high blood pressure
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Palvi Banotra

Background: Preeclampsia, a serious pregnancy complication which is commonly characterized by high blood pressure, presence of protein in the urine and sometimes swelling in women's feet, legs and hands. With this condition, patient’s high blood pressure often results in seizures. Generally, the outcome remains good, however, eclampsia can be life threatening and disastrous.Methods: This cross-sectional study considered 114 patients who meet inclusion criteria and agreed to will-fully participate in the study were evaluated for different parameters. Patients who developed eclampsia during intra-natal and postnatal period were included in the study. The aim of the study was to evaluate the maternal outcome among all patients of eclampsia treated with low magnesium sulphate dosage therapy.  Results: The present study revealed, very low fit recurrence rate, low mortality rate, zero treatment failure rate, no toxicity and (99.12%) success rate.Conclusions: Apart from zero percent treatment failure rate, Low maternal mortality and fit recurrence rate encouraged us to continue the treatment with low dose MGSO4 regimen. Thus, low dose magnesium sulphate has been found very effective in treating the eclmpsia and at the same time maintains the high safety margin.

2022 ◽  
Vol 127 ◽  
Linn Moberg ◽  
Jerzy Leppert ◽  
Simon Liljeström ◽  
Mattias Rehn ◽  
Lena Kilander ◽  

Background: There is substantial evidence that midlife hypertension is a risk factor for late life dementia. Our aim was to investigate if even high blood pressure at a single timepoint in midlife can predict an increased risk for all-cause dementia, Alzheimer’s disease (AD), or vascular dementia (VaD) later in life. Methods: The community-based study population comprised 30,102 dementia-free individuals from the Westmannia Cardiovascular Risk Factors Study. The participants were aged 40 or 50 years when the health examination took place in 1990–2000. Diagnose registers from both hospitals and primary healthcare centers were used to identify individuals who after inclusion to the study developed dementia. The association between midlife high blood pressure (defined as systolic blood pressure >140 and/or diastolic blood pressure >90 mmHg) at a single timepoint and dementia was adjusted for age, gender, body mass index (BMI), fasting blood glucose, education, smoking, and physical activity level. Multivariate binary cox regression analyses were used. Results: After a mean follow-up time of 24 years resulting in 662,244 person/years, 761 (2.5%) individuals had been diagnosed with dementia. Midlife high blood pressure at a single timepoint predicted all-cause dementia (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.22, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.02–1.45) and VaD (HR: 2.10, 95% CI: 1.47–3.00) but not AD (HR: 1.06, 95% CI: 0.81–1.38). Conclusion: This study suggests that even midlife high blood pressure at a single timepoint predicts all-cause dementia and more than doubles the risk for VaD later in life independently of established confounders. Even though there was no such association with AD, this strengthens the importance of midlife health examinations in order to identify individuals with hypertension and initiate treatment.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2 (1) ◽  
pp. 168-174
Citra Wulandari

Hypertension is a common condition in which the long-term force of blood against artery walls is high enough to cause health problems, such as heart disease eventually. High blood pressure is known as the "silent killer". Most people with high blood pressure are unaware of the problem because it may not have any warning signs or symptoms. For this reason, it is essential to measure blood pressure regularly. A new study has shown that consuming foods rich in flavonoids can help patients with high blood pressure. This advantage of these compounds is due to their vasodilator properties. Flavonoids are a diverse group of biologically active polyphenol compounds found in plants and herbs. Regular consumption of flavonoids has cardioprotective effects and may reduce the onset or progression of many cardiovascular diseases, especially hypertension. The article search was done in PubMed, ScienceDirect, and Google Scholar databases. The current body of evidence supports the ingestion of flavonoids for their beneficial effect on blood pressure. However, more significant research should further investigate the vascular moderating effects and the safety and acceptability of almond consumption.

2021 ◽  
Vol 1 ◽  
pp. 1790-1800
Nima Honest Setyaningrum ◽  
S Sugiharto

AbstrakHipertensi adalah suatu peningkatan tekanan darah sistolik atau diastolik yang tidak normal. Hipertensi umumnya di derita oleh lanjut usia, terdapat dua faktor risiko yang mempengaruhi hipertensi pada lansia, yaitu faktor yang dapat diubah dan yang tidak dapat diubah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui apa saja faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi hipertensi pada lansia. Penelitian ini mengakses database PubMed, ProQuest, dan Portal Garuda. Pencarian dilakukan dengan mengkombinasi kata kunci : “Factor,” “Effect,” “Elderly or Older,” and “Hypertention or Hypertension or High Blood Pressure”. Dari database PubMed didapatkan 1 artikel untuk di review, dari database ProQuest didapatkan dua artikel untuk di review dan dari database portal garuda di dapatkan dua artikel untuk di review yang sesuai dengan criteria inklusi dan ekslusi. Partisipan pada studi ini adalah lansia dengan hipertensi. Pada penelitian ini menggunakan instrument STROBE. Hasil penelitian scoping review dari 5 artikel menunjukkan bahwa terdapat 8 faktor yang dapat mempengaruhi hipertensi pada lansia yaitu, gangguan tidur, stress, usia, merokok, konsumsi alkohol, kebiasaan olahraga, obesitas, faktor genetik. Pada penelitian ini rata-rata mean usia lansia yang menderita hipertensi berada pada usia lanjut (elderly). Berdasarkan review terhadapa kelima artikel tersebut ada 8 faktor yang mempengaruhi hipertensi pada lansia.Kata Kunci : Faktor-Faktor; Hipertensi; Lansia;

Cailong Chen ◽  
Menglan Lu ◽  
Ying Wu ◽  
Zheng Zhang ◽  
Jia Hu ◽  

Abstract Objectives Lifestyle changes have led to an increase in the prevalence of hypertension in Chinese children and adolescents. The aim of this study was to analyze the prevalence of hypertension and its association with overweight and obesity among students aged 6–17 years in Suzhou. This retrospective analysis included physical examination data of primary and junior high school students in Suzhou Industrial Park from 2016 to 2019. Methods Elevated blood pressure and hypertension were defined using blood pressure criteria appropriate for age, sex, and height percentile. Overweight and obesity were defined using the 2007 diagnostic criteria proposed by the World Health Organization for school-age children. Logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the association between hypertension and overweight and obesity. Results A total of 128,113 students were included. The prevalence of elevated BP and hypertension was 9.92% and 13.56%, respectively. The incidence of high blood pressure was higher in boys than in girls and increased with an increase in body mass index (BMI). The prevalence of hypertension in obese boys and girls (27.07% and 27.49%, respectively) was 2.3-fold and 2.8-fold higher than that in normal-weight boys and girls (11.58% and 9.83%, respectively). Conclusions Blood pressure was positively correlated with BMI, and the risk of high blood pressure due to overweight/obesity was 10.44%. Overweight and obesity significantly increased the risk of hypertension in students aged 6–17 years in Suzhou. Targeted weight-loss programs during childhood and adolescence may reduce the risk of hypertension in adulthood.

Bilal Younas ◽  
Muhammad Fahad ◽  
Muhammad Arslan

Introduction: High blood pressure (HBP) is a leading major risk factor for chronic diseases such as CKD, CADx, and deaths. The prevalence of patients with hypertension (HT) has risen from 600 million in 1980 to one billion in 2008. Aims and Objectives: The basic aim of the study is to find the relationship of knowledge about hypertension with the control of blood pressure. Methodology of the Study: This cross sectional study was conducted in Mayo hospital Lahore from January 2021 to July 2021. The data was collected from 100 patients with high blood pressure who visited the OPD of our hospital. A questionnaire was prepared by the researchers in accordance with the literature to measure the level of knowledge about HT. Results: The data was collected from 100 patients of both genders. On comparison of questions related to knowledge, there was a statistically significant difference in; meaning of hypertension (p <0.001), target SBP (p0.001), target DBP (p 0.001), importance of SBP versus DBP, improvement of health with lowering of blood pressure (p 0.002), high blood pressure being asymptomatic (p <0.001), changing lifestyle improves blood pressure (p 0.003), hypertension being a lifelong disease (<0.001), lifelong treatment with anti-hypertensives (<0.001) and high blood pressure being part of aging (<0.001). Conclusion: It is concluded that patients who were aware that elevated BP levels lead to reductions in life expectancy had a higher compliance level with medication use and follow-up visits than patients without this awareness.

2021 ◽  
Vol 8 (4) ◽  
pp. 264-268
K Ranjith Babu ◽  
Malika Noorjehan Samozai ◽  
Rajashree Devarapalli

Hypertension(HTN) is the most common and significant cardiovascular disease because of its prevalence and severity of the damage to the mankind globally. Hyperuricemia, a condition of increased levels of Serum Uric acid (UA) has been proposed to have an association with hypertension in various studies. In certain studies, serum uric acid levels has been found to be an independent predictor for developing hypertension. On the basis of the above observations, we have proposed to the present study to compare the relationship between serum UA and hypertension in a single cohort with adjustment of all possible confounding factors.A total of 245 subjects were enrolled in this study during a regular routine health checkup. All subjects were informed about the study aims Individuals having a known history of gout and cardiac or severe renal diseases and patients who are already under medication for anti-hyperuricemic were excluded from the study. General information like Name, Age, Sex, Occupation, Address along with history of any drug intake and anthropometric indices - body weight (BW), body height (BH), hip circumference (HC), waist circumference (WC), and lifestyle information have been obtained. The data has been arranged in tables with mean ± SD for further analysis. The data is analyzed using IBM SPSS version 23. The difference between the groups for baseline variables was done by independent sample t-test (two-tailed). Pearson’s correlation coefficient test was performed to assess the interrelationships between baseline variables and SUA concentrations. The differences for the variables among the groups was determined by using One-way ANOVA.Of the 245 subjects, mean age of the participants was 42.4 ± 8.4 years (range 18–70 years). There was no significant difference in the mean levels of Height, Weight and BMI between the two groups. Mean levels of WC, HC were significantly different between two group (p &#60; 0.05) subjects. The mean levels of SBP and DBP were also significantly more in the hypertensive subjects (p &#60; 0.001). In Pearson’s correlation coefficient test, SUA levels were significantly related with SBP and DBP. In this study, we have observed comparatively a stronger relationship for SUA concentration with hypertension and prehypertension in the participants. The extended mechanism for the effect of SUA on hypertension is yet to be elucidated. There are some hypotheses partly explain the association between SUA and high blood pressure. One of the possible mechanism might be uric acid deposition on the blood vessels walls activates the renin-angiotensin system, suppress the liberate of carbon monoxide, enhance inflammation, and leads to vasoconstriction on later stage, which consequently leads to hyperplasia and incidence of hypertension. Another possibility involving oxidative stress and endothelial dysfunction associated with high SUA levels may contribute to high blood pressure.

2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (4(42)) ◽  
pp. 9-14
V. Pokhylko ◽  
O. Kovalova ◽  
Y. Cherniavska ◽  
Y. Klymchuk ◽  
O. Yakovenko

Introduction. Overweight and obesity, the manifestations of metabolic syndrome during pregnancy, and their consequences are huge public health challenges. The effect of a mother`s metabolic syndrome on the condition of a newborn is insufficiently studied. The aim is to establish the features of cardiovascular adaptation of premature infants born from mothers with metabolic syndrome, and to identify metabolic maternal and infant risk factors that are mostly associated with high blood pressure and cardiopathy. Material and methods. A cohort prospective study was conducted, which included 97 premature newborns who were treated in the intensive care unit. Two groups were formed: the main group included premature infants born from mothers with metabolic syndrome (n = 40), and the comparison group included premature infants born from mothers without metabolic syndrome (n = 57). Results. Infants born from mothers with metabolic syndrome had significantly higher blood pressure than normal according to the gestational age of a child (45.5 ± 0.13 vs. 42.56 ± 0.13 mm Hg, p <0.001). High blood pressure in infants was significantly associated with maternal lipid metabolism disorders (OR 30.9) and hypertension (OR 4.8). The study found a significant positive relationship between blood pressure and overweight in an infant (Coef. 0.168), and a significant negative relationship with glucose level in blood serum (Coef. -0.037). It was found that cardiomyopathy is significantly more common in children of the main group (p = 0.010), its development is associated with the presence of diabetes in a mother (OR 7.57). The more components of the metabolic syndrome a woman has, the more likely a child is to have cardiomyopathy. The risk of developing cardiomyopathy is significantly influenced by a number of risk factors on the part of a newborn. Conclusions: High blood pressure in premature infants is significantly associated with a complex of components of the metabolic syndrome in mothers (hypertension and / or preeclampsia, obesity, diabetes and disorders of lipid metabolism in a mother (OR 14.71, p <0.001)). The role of carbohydrate metabolism disorders in a child in the development of high blood pressure has been demonstrated. It is proved that the development of cardiopathy in newborns is associated with risk factors from both a child and a mother, which indicates a complex effect of metabolic factors on the adaptation of the cardiovascular system.

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