immunomodulatory potential
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Muhammad Riaz ◽  
Majid Khan ◽  
Rizwan Ahmad ◽  
Lina Hussain AlLehaibi ◽  

Currently, the whole world is facing a life-threatening novel coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Natural products are well-known for their potential role against viral disease, and some anti-viral agents have been developed to combat these diseases. Herein, the authors investigated the possible effects of this Holy plant Nigella sativaL. (NS), against coronavirus, using evidence-based and mechanistic approaches to conclude the immune-boosting and alleviation of respiratory systemeffects of NS. The pharmacological studies established a prominent role in treating various respiratory, immune systems, cardiovascular, skin, and gastrointestinal disorders. Literature supported the significant anti-viral role and showed an inhibitory role for NS against MHV-A59 CoV (mouse-hepatitis virus–A59) infected Hela, i.e., HeLaCEACAM1a (HeLa-epithelial carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 1a) cell. NS is a safe herbal product or dietary supplement and could be an effective and affordable community adjuvant treatment for coronavirus in the current scenario.

2022 ◽  
Vol 13 (1) ◽  
Xiangling Li ◽  
Yanjun Guan ◽  
Chaochao Li ◽  
Tieyuan Zhang ◽  
Fanqi Meng ◽  

AbstractVarious immune cells and cytokines are present in the aftermath of peripheral nerve injuries (PNI), and coordination of the local inflammatory response is of great significance for the recovery of PNI. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) exhibit immunosuppressive and anti-inflammatory abilities which can accelerate tissue regeneration and attenuate inflammation, but the role of MSCs in the regulation of the local inflammatory microenvironment after PNI has not been widely studied. Here, we summarize the known interactions between MSCs, immune cells, and inflammatory cytokines following PNI with a focus on the immunosuppressive role of MSCs. We also discuss the immunomodulatory potential of MSC-derived extracellular vesicles as a new cell-free treatment for PNI.

2022 ◽  
Leena Sapra ◽  
Niti Shokeen ◽  
Konica Gupta ◽  
Chaman Saini ◽  
Asha Bhardwaj ◽  

Discoveries in the last few years have emphasized the existence of an enormous breadth of communication between osteo-immune system. These discoveries fuel novel approaches for the treatment of several bone-pathologies including osteoporosis, an inflammatory bone anomaly affecting more than 500 million people globally. Bifidobacterium longum (BL) is preferred probiotic of choice due to its varied immunomodulatory potential in alleviating various inflammatory diseases. Here, we evaluate the effect of BL in ovariectomy (ovx)-induced post-menopausal osteoporotic mice model. Our in vitro findings reveal that BL suppresses the differentiation and functional activity of RANKL-induced osteoclastogenesis in both mouse bone marrow cells and human PBMCs. Our in vivo data clearly establish that BL exhibits osteoprotective potential via modulating the immunoporotic Breg-Treg-Th17 cell-axis. Furthermore, micro-CT and bone mechanical strength data support that BL supplementation significantly enhanced bone mass and strength, and improved microarchitecture in ovx mice. Remarkably, alteration in frequencies of CD19+CD1dhiCD5+ Bregs, CD4+Foxp3+IL-10+ Tregs, and CD4+Rorgt+IL-17+ Th17 immune cells in distinct lymphoid organs along with serum-cytokine data (enhanced anti-osteoclastogenic cytokines IFN-g; and IL-10 and reduced osteoclastogenic-cytokines IL-6, IL-17, and TNF-a) strongly support the immunomodulatory potential of BL. Altogether our findings establish a novel osteo-protective and immunoporotic potential of BL in augmenting bone health under osteoporotic conditions.

2022 ◽  
pp. 105403
Jade Ormondes de Farias ◽  
Arthur Corrêa Resende Ferreira ◽  
Alessandra Godoi Cardoso Kostopoulos ◽  
Taia Maria Berto Rezende ◽  
Simoni Campos Dias

Pharmaceutics ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 13 (12) ◽  
pp. 2197
Musarat Amina ◽  
Nawal M. Al Musayeib ◽  
Nawal A. Alarfaj ◽  
Maha F. El-Tohamy ◽  
Gadah A. Al-Hamoud ◽  

The current study is focused on the biosynthesis of nutmeg oil/ polyurethane/ZnONPs bionanocomposite film for immunomodulatory and antioxidant activities. The fabricated film was prepared by using naturally extracted nutmeg oil functionalized with ZnONPs in the presence of polyutherane (PU) medium. The bionanocomposite film was obtained by incorporating dropwise 10 % (w/v) of nutmeg oil to the PU solution/ZnONPs blend. The active constituents of nutmeg oil were determined by gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The morphological characteristics of the resulting bionanocomposite film were confirmed using various microscopic and spectroscopic methods. Immunomodulatory potential of bionanocomposite was evaluated for RAW 264.7 macrophages. The results exhibited an excellent reduction in inflammatory cytokines (IL-6, IL-10, and TNFα) secretions after the treatment with bionanocomposite. The bionanocomposite exerted the highest inhibitory effects on certain cell signaling constituents that influence the initiation of expression of proinflammatory cytokines. The bionanocomposite was also tested for DPPH and ABTS free radicals scavenging assays and showed excellent antioxidant potential with IC50 values (0.28 ± 0.22 and 0.49 ± 0.36), respectively. The outcomes suggested promising immunomodulatory and antioxidant potentials for the biogenic synthesized nutmeg oil/PU/ZnONPs polymeric bionanocomposite.

2021 ◽  
Vol 3 (12) ◽  
Paul Benedic U. Salvador ◽  
Leslie Michelle M. Dalmacio ◽  
Sang Hoon Kim ◽  
Dae-Kyung Kang ◽  
Marilen P. Balolong

Probiotic strains from different origins have shown promise in recent decades for their health benefits, for example in promoting and regulating the immune system. The immunomodulatory potential of four Lactobacillus strains from animal and plant origins was evaluated in this paper based on their genomic information. Comparative genomic analysis was performed through genome alignment, average nucleotide identity (ANI) analysis and gene mining for putative immunomodulatory genes. The genomes of the four Lactobacillus strains show relative similarities in multiple regions, as observed in the genome alignment. However, ANI analysis showed that L. mucosae LM1 and L. fermentum SK152 are the most similar when considering their nucleotide sequences alone. Gene mining of putative immunomodulatory genes studied from L. plantarum WCFS1 yielded multiple results in the four potential probiotic strains, with L. plantarum SK151 showing the largest number of genes at around 74 hits, followed by L. johnsonii PF01 at 41 genes when adjusted for matches with at least 30 % identity. Looking at the immunomodulatory genes in each strain, L. plantarum SK151 and L. johnsonii PF01 may have wider activity, covering both immune activation and immune suppression, as compared to L. mucosae LM1 and L. fermentum SK152, which could be more effective in activating immune cells and the pro-inflammatory cascade rather than suppressing it. The similarities and differences between the four Lactobacillus species showed that there is no definitive trend based on the origin of isolation alone. Moreover, higher percentage identities between genomes do not directly correlate with higher similarities in potential activity, such as in immunomodulation. The immunomodulatory function of each of the four Lactobacillus strains should be observed and verified experimentally in the future, since some the activity of some genes may be strain-specific, which would not be identified through comparative genomics alone.

Biology ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (12) ◽  
pp. 1315
Paweł Bryniarski ◽  
Katarzyna Nazimek ◽  
Janusz Marcinkiewicz

In this review, diuretics and their immunomodulatory functions are described. The effects on the immune response of this group of drugs are reported in patients suffering from hypertension and under experimental conditions involving animal models and cell line studies. The pathogenesis of hypertension is strongly connected to chronic inflammation. The vast majority of diuretics modulate the immune response, changing it in favor of the anti-inflammatory response, but depending on the drug, these effects may differ. This topic is significantly important in medical practice regarding the treatment of patients who have coexisting diseases with chronic inflammatory pathogenesis, including hypertension or chronic heart failure. In patients with metabolic syndrome, allergies, or autoimmune disorders, the anti-inflammatory effect is favorable, because of the overstimulation of their immune system. Otherwise, in the geriatric population, it is important to find the proper anti- and pro-inflammatory balance to avoid an enhancement of immune response suppression, which can result in reducing the risk of serious infections that can occur due to the age-diminished function of the immune system. This article is intended to facilitate the selection of an antihypertensive drug that depends on the patient’s immune situation.

2021 ◽  
pp. 101709
Sheida Farrokhi ◽  
Fattah sotoodehnejadnematalahi ◽  
Anwar Fathollahi ◽  
Mostafa Haji Molla Hoseini ◽  
Seyed Mahmoud Hashemi ◽  

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