNA was extracted, and the relative expression of T-bet and GATA3 transcription factors was evaluated by Real-time PCR. The relationship between them and risk factors for asthma was assessed by relevant statistical tests. The result showed the expression of the GATA3 gene (P = 0.102), T-bet gene (P = 0.888), and the expression ratio of T-bet/GATA-3 genes (P = 0.061) was not significantly different between the two groups. It showed that Gan-Cao can affect the expression of these genes just as much as montelukast. Therefore, this Chinese herb can be used as an alternative or supplement medicine to treat allergic asthma in children.

2022 ◽  
Vol 802 ◽  
pp. 149752
Shengxiong Huang ◽  
Jie Qin ◽  
Tao Chen ◽  
Cheng Yi ◽  
Siyan Zhang ◽  

2022 ◽  
Vol Volume 15 ◽  
pp. 1-4
Shiyu Jiang ◽  
Jixiang Xu ◽  
Xia Xiong ◽  
Yongqiong Deng

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