direct target
Recently Published Documents





2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (3) ◽  
pp. 461-470
Gang Quan ◽  
Bo Ren ◽  
Jian Xu ◽  
Jie Zhou ◽  
Guo Wu ◽  

<sec> <title>Objective:</title> This study was designed to probe the influence and mechanism of lncRNA HOTAIR on migration, apoptosis and proliferation of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. </sec> <sec> <title>Methods:</title> We evaluated LncRNA HOTAIR expression in HCC tissues and adjacent tissues, and serum of HCC patients and healthy controls. Later, we knocked down lncRNA HOTAIR, and utilized CCK-8 to determine Hep3B cell proliferation, flow cytometry for prospecting Hep3B cell apoptosis, and cell scratch assay for observing Hep3B cell migration.We anticipated the direct target of lncRNA HOTAIR, and adopted luciferase reporter assay to verify. Moreover, we inhibitedmiR-126-5p expression, and rescue experiment for evaluating the influence of si-HOTAIR+miR-126-5p inhibitors on Hep3B cell migration, apoptosis as well as proliferation. </sec> <sec> <title>Results:</title> Our results showed that lncRNA HOTAIR expression in tumor tissues and serum was significantly increased. Moreover, lncRNA HOTAIR inhibition significantly decreased the Hep3B cell proliferation rate, elevated Hep3B cell apoptosis rate, and inhibited Hep3B cell migration. Luciferase reporter assay suggested that miR-126-5p was the direct target of lncRNA HOTAIR. Furthermore, co-transfection of si-HOTAIR+miR-126-5p inhibitor could diminishthe effects of HOTAIR silencing on apoptosis, proliferation and migration. </sec> <sec> <title>Conclusion:</title> Silencing of lncRNA-HOTAIR can inhibit the HCC cell migration and proliferation, and increase the apoptosis by up-regulating miR-126-5p expression. </sec>

2022 ◽  
Vol 8 (1) ◽  
Yong Gong ◽  
Shuai Zhang ◽  
HongXin Wang ◽  
Yunfeng Huang ◽  
Xing Fu ◽  

AbstractAccumulating evidence indicates that circFOXM1 (Hsa_circ_0025033) is highly expressed in several cancers; however, the function of circFOXM1 in glioma and the molecular mechanism have not been well explored. In the present study, we found that expression of circFOXM1 was upregulated in both glioma tissues and cell lines. In addition, circFOXM1 knockdown suppressed glioma-cell proliferation, activated apoptosis in vitro, and repressed tumour growth in vivo. Moreover, we clarified that circFOXM1 binds with miR-432, which was downregulated in glioma cells. Furthermore, we indicated that Gα12, a direct target of miR-432, was highly expressed in glioma cells, and Gα12 silencing might limit the progression of glioma. Rescue assays indicated that Gα12 reversed the inhibitory effect of circFOXM1 silencing on glioma-cell tumorigenesis. In conclusion, circFOXM1 acts as a sponge of miR-432 to promote the proliferation and aggressiveness of glioma cells through the Gα12 signalling pathway.

2022 ◽  
Vol 22 (1) ◽  
Yiming Xu ◽  
Dandan Lv ◽  
Chao Yan ◽  
Hua Su ◽  
Xue Zhang ◽  

Abstract Background N6-methyladenosine (m6A) has emerged as a significant regulator of the progress of various cancers. However, its role in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) remains unclear. Here, we explored the biological function and underlying mechanism of methyltransferase-like 3 (METTL3), the main catalyst of m6A, in LUAD progression. Methods The expression of m6A, METTL3, YTHDF1 and SLC7A11 were detected by immunochemistry or/and online datasets in LUAD patients. The effects of METTL3 on LUAD cell proliferation, apoptosis and ferroptosis were assessed through in vitro loss-and gain-of-function experiments. The in vivo effect on tumorigenesis of METTL3 was evaluated using the LUAD cell xenograft mouse model. MeRIP-seq, RNA immunoprecipitation and RNA stability assay were conducted to explore the molecular mechanism of METTL3 in LUAD. Results The results showed that the m6A level, as well as the methylase METTL3 were both significantly elevated in LUAD patients and lung cancer cells. Functionally, we found that METTL3 could promote proliferation and inhibit ferroptosis in different LUAD cell models, while METTL3 knockdown suppressed LUAD growth in cell-derived xenografts. Mechanistically, solute carrier 7A11 (SLC7A11), the subunit of system Xc−, was identified as the direct target of METTL3 by mRNA-seq and MeRIP-seq. METTL3-mediated m6A modification could stabilize SLC7A11 mRNA and promote its translation, thus promoting LUAD cell proliferation and inhibiting cell ferroptosis, a novel form of programmed cell death. Additionally, we demonstrated that YTHDF1, a m6A reader, was recruited by METTL3 to enhance SLC7A11 m6A modification. Moreover, the expression of YTHDF1 and SLC7A11 were positively correlated with METTL3 and m6A in LUAD tissues. Conclusions These findings reinforced the oncogenic role of METTL3 in LUAD progression and revealed its underlying correlation with cancer cell ferroptosis; these findings also indicate that METTL3 is a promising novel target in LUAD diagnosis and therapy.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 ◽  
Satoshi Yamaguchi ◽  
Dongxiao Zhang ◽  
Akihiro Katayama ◽  
Naoko Kurooka ◽  
Ryosuke Sugawara ◽  

MicroRNAs expressed in adipocytes are involved in transcriptional regulation of target mRNAs in obesity, but miRNAs critically involved in this process is not well characterized. Here, we identified upregulation of miR-221-3p and miR-222-3p in the white adipose tissues in C57BL/6 mice fed with high fat-high sucrose (HFHS) chow by RNA sequencing. Mir221 and Mir222 are paralogous genes and share the common seed sequence and Mir221/222AdipoKO mice fed with HFHS chow demonstrated resistance to the development of obesity compared with Mir221/222flox/y. Ddit4 is a direct target of Mir221 and Mir222, and the upregulation of Ddit4 in Mir221/222AdipoKO was associated with the suppression of TSC2 (tuberous sclerosis complex 2)/mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1)/S6K (ribosomal protein S6 kinase) pathway. The overexpression of miR-222-3p linked to enhanced adipogenesis, and it may be a potential candidate for miRNA-based therapy.

2021 ◽  
Bin Wang ◽  
Zhenhui Li ◽  
Caiyuan Mai ◽  
Penglin Mou ◽  
Lei Pan

Abstract Introduction: It has been established that miR-26b-5p actively participate in the osteogenic differentiation of bone mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs), which is of great value in osteoporosis treatment. Database showed that Fibroblast growth factor(FGF)21 is a potential binding site of miR-26b-5p. This study aimed to investigate the molecular osteogenic mechanisms of miR-26b-5p targeting FGF21 in postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMOP). Methods: 5ml of bone marrow was aspirated from the anterior superior iliac spine in 10 PMOP women during bone marrow puncture. BMSCs were used to establish an in vitro cell model, and BMSCs markers were analyzed by flow cytometry. miR-26b-5p and FGF21 were overexpressed for 48h, and then placed in an osteogenic induction medium for osteogenic induction culture, the expression of RNA was detect using RT-qPCR. Cells from miR-26b-5p group were collected on days 7, 14 and 21 of induction for ALP and alizarin red S staining. On day 7 of induction, RT-qPCR was used to measure Runx2, Osterix (Osx), and target gene FGF21 expression levels in each group. The dual-luciferase reporter gene system was used to verify that FGF21 was a direct target of miR-26b-5p. FGF21 was measured by western blotting in the miR-26b-5p overexpression group and in the miR-26b-5p inhibition group. Results: BMSCs were identified according with the antigenic characteristics. miR-26b-5p expression was significantly upregulated after the expression of miR-26b-5p mimics; however, FGF21 expression was downregulated after FGF21 mimics. After overexpression of miR-26b-5p, the alkaline phosphatase activity and nodules of alizarin red S in the culture medium gradually increased as the induction time increased. RT-qPCR showed that the expressions of master osteogenic factors Runx2 and Osx in the BMSC+ osteogenic differentiation medium group was significantly higher than in the BMSC group, the expressions of the factors in the BMSC+ miR-26b-5p overexpression group was significantly higher than in the control group. Target gene FGF21 expression was significantly lower in the BMSC+ osteogenic differentiation medium group than in the BMSC group, and was significantly lower in the BMSC+ miR-26b-5p overexpression group than in the control group. Luciferase reporter assays demonstrated that FGF21 was a direct target of miR-26b-5p. Finally, western blotting analysis showed that FGF21 expression was significantly downregulated in the miR-26b-5p overexpressed group and upregulated in the miR-26b-5p inhibition group. Conclusion: miR-26b-5p can regulate the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs and participate in PMOP pathogenesis via suppressing FGF21. The present study provides the basis for further studies on PMOP.

Development ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 148 (24) ◽  
Jian Chen ◽  
Chenxu Gao ◽  
Xiwen Lin ◽  
Yan Ning ◽  
Wei He ◽  

ABSTRACT Spermatogonial differentiation and meiotic initiation during spermatogenesis are tightly regulated by a number of genes, including those encoding enzymes for miRNA biogenesis. However, whether and how single miRNAs regulate these processes remain unclear. Here, we report that miR-202, a member of the let-7 family, prevents precocious spermatogonial differentiation and meiotic initiation in spermatogenesis by regulating the timely expression of many genes, including those for key regulators such as STRA8 and DMRT6. In miR-202 knockout (KO) mice, the undifferentiated spermatogonial pool is reduced, accompanied by age-dependent decline of fertility. In KO mice, SYCP3, STRA8 and DMRT6 are expressed earlier than in wild-type littermates, and Dmrt6 mRNA is a direct target of miR-202-5p. Moreover, the precocious spermatogonial differentiation and meiotic initiation were also observed in KO spermatogonial stem cells when cultured and induced in vitro, and could be partially rescued by the knockdown of Dmrt6. Therefore, we have not only shown that miR-202 is a regulator of meiotic initiation but also identified a previously unknown module in the underlying regulatory network.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (1) ◽  
Sébastien Soubeyrand ◽  
Paulina Lau ◽  
Kaitlyn Beehler ◽  
Kelsey McShane ◽  
Ruth McPherson

AbstractWe previously identified genomic variants that are quantitative trait loci for circulating miR-1908-5p and then showed this microRNA to causally associate with plasma levels of LDL-C, fasting blood glucose and HbA1c. The link to LDL-C was subsequently validated and clarified by the identification of a miR1908-5p-TGFB-LDLR regulatory axis. Here, we continue our investigations on miR1908-5p function by leveraging human primary hepatocytes and HuH-7 hepatoma models. Expression of miR1908-5p was shown to be sensitive to glucose and agents affecting glucose metabolism. Transcriptome-wide changes in primary hepatocytes and HuH-7 cells treated with a miR1908-5p mimic were investigated by enrichment approaches to identify targeted transcripts and cognate pathways. Significant pathways included autophagy and increased mitochondrial function. Reduced activation and/or levels of several key energy and metabolic regulators (AKT, mTOR, ME1, G6PD, AMPK and LKB) were subsequently confirmed in mimic treated HuH-7 cells. These effects were associated with reduced NADPH to NADP+ ratio in HuH-7 cells. LKB1 was validated as a direct target of miR1908-5p, the reintroduction of which was however insufficient to compensate for the impact of the miR1908-5p mimic on AMPK and ACC1. These findings implicate miR1908-5p in metabolic and energy regulation in hepatocyte models via multiple, independent, pathways.

BMC Cancer ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 21 (1) ◽  
Wenpeng Zhao ◽  
Jiang Guo ◽  
Honglu Li ◽  
Liang Cai ◽  
Youjia Duan ◽  

Abstract Background Abundant evidence has manifested that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are closely implicated in human cancers, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Remarkably, lncRNA FAM83H antisense RNA 1 (FAM83H-AS1) has been reported to be a tumor-propeller in multiple cancers. However, its effect on HCC progression remains unknown. Methods FAM83H-AS1 expression was analyzed by RT-qPCR. Colony formation, EdU, and flow cytometry as well as transwell assays were implemented to analyze the biological functions of FAM83H-AS1 on HCC progression. Luciferase reporter, RIP and RNA pull-down assays were implemented to detect the interaction among FAM83H-AS1, microRNA-485-5p (miR-485-5p), and myocyte enhancer factor 2D (MEF2D) in HCC cells. Results FAM83H-AS1 expression in HCC cells was markedly elevated. FAM83H-AS1 accelerated cell proliferation, migration and invasion whereas inhibiting cell apoptosis in HCC. Besides, we confirmed that FAM83H-AS1 acts as a miR-485-5p sponge in HCC cells. Additionally, MEF2D was verified to be a direct target of miR-485-5p. FAM83H-AS1 could upregulate MEF2D expression via sponging miR-485-5p. Further, rescue experiments testified that MEF2D upregulation or miR-485-5p downregulation offset the repressive effect of FAM83H-AS1 depletion on HCC cell progression. Conclusions FAM83H-AS1 facilitates HCC malignant progression via targeting miR-485-5p/MEF2D axis, suggesting that FAM83H-AS1 may be a promising biomarker for HCC treatment in the future.

2021 ◽  
Keli Liu ◽  
Shaofan Hu ◽  
Lu Qiu ◽  
Meng Wang ◽  
Zhengwen Zhang ◽  

It is worth interrogating why no more experimental evidence confirming those findings, since being reported by Manning's group in 2014's Nature (doi: 10.1038/nature13492), has been provided in the hitherto known literature. A key issue arising from their work is of particular concern about whether the mTORC1 signaling to upregulation of Nrf1-targeted proteasomal expression profiles occurs directly by SREBP1. In this study, our experiment evidence revealed that Nrf1 is not a direct target of SREBP1, although both are involved in the rapamycin-responsive regulatory networks. Closely scrutinizing two distinct transcriptomic datasets unraveled no significant changes in transcriptional expression of Nrf1 and almost all proteasomal subunits in siSREBP1 or SREBP1-/- cells, when compared to equivalent controls. However, distinct upstream signaling to Nrf1 dislocation by p97 and its processing by DDI1/2, along with downstream proteasomal expression, may be monitored by mTOR signaling, to various certain extents, depending on distinct experimental settings in different types of cells. Our further evidence has been obtained from DDI1-/- (DDI2insC) cells, demonstrating that putative effects of mTOR on the rapamycin-responsive signaling to Nrf1 and proteasomes may also be executed partially through a DDI1/2-independent mechanism, albeit the detailed regulatory events remain to be determined.

2021 ◽  
Baishun Li ◽  
Liyang Guo ◽  
Ying He ◽  
Xinran Tu ◽  
Jialin Zhong ◽  

Abstract Pulpitis is a commonly seen oral inflammation condition in clinical practice, it can cause much pain for the patient and may induce infections in other systems. Much is still unknown for the pathogenic mechanism of pulpitis. In this work, we discovered that the expression of miR-155 was associated with dental pulpal inflammation both in vivo and in vitro. Experiments on odontoblast cell line MDPC-23 showed miR-155 could act as a positive regulator by increasing the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1β and IL-6 during inflammatory responses, whereas knockdown of miR-155 can reverse the effects. Bioinformatics analysis demonstrated that SHIP1 is a direct target of miR-155 in odontoblasts, this result was further verified at both mRNA and protein level. Inhibition of miR-155 resulted in the downregulation of inflammation factors, while co-transfection of si-SHIP1 and miR-155 inhibitor promoted the inflammatory responses. Treatment with miR-155 mimic or si-SHIP1 up-regulated the protein level of p-PI3K and p-AKT. By contrast, miR-155 inhibitor exerted the opposite effects. miR-155 mimics could upregulate the gene expression of IL-1β and IL-6. Co-transfection of LY294002 and miR-155 mimic attenuated the inflammatory responses. Consistent with in vitro results, miR-155−/− mice could alleviate inflammatory response, as well as decrease the activation of p-PI3K and p-AKT, whereas increase the activation of SHIP1. In conclusion, these data revealed a novel role for miR-155 in regulation of dental pulpal inflammatory response by targeting SHIP1 through PI3K/AKT signaling pathway.

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document