dynamic stress
Recently Published Documents





Chen Ji ◽  
Ralph J. Archuleta

Abstract We investigate the relation between the kinematic double-corner-frequency source spectral model JA19_2S (Ji and Archuleta, 2020) and static fault geometry scaling relations proposed by Leonard (2010). We find that the nonself-similar low-corner-frequency scaling relation of JA19_2S model can be explained using the fault length scaling relation of Leonard’s model combined with an average rupture velocity ∼70% of shear-wave speed for earthquakes 5.3 < M< 6.9. Earthquakes consistent with both models have magnitude-independent average static stress drop and average dynamic stress drop around 3 MPa. Their scaled energy e˜ is not a constant. The decrease of e˜ with magnitude can be fully explained by the magnitude dependence of the fault aspect ratio. The high-frequency source radiation is generally controlled by seismic moment, static stress drop, and dynamic stress drop but is further modulated by the fault aspect ratio and the relative location of the hypocenter. Based on these two models, the commonly quoted average rupture velocity of 70%–80% of shear-wave speed implies predominantly unilateral rupture.

2022 ◽  
Vol 12 (2) ◽  
pp. 712
Wangang Zhu ◽  
Wei Sun ◽  
Hao Wu

The vibration data of the gearbox on a high-speed train was measured, and the vibration characteristics were analyzed in this paper. The dynamic stress of the gearbox under the internal and external excitation was examined by a railway vehicle dynamic model with a flexible gearbox and a flexible wheelset. The ideal 20th polygonal wear was considered, and dynamic stresses of the gearbox under different polygonal wear amplitudes were calculated. The gear transmission model was established to study the dynamic stress of the gearbox under the influence of the time-varying stiffness of the gear meshing. Based on the rigid–flexible coupling model, and considering the influence of wheel polygonization, gear meshing time-varying stiffness, and wheelset elastic deformation, the dynamic stress of the gearbox was investigated with consideration of the measured polygonal wear and measured rail excitation. The results show that the dynamic stress of the gearbox is dominated by the wheel polygonization. Moreover, not only the wheel polygonization excites the resonance of the gearbox, but also the flexible deformation of the wheelset leads to the deformation of the gearbox, which also increases the dynamic stress of the gearbox. Within the resonant bandwidth of the frequency, the amplitude of the dynamic stresses in the gearbox will increase considerably compared with the normal case.

Jan Pila ◽  
Jarosław Kozuba ◽  
Frantisek Martinec

The aim of this article is to point out some peculiarities of airframe corrosion, the impact of external forces on aircraft skin elements and their impact on structural integrity. The corrosion process is generally associated with fatigue of aircraft structural elements due to the effect of many factors such as the type of loading, the properties of the materials, the corro-sive environment, etc. The article is not focused on corrosion processes, but on load factors that are specific to aircraft wing design elements and their influence on corrosion of critical struc-tural elements. Corrosion of the wing is perceived as a consequence of environmental impact on damaged surface protection of the skin and connecting parts (rivets, screws, and welded joints) caused by static and dynamic stress of the wing and also by the interaction of the indi-vidual structural elements as a whole. The dynamics of operation of individual structural ele-ments is further enhanced by the fatigue of the material. Early detection of corrosion processes has generally been and is crucial to overall safety of the aircraft. The proposals presented in the article are formulated in order to improve the system of work to ensure the safety of aircraft operation in terms of resistance to corrosion damage.

2021 ◽  
pp. 118-131
M. V Pivovarova ◽  
V. A Besschetnov

At present, the process of designing a GTE involves a large amount of computational modeling. With the help of computational modeling, it is possible to predict a behavior of an engine part during engine operations before conducting experimental studies. For example, the numerical dynamic behavior analysis of compressor blades and prediction of dynamic stress levels during fluctuations in free modes are urgent problems. A high level of dynamic stress in the compressor blades in resonant modes can break a blade and stop an engine. In this paper, we propose a simple vibration stress estimation method for the compressor blades based on the calculation of natural frequencies and vibration forms. The method is based on a comparative analysis and scaling of stresses by the value of the total potential or kinetic energy. This estimation method is valid for local changes in the blade geometry, which do not lead to changes in the natural frequencies and vibration forms of the blades, assuming that the geometry change does not change the level of the aerodynamic excitation of the blade or its damping. At the stage of development or revision of the blade, a large number of variants of the blade geometry needs to be analyzed in order to reduce dynamic stresses. The proposed vibration stress estimation method has shown its high efficiency in developing and refining the geometry of the compressor blade. The vibration stress estimation method was tested using the rotor blade of a high-pressure compressor. As a result of the experimental study of the rotor blade, a high level of vibration stresses exceeding the permissible level was found for natural frequencies and vibration forms. To reduce the vibration stresses, measures were proposed to modify the geometry of the blade. For the modified blade geometry, the vibration stress estimation was performed with a prediction of the vibration stress values based on the manifested vibration forms. In order to verify the estimated vibration stress change, an experimental study of the modified blade was conducted. The vibration stress estimation method for the compressor blades was successfully verified.

Y Peng ◽  
P Yang

The dynamic stress intensity factors (DSIFs) for cracked stiffened plates considering the actual boundary conditions in ship structures are analyzed by the extended finite element method (XFEM). The sensitivity of numerical results with respect to mesh size and time step is discussed. Some other influential parameters including stiffener height, crack location and crack length are also analyzed. The numerical results show that the convergence is affected by mesh size and time step. By using XFEM, singular elements are not needed at the crack front and moderately refined meshes can achieve good accuracy. The height of the stiffener and crack location significantly effect DSIFs, while the crack length slightly influences the DSIFs.

Bo Jia ◽  
Han Yue ◽  
Muzli Muzli

Abstract Dynamic earthquake triggering is a widely accepted mechanism of earthquake interaction, which plays a vital role in seismic hazard estimation, although its efficacy at regional distances is under debate. The 2012 Mw 7.2 Indian Ocean event is one of the first reported events to produce dynamic stress triggering at regional distances using backprojection (BP) techniques. Alternatively, the coherent radiators in BP images can be interpreted as localized water reverberation phases. We present further evidence against near-trench triggering during this event. We collected 24 hr seismic recordings of two nearby stations located near the trench. We adopted a waveform denoising algorithm and detected 125 aftershocks using two regional seismic stations with a minimum magnitude of ML∼2.7 and completeness magnitude of ML∼3.6, whereas none of these aftershocks occurred near the trench. The absence of immediate (within one day) aftershocks near the trench suggest the absence of dynamic triggering during the offshore mainshock.

2021 ◽  
Vol 2021 ◽  
pp. 1-11
Liang-Huai Tong ◽  
Su-Lu Zheng ◽  
Yu-Liang Zhang ◽  
Yan-Juan Zhao ◽  
Kai-Yuan Zhang ◽  

Nozzle flowmeter is widely used in industry. In this paper, in order to study the influence of different flow rates and inner wall temperatures on the thermal effect and flow field of the nozzle flowmeter, the fluid-solid coupling numerical calculation of the thermal effect and flow field of nozzle flowmeter is carried out under four different flow rates and five different inner wall temperatures. It is found that, with the increase of flow rate, the heat transfer effect of the nozzle flowmeter is weakened under different inner wall temperatures. The pressure distribution in the fluid domain, the dynamic stress, and fluid-induced vibration deformation generated by the fluid of the nozzle flowmeter are less affected by inner wall temperatures.

2021 ◽  
Vol 23 (Supplement_G) ◽  
Saima Mushtaq ◽  
Lorenza Zanotto ◽  
Edoardo Conte ◽  
Gianluca Pontone ◽  
Marco Guglielmo ◽  

Abstract Aims To compare the diagnostic performance of adenosine-stress dynamic myocardial perfusion assessed by CT (CTP) as compared with that of coronary CT angiography (CCTA) alone by using invasive fractional flow reserve (FFR) and index of microvascular resistance (IMR) as standard of reference. Diagnostic performance of CCTA for in-stent restenosis (ISR) detection is still challenging. Recently, CTP demonstrated additional specificity and diagnostic accuracy over CCTA alone in patients with previous stent implantation and suspected IRS or progression of coronary artery disease (CAD). However, no data are available in this clinical setting on the performance of CTP by using a new technique allowing for a non-invasive adjudication of regional myocardial blood flow (dynamic CTP) and to assess both macrovascular and microvascular disease status. Moreover, dynamic CTP was never compared vs. a comprehensive assessment of invasive coronary physiology (FFR and IMR). Methods and results We enrolled consecutive stable patients with previous coronary stenting referred for invasive coronary angiography (ICA) for clinical indication. All patients underwent dynamic stress myocardial CTP and rest CTP+CCTA by using a last generation scanner characterized by a 16-cm Z-axis coverage and fast (0.28 s) gantry rotation time. Invasive FFR and IMR were performed during ICA according to the standard practice. The diagnostic rate and diagnostic accuracy of CCTA and CTP were evaluated in a territory-based analyses vs. quantitative coronary angiography (QCA), FFR, and IMR. In 67 enrolled patients (55 men, mean age: 63.1 ± 8.2 years), the diagnostic rate (number of territories interpretable/number of territories evaluated) of CTP was significantly higher than that of CCTA (302/307 = 98.4% vs. 290/307 = 94.4%, P = 0.009). The interpretability of the combined CCTA/CTP approach was 99.7% (306/307 territories). When QCA was used as gold standard, CTP diagnostic accuracy was significantly higher than that of CCTA (84.4% vs. 80.1%, P = 0.01). When coronary physiology metrics were used as gold standard, CTP diagnostic accuracy was significantly higher than that of CCTA vs. both FFR (84.3% vs. 72.2%, P = 0.02) and IMR (83.3% vs. 70.2%, P = 0.02). The radiation exposure of CCTA+CTP was 8.7 ± 2.5 mSv. Conclusions In patients with coronary stents, dynamic CTP significantly improves diagnostic rate and accuracy of CCTA alone in comparison with both FFR and IMR. The non-invasive assessment of ISR is still challenging. The comprehensive assessment by cardiac CT provides anatomical combined to functional evaluation of coronary arteries in revascularized patients with good agreement with invasive physiological evaluation.

Minerals ◽  
2021 ◽  
Vol 11 (12) ◽  
pp. 1331
Haiyang Yi ◽  
Zhenhua Ouyang ◽  
Xinxin Zhou ◽  
Zhengsheng Li ◽  
Jianqiang Chen ◽  

Promoting the ability of anti-bursting of the confining rock of a coal roadway is of significant importance to the safe production of a coal mine. In particular, in deep-buried coal mines, highly frequent rock burst occurs due to large earth pressure and complex geological conditions, which needs serious improvement. This paper investigated a type of confining rock modified method, which can modify the physical properties of the surrounding rock and form a crack region and a reinforced region by blasting and grouting reinforcement. Based on a set of physical model experiments and numerical modeling, the results of a comparative analysis between a normal roadway and the modified roadway in the static stress redistribution, dynamic stress, damage evolution, and energy dissipation suggest that the modified confining rock is capable of protecting the coal roadway against rock burst from roof stratum, obviously reducing and transferring the concentered static–dynamic stress out of the cracked region, dissipating the dynamic energy by plastic damage in the cracked region, and keeping the integrity of the reinforced region. In addition, the velocity of the dynamic stress vibration wave at the surface of the modified coal roadway is obviously reduced, which is beneficial for decreasing the movement of cracked rock blocks and protecting the lives and goods in the coal roadway.

Sign in / Sign up

Export Citation Format

Share Document