cell behaviors
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2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (5) ◽  
pp. 971-977
Ruoyu Zhu ◽  
Zhonglin Wang

This study investigated the impact of microRNA (miR)-376b derived from BMSCs on glioma progression. BMSCs were transfected with miR-376b mimic, miR-376b inhibitor or NC and then cocultured with glioma cells followed by measuring cell behaviors by MTT assay, Transwell assay and flow cytometry, FOXP2 and miR-376b expression by Western blot and RT-qPCR. After confirming the inhibitory and mimicking activity of transfection, we found that overexpression of miR-376b in BMSCs decreased glioma cell invasion, migration and proliferation but promoted cell apoptosis within 24 h and 48 h after transfection along with reduced number of cells in S-phase. Mechanically, miR-376b targeted miR-376b and up-regulation of miR-376b caused down-regulation of FOXP2 (p < 0.05). Overexpression of miR-376b in BMSCs decelerated glioma cell cycle and inhibitedmalignant behaviors of glioma cells by targeting FOXP2 expression. These evidence unveils the potential role of FOXP2 as a biomarker for the treatment of gliomas.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (5) ◽  
pp. 920-925
He Bai ◽  
Jian He

The BMSCs are one of the components of tumor micro-environment and participate in tumor evolution. Our study aimed to discuss the effect of exosome derived from BMSC on gastric cancer cells. Tumor and para-tumor tissues were isolated to measure miR-206 level by RT-PCR. Gastric cancer cell behaviors were analyzed using MTT assay and scratch test. Gastric cancer model was established and treated TIGIT inhibitor to assess its role in the tumor growth in vivo. The miR-206 in exosome from BMSCs in cancer tissue was detected. CD8 expression excreted by DC could be induced after miR-206 treatment possibly through regulating the signaling pathway of TIGIT/PVR. Inhibition of TIGIT decreased tumor growth, development and reversed tumor phenotype. In conclusion, miR-206 derived from BMSCs induces CD8 expression in gastric cancer through regulating the signaling pathway of TIGIT/PVR, indicating that it might be a novel target for the treatment of gastric cancer.

Sajad Najafi ◽  
Soudeh Ghafouri-Fard ◽  
Bashdar Mahmud Hussen ◽  
Hazha Hadayat Jamal ◽  
Mohammad Taheri ◽  

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are a class of noncoding transcripts characterized with more than 200 nucleotides of length. Unlike their names, some short open reading frames are recognized for them encoding small proteins. LncRNAs are found to play regulatory roles in essential cellular processes such as cell growth and apoptosis. Therefore, an increasing number of lncRNAs are identified with dysregulation in a wide variety of human cancers. SNHG7 is an lncRNA with upregulation in cancer cells and tissues. It is frequently reported with potency of promoting malignant cell behaviors in vitro and in vivo. Like oncogenic/tumor suppressor lncRNAs, SNHG7 is found to exert its tumorigenic functions through interaction with other biological substances. These include sponging target miRNAs (various numbers are identified), regulation of several signaling pathways, transcription factors, and effector proteins. Importantly, clinical studies demonstrate association between high SNHG7 expression and clinicopathological features in cancerous patients, worse prognosis, and enhanced chemoresistance. In this review, we summarize recent studies in three eras of cell, animal, and human experiments to bold the prognostic, diagnostic, and therapeutic potentials.

PLoS ONE ◽  
2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (1) ◽  
pp. e0262632
Tsukasa Nakatoh ◽  
Takuji Osaki ◽  
Sohma Tanimoto ◽  
Md. Golam Sarowar Jahan ◽  
Tomohisa Kawakami ◽  

In the field of cell and tissue engineering, there is an increasing demand for techniques to spatially control the adhesion of cells to substrates of desired sizes and shapes. Here, we describe two novel methods for fabricating a substrate for adhesion of cells to a defined area. In the first method, the surface of the coverslip or plastic dish was coated with Lipidure, a non-adhesive coating material, and air plasma was applied through a mask with holes, to confer adhesiveness to the surface. In the second method, after the surface of the coverslip was coated with gold by sputtering and then with Lipidure; the Lipidure coat was locally removed using a novel scanning laser ablation method. These methods efficiently confined cells within the adhesive area and enabled us to follow individual cells for a longer duration, compared to the currently available commercial substrates. By following single cells within the confined area, we were able to observe several new aspects of cell behavior in terms of cell division, cell–cell collisions, and cell collision with the boundary between adhesive and non-adhesive areas.

Satoru Ato ◽  
So-ichiro Fukada ◽  
Hiroki Kokubo ◽  
Riki Ogasawara

Angiogenesis and muscle satellite cell (SC)-mediated myonuclear accretion are considered essential for the robust response of contraction-induced muscle hypertrophy. Moreover, both myonucleus and SCs are physically adjacent to capillaries and are the major sites for the expression of proangiogenic factors, such as VEGF, in the skeletal muscle. Thus, events involving the addition of new myonuclei via activation of SCs may play an important role in angiogenesis during muscle hypertrophy. However, the relevance among myonuclei number, capillary density, and angiogenesis factor is not demonstrated. The Notch effector HeyL is specifically expressed in SCs in skeletal muscle and is crucial for SC proliferation by inhibiting MyoD in overload-induced muscle hypertrophy. Here, we tested whether the addition of new myonuclei by SC in overloaded muscle is associated with angiogenic adaptation by reanalyzing skeletal muscle from HeyL knockout (KO) mice, which show blunted responses of SC proliferation, myonucleus addition, and overload-induced muscle hypertrophy. Reanalysis confirmed blunted SC proliferation and myonuclear accretion in the plantaris muscle of HeyL-KO mice 9 weeks after synergist ablation. Interestingly, the increase in capillary-fiber ratio observed in WT mice was impaired in HeyL-KO mice. In both WT and HeyL-KO mice, the expression of VEGFA and VEGFB was similarly increased in response to overload. In addition, the expression pattern of TSP-1, a negative regulator of angiogenesis, was also not changed between WT and HeyL-KO mice. Collectively, these results suggest that SCs activation-myonuclear accretion plays a crucial role in angiogenesis during overload-induced muscle hypertrophy via independent of angiogenesis regulators.

2022 ◽  
Vol 17 (1) ◽  
Yeling Liu ◽  
Jingrui Chen ◽  
Lizhong Zhou ◽  
Chunhua Yin

Abstract Background Cervical cancer (CC) is one of the most common malignancies affecting female worldwide. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are increasingly indicated as crucial participants and promising therapeutic targets in human cancers. The main objective of this study was to explore the functions and mechanism of LINC00885 in CC. Methods RT-qPCR and western blot were used to detect RNA and protein levels. Functional and mechanism assays were respectively done for the analysis of cell behaviors and molecular interplays. Results Long intergenic non-coding RNA 885 (LINC00885) was discovered to be upregulated in CC tissues and cell lines through bioinformatics analysis and RT-qPCR. Overexpression of LINC00885 promoted proliferation and inhibited apoptosis, whereas its silence exerted opposite effects. The cytoplasmic localization of LINC00885 was ascertained and furthermore, LINC00885 competitively bound with miR-3150b-3p to upregulate BAZ2A expression in CC cells. Rescue assays confirmed that LINC00885 regulated CC proliferation and apoptosis through miR-3150b-3p/BAZ2A axis. Finally, we confirmed that LINC00885 aggravated tumor growth through animal experiments. Conclusions LINC00885 exerted oncogenic function in CC via regulating miR-3150b-3p/BAZ2A axis. These findings suggested LINC00885 might serve as a potential promising therapeutic target for CC patients.

2022 ◽  
Vol 23 (2) ◽  
pp. 612
Yuanyuan Yang ◽  
Honghao Zhang ◽  
Satoshi Komasa ◽  
Tetsuji Kusumoto ◽  
Shinsuke Kuwamoto ◽  

Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) is a potential substitute for conventional metallic biomedical implants owing to its superior mechanical and chemical properties, as well as biocompatibility. However, its inherent bio-inertness and poor osseointegration limit its use in clinical applications. Herein, thin titanium films were deposited on the PEEK substrate by plasma sputtering, and porous nanonetwork structures were incorporated on the PEEK surface by alkali treatment (PEEK-TNS). Changes in the physical and chemical characteristics of the PEEK surface were analyzed to establish the interactions with cell behaviors. The osteoimmunomodulatory properties were evaluated using macrophage cells and osteoblast lineage cells. The functionalized nanostructured surface of PEEK-TNS effectively promoted initial cell adhesion and proliferation, suppressed inflammatory responses, and induced macrophages to anti-inflammatory M2 polarization. Compared with PEEK, PEEK-TNS provided a more beneficial osteoimmune environment, including increased levels of osteogenic, angiogenic, and fibrogenic gene expression, and balanced osteoclast activities. Furthermore, the crosstalk between macrophages and osteoblast cells showed that PEEK-TNS could provide favorable osteoimmunodulatory environment for bone regeneration. PEEK-TNS exhibited high osteogenic activity, as indicated by alkaline phosphatase activity, osteogenic factor production, and the osteogenesis/osteoclastogenesis-related gene expression of osteoblasts. The study establishes that the fabrication of titanate nanonetwork structures on PEEK surfaces could extract an adequate immune response and favorable osteogenesis for functional bone regeneration. Furthermore, it indicates the potential of PEEK-TNS in implant applications.

2022 ◽  
Sylvain Prigent ◽  
Hoai-Nam Nguyen ◽  
Ludovic Leconte ◽  
Cesar Augusto Valades-Cruz ◽  
Bassam Hajj ◽  

While fluorescent microscopy imaging has become the spearhead of modern biology as it is able to generate long-term videos depicting 4D nanoscale cell behaviors, it is still limited by the optical aberrations and the photon budget available in the specimen and to some extend to photo-toxicity. A direct consequence is the necessity to develop flexible and "off-road" algorithms in order to recover structural details and improve spatial resolution, which is critical when pushing the illumination to the low levels in order to limit photo-damages. Moreover, as the processing of very large temporal series of images considerably slows down the analysis, special attention must be paid to the feasibility and scalability of the developed restoration algorithms. To address these specifications, we present a very flexible method designed to restore 2D-3D+Time fluorescent images and subtract undesirable out-of-focus background. We assume that the images are sparse and piece-wise smooth, and are corrupted by mixed Poisson-Gaussian noise. To recover the unknown image, we consider a novel convex and non-quadratic regularizer Sparse Hessian Variation) defined as the mixed norms which gathers image intensity and spatial second-order derivatives. This resulting restoration algorithm named SPITFIR(e) (SParse fIT for Fluorescence Image Restoration) utilizes the primal-dual optimization principle for energy minimization and can be used to process large images acquired with varied fluorescence microscopy modalities. It is nearly parameter-free as the practitioner needs only to specify the amount of desired sparsity (weak, moderate, high). Experimental results in lattice light sheet, stimulated emission depletion, multifocus microscopy, spinning disk confocal, and wide-field microscopy demonstrate the generic ability of the SPITFIR(e) algorithm to efficiently reduce noise and blur, and to subtract undesirable fluorescent background, while avoiding the emergence of deconvolution artifacts.

2022 ◽  
Vol 2022 ◽  
pp. 1-13
Huangdi Li ◽  
Jinghui Huang ◽  
Yanpeng Wang ◽  
Ziyuan Chen ◽  
Xing Li ◽  

The surficial micro/nanotopography and physiochemical properties of titanium implants are essential for osteogenesis. However, these surface characters’ influence on stem cell behaviors and osteogenesis is still not fully understood. In this study, titanium implants with different surface roughness, nanostructure, and wettability were fabricated by further nanoscale modification of sandblasted and acid-etched titanium (SLA: sandblasted and acid-etched) by H2O2 treatment (hSLAs: H2O2 treated SLA). The rat bone mesenchymal stem cells (rBMSCs: rat bone mesenchymal stem cells) are cultured on SLA and hSLA surfaces, and the cell behaviors of attachment, spreading, proliferation, and osteogenic differentiation are further analyzed. Measurements of surface characteristics show hSLA surface is equipped with nanoscale pores on microcavities and appeared to be hydrophilic. In vitro cell studies demonstrated that the hSLA titanium significantly enhances cell response to attachment, spreading, and proliferation. The hSLAs with proper degree of H2O2 etching (h1SLA: treating SLA with H2O2 for 1 hour) harvest the best improvement of differentiation of rBMSCs. Finally, the osteogenesis in beagle dogs was tested, and the h1SLA implants perform much better bone formation than SLA implants. These results indicate that the nanoscale modification of SLA titanium surface endowing nanostructures, roughness, and wettability could significantly improve the behaviors of bone mesenchymal stem cells and osteogenesis on the scaffold surface. These nanoscale modified SLA titanium scaffolds, fabricated in our study with enhanced cell affinity and osteogenesis, had great potential for implant dentistry.

Biomedicines ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 10 (1) ◽  
pp. 60
Yu-De Chu ◽  
Siew-Na Lim ◽  
Chau-Ting Yeh ◽  
Wey-Ran Lin

Oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) consists of four enzyme complexes and ATP synthase, and is crucial for maintaining physiological tissue and cell growth by supporting the main bioenergy pool. Cytochrome c oxidase (COX) has been implicated as a primary regulatory site of OXPHOS. Recently, COX subunit 5B (COX5B) emerged as a potential biomarker associated with unfavorable prognosis by modulating cell behaviors in specific cancer types. However, its molecular mechanism remains unclear, particularly in colorectal cancers (CRCs). To understand the role of COX5B in CRCs, the expression and postoperative outcome associations using independent in-house patient cohorts were evaluated. A higher COX5B tumor/nontumor expression ratio was associated with unfavorable clinical outcomes (p = 0.001 and 0.011 for overall and disease-free survival, respectively. In cell-based experiments, the silencing of COX5B repressed cell growth and enhanced the susceptibility of CRCs cells to anticancer drugs. Finally, downstream effectors identified by RNA sequencing followed by RT-qPCR and functional compensation experiments revealed that the tight junction protein Claudin-2 (CLDN2) acts downstream of COX5B-mediated bioenergetic alterations in controlling cell growth and the sensitivity to anticancer drugs in CRCs cells. In conclusion, it was found that COX5B promoted cell growth and attenuated anticancer drugs susceptibility in CRCs cells by orchestrating CLDN2 expression, which may contribute to unfavorable postoperative outcomes of patients with CRCs.

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