Effect and Mechanism of LncRNA HOTAIR on Migration, Apoptosis and Proliferation of Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cells

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (3) ◽  
pp. 461-470
Gang Quan ◽  
Bo Ren ◽  
Jian Xu ◽  
Jie Zhou ◽  
Guo Wu ◽  

<sec> <title>Objective:</title> This study was designed to probe the influence and mechanism of lncRNA HOTAIR on migration, apoptosis and proliferation of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. </sec> <sec> <title>Methods:</title> We evaluated LncRNA HOTAIR expression in HCC tissues and adjacent tissues, and serum of HCC patients and healthy controls. Later, we knocked down lncRNA HOTAIR, and utilized CCK-8 to determine Hep3B cell proliferation, flow cytometry for prospecting Hep3B cell apoptosis, and cell scratch assay for observing Hep3B cell migration.We anticipated the direct target of lncRNA HOTAIR, and adopted luciferase reporter assay to verify. Moreover, we inhibitedmiR-126-5p expression, and rescue experiment for evaluating the influence of si-HOTAIR+miR-126-5p inhibitors on Hep3B cell migration, apoptosis as well as proliferation. </sec> <sec> <title>Results:</title> Our results showed that lncRNA HOTAIR expression in tumor tissues and serum was significantly increased. Moreover, lncRNA HOTAIR inhibition significantly decreased the Hep3B cell proliferation rate, elevated Hep3B cell apoptosis rate, and inhibited Hep3B cell migration. Luciferase reporter assay suggested that miR-126-5p was the direct target of lncRNA HOTAIR. Furthermore, co-transfection of si-HOTAIR+miR-126-5p inhibitor could diminishthe effects of HOTAIR silencing on apoptosis, proliferation and migration. </sec> <sec> <title>Conclusion:</title> Silencing of lncRNA-HOTAIR can inhibit the HCC cell migration and proliferation, and increase the apoptosis by up-regulating miR-126-5p expression. </sec>

2020 ◽  
Vol 19 (1) ◽  
pp. 39-44
Bangming Pu ◽  
Yong Cao ◽  
Yan Li ◽  
Li Tang ◽  
Jiyi Xia ◽  

Purpose: To explore the molecular function of miR-196b-5p in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Methods: MiR-196b-5p expression levels in HCC tissue samples were assessed by qRT-PCR. MiR-196b-5p was knocked-down or over-expressed in HepG2 cells by transfecting the cells with plasmids expressing either a miR-196b-5p inhibitor or mimic, respectively, while cell proliferation was  assessed by MTT assay. The interaction of miR-196b-5p with target molecules was confirmed using luciferase reporter assay. Cell cycle was investigated by flow cytometry, while NFκBIA expression was assessed by western blotting.Results: MiR-196b-5p was over-expressed in HCC, and miR-196b-5p expression levels in patients with HCC were related to tumor grade. MiR-196b-5p over-expression promoted cell proliferation and colony formation and suppressed cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. The results of luciferase reporter assay showed that miR-196b-5p reduced NFκBIA expression in HepG2 cells by binding to a response element in the 3′ UTR of NFκBIA. Further investigation showed that NFκBIA interacts with NFκB1 and reduces the concentration of NFκB1 in HepG2 cells. The promoter of ATP-binding cassette sub-family B member 1 (ABCB1) was also targeted and bound by NFκB1, which altered the expression of ABCB1 in HepG2 cells.Conclusion: MiR-196b-5p regulates cell proliferation in drug-resistant HCC cell lines via activation of the NFκB/ABCB1 signaling pathway. Keywords: Hepatocellular carcinoma, miR-196b-5p, NFκBIA, NFκB1, ABCB1

2019 ◽  
Vol 159 (4) ◽  
pp. 190-200 ◽  
Mei-Ling Cao ◽  
Bin-Lu Zhu ◽  
Yuan-Yuan Sun ◽  
Guang-Rong Qiu ◽  
Wei-Neng Fu ◽  

It is currently believed that the TBX1 gene is one of the core genes of congenital heart disease (CHD). However, there are few studies on the abnormal regulation of TBX1 gene expression. The purpose of this work was to investigate the role of miR-144 and TBX1 in cardiac development by studying the regulatory relationship and mechanism of miR-144 on TBX1/JAK2/STAT1 in cardiomyocytes. Cell proliferation was detected by MTT and clone formation assay and cell cycle and apoptosis by flow cytometry. The levels of miR-144 and TBX1 in H9c2 cells were assessed by qRT-PCR. Dual luciferase reporter assay was used to validate the direct targeting of TBX1 with miR-144. The protein expression levels of TBX1 and its downstream proteins were measured by Western blot analysis. miR-144 inhibited H9c2 cell proliferation by arresting cells in G1 phase. Furthermore, miR-144 induced H9c2 cell apoptosis and activated the JAK2/STAT1 signaling pathway. Bioinformatic predictions and luciferase reporter assay showed that miR-144 directly targets TBX1. Co-overexpression of miR-144 and TBX1 upregulated cell proliferation by accelerating G1 to S phase transition and downregulated cell apoptosis through inhibiting the JAK2/STAT1 signaling pathway. miR-144 acts as a proliferation inhibitor in cardiomyocytes via the TBX1/JAK2/STAT1 axis and is therefore a potential novel therapeutic target for CHD treatment.

2020 ◽  
WuBin Weng ◽  
ChangMing Liu ◽  
GuoMin Li ◽  
QiongFang Ruan ◽  
HuiZhang Li ◽  

Abstract Background: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are one of the major causes of tumorigenesis. However, the roles and mechan­­isms of lncRNA SNHG16 in prostate cancer (PCa) remain unknown. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the mech­­anisms of lncRNA SNHG16 in the proliferation and metastasis of human PCa cells.Material and Methods: First, the quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) was used to measure SNHG16 expression in PCa tissues and adjacent normal tissues (n=80). Down-regulate and over-express SNHG16 in human PCa DU-145 cell. Then cell proliferation was detected by CCK8 assay, cell apoptosis was analyzed by flow cytometry, cell migration were determined by wound healing, and cell invasion was examined by transwell. Western blot assays were used to examine the expression of the TGFBR2, c-MYC, E2F4, SMAD2, p-SMAD2, SMAD3, and p-SMAD3. Second, the targeting relationship between SNHG16 and hsa-miR-373-3p was verified by dual-luciferase reporter assay and rescue experiments. Third, the targeting relationship between hsa-miR-373-3p and TGFBR2 was verified by dual-luciferase reporter assay and rescue experiments. Results: The expression of SNHG16 was significant increase in PCa tissues (Z=-8.405, P<0.001), and with significant correlation with patient's age (<60 and ≥60 years old, P=0.007). Silencing SNHG16 inhibited DU-145 cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, while induced cell apoptosis significantly (P<0.01, respectively). Overexpressing SNHG16 promoted cell proliferation, migration and invasion, and reduced cell apoptosis rate (P<0.05, respectively). SNHG16 overexpression observably increased TGFBR2, c-MYC, E2F4, p-SMAD2, and p-SMAD3 expression (P<0.001, respectively), but SNHG16 inhibition was opposite. However, SNHG16 did not regulate SMAD2 and SMAD3 expression. Next, hsa-miR-373-3p was found down-regulated in PCa tissues (Z=-8.344, P<0.001), and the down-regulation of hsa-miR-373-3p were closely linked to Gleason score (Gleason score: <7 and >7, P = 0.024). Hsa-miR-373-3p expression of hsa-miR-373-3p was negatively correlated with SNHG16 (r=-0.544, P<0.001). The result of dual-luciferase reporter assay and qPCR test revealed that hsa-miR-373-3p was a target of SNHG16. Hsa-mir-373-3p inhibitor could rescue sh-SNHG16-inhibited cell proliferation, migration and invasion by promoting TGFBR2, C-MYC, E2F4, P-Smad2, and P-smad3 expression. Finally, we found that TGFBR2 may be the target gene of hsa-mir-373-3p through TargetScan and starbase. Further research found that TGFBR2 was markedly up-regulated in PCa tissues (Z=-5.945, P<0.001), and the expression of TGFBR2 was negatively correlated with hsa-miR-373-3p (r=-0.627, P<0.001). Dual-luciferase reporter assay and qPCR test showed that TGFBR2 was a target of hsa-miR-373-3p. TGFBR2 knockdown could inhibit hsa-mir-373-3p inhibitor-induced cell proliferation, migration and invasion, and reversed the effect of hsa-mir-373-3p inhibitor on cell apoptosis. Based on the data, sh-TGFBR2 partially disabled hsa-mir-373-3p inhibitor effect. Conclusion: LncRNA SNHG16 might act as a ceRNA to regulate the proliferation and migration of DU-145 cells by modulating the hsa-miR-373-3p/TGFBR2/SMAD axis.

2016 ◽  
Vol 38 (6) ◽  
pp. 2500-2508 ◽  
Yang Liu ◽  
Yi Chai ◽  
Jian Zhang ◽  
Junwei Tang

Backgroud/Aims: Previous studies have shown that miR-501 is involved in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) by promoting cell proliferation through CYLD. From the published MirSNP database that enrolls all single nucleotide polymorphisms(SNPs) of microRNA (miRNA), we found an interesting SNP (rs112489955, G>A) located in the mature region of miR-501. Methods: We performed a case-control study focusing on the predicted SNP located in miRNA-501 to investigate the further relationship of the SNPs with miRNAs among HCC patients. Genotyping, real time PCR assay, cell transfection and the dual luciferase reporter assay were used in our study. Results: Bioinformatic analysis indicated that this SNP would inhibit the binding of miR-501 to CYLD. In a case-control study, subjects with the variant genotypes (AG, GG) showed a significantly increased risk of HCC relative to AA carriers. A significant association of miR-501 variant genotypes with enhanced tumor growth was also observed. Further functional analyses indicated that patients with the AA genotype might attenuate the level of CYLD compared to that regulated by miR-501 with the GG genotype. A dual luciferase reporter assay also confirmed that miR-501 with the A allele had reduced binding to CYLD. We further confirmed a suppression of cell proliferation and promotion of apoptosis in SMMC-7721 and Hep3B cell lines treated with the AA genotype. Conclusions: We identified a novel SNP located in miR-501 acting as an important factor of the HCC susceptibility by modulating miR-501 and CYLD levels.

2020 ◽  
Vol 2020 ◽  
pp. 1-10 ◽  
Xinhua Xu ◽  
Yan Ding ◽  
Jun Yao ◽  
Zhiping Wei ◽  
Haipeng Jin ◽  

Background. This study was aimed at exploring the effects of miR-215 and its target gene stearoyl-CoA desaturase (SCD) on colorectal cancer (CRC) cell migration and invasion. Methods. Here, we analyzed the relationship between miR-215 and SCD, as well as the regulation of miR-215 on CRC cells. We constructed wild-type and mutant plasmids of SCD to identify whether SCD was a target gene of miR-215 by using a luciferase reporter assay. The expression of miR-215 and SCD was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and western blot, respectively. MTT, wound healing, and Transwell assays were applied to determine the effect of miR-215 on CRC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. Results. It was found that miR-215 expression was significantly decreased in CRC tissue while SCD was highly expressed compared with those in adjacent normal tissue. The luciferase reporter assay indicated that SCD was a direct target gene of miR-215. Functional analysis revealed that miR-215 overexpression significantly inhibited CRC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion in vitro. In addition, the result of rescue experiments showed that overexpression of SCD could promote the proliferation, migration, and invasion of CRC cells, and the carcinogenic effect of SCD could be inhibited by miR-215. Conclusions. Taken together, our findings suggested that miR-215 could inhibit CRC cell migration and invasion via targeting SCD. The result could eventually contribute to the treatment for CRC.

F1000Research ◽  
2013 ◽  
Vol 2 ◽  
pp. 197 ◽  
Claire L. Le Guen ◽  
Joshua R. Friedman ◽  
Nicholas J. Hand

MicroRNAs have been found to play a profound role in embryonic and post-natal development through their regulation of processes such as cell proliferation, differentiation, and morphogenesis. The microRNA-30 (miR-30) family is necessary for vertebrate hepatobiliary development; however, the mechanism through which miR-30 regulates these processes is not fully understood. Here, we identify genes directly regulated by miR-30 that have been characterized as key developmental factors. The targets were confirmed via a luciferase reporter assay, following exogenous over-expression of miR-30a and miR-30c2 in cultured cells. Five novel miR-30ac2 targets were identified using this approach, all of which play crucial roles in hepatobiliary development or are involved in hepatocellular carcinoma and cholangiocarcinoma.

2018 ◽  
Vol 50 (6) ◽  
pp. 2124-2138 ◽  
Ying Zhang ◽  
Jianliang Xu ◽  
Shaoquan Zhang ◽  
Jun An ◽  
Jin Zhang ◽  

Background/Aims: Previous studies have demonstrated that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) may play critical roles in cancer biology, including Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The HOXA cluster antisense RNA2 (HOXA-AS2) lncRNA plays an important role in carcinogenesis, however, the underlying role of HOXA-AS2 in HCC remains unknown. The present study examined the effects of HOXA-AS2 on the progression of HCC, and explored the underlying molecular mechanisms. Methods: Quantitative real-time PCR was used to detect HOXA-AS2 expression in HCC tissues and cell lines. Furthermore, the effects of HOXA-AS2 silencing and overexpression on cell proliferation, cell cycle, apoptosis, migration, and invasion were assessed in HCC in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, bioinformatics online programs predicted and luciferase reporter assay were used to validate the association of HOXA-AS2 and miR-520c-3p in HCC cells. Results: We observed that HOXA-AS2 was up-regulated in HCC tissues and cell lines. In vitro experiments revealed that HOXA-AS2 knockdown significantly inhibited HCC cells proliferation by causing G1 arrest and promoting apoptosis, whereas HOXA-AS2 overexpression promoted cell growth. Further functional assays indicated that HOXA-AS2 significantly promoted HCC cell migration and invasion by promoting EMT. Bioinformatics online programs predicted that HOXA-AS2 sponge miR-520c-3p at 3’-UTR with complementary binding sites, which was validated using luciferase reporter assay. HOXA-AS2 could negatively regulate the expression of miR-520c-3p in HCC cells. MiR-520c-3p was down-regulated and inversely correlated with HOXA-AS2 expression in HCC tissues. miR-520c-3p suppressed cell proliferation, invasion and migration in HCC cells, and enforced expression of miR-520c-3p attenuated the oncogenic effects of HOXA-AS2 in HCC cells. By bioinformatic analysis and dual-luciferase reporter assay, we found that miR-223-3p directly targeted the 3’-untranslated region (UTR) of Glypican-3 (GPC3), one of the key players in HCC. GPC3 was up-regulated in HCC tissues, and was negatively correlated with miR-520c-3p expression and positively correlated with HOXA-AS2 expression. Conclusion: In summary, our results suggested that the HOXA-AS2/miR-520c-3p/GPC3 axis may play an important role in the regulation of PTC progression, which could serve as a biomarker and therapeutic target for HCC.

2019 ◽  
Vol 39 (12) ◽  
Yan Zhang ◽  
Ni Yan ◽  
Xiaoqing Wang ◽  
Yanhai Chang ◽  
Yu Wang

Abstract It is reported that miR-129-5p plays an important role in various diseases, but its effect on rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and the potential mechanism remain to be clarified. In the present research, we aimed to investigate the effect of miR-129-5p on RA and the special molecular mechanism. First, the expression of miR-129-5p was analyzed in RA patients and RA Fibroblast-like synoviocytes (RA-FLSs) by RT-PCR assay. The cell viability, apoptotic rate and the relative expression of caspase-3 and caspase-8 were measured by CCK-8, Annexin-FITC/propidium iodide (PI) and ELISA, respectively. Luciferase reporter assay was performed to investigate the target of miR-129-5p. The results revealed that the expression of miR-129-5p was down-regulated in RA patients and RA-FLSs. In addition, miR-129-5p inhibited cell proliferation and induced apoptosis of RA-FLS. Furthermore, luciferase reporter assay demonstrated that insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R) was the direct target of miR-129-5p, and IGF-1R promoted cell proliferation and inhibited apoptosis by activating Src/ERK/Egr-1 signaling. Furthermoremore, the Src/ERK/Egr-1 signaling pathway was suppressed by miR-129-5p. Collectively, the results of the present study suggested that miR-129-5p regulated cell proliferation and apoptosis via IGF-1R/Src/ERK/Egr-1 signaling pathway in RA.

2021 ◽  
Vol 20 ◽  
pp. 153303382110330
Zhenzhao Luo ◽  
Yue Fan ◽  
Xianchang Liu ◽  
Shuiyi Liu ◽  
Xiaoyu Kong ◽  

Background: Previous studies reported that N-myc downstream-regulated gene 1 (NDRG1) was upregulated in various cancer tissues and decreased expression of miR-188-3p and miR-133b could suppress cell proliferation, metastasis, and invasion and induce apoptosis of cancer cells. However, the molecular mechanism of NRDG1 involved in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tumorigenesis is still unknown. Methods: The expressions of miR-188-3p, miR-133b, and NRDG1 in HCC tissues and cells were quantified by qRT-PCR and Western blot. MTT assay and transwell invasion assay were performed to evaluate cell growth and cell migration, respectively. Luciferase reporter assay were performed to determine whether miR-188-3p and miR-133b could directly bind to NRDG1 in HCC cells. Results: The results showed that NRDG1 was upregulated and these 2 microRNAs were downregulated in HCC tissues. NRDG1 was negatively correlated with miR-188-3p and miR-133b in HCC tissues. MiR-188-3p and miR-133b were demonstrated to directly bind to 3′UTR of NRDG1 and inhibit its expression. Upregulation of miR-188-3p and miR-133b reduced NRDG1 expression in hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines, which consequently inhibited cell growth and cell migration. Conclusions: Our finding suggested that miR-188-3p and miR-133b exert a suppressive effect on hepatocellular carcinoma proliferation, invasion, and migration through downregulation of NDRG1.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (9) ◽  
pp. 1744-1751
Deqian Meng ◽  
Wenyou Pan ◽  
Ju Li

Accumulating evidence have indicated that MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are key regulators in human rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The aim of this study was to explore the functional roles of miR-16-5p in proliferation, inflammation, and apoptosis of fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS). The expression of miR-16-5p and SOCS6 in FLA was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Cell proliferation and apoptosis were measured by CCK-8 assay and flow cytometry, respectively. Luciferase reporter assay was used to verify the direct target of miR-16-5p. Western blot analysis was performed to analysis the levels of SOCS6, Bcl-2, Bax and cleaved caspase 3. miR-16-5p expression was significantly upregulated while SOCS6 level was decreased in RA-FLS compared with normal FLS. In addition, luciferase reporter assay confirmed that SOCS6 was the target of miR-16-5p. Silencing of miR-16-5p inhibited cell proliferation, releases of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6 and IL-8, and induced the apoptosis. The effects of miR-16-5p silencing on RA-FLS were reversed by downregulation of SOCS6. In summary, knockdown of miR-16-5p could suppress cell proliferation and accelerate the apoptosis of RA-FLS through targeting SOCS6, which may provide a potential therapeutic target for patients with RA.

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