Publisher: RS Global Sp. z O.O.
ISSN(s): 2544-9435, 2544-9338
Last Update Time: Tuesday, March 31, 2020
Total Documents: 155
this article examines the study of decision-making dispositions of substance addicts. the input study model included 21 disposition, that could be categorized as: decision-making styles, personal dispositions and time perspective profile. the study sample consisted of 60 individuals with diagnosed substance addiction. an exploratory factor analysis (efa) method was used to identify interconnections between decision making dispositions. four factors of the decision-making process were identified and described: “stress interference”, “stimulation focus”, “spontaneity”, “reflexivity”. the results have been compared with the most common concepts of decision making, particularly, with a two-component decision-making system, and revealed the specifics of the decision-making process of substance addicts not only through individual dispositions but also from a systematic perspective.
the article is devoted to the analysis of modern historiography concerning the place and the role of literature and art in the rise of ukrainian national and cultural revival of the second half of the хіхth – the first third of the ххth century. it has been found out that historians consider the works of writers, poets, linguists, artists of ukrainian theater, music, fine arts as a key factor and simultaneously a manifestation of the rise of ukrainian national and cultural movement. it has been revealed that consideration of the literary and artistic component of national revival in close relation to social and political processes is common to modern historiography. historians believe that ukrainian artists formulated the slogans of state and national independence of the ukrainians in a figurative and metaphorical form, and ensured these slogans dissemination to the general public. attention is drawn to the fact that in the historiographical discourse particular attention has been paid to the study of the place and the role of literature and arts in disseminating the ukrainian language, ukrainianization of the social, cultural and everyday spheres of life of contemporary ukrainian nation. conclusions are drawn that the spread of the ukrainian language by means of literature and art has played a significant role in the development of ukrainian self-awareness and the formation of value and cultural foundation of national identity.
article reveal practical need for integration and accumulation of the knowledge in neurology, neurophysiology, neuroanatomy, neurochemistry, neuropsychology, neuropsycholinguistics for reorientation of modern logopedic practice in a narrow-disciplinary discipline. an attempt has been made to generalize the multidisciplinary research of scientists and practitioners devoted to the problems of the search for neurostimulation technologies. author's disclosure of the experience of using modern neurostimulation technologies: neurophysiotherapy, neuroacoustic, neurologic is becoming a particular relevance. according to the results of the dynamics analysis of electrophysiological, psychological and logopedic indicators after the practical introduction of neurotechnology, positive changes in the functional state of the brain were confirmed, which contributed to the activation of the neural networks of the speech and communicative mechanism. it is generalized that the use of neurostimulation technologies in preschool-age children with different types of speech dysontogenesis is a new step in optimizing the process of children speech correction and a prerequisite for further use of classical techniques of speech therapy and steps in reaching the maximum possible results.
the article considers the importance of program documents in the process of formation and establishment of the basic principles of the methodology of research activities of the first quarter of the twentieth century. the study of the features of the collection, recording and systematization of folklore- ethnographic material in this temporary period made it possible to clarify the features and specifics of collecting activities. based on the study of the analysis principles of collection, records and studies of folklore and ethnographic material. the main methodological principles have been identified and identified, which the foundation of the region is considered as for further research and development of ukrainian musical folklore of the first quarter of the xx century.
the possibilities of philosophical hermeneutics in connection with the problems of interpretation and understanding of metaphors are examined. the hermeneutic method and its use in the analysis of specific semantic formations is associated with the concept of metaphor, which can be considered as the most important component of hermeneutic discourse. the metaphor and its capabilities are an essential characteristic of language and speech activity, reflecting the creative nature of our consciousness, the very structure of rationality. various theoretical approaches to understanding metaphors are analyzed.criticism of metaphors continues to the present. it seems to many researchers that metaphors, trails, idioms are illegitimate children of knowledge, rationality, and language. this is quite typical for representatives of modern empiricism, nominalism, reductionism, skepticism, etc., which are driven, in general, by good motivation. this is an attempt to achieve at least conditional objectivity, accuracy and reliability of the results in our humanitarian knowledge, for which, of course, we should bring the language of philosophy closer to the language of nature sciences.true, it has long been noted that this notorious and exacted “accuracy” is not at all true or true, the correct reflection of the objects studied, such as culture, morality, truth or poetry. oddly enough, getting rid of metaphors, we can not say anything more true, and just something non-trivial about poetry, such that it really clarifies its essence or simply explains to us why people write and read poetry.another approach that we can already find with aristotle, and implicitly among the pre-socratics, not to mention plato, is to recognize the metaphor as the most important role in our language and knowledge. the fact that no language can do without metaphors is quite obvious. but is metaphor so important for our knowledge? we strive to present the point of view according to which the metaphor is an instrument of cognitive activity and, as a consequence, of the knowledge of the world by man, no less than logic or mathematics, not to mention the empirical methods of the natural sciences.even a preliminary examination of the role of metaphor in hermeneutic discourse shows that it is a metaphor, more generally, metaphorical, and in another aspect, idiomaticity, that creates the very possibility for hermeneutics to exist. it is metaphors with their ambiguity that provoke interpretation and cognition using the hermeneutic method. even a single metaphor creates a certain semantic tension, which can only be resolved through the effort of interpretation. a text that is fundamentally built or consists mainly of metaphors creates a special semantic space in which the hermeneutic consideration realizes itself. in a sense, these are approximately coincident regions, wherever we meet with a metaphor, hermeneutics also becomes possible. the reverse is also partly true, the task of hermeneutic discourse is not only the interpretation of explicit metaphors, but also the discretion of metaphorical or idiomatic where it is not at first glance visible. it cannot be argued that the search for metaphors is the only thing of hermeneutics, however, it is also true that without considering the tropes, modern hermeneutics would have a completely different look and purpose.
the article deals with the structure of vocational training and postgraduate education of the personnel of the units of the operational and rescue service of civil protection, describes the system of departmental education of the state emergency service of ukraine. on the basis of the analysis of the governing documents and empirical data in the structure of the professional training of the personnel of the guard units of the operational and rescue service of civil protection, the author distinguished two components - primary vocational training in the departmental vocational schools and training of personnel directly in the work unit. it is established that for the development of professional knowledge, skills of rescuers, for maintaining a high level of operational readiness of duty guards, in the structural divisions of the operational and rescue service of civil protection there is a continuous, year- round training system - independent and professional training. the modern period in the professional training of rescuers is characterized by the lack of a proactive approach, insufficient attention to innovative methods of training the personnel of operational units.
a comparison and analysis of features of dialogue communication, perceptive and іnteractive competence, relationship disharmony and needs in interpersonal relations, loneliness, emotional barriers in communication for persons with different levels of depression manifestations are made. interconnections between depression index and dialogue ability in communication, perceptive and іnteractive competence, relationship disharmony (tension, alienation, aggressiveness, conflicts) and needs in interpersonal relations (acceptance, control, inclusion, closeness), loneliness experience, and emotional barriers in a communication are analyzed and interpreted.depressive state is strongly connected with the need of control of social surrounding, rigidity of negative emotional state with lack of control upon it and loneliness experience. somatic component of depressive state, which often is called to hide depressive emotions provides social and psychological adaptation of depressive person, helps to take control of social surrounding and legalize the need of social support (however its amount and quality is still not satisfying).
the article describes the structure of verbal methods of teaching and didactic conditions of combining verbal methods of teaching elementary school students. the necessity of mastering the teacher effective ways of organizing teaching of elementary school students in accordance with the provisions of the state standard and the concept of the new ukrainian school is substantiated. the author reveals the criteria of studying students' educational achievements, their moral education, level of motivation, sensory-empirical experience and theoretical knowledge, monologue and dialogical learning. provides results of experimental research for 9 years in different schools of ukraine. notes the positive achievements of the experimental classes due to the combination of verbal teaching methods. emphasizes the importance of improving the methodological training of the modern teacher. the author reveals the concepts of «internal dialogue», «child-centrism», «learning through activity», «interactivity of learning», «working with different sources of educational information».
comparison of emergency medical care and disaster medicine workers groups with different levels of professional aptitude and competency has given a possibility to find out the professionally significant features and acceptable levels of their manifestation.among the professionally significant features on emotional and will level are indices of rigidity, excitability, activity, stress vulnerability, emotional stability, anxiety and depression inclination, tenseness and frustration vulnerability, emotional exhaustion, purposefulness, assertive and aggressive actions and avoidance in hard life situations. among the professionally significant features on motivation and value level are indices of live value of rest, social braveness, psychological tact, inclination to mutual interpersonal knowledge and understanding, organizational skills and resilience in interpersonal relationship. among the professionally significant features on reflection and activity level are indices of moral normativity, self-control, modeling, result checking and flexibility as individual self-regulation styles, depersonalization, professional achievements reduction, satisfaction from creativity in professional activity, satisfaction by work conditions, satisfaction by appreciation of personal contribution to collective professional activity.satisfaction from professional activity is the important criterion of workers’ professional realization and it can be used as subjective criterion of workers’ professional aptitude.workers with low level of professional aptitude and competency have difficulties with self-regulation, but they can gain resilience in interpersonal relationship by flexible and conscious adjustment. this aim can be realized by command work and compliance with the rules of professional subordination.
the article aims at describing main aspects of linguacultural approach to the foreign language teaching. analyzing the key notions such as linguacultural competence, linguacultural field, linguacultural units and others, the author comes to conclusion that linguaculture is essential and integral part of the process of teaching, which enhances the efficiency of developing general communicative competence of students.
the main focus of this article is on identifying the features of regional and urban identity formation and actualization. an attempt was made to determine the nature of interaction and juxtaposition of these types of territorial identity in the conditions of modern ukrainian society. the main mechanisms of formation of regional identity are distinguished: use of the mechanism of constructing crisis or opposition regional identity, ideological work as a mechanism of formation of regional identity, images, symbolism, mythologists, ideologists and communication slogans as mechanisms of formation of regional identity. urban identity is formed during the symbolic production of urban meanings. it is emphasized that urban identity is a socio-cultural construct, which is formed as a result of socialization and adaptation in a certain settlement and is determined by the assimilation and reproduction of cultural symbols, accepted norms, traditions, lifestyle of the city residents. it is determined that in modern ukrainian society urban identity prevails over regional identity.
the article analyzes the museums' role in shaping the citizens’ state consciousness, person’s national values and in culture- educational activities. the basic principles of formation the museum pedagogy’s ideological and functional orientation are revealed. it is determined that the museum pedagogy’s leading function is the influence on the visitor’s logical and emotional sphere, his outlook, convictions. the idea that museum pedagogy forms the integrative fields for the improvement of formal and informal educational spaces and helps to fill qualitatively the logical-cognitive and sensory process of personal development with new knowledge and meanings is substantiated. the article stressed that school or any other educational institution that restricts its activities by a narrow local area and is not integrated into socio-cultural environment institutes, is ineffective, unable to ensure the completely quality of educational work. the european countries experience of mainstreaming the museum pedagogy in the cultural and educational space is described.
this publication analyses the artwork by petro kholodny sr., the distinguished artist of the first third of the xx century, from private collections, that gives an opportunity to better comprise and study the artist's searches in different periods of his creative work in the visual-stylistic and genre-thematic spheres. the moscow collection of easel paintings by the kholodny family is analysed, showing a range of artistic interests up to 1917. landscapes and sketches from this collection testify his fascination with plein-airism and, at the same time, with heritage of impressionism. artist’s portraits and landscapes from various private collections outside and within ukraine and little-known works of sacral painting of the lviv period are also analysed: sketches of icons; the “blahovishchennia” (annunciation) icon reflecting the national line of modernist style in ukraine. the mentioned images greatly expand the interpretation of kholodny sr’s searches in the synthesis of modern art and ukrainian-byzantine tradition and his coloristic feeling.
the article deals with the problem of the role of professional competences, personal characteristics and psychological attitudes of the subject-teacher in the development of mathematical giftedness of students. the substantiation of the competence model of a teacher working with mathematically gifted children is presented. the urgency of the problem of formation of necessary competences for work with mathematically gifted students is substantiated. the three-level model of teacher's professional competence is considered as a set of key professional (reflecting the specificity of a certain professional activity, in our case - pedagogical) and special (reflecting the specificity of working in different conditions of professional activity with talented children) competencies.within the competency model, the components of the cognitive, behavioral, and value components are examined. the role of the psychological ettitudes of the teacher in the motivational component of the educational process is substantiated. a number of problems of professional and personal development of teachers in the organization of teaching of mathematically gifted students have been identified. recommendations are given for the construction of a postgraduate teacher education program aimed at the discovery and psychological and pedagogical support of mathematical talent.
in fact, the emotive potential of the language is high and polysemy is a great advantage to a language, so the article illustrates the varieties of polysemy, structural and functional features of polysemy in translation, differences between the usage and classification of polysemy in uzbek and english languages. the paper deals with also the problems of translation of polysemy in both languages by using comparative and contrastive analysis of observation.
understanding of beauty is one of the valid exponents of the individual worldview. and aesthetics ideas express a worldview of the historical and cultural age. why is the world beautiful? what is the beauty of the universe, nature, and human proves? those issues troubled both ukrainian and british philosophers of the 17-18 centuries. in this article, i outline and compare philosophical views of aesthetics of vitaliy from dubno, kyrylo tranquilion- stavrovetsky, theophan prokopovych, heorhiyi konysky, john locke, george berkeley, francis hutcheson, and david hume. the aesthetics ideas of these philosophers are in many common. they regard the universe and the person in terms of beauty and divinity. humanistic tendencies of the era expressed in recognition of the perfectness and beauty of the human. on the whole, the ideas of philosophers sound like peculiar aesthetical optimism. because, even ugliness is not excessive, and enhances the beauty and perfection of the universe.
the problem of polyartistic thinking of future teachers of art in the process of intermedial communicative activity has been actualized. it has been emphasized at the integrative approach to studying artistic disciplines; the necessity of using intermedial technology in the process of formation of communicative competence of future teachers of art has been substantiated. it has been found that intermedial technology is a way of organizing communicative space, which combines different forms of media. it has been established that at concrete- subjective level (the sphere of artistic education) intermedial technology is considered as a procedural component of educational communicative activities. the structural-functional model of the process of formation of communicative competence of future teachers of art on the basis of intermedial technologies has been developed. three levels that make up the integrity of the model have been presented: conceptual-semantic, compositional, symbolic.
the main vectors of activity of the ukrainian priest and composer of the second half of the 19th century are revealed in the article. victor matyuk — one of the most consistent heirs to the traditions of the peremyshl school in halychyna. v. matyuk, along with m. verbytsky, i. lavrivsky, i. vorobkevych, p. bazhansky, o. nyzhankivsky, o. kyshakevych and others, he belongs to elite of ukrainian public and educational figures of halychyna,who had received a religious education. subsequently, life-long priesthood duties were combined with active work in many areas of social and cultural life. based on historiographic and documentary materials, the author analyzes the stages of the artist's creative journey, the defining features of his musical thinking, the facts of pedagogical and editorial-publishing activity, the directions of music-critical and organizational activity. much attention was paid to the characterization of v. matyuk's personality, which emerges from the memoirs of his contemporaries and villagers, and also summarizes information about the composer's active contacts with prominent figures of ukrainian culture of that time.
the article is devoted to the vital topic of mutual influence of state and trait anxiety and peculiarities of i-conception: self-attitude, self-monitoring and self-presentation.persons with high level of state anxiety also have higher level of self-monitoring, self-confidence, self-management and intrinsic value. persons with high level of trait anxiety have higher level of self-handicapping, ingratiation, supplication and self-attachment. state anxiety has positive correlation with self-confidence and intrinsic value. trait anxiety has positive correlation with self-confidence, self- attachment and internal conflict. state anxiety is connected directly with positive characteristics of i-conception and trait anxiety has ambivalent connections with i-conception characteristics.factor model shows connection between trait anxiety, internal conflict, self- handicapping and self-blaming and between state anxiety and self-confidence and makes clear adaptive role of medium state anxiety and neurotic character of trait anxiety.
the main focus of this article is on defining the specific characteristics of public space organization in a modern ukrainian city. the study identified the vector of change in the organization of public spaces in recent decades under the influence of changing socio-historical, ideological context and under the influence of globalization processes. it is determined that the main formats of using public spaces in the city today are pragmatic formats of use – the practice of commercialization of urban space, the practice of interaction with strangers, «domestication» of public space, «europeanization» of public space, desacralization and marking of public space as safe and convenient.
in the information (post-industrial) society, a revolution in the media has taken place, allowing anyone to collect, process and create content, regardless of their educational background.the guarantor of the reliability of each blog, as in the case with traditional sources, should be its reputation, which is the key to its popularity. after all, blogs are an interactive phenomenon, and feedback will quickly let the authors feel the mood of the public and the direction of the prevailing trends. but traditional journalists, it seems, are not threatened with retirement, because many of them have their own blogs. in this light, it would probably be wrong to consider the veracity of blogs in isolation from the general context of the media.
as a result of attention and interest to the heritage of imadaddin nasimi, the great thinker of the 14th century, numerous works of various genres have been written about the life and creativity of nasimi. each of the lyrical, epic and dramatic works dedicated to imadaddin nasimi are referred to his creativity and destiny. reflecting the artistic and philosophical world of nasimi, it becomes clear from each of these works that nasimi is one of the greatest literary figures not only of his time, but of azerbaijani literature as a whole. other authors such as islam safarli, rasul rza, aliagha kurchayli, nabi khazri, bakhtiyar vahabzade, isa huseynov, mahmud ismayil, ali tuda, sohrab tahir, jabir novruz, qabil, khalil rza uluturk, fikret sadig, kalantar kalantarli, isa ismayilzadeh, mammad ismayil, musa yagub, alakbar salahzadeh who covered the poet's difficult life path, wrote about nasimi and his time, they turned to the artist's creativity as a primary source, as a result, presented literary works that fully cover the poet's creativity and biography.in each of these works based on the historical principles and dedicated to nasimi, nasimi's poetry was analyzed and approached in the context of the period in which it was written. each of these works is a literary example that gives a full idea of the poet's life and art.
the aim of the work is to identify evolution in search of ways to transmit light in the work of alexander murashko. considering the artist’s work from the first studies to the last masterpieces, one can observe the difficult creative path of the master. soft, diffused light in the first works, still bearing the imprint of icon-painted canons of lighting. realism in the transmission of lighting in paintings created under the guidance of i. repin. the play of light and reflexes, the radiance of night lights, the transmission of light-air space - these are the discoveries of the impressionists, who replenished the artist’s palette. decorativeism, sculpting forms with the help of light - these helped murashko to nourish modern. having absorbed all these components into his work, synthesizing them, enriching them with ukrainian folk color, a. murashko created his own unique style, piercing the canvas with the radiance of sunlight.
the study aimed to research the jordanian foreign policy towards the gulf cooperation council states during the period 1999-2019, as this period is an extension of the previous stages, as during which jordanian relations with the countries of the gulf cooperation council were affected as a result of the second gulf crisis 1990, and the events of september 2001, and what followed in light of the war on iraq and its occupation by the united states of america, where the united states emerged as a unipolar force that dominates the world.the study showed that jordanian foreign policy towards the gulf cooperation council countries was affected by regional and international changes, as relations between jordan and the countries of the gulf cooperation council were characterized by apathy and approached isolation as a result of iraq’s occupation of kuwait, but jordanian relations with the gulf cooperation council countries improved, as a result of the multiple visits made by king abdullah ii after he assumed power in 1999, to the countries of the gulf cooperation council, as jordan's geopolitical position contributes to enhancing security and stability for the countries of the council in exchange for israeli expansionist ambitions, because jordan looks at its security cooperation with the gulf cooperation council (gcc) in the framework of the imperatives of mutual security, which posed this perspective as one of the dimensions in the gulf of jordan's foreign policy, which has not changed even in periods of arab division, or during the boycott cooperation council (gcc) to jordan.
the main problems of the process of modernization of regional production, on the example of the enterprises of heavy engineering of mykolaiv oblast (region) of the ussr in the period of 1985 – 1990, have been investigated in the article. there is an objective need to study the basic socio-economic processes of the time, not only in the national dimension (within the ussr), but particularly in the regional dimension. it has been noted that actually at the level of the oblast (region) – district, town – village, there was historically justified search for those factors that, on the one hand, led to the disintegration of the country, and, on the other, showed the possibilities of overcoming social crisis phenomena. the success of modernization processes depended on the understanding of the economic situation in the country, the effectiveness of economic reforms. attempts to carry out economic modernization were methodologically insufficiently substantiated and haphazard. politics and economics, for the most part, contradicted each other and this situation weakened the modernization process.
in the process of reforming the ukrainian education industry, postgraduate education is task with developing entrepreneurial competence in teachers who will be able to prepare students for later life, self-realization and development, active citizenship, professional careers in market conditions.in the article presents the main priorities of the system of postgraduate pedagogical education for the formation of entrepreneurial competence of teachers of natural sciences, which are to ensure the variability, mobility and flexibility of the educational process. the stages of formation of entrepreneurial competence of teachers of natural sciences in postgraduate education have been elaborated, which include entrance testing, training, self- educational activity and initial testing. in the context of such processes of modernization of the system of postgraduate pedagogical education, it is important to review not only the content, but also the forms, methods and approaches to the organization of training of teachers of natural specialties in relation to the formation of entrepreneurial competence.such systematic training of teachers is aim at prompt reorientation of their activities and formation of teachers of the future.
the article discusses the problem of training future teachers of physical education to form students' interest in developing a healthy lifestyle. the data of researchers on a healthy lifestyle as an instrument for implementing state policy on protecting the health of the younger generation of students, professional hanging, and compensation for future teachers of physical education on the formation of a healthy lifestyle are presented.
the active development and start-up of startups is characterized by the positive dynamics of their growth. increased activity to support startups in the field of government regulation, rapid development of educational space, the emergence of business incubators and startups, organizations that support the space, support for funding both external and internal.the key aspects of the creation of environmental startups are considered, the mechanisms of their active promotion in the network are revealed. the role of the center of innovation activity of higher agricultural education institutions in the preparation of start-up projects has been determined through the prism of the main advantages and disadvantages of ecochallenge.from the standpoint of scientific and pedagogical paradigm, development of entrepreneurial and innovative activity, systematic approach to the formation of business competence. the semantic analysis of "challenge" made it possible to determine the popularity of the word and the main stages of such an event as challenge. the mechanisms of development of the eco-union are revealed.the key aspects of the event information environment model for solving electronic communication issues and informing the participants are highlighted. structural elements of the information field identified the color scheme and structure of the site were selected according to the purpose of the event.
the article discusses the actual problems of education - digitalization and the development of electronic management in educational institutions; an information system for collecting data on graduates and their occupation; automation of conducting profiles of teachers and the development of their professional competence; monitoring the academic performance assessment; ensuring transparency and improving the quality of education; implementation of a key performance indicators (kpi).
in this article: strengthening the material-technical and informational base of higher education institutions, further improving the quality of teaching and learning processes in mathematics and independent learning by providing high- quality educational literature, modern teaching methods and educational technologies; the stages of changing of the student's perceptual activity related to solve problematic situations in the effective organization of math classes are analyzed.
the article discusses some aspects of crowdfunding platforms. has been explored the relevance of creating a crowdfunding platform and introducing it into the educational process with the purpose of forming business competencies. this research focuses on student projects. the purpose of creating a student crowdfunding platform is to integrate higher education applicants into project teams, to bring innovative products to the market at the facilities of universities and enterprises, to conduct research in one or another area.the research examines the mechanisms of crowdfunding as a structural unit of the e-environment for the formation of business competencies in universities of agricultural profile. the basic principles of crowdfunding platform functioning as a system of training creation and implementation of startup projects are considered, researched the global crowdfunding platform market. the structural elements as well as the architecture of the crowdfunding platform for forming business competencies in agrarian universities are identified. structural elements of the interface of crowdfunding platforms and platforms of the cis countries are investigated. the architecture and organizational infrastructure, technological components of the crowdfunding platform were designed to create, promote and commercialize innovative projects.
the article considers the peculiarities of modern educational technologies using at “physical training” lessons. the results of theoretical analysis and practical work show that the use of these technologies will make the teaching process more effective.the use of didactic materials and creative approach to the teaching process will increase and enrich the content of the subject, improve the quality of the lessons and contribute to the involvement of schoolchildren in physical culture and sports.
the article deals with the key issues of the motivation specificity of implementing the intellectual activity of the personnel in an organization on the basis of knowledge economics. the construction of a mechanism of motivation in an organization that would stimulate extremely constructive behaviour that builds effective communication to achieve a consistent result of the team was proposed. the author studied the aspect of the goal implementation of "readiness for knowledge exchange" through the triad of procedures motive - motivation - an incentive to manage the knowledge of the organization, multiplication and transformation into a product of consumption.based on the analysis of a number of theoretical sources, the goal is to identify and approve the meaning of “active intellectual organization” (“intellectual activity”) with the requirements of the production (of the society) based on competent economy and the possibility of its use as a measure of the intelligence formation of early transition to innovation.the further development is given to the definition of what constitutes “intellectual activity” by providing two main components of the factors that are defined, determining the meaning of the term - the mental ability of each person and the motivation of their activities, and a clear focus on what each of these factors is the only necessity, but is not sufficient, and only the two together are necessary and sufficient for the generation of intellectual activity. axiomatic method, methods of theoretical generalization and comparison, analysis and synthesis in order to clarify the meaning of “motivation” are used in the process of the study.
national affiliation of ancient sumerian language is one of problematic problems create serious conflict in the world linguistics. these are the serious fact putan end to conflicts modern turkic languages ancient sumerian and dialect of the comparative investigation. the historical dialectological facts is shows being specific place all-turkish languages and dialects between the dialects of nakhchivan and eastern anatoly. the efficient situation in the dialects modern nakhchivan and eastren anatolyan dialects is one of defining basic factors of the ancient sumerian language orhon inscriptions, eposes of the "kitabi dede korkut", in the i̇bn muhenna dictionary, in the "oğuzname", in the work "divany lugat-it türk", of the turkish folk-lore, the century xix of the literary works and modern turk dialects classic until words developed is one of defining basic factors position the between all-turkish dialect and dialects of the nakhchivan and eastren anadolyan dialects. the comparison sumerian language of the nakhchivan and eastern anatolyan dialects is being affirms of the dictionaries prepared on the basis of the ancient turkish language.the phonetic, lexical facts be reflected of the ancient sumerian language in the works sturtevantin "a hittite glossory ve suppelment to a hittite glossary" and the work “the historical connection of the sumer and turkic languages by about age of the turkish” osman nedim tunaʼs, “the sumerian language is decisively the turkish” and the work a.caliloğluʼs to work according to with elucidating passed up to this day and the comparison nakhcivan and anatolyan dialects affirms being the most ancient language of the turkish. many words in the ancient sumerian language involves for the attention by the same phonetic composition and semantic meaning adjoining by dialects of nakhchivan and anatoly dialects by words in the language of the other ancient turk monuments: yağı, yu, kul, yığın, yig, çağa, çak, köğüs, gid, fani, yogun, qalın, tügün, bağlam, çin, doğru, eke, üz, kəsmək, süz, tuş, öl, teηri, taη, neη, isig, azuk, sürüg, asgu, kapkacak, kaç, kuru, neme, korı, toku, togıra, dengüş, zevzek, dingilde, cengel, qaqa//qağa, gim, kalıη, ku, öbür and other. the interesting side like is involves for the attention in sumerian language for instance, kıdık//kidik qidiyh koduk, kuzu, köşək, küçük of the animal names develop in the nakhchivan and anatoly dialects.
the article examines some aspects of the social situation of dehkans in the postwar period in karakalpakstan. during this period, the state takes a number of decisions to increase cotton crops at the expense of grain crops and reduce the homesteads of the rural population. the main source of income of collective farmers was a subsidiary farm, where the main food products were grown. decline in prices for a number of food and non-food products during 1947-1950. however, food was still unavailable to most, often the shelves of aul shops were empty: some were sold, some were distributed among the executives. strict control and administration, unfair distribution of goods of mass consumption has led to economic sabotage and migration of the rural population. collective farmers often opposed administration, but mostly preferred hidden, latent forms of struggle for their own interests, avoiding direct confrontation with the leadership of the collective farm.
the article presents the results of experimental research of foreign language competence level of future social sphere specialist. the experimental data are compared with the results of students’ under study self-assessment of their foreign language competence level. the article shows the results of the influence of methodological system of foreign language training of future social sphere specialist on the increase of the level of foreign language competence among participants of experimental groups. creative, medium, satisfactory and unsatisfactory levels of foreign language competence of future social sphere specialist are characterized from the point of view students’ reflexion. the research approves the effectiveness of pedagogical influences introduced at the forming stage of the experiment through approbation of the author’s methodical system of foreign language training in the university.
the proposed study is aimed at confirming the hypothesis that there exist two opposing trends in media discourse. on the one hand, there is a tendency to globalization; on the other hand, linguocultural communities are quite determined to preserve their culture and identity. to prove this hypothesis we analyzed a corpus of newspaper texts published over several years. namely, we studied 1483 austriacisms recorded by the dictionary variantenwörterbuch des deutschen. the objective was to discover the frequency in the use of certain austriacisms and their teutonic equivalents in austrian newspaper die presse to identify convergent or divergent processes in the development trends of the german language in austrian media discourse. the research showed that only 453 lexical units dominated in newspaper articles; it made 30% of 1483 codified austriacisms. we found that 71 lexemes showed tendency to the parallel use in forms of austriacisms and teutonisms which makes less than 5 % of the total number of the lexical units. such terms have predominantly similar pronunciation hence we can draw a conclusion that such phonemic similarity facilitates equal use of these austriacisms and teutonisms in newspapers and stipulates their convergence. these lexical units are not marked by any particular ethnocultural specificity. furthermore, the analysis shows that the word stock denoting austrian culture, traditions, and realia of daily life.
in the poem “address”, which was included in the collection “green volume” by s.sepehri, in his own way he interprets the seven stages of asceticism - the “seven valleys”, which are given in the dastan of sheikh fariduddin attar “mantik ut-tyr” (“journey of logic”). the article provides a comparative analysis of the spiritual stages of the poet's poetry - talab (need), ishq (love), marifat (enlightenment), isthiqno (denial), tavhid (unity), zairat (shock), fair (poverty) faqr fano (eternity). the path of sufi perfection in the poem "adress" is interpreted by the poet as a search for a "friend's house." in "the journey of logic," the path through the seven valleys ends in the valley of "poverty and eternity." unlike attar, sepehri's path to perfection does not end at the "eternity" stage. it develops cyclically. each time, without reaching the end, the path to the truth begins anew in a new form.
the purpose of the article is to find out the peculiarities of social support for women's life in the conditions of dynamic socio-technical management system of nature management. using the methods of electrocardiography and electro- oculography revealed the change of increasing fatigue in the work of subjects with the display video series of the automated sociotechnical system "monitoring of environmental activity". we surveyed 350 subjects (operators, specialists, students with computer skills) aged 18 to 36 years (all women) before, during and after the use of the display automation systems of a dynamic automated control system. the total duration of the display activity did not exceed four hours of continuous operation.the forms, content and nature of the interaction and interaction of the components of the dynamic human-nature socio-technical system are characterized. the socio-psychological analysis of the tendencies of the development of such socio-technical system is carried out. in the empirical study the features of psychological interaction of women with display video sets are identified. the concept of social support of their life activity at work with display video sets of dynamic continuous information is developed. the dependence of the level of computer readiness of women and the quality of perception of information from different forms of presentation is established. it is found that the quality of perception of information is affected not only by the level of computer readiness, but also by the total time of acquaintance with the computer, as well as the time spent at work on the computer. from the point of view of the subsystem of the reflective-modeling information activity of the designer, its technical and aesthetic attractiveness contributes to increasing attention to the information message, which directly influences the perception of the user.a positive correlation between techno-aesthetic appeal and the rememberability of the information message has been identified. more aesthetically pleasing information messages are able to arouse interest in the user, best performing informative and informative functions.
perpetuum mobile is a multi-valued cultural phenomenon, it symbolizes continuous movement. in contrast to the mechanistic movement aimed at overcoming space, the perpetuum mobile coincides with the concept of movement in philosophy. even the ancient philosophers knew that the world is constantly moving, changing (heraclitus). modern scientists, in particular j. deleuze, interpret movement as “events” that reflect the interaction of bodies, but are not bodies themselves. in culture, the perpetuum mobile is understood as an image created by certain means of expressiveness in different types of art and has a generalizing character. among its signs are symbolism, incompleteness or repeatability, non-orientation, cyclicity. the perpetuum mobile is embodied as a sound image in musical works (or its parts) and is manifested at the syntactic and compositional levels of organization of musical material. the article describes the features of the embodiment of the perpetuum mobile in sonata for cello and piano by benjamin britten.
the history of the formation and development of the local history movement in karakalpakstan is a poorly studied topic in native historiography. thus, it has recently been of increasing interest from our scientists. a significant increase of researchers' interest to the problem of regional studies is currently reflected in the need of the making comprehensive works on the history of particular cities and regions of karakalpakstan. in modern conditions, when the revival of the local history movement, begun in the 1920s, continues, the success of this initiative is not possible without resorting to the history of the formation and development of native local history.
this article is devoted to the study of the main stages of development of public organizations in karakalpakstan. the paper analyzes the problems of the formation of public organizations in karakalpakstan, where, on the basis of a scientific rethinking of historical data, the processes of the emergence of public organizations in the territory of karakalpakstan are shown. it also indicates the functioning of public organizations in the context of the political processes taking place in karakalpak society. the process of expansion of public organizations as a mass organization with the support of party and government leaders of karakalpakstan is reflected in a strict chronological order. and the article also shows, under the influence of a command-administrative bureaucratic system, the ongoing change in the functional purpose of a public organization, turning into an auxiliary tool for implementing public policy among the people. however, the author reveals the role of public organizations in social life under a command and administrative bureaucratic regime. objective reasons are shown, under the influence of which the functional value of public organizations of karakalpakstan of the indicated period was changed.
the article proposes a process of introducing a cyclic model in the teaching of sociology courses, which allows students to combine the acquisition of theoretical and practical competences, and the teachers to use the latest sociological data in their own teaching activities are absent in modern scientific discourse. according to the authors, the development of a cyclical model of interaction between the teacher and the student gives an opportunity to open new perspectives in the matter of improving the quality of higher education and integration into the world scientific and educational space.
the purpose of the article is to identify the main tendencies of the coverage of ukrainian themes by the british media resource the guardian during 2013– 2019. the selection of the research object is based on the media type (“quality newspaper”, which does not depend on the influence of large capital, political parties and any other institutions), its reputation and the developed multi-platform model of content distribution among the international audience.having used the methods of monitoring, comparative and quantitative content analysis of the array of texts, published on the online resource theguardian.com for the period of time from 2013 till 2018, the specificity of the presentation of ukraine by one of the most influential international media is analyzed and as a result, we can state that it tends to be of a sporadic nature. the study is based on the manual search of publications, which included over 4,000 materials of various genres on ukraine-related topics. as the selection criteria, we used the thematic direction of the texts, the chronological framework (2013-2018), and the context of events.the survey results have showed that there are certain gaps in the implementation of ukraine's information policy, the level of interest in ukrainian topics depends on the degree of events’ resonance, and the main focus of the british media is on the reforms implementation, the introduction of a visa-free regime with the eu, the provision of financial assistance to ukraine and adaptation of ukrainian legislation in line with the european law norms. the study has found that there is a rather negative trend: the british press mentions ukraine mainly in the context of the actualization of russian issues, which does not contribute to the formation of a country’s positive image among international community. only a competent systematic information policy, which ensures the nuances of a comprehensive coverage of ukrainian eurointegration aspects, can improve the situation, described in the article. given the active phase of the european integration processes in ukraine, namely the introduction of a relevant action plan and the reforming process in the key public spheres in line with eu requirements, it is extremely important to inform the global community about the progress, being made towards the european future of ukraine. the following can be achieved through the formulation and dissemination of clear “messages” about ukraine among the international media that will protect the country’s interests, improve its image and ensure a permanent presence in the global information space.
the article deals with the analysis of the role of online–media in political communication. it's shown that we are living in time of such concepts as "information war", "psychological operations", "information-psychological weapons", "media aggression". therefore information security reflects not only the close relationship between media and conflict situations. the author focuses on information aspect of the conflict and says that it is also important as direct military action. there are also described the stages of the russian federation information war against ukraine, using of anti-ukraine methods of the information influence and ways of protection of ukrainian information sphere in the article.
the article analyzes the peculiarities of psychological support of social support for the development of professionalism of specialists in the food industry. purpose of the article was to determine the peculiarities of the optimization factors of the functional state of food industry professionals in the annual cycle of activity for psychological support of social support for the development of their professionalism. the methodological approach is based on theoretical and methodological provisions on the systemic structure of mental phenomena and the concept of the development of socio-technical systems of activity. empirical methods of research were used: conversation, observation, questioning, expert evaluation, analysis of the results of activity, psychological experiment (conceptual and formative); psychodiagnostic methods (estimation of solving problems with a computer (by o. sheviakov), studying memorization of five- digit numbers with subsequent reproduction (by r. amthauer), concentration of attention on m. anfimov's corrective attempt, rings and entangled lines landolt, distribution of attention on the red-black table k. platonov, self-assessment of the subjective state by the method of "feeling-activity-mood (fam)" v. doskin, psychophysiological (critical frequency of fusion of light flashes), latent periods of simple sensations (lp methods of arbitrary mental regulation of functional state (autotraining, ideomotor training).
the study was aimed to outline basic scientific approaches to the formation of communicative competence of students of non-linguistic specialties by means of english language. scientists consider communicative competence to be one of the most important qualities of a competent specialist. it implies the ability to function successfully in the system of interpersonal relationships. based on the research, the author's definition of communicative competence is formed as a set of knowledge, skills and the ability of an individual to apply them as well as experience necessary for effective communication in certain communication situations. the main purpose of students' training of non-linguistic specialties is to develop communicative competence while studying english. thus the basic scientific approaches are as following: competence, humanistic, communicative, cultural and systematic.
the article demonstrates that, despite certain achievements of the national management science in theory and practice of leadership in the field of public management and administration, the results of the practical use of these recommendations in the management of the state remain unsatisfactory. the authors prove that the main reason is the unsatisfactory state of the morality and integrity of most managers - leaders of the system of public management and administration, since there are no corresponding requirements and examinations of applicants in the processes and technologies of personnel selection of the system based on the above mentioned characteristics. taking into account the existing world practice of using test instruments to determine the level of morality and integrity of the applicants, it is proposed to supplement the process of selecting candidates for entry into the civil service by making them pass obligatory tests on morality and ability for moral leadership, intensifying the process of training applicants on the basis of intellectualization using modified authors of the leadership model, which will provide the leader's ability to effectively use both their own intellect and intellect of their followers.
the article raises the problem of assessing the level of pedagogical skills of the teacher. according to the author, each teacher can make to the existing educational technology of teaching students of a certain discipline their own scientifically based necessary corrections on the results achieved, which are specific changes that have occurred not only with the students themselves, but also in relations between students and the teacher.